The Last Muslim Intellectual

The first comprehensive social and intellectual biography of Jalal Al-e Ahmad This book explores the life and legacy of Jalal Al-e Ahmad (1923-69) - arguably the most prominent Iranian public intellectual of his time - and contends that he ...

Author: Hamid Dabashi

Publisher: EUP

ISBN: 1474479286

Category:

Page: 344

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In this social and intellectual biography, Hamid Dabashi contends that Jalal Al-e Ahmad was the last Muslim intellectual to have articulated a vision of Muslim worldly cosmopolitanism. This unprecedented engagement with Al-e Ahmad's life and legacy is a prelude to what Dabashi calls a 'post-Islamist Liberation Theology'.
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Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals of the 20th Century

This study examines the Indonesian Muslim intellectuals of the twentieth century and their approaches in dealing with the problems that faced Indonesian Muslims at that time.

Author: Howard M. Federspiel

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9789812302991

Category: Social Science

Page: 96

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This study examines the Indonesian Muslim intellectuals of the twentieth century and their approaches in dealing with the problems that faced Indonesian Muslims at that time. Like their intellectual ancestors in Islamic history these recent Indonesian intellectuals carefully examined the society in which they lived. On one level they studied the original and historical teachings of Islam and attempted to fit that message to the Southeast Asian region. On another level they reacted to the great waves of culture that arrived from Europe, North America, and Asia throughout the twentieth century. They did all of this at a time when the Indonesian nation was forming itself, beginning with the nationalist movements of the early part of the century when the Dutch controlled the archipelago, and continuing into the last half of the century when Indonesia was an independent nation.
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Modern Muslim Intellectuals and the Qur an

A ' spectacularly wild growth of interpretations 35 in recent decades reflects the absence of any guiding or uniting concept of intellectual authority , and of the credentials that might underwrite it . Several of the intellectuals ...

Author: Suha Taji-Farouki

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0197200036

Category: Political Science

Page: 356

View: 178

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This volume examines the writings of ten Muslim intellectuals, working in the Muslim world and the West, who employ contemporary critical methods to understand the Qur'an. Their work points to a new trend in Muslim interpretation, characterised by a direct engagement with the Word of God while embracing intellectual modernity in a global context. The volume situates and evaluates their work and responses to it among Muslim and non-Muslim audiences.
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Arab and Regional Politics in the Middle East

The question of Muslim response to Western influence has often been put to the Muslim intellectual. The beginnings of reform in Islam and the Near East in general first found expression in men like Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Muhammad ...

Author: P.J. Vatikiotis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317397229

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

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Three main themes are explored in this book, first published in 1984: the first is the problem of religion and politics as a major and long-standing preoccupation of Middle-easterners or Arab Muslims themselves; the second is that of the conflict-ridden inter-Arab and regional politics, approached largely from a local rather than an international perspective; the third deals with Egypt. The book also enquires into the nature of rule and regimes in the Middle East, the basis of authority and the arrangements for the organisation, exercise and use of power. Drawing examples from Egypt and the Fertile Crescent, the emphasis is on the relation between tradition and politics, historical evolution and state policy, domestic factors and external constraints.
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Contemporary Muslim Apocalyptic Literature

Underlying the ferment of political Islam , however , has been an intellectual ferment . While radical Muslim intellectuals are sympathetic to the agenda of radical political Islam in certain cases , the two groups are by no means ...

Author: David Cook

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815631952

Category: Religion

Page: 272

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Although apocalyptic visions and predictions have long been part of classical and contemporary Islam, this book is the first scholarly work to cover this disparate but influential body of writing. David Cook puts the literature in context by examining not only the ideological concerns prompting apocalyptic material but its interconnection with the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, Arab relations with the United States and other Western nations, and the role of violence in the Middle East. Cook suggests that Islam began as an apocalyptic movement and has retained a strong apocalyptic and messianic trend. One of his most striking discoveries is the influence of non-Islamic sources on contemporary Muslim apocalyptic beliefs. He trenchantly discusses the influence of non-Islamic sources on contemporary Muslim apocalyptic writing, tracing anti-Semitic strains in Islamist thought in part to Western texts and traditions. Through a meticulous reading of current documents, incorporating everything from exegesis of holy texts to supernatural phenomena, Cook shows how radical Muslims, including members of al-Qa'ida, may have applied these ideas to their own agendas. By exposing the undergrowth of popular beliefs contributing to religion-driven terrorism, this book casts new light on today's political conflicts.
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The Muslim Reception of European Orientalism

... “Arabs” argues that Greek philosophy and Muslim theology were the two major forces that, enjoying the support of the elites, shaped Muslim intellectual life in the last centuries of the first millennium.40 Conversely, the textbook ...

Author: Susannah Heschel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315313757

Category: History

Page: 258

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Edward Said’s Orientalism, now more than fifty years old, has to be one of the most frequently cited books among academics in a wide range of disciplines, and the most frequently assigned book to undergraduates at colleges. Among the common questions raised in response to Said’s book: Did scholars in Western Europe provide crucial support to the imperialist, colonialist activities of European regimes? Are their writings on Islam laden with denigrating, eroticized, distorting biases that have left an indelible impact on Western society? What is the "Orientalism" invented by Europe and what is its impact today? However, one question has been less raised (or less has been done about the question): How were the Orientalist writings of European scholars of Islam received among their Muslim contemporaries? An international team of contributors rectify this oversight in this volume.
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South Asian Islam and British Multiculturalism

... last section of the chapter wants to make which is to do with incremental generational advances and losses made by Islamic intellectual responses over the last 200 years. Michael M.J. Fischer has noted five generations of Muslim ...

Author: Amir Ali

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317219101

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

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This book analyses South Asian Islam’s engagement with the West, and Britain in particular. It traces the roots of British multiculturalism to South Asia and the Deobandi school of Islam. The work shows how the pattern of interaction that initially emerged between the Deobandi Muslims and the colonial British state in late-19th century replicated itself in the British society in the second half of 20th century. The monograph reflects upon Islam’s ‘compatibility’ with liberal democracy as well as explores how it contributed to its origins in the Enlightenment ethos. A nuanced, sensitive and topical study, this book will be essential to understanding the world in the light of contemporary world events—Paris 13/11 and Charlie Hebdo attacks, the Danish cartoon controversy, and the Trojan Horse incident in certain British schools as well as the much earlier Rushdie affair. It will be of great interest to researchers and scholars of political science, religion, political Islam, British and South Asian Studies, and history.
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Islamic Liberation Theology

Conversation with modernity is what Muslim intellectuals have been conducting over the last 200 years. Today that conversation is no longer viable or even possible, because one side of ...

Author: Hagop Kevorkian Professor of Iranian Studies and Comparative Literature Hamid Dabashi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135982966

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

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This book is a radical piece of counter-intuitive rethinking of the clash of civilizations theory and global politics. In this richly detailed criticism of contemporary politics, Hamid Dabashi argues that after 9/11 we have not seen a new phase in a long running confrontation between Islam and the West, but that such categories have in fact collapsed and exhausted themselves. The West is no longer a unified actor and Islam is ideologically depleted in its confrontation with colonialism. Rather we are seeing the emergence of the US as a lone superpower, and a confrontation between a form of imperial globalized capital and the rising need for a new Islamic theodicy. The combination of political salience and theoretical force makes Islamic Liberation Theology a cornerstone of a whole new generation of thinking about political Islamism and a compelling read for anyone interested in contemporary Islam, current affairs and US foreign policy. Dabashi drives his well-supported and thoroughly documented points steadily forward in an earnest and highly readable style.
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Secularism Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France

Against such a troubled backdrop, however, this book looks at the ways in which certain prominent French Muslim intellectuals seek to articulate a vision of multi-faith co-existence, which embraces a critical secularism, and which ...

Author: Nadia Kiwan

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9781526127662

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 686

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This book examines the thought of Abdennour Bidar, MalekChebel, Leïla Babès, AbdelwahabMeddeb and Dounia Bouzar. In doing so it investigates how these five figures allcontribute in their diverse and varying ways to broader understandings of therelationship between Islam and secularism in contemporary French society.
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The Oral and the Written in Early Islam

This volume is a translation of six German articles by Professor Gregor Schoeler the majority of which have not been translated into English before.

Author: Gregor Schoeler

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 0415597072

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 248

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Made up of a number of seminal articles that are translated for the first time in English, this prestigious book from Gregor Schoeler gives a reasoned, informed and comprehensive overflow of how the written and the spoken interacted, diverged and received cultural articulation among the Muslim societies of the first two centuries of the Hijra.
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Critical Muslim 07

1690) can be considered the first Southeast Asian Muslim intellectuals. It is this rapprochement between shariah-oriented ulama – in particular the jurists – and Sufis, resulting in the rise of neo-Sufism, which is the most salient ...

Author: Ziauddin Sardar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9781849043915

Category: Social Science

Page: 363

View: 692

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Malaysia and Indonesia are seen as bastions of liberal Islam. Is this really true or simply a widely held misconception about south-east Asian Muslims? What is the contribution of the Muslim archipelago to the world of Islam? What can we learn from Malaysian and Indonesian experiments in democracy? This issue of Critical Muslim addresses these questions by examining the politics, history, culture and religious traditions of Malaysia and Indonesia. Contributors include Merryl Wyn Davies on Malaysian multiculturalism, Luthfi Assyaukanie on Indonesia politics, Carool Kersten on the struggles of Indonesian intellectuals, Andre Vltchek on religion and tolerance in south-east Asia, Andi Achdian on Islam in Java, Ahmad Fuad Rahmat on the Malaysian intellectual guru Naguib Al-Attas, Shanon Shah on Malay Magic, Jo Kukathas on 'Malay-ness', Linda Christanty on literary stars of Indonesia, Rossie Indira on Indonesian pop music, and Nazry Bahrawi on reformist debates in south-east Asia. About Critical Muslim: A quarterly publication of ideas and issues showcasing groundbreaking thinking on Islam and what it means to be a Muslim in a rapidly changing, interconnected world. Each edition centers on a discrete theme, and contributions include reportage, academic analysis, cultural commentary, photography, poetry, and book reviews.
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The Anonymity of a Commentator

Over the past two decades, historians have broken decisively from this decline narrative, and many are excited to rediscover the last five hundred years of Muslim intellectual production, which as an object of historical inquiry still ...

Author: Matthew B. Ingalls

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438485201

Category: Religion

Page: 240

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A close study of one of the most prolific commentary writers in Islamic history. The Anonymity of a Commentator examines the life and writings of the Egyptian Sufi-scholar Zakariyyā al-Anṣārī (d. 926/1520), the longest-serving chief Shāfi'ī justice to the Mamlūk sultanate during its final years. It analyzes al-Anṣārī's commentaries in the disciplines of Sufism and Islamic law as a case study to illustrate how and why Muslims produced commentaries in the later Islamic Middle Period and how the form and rhetoric of commentary writing furnished scholars like al-Anṣārī with a medium in which to express their creativity and adapt the received tradition to the needs of their time. Whereas twentieth-century scholars tended to view Muslim commentary texts as symbols of intellectual stagnation in and of themselves, contemporary scholars recognize that these texts are often the repositories of profound ideas, although they approach them with little guidance from their academic predecessors. The Anonymity of a Commentator aims to provide this guidance, through a close study of one of the most prolific commentary writers in Islamic history. Matthew B. Ingalls is Associate Professor of Middle Eastern Studies at the American University in Dubai.
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Landscapes Sources and Intellectual Projects of the West African Past

The Centre is now called the Institut des Hautes Études et de Recherche Islamique – Ahmad Baba (iheriab).7 In other words, the importance of Timbuktu as a Muslim intellectual centre between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries made ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004380189

Category: History

Page: 538

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Landscapes, Sources and Intellectual Projects of the West African Past outlines new directions in the historiography of West Africa. Its chapters explore new trends across regional and disciplinary fields with a focus on how political conjunctures influence source production and circulation.
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Islamic Perspectives on the New Millennium

Muslim intellectuals were preoccupied with this issue in the last quarter of the twentieth century. The effort to reconstruct knowledge is in line with the need to produce professionals in all fields who are morally upright.

Author: Virginia Matheson Hooker

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9789812302403

Category: Islam

Page: 266

View: 282

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The chapters are presented in pairs which offer Middle Eastern (and in one case South Asian) points of view which are matched by Southeast Asian perspectives on each of the six topics. While the media is quick to report on the more violent expressions of Islam, including terrorism, the vigorous debates, which now characterize the intellectual discourse in Muslim communities, are rarely if ever reported. This book not only describes and analyses those debates but also reflects the views of many Muslims across the world, emphasizing the connections and contrasts between the Middle East and Southeast Asia.
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The Muslims of America

Amherst Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad Professor of Islamic History University of Massachusetts ... In the last four decades, the United States has become a center of Islamic intellectual ferment as an increasing number of Muslim students ...

Author: Amherst Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad Professor of Islamic History University of Massachusetts

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198023173

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 994

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This collection brings together sixteen previously unpublished essays about the history, organization, challenges, responses, outstanding thinkers, and future prospects of the Muslim community in the United States and Canada. Both Muslims and non-Muslims are represented among the contributors, who include such leading Islamic scholars as John Esposito, Frederick Denny, Jane Smith, and John Voll. Focusing on the manner in which American Muslims adapt their institutions as they become increasingly an indigenous part of America, the essays discuss American Muslim self-images, perceptions of Muslims by non-Muslim Americans, leading American Muslim intellectuals, political activity of Muslims in America, Muslims in American prisons, Islamic education, the status of Muslim women in America, and the impact of American foreign policy on Muslims in the United States.
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Mapping the Role of Intellectuals in Iranian Modern and Contemporary History

Farhad Khosrokhavar and Mohsen Mottaghi INTRODUCTION With the victory of the Iranian Revolution in 1979 and the rise of a particular version of Islam based on Shi'a jurisprudence, Muslim intellectuals were faced with a new ordeal, ...

Author: Ramin Jahanbegloo

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781793600073

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

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In Mapping the Role of Intellectuals in Iranian Modern and Contemporary History, Jahanbegloo and contributors examine the role of Iranian intellectuals in the history of Iranian modernity. They trace the contributions of intellectuals in the construction of national identity and the Iranian democratic debate, analyzing how intellectuals balanced indebtedness to the West with the issue of national identity in Iran. Recognizing how intellectual elites became beholden to political powers, the contributors demonstrate the trend that intellectuals often opted for cultural dissent rather than ideological politics.
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Mobilizing Religion in Middle East Politics

There were also independent Islamist intellectuals, who criticized the practices of co-optation. Ali Bulaç, arguably the most influential Islamist intellectual in Turkey, implicitly objects to the idea of a Turkish-Islamic Synthesis ...

Author: Yusuf Sarfati

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135098704

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 408

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Contrary to the expectations of the secularization theorists, religious political movements rose to prominence in numerous countries across the globe in the past three decades. By examining the conditions that underlie the electoral fortunes of religious actors in democratic regimes, this book contributes to our understanding of this worldwide religious resurgence. Employing a social movement theory framework, Mobilizing Religion in Middle East Politics explores the macro and micro dynamics of successful political mobilization by Sephardic Torah Guardians (Shas) in Israel and the National Outlook Movement in Turkey in the recent decades. In a comparative framework, the book demonstrates how ripe political opportunities, appropriate frames and dense social networks contribute to building popular support in Israel and Turkey. Yusuf Sarfati also assesses the effects of the increasing political power of religious actors on democratic governance and illustrates similarities and differences between two countries. Drawing on empirical data from a range of interviews conducted in both Israel and Turkey, this book provides a comparative study of religious politics in two countries that are often thought of as ‘exceptional cases,’ and are rarely compared. As such, this book is a welcome contribution for those studying Middle East politics, comparative politics, religious politics, democratization and social movements.
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Muslim Women and Politics of Participation

Their writings exemplify the Muslim intellectual curiosity that started the Arab - Islamic enlightenment quest with hope and vigor . This quest was stifled by the military and administrative colonial powers that soon occupied the region ...

Author: Mahnaz Afkhami

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815627599

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 781

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Muslim Women and the Politics of Participation is about ways of promoting women's participation in the affairs of Muslim societies: from raising consciousness and changing codes of law to penetrating the economic markets and influencing national and international policies. Editors Mahnaz Afkhami and Erika Friedl challenge stereotypes about Muslim women and probe the difficulties and possibilities women face as they work for positive social change.
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Indonesian Muslim Intelligentsia and Power

The voice of ICMI's members and other Muslim intellectuals was represented by Bambang Pranowo, Aldrian Munanto, Samsul Hadi, Hajriyanto Y. Thohari, Muchtar Sarman, Novel Ali, Abdul M. Mulkan (2 articles), Mubyarto, Heru Nugroho, ...

Author: Yudi Latif

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9789812304728

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

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Presents a genealogy of the social networks and power struggles of the major influential group of Indonesian educated Muslims called 'intelligentsia'.
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