The Making of Modern Turkey


Author: Ahmad Feroz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134898908
Category: Political Science
Page: 268
View: 1695
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Turkey is the first modern secular state in a predominantly Islamic Middle East. In this major textbook, Feroz Ahmad provides a thorough examination of the political, social and economic processes which led to the formation of a new Turkey. After a chapter on "the Ottoman Legacy", the book covers the period since the revolution of 1908 and the development of the new Turkey. Successive chapters chart the progress through the single-party regime set up by Ataturk (1923-1945), the multi-party period (1945-1960) and the three military interventions of 1960, 1971 and 1980. The book ends in 1989 with the election of Turgat Ozal as president. In contrast to most current analyses of modern Turkey, the author emphasises the socio-economic changes rather than continuities as the motor of politics.

America and the Making of Modern Turkey

Science, Culture and Political Alliances
Author: Ali Erken
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 178672393X
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 2313
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After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s government encouraged substantial American investment in education and aid. It was argued that Turkey needed the technical skills and wealth offered by American education, and so a series of American schools was set up across the country to educate the Turkish youth. Here, Ali Erken, in the first study of its kind, argues that these organizations had a huge impact on political and economic thought in Turkey - acting as a form of ‘soft power’ for US national interests throughout the 20th Century. Robert College, originally a missionary school founded by US benefactors, has been responsible for educating two Turkish Prime Ministers, writers such as Orhan Pamuk and a huge number of influential economists, politicians and journalists. The end result of these American philanthropic efforts, Erken argues, was a consensus in the 1970s that the country must ‘westernize’. This mindset, and the opposition viewpoint it engendered, has come to define political struggle in modern Turkey – torn between a capitalist ‘modern’ West and an Islamic ‘Ottoman’ East. The book also reveals how and why the Rockefeller and Ford foundations funneled large amounts of money into Turkey post-1945, and undertook activities in support of ‘Western’ candidates in Turkey as a bulwark against the Soviet Union. This is an essential contribution to the history of US-Turkish relations, and the influence of the West in Turkish political thought.

Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey


Author: Ryan Gingeras
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192526219
Category: History
Page: 319
View: 9969
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Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey explores the history of organized crime in Turkey and the roles which gangs and gangsters have played in the making of the Turkish state and Turkish politics. Turkey's underworld, which has been at the heart of several devastating scandals over the last several decades, is strongly tied to the country's long history of opium production and heroin trafficking. As an industry at the centre of the Ottoman Empire's long transition into the modern Turkish Republic, as important as the silk road had been in earlier centuries, the modern rise of the opium and heroin trade helped to solidify and complicate long-standing relationships between state officials and criminal syndicates. Such relationships produced not only ongoing patterns of corruption, but helped fuel and enable repeated acts of state violence. Drawing upon new archival sources from the United States and Turkey, including declassified documents from the Prime Minister's Archives of the Republic of Turkey and the Central Intelligence Agency, Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey provides a critical window into how a handful of criminal syndicates played supporting roles in the making of national security politics in the contemporary Turkey. The rise of the 'Turkish mafia', from its origins in the late Ottoman period to its role in the 'deep state' revealed by the so-called Susurluk and Ergenekon scandals, is a story that mirrors troubling elements in the republic's establishment and emphasizes the transnational and comparative significance of narcotics and gangs in the country's past.

The Making of Modern Turkey

Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950
Author: Ugur Ümit Üngör
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019164076X
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 7710
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The eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire used to be a multi-ethnic region where Armenians, Kurds, Syriacs, Turks, and Arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. The disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and rise of the nation state violently altered this situation. Nationalist elites intervened in heterogeneous populations they identified as objects of knowledge, management, and change. These often violent processes of state formation destroyed historical regions and emptied multicultural cities, clearing the way for modern nation states. The Making of Modern Turkey highlights how the Young Turk regime, from 1913 to 1950, subjected Eastern Turkey to various forms of nationalist population policies aimed at ethnically homogenizing the region and incorporating it in the Turkish nation state. It examines how the regime utilized technologies of social engineering, such as physical destruction, deportation, spatial planning, forced assimilation, and memory politics, to increase ethnic and cultural homogeneity within the nation state. Drawing on secret files and unexamined records, Ugur Ümit Üngör demonstrates that concerns of state security, ethnocultural identity, and national purity were behind these policies. The eastern provinces, the heartland of Armenian and Kurdish life, became an epicenter of Young Turk population policies and the theatre of unprecedented levels of mass violence.

The Making of Modern Turkey

Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950
Author: Uğur Ümit Üngör
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019960360X
Category: History
Page: 303
View: 4922
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The eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire used to be a multi-ethnic region where Armenians, Kurds, Syriacs, Turks, and Arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. The disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and rise of the nation state violently altered this situation. Nationalist elites intervened in heterogeneous populations they identified as objects of knowledge, management, and change. These often violent processes of state formation destroyed historical regions and emptied multicultural cities, clearing the way for modern nation states. The Making of Modern Turkey highlights how the Young Turk regime, from 1913 to 1950, subjected Eastern Turkey to various forms of nationalist population policies aimed at ethnically homogenizing the region and incorporating it in the Turkish nation state. It examines how the regime utilized technologies of social engineering, such as physical destruction, deportation, spatial planning, forced assimilation, and memory politics, to increase ethnic and cultural homogeneity within the nation state. Drawing on secret files and unexamined records, Ugur Umit Ungor demonstrates that concerns of state security, ethnocultural identity, and national purity were behind these policies. The eastern provinces, the heartland of Armenian and Kurdish life, became an epicenter of Young Turk population policies and the theatre of unprecedented levels of mass violence.

Mitternacht im Pera Palace

Die Geburt des modernen Istanbul
Author: Charles King
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843711224
Category: Social Science
Page: 544
View: 4754
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WORUM GEHT ES? »Mitternacht im Pera Palace« erzählt die faszinierende Geschichte des Aufbruchs Istanbuls in die Moderne zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Schauplatz der rasanten Entwicklung ist das elegante Hotel Pera Palace, dessen Gäste Geschichte schrieben: Von Agatha Christie über Atatürk und Trotzki bis zu Geheimagenten aller Länder checkte ein, wer den Lauf der Welt veränderte. Ein wunderbar stimmungsvolles Porträt Istanbuls von den »Swinging Twenties« bis zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs. WAS IST BESONDERS? Istanbuls Aufbruch in die Moderne, mitreißend erzählt vor dem Panorama europäischer Geschichte, am Beispiel eines Grand Hotels und seiner illustren Gäste. WER LIEST? • Alle Istanbul-Fans und die, die es noch werden wollen • Leser von Geert Mak, David Abulafia und Karl Schlögel • Jeder, der kulturhistorisch interessiert ist

Building Modern Turkey

State, Space, and Ideology in the Early Republic
Author: Zeynep Kezer
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 082298119X
Category: Architecture
Page: 352
View: 5764
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Building Modern Turkey offers a critical account of how the built environment mediated Turkey’s transition from a pluralistic (multiethnic and multireligious) empire into a modern, homogenized nation-state following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I. Zeynep Kezer argues that the deliberate dismantling of ethnic and religious enclaves and the spatial practices that ensued were as integral to conjuring up a sense of national unity and facilitating the operations of a modern nation-state as were the creation of a new capital, Ankara, and other sites and services that embodied a new modern way of life. The book breaks new ground by examining both the creative and destructive forces at play in the making of modern Turkey and by addressing the overwhelming frictions during this profound transformation and their long-term consequences. By considering spatial transformations at different scales—from the experience of the individual self in space to that of international geopolitical disputes—Kezer also illuminates the concrete and performative dimensions of fortifying a political ideology, one that instills in the population a sense of membership in and allegiance to the nation above all competing loyalties and ensures its longevity.

İsmet İnönü and the Making of Modern Turkey


Author: Osman Faruk Loğoğlu
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789757951018
Category: Statesmen
Page: 248
View: 343
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Abdullah Gul and the Making of the New Turkey


Author: Gerald MacLean
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 178074563X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 400
View: 6387
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Drawing on original research, including in-depth interviews with President Abdullah Gül himself as well as his wife and close circle of colleagues and friends, this fascinating account offers a portrait of a man who has been at the heart of the political, economic, and cultural developments that have brought Turkey to international prominence in recent years. In 2002 Abdullah Gül’s democratically elected party gained power and challenged Turkey’s political and religious legacy. Shortly after, Gül became a key player in Turkey's attempts to receive an accession date for the European Union. In 2007 he became the first president of Turkey who was also a devout Muslim — causing political commentators to hail his victory as a “new era in Turkish politics” — and he has since been a major figure in Turkey’s diplomatic relationships in the Middle East and international political arena. An essential source for students of contemporary Turkish culture and society, Gerald MacLean’s absorbing account of this enigmatic individual is accessible to a wide circle of readers and throws light on important episodes of Turkey’s recent history.

State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East


Author: Roger Owen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134432917
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 1809
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Roger Owen has fully revised and updated his authoritative text to take into account the latest developments in the Middle East. This book continues to serve as an excellent introduction for newcomers to the modern history and politics of this fascinating region. This third edition continues to explore the emergence of individual Middle Eastern states since the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War and the key themes that have characterized the region since then.

The Making of the Modern Refugee


Author: Peter Gatrell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199674167
Category: History
Page: 312
View: 3523
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Offers a comprehensive history of global population displacement in the twentieth century, and provides a new analytic approach to the subject by exploring its causes, consequences, and meanings

Der Irak seit 1958

von der Revolution zur Diktatur
Author: Peter Sluglett,Marion Farouk-Sluglett
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518116616
Category: Iraq
Page: 345
View: 1867
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The Making of Modern Britain


Author: Andrew Marr
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 0230747175
Category: History
Page: 464
View: 3307
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In The Making of Modern Britain, Andrew Marr paints a fascinating portrait of life in Britain during the first half of the twentieth century as the country recovered from the grand wreckage of the British Empire. Between the death of Queen Victoria and the end of the Second World War, the nation was shaken by war and peace. The two wars were the worst we had ever known and the episodes of peace among the most turbulent and surprising. As the political forum moved from Edwardian smoking rooms to an increasingly democratic Westminster, the people of Britain experimented with extreme ideas as they struggled to answer the question ‘How should we live?’ Socialism? Fascism? Feminism? Meanwhile, fads such as eugenics, vegetarianism and nudism were gripping the nation, while the popularity of the music hall soared. It was also a time that witnessed the birth of the media as we know it today and the beginnings of the welfare state. Beyond trenches, flappers and Spitfires, this is a story of strange cults and economic madness, of revolutionaries and heroic inventors, sexual experiments and raucous stage heroines. From organic food to drugs, nightclubs and celebrities to package holidays, crooked bankers to sleazy politicians, the echoes of today's Britain ring from almost every page.

Poetry and the Making of Modern Egypt

1882-1922
Author: Mounah Abdallah Khouri
Publisher: Brill Archive
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 210
View: 3236
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The Making of Modern Iran

State and Society under Riza Shah, 1921-1941
Author: Dr Stephanie Cronin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136026940
Category: History
Page: 308
View: 8215
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This collection of essays, by a distinguished group of specialists, offers a new and exciting interpretation of Riza Shah's Iran. A period of key importance, the years between 1921-1941 have, until now, remained relatively neglected. Recently, however, there has been a marked revival of interest in the history of these two decades and this collection brings together some of the best of this recent new scholarship. Illustrating the diversity and complexity of interpretations to which contemporary scholarship has given rise, the collection looks at both the high politics of the new state and at 'history from below', examining some of the fierce controversies which have arisen surrounding such issues as the gender politics of the new regime, the nature of its nationalism, and its treatment of minorities.

Jerusalem

Die Biographie
Author: Simon Sebag Montefiore
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104028095
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 880
View: 3899
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Die Geschichte Jerusalems ist die Geschichte der Welt Jerusalem ist die Stadt der Städte, die Hauptstadt zweier Völker, der Schrein dreier Weltreligionen, der Schauplatz des jüngsten Gerichts und der Brennpunkt des Nahost-Konflikts. Jerusalems Geschichte bedeutet 3000 Jahre Glauben, Fanatismus und Kampf, aber auch das Zusammenleben unterschiedlichster Kulturen. Packend und farbig schildert der Bestsellerautor Sebag Montefiore in seiner fulminanten, reich bebilderte Biographie die zahlreichen Epochen dieser sich ständig wandelnden Stadt, ihre Kriege, Affären, Könige, Propheten, Eroberer, Heiligen und Huren, die diese Stadt mitgeschaffen und geprägt haben. Basierend auf dem neuesten Stand der Forschung und teilweise unbekanntem Archivmaterial macht er die Essenz dieser einzigartigen Stadt greifbar und lässt sie in ihrer Einzigartigkeit leuchten. Denn nur Jerusalem existiert zweimal: im Himmel und auf Erden. »Montefiore erzählt so lebendig, dass man wie bei einem Krimi das Buch nicht aus der Hand legen kann.« Deutschlandfunk »Simon Montefiore ist ein wunderbarer Historiker. Immer ist er in der Lage, komplexe Themen einfach dazulegen.« Die Welt »Dieses gewaltige und glanzvolle Portrait Jerusalems ist von Anfang bis zum Ende absolut überwältigend.« Sunday Times »Packend, überragend, ein Meisterwerk! Montefiore vereint den Blick eines Romanciers für Nuancen mit dem Spürsinn eines Journalisten für menschliche Schwächen und dem Können großer Historiker, die richtigen Quellen zum Sprechen zu bringen.« The Times »Fesselnd! Überzeugend! Ein Werk voller Leidenschaft und Gelehrsamkeit. Eine bedeutende Leistung mit einem wundervollem Sinn für die Absurditäten und Abenteuer der Geschichte.« The Independent »Eine grandiose Darstellung der unglaublichen Geschichte [von Jerusalem]; ein Mammutwerk, das Maßstäbe setzt. Der Historiker ist ein Erzähler im besten Sinn, und es gelingt ihm das Kunststück, aus einer Flut von Quellen zur 3000-jährigen Geschichte dieser Stadt eine Biografie wie einen spannenden Roman zu schreiben: niemals langweilig, oft überraschend, detailreich und größere Zusammenhänge einbeziehend.« Westdeutsche Zeitung

Wenn dein Land nicht mehr dein Land ist oder Sieben Schritte in die Diktatur


Author: Ece Temelkuran
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 3455005330
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 3305
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"Ein essenzielles Buch." Margaret Atwood auf Twitter Eine scharfsinnige und weitsichtige Analyse der weltweiten Entdemokratisierung und ein engagierter Aufruf zur Verteidigung der Demokratie. Ob Erdoğans Türkei, die Brexit-Entscheidung oder eine weitere europäische Wahl, die Rechtspopulisten neue Rekordwerte eingebracht hat: Populismus ist zur globalen Krankheit geworden. Mit seismographischem Gespür fahndet Ece Temelkuran nach seinen Ursachen und macht sieben wiederkehrende Schritte aus, zu denen Möchtegern-Diktatoren in aller Welt greifen, um an die Macht zu gelangen. Nachdrücklich schärft sie uns den Blick und lässt uns antidemokratische Tendenzen beizeiten erkennen. Ihr Buch ist eine eindringliche Aufforderung, ins Gespräch zu kommen über das, was notwendig ist, wenn wir weiterhin friedlich zusammenleben wollen.

The Turkish Deep State

State Consolidation, Civil-Military Relations and Democracy
Author: Mehtap Sooyler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317668804
Category: Political Science
Page: 236
View: 5532
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The deep state ranks among the most critical issues in Turkish politics. This book traces its origins and offers an explanation of the emergence and trajectory of the deep state; the meaning and function of informal and authoritarian institutions in the formal security sector of a democratic regime; the involvement of the state in organized crime; armed conflict; corruption; and massive human rights violations. This book applies an innovative methodological approach to concept formation and offers a mid-range theory of deep state that sheds light on the reciprocal relationship between the state and political regimes and elaborates on the conditions for the consolidation of democracy. It traces the path-dependent emergence and trajectory of the deep state from the Ottoman Empire to the current Turkish Republic and its impact on state-society relations. It reads state formation, consolidation, and breakdown from the perspective of this most resilient phenomenon of Turkish politics. The analysis also situates recent developments regarding AKP governments, including the EU accession process, civil-military relations, coup trials, the Kurdish question, and the Gülen Movement in their context within the deep state. Moreover, this case-study offers an analytical framework for cross-regional comparative analysis of the deep states. Addressing the lacuna in academic scholarship on the deep state phenomenon in Turkey, this book is essential reading for students and scholars with an interest in democratization, politics and Middle East Studies.

Citizenship and the Nation-state in Greece and Turkey


Author: Faruk Birtek
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415347831
Category: History
Page: 195
View: 1302
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Of all the successor states of the Ottoman Empire, Greece and Turkey have moved the farthest in the direction of coping with the challenges relating to the transition to modernity. The goal of the series Social and Historical Studies on Greece and Turkey is to serve as a forum for discourse and dialogue between Greek and Turkish social scientists and historians, contributing to the ongoing theoretical debates in the international social science community, concerning the economic, cultural, political, and social aspects of modernity. Citizenship and the Nation State in Greece and Turkey brings together papers on a transdisciplinary dialogue on nation formation in Greece and Turkey as successor states of the Ottoman Empire, and on aspects of civil society in the two countries. The volume is divided into two parts: Empire and Nation-State and Nation and Civil Society and covers issues such as Turkish and Greek nationalism, the formation of the Greek State, the impact of the Greek War of Independence in transforming the Ottoman Empire, civil society in Greece during the post-World War II period, the concept of citizenship as far as the rights of women are concerned in Greece and in

The Cambridge History of Turkey


Author: Suraiya Faroqhi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521620961
Category: History
Page: 574
View: 6482
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Volume 4 of The Cambridge History of Turkey traces the modernization of Turkey.