The Marshall Islands 1944

Following the capture of Tarawa in November 1943, American eyes turned to the Marshall Islands.

Author: Gordon L. Rottman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472800145

Category: History

Page: 96

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Following the capture of Tarawa in November 1943, American eyes turned to the Marshall Islands. These were the next vital stepping-stone across the Pacific towards Japan, and would bring the islands of Guam and Saipan within the reach of US forces. In their first amphibious attack, the new 4th Marine Division landed on Roi and Namur islands on 1 February 1944, while US 7th Division landed on Kwajalein. At the time this was the longest shore-to-shore amphibious assault in history. The lessons of the bloody fighting on Tarawa had been well learned and the successful attack on the Marshalls set the pattern for future amphibious operations in the Pacific War.
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USS LCI Landing Craft Infantry

1947 Classification changed to LSIC 442 on 15 lune 1944 Navy Unit
Commendation; LCIC Flotilla 3 - Kwajalein and Emwetok Atolls in the Marshall
Islands and Saipan, Guam and Tinian in the Marianas — 31 Ian. -28 July 1944
Leyte ...

Author:

Publisher: Turner Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781563112621

Category: History

Page: 160

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Library of Congress Subject Headings

... Island (Marshall Islands) Namur Island (Marshall Islands) Roi Island (Marshall
Islands) Kwajalein Atoll, Battle of, 1944 ... Battle of, Marshall Islands, 1944 UF
Kwajalein Atoll, Battle of, 1944 (Former heading Kwajalein Atoll (Marshall Islands
), ...

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000009886296

Category: Subject headings, Library of Congress

Page:

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USS Essex CV CVA CVS 9

Gilbert Islands November 24, 1 943 Marshall Islands December 4, 1943 20.
Marshall Islands December 5. 1943 Pearl Harbor December 9, 1943 21. Pearl
Harbor January 16, 1944 Marshall Islands Campaign (Kwajalein) January 29,
1944 22.

Author: Philip A. St. John

Publisher: Turner Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781563114922

Category: History

Page: 104

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New Guinea and the Marianas March 1944 August 1944

In the Central Pacific it has taken the Pacific Fleet a whole year after the Midway
victory to build up an invasion force, and another eight months to conquer key
Japanese positions in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands.” Yet, in a little over four ...

Author: Samuel Eliot Morison

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252070380

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 439

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This installment of Samuel Eliot Morison's insider history of the U.S. Navy covers five of the most eventful months of the Pacific war, March through July 1944. Awash with spectacular rescues of downed airmen, bold beach landings, and brilliant though risky strategic gambles, this volume carries Morison's coverage of the war in the Pacific through the Allies' securing of Dutch New Guinea and the Marianas. The three assaults that comprised Operation "Forager"--in which Morison participated--add up to one of the most important amphibious operations in history: protracted, bitterly contested, requiring great flexibility as well as fortitude. The development of powerful new weapons and sophisticated new tactics, together with the greatly extended distance of active operations from continental bases, rendered naval operations more vast and more complicated than ever before in history. After nearly two years of bitter and almost continuous fighting, the Allies have broken the Bismarcks Barrier, conquered key Japanese positions in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands, and cleared the way for an advance along the New Guinea-Mindanao axis. General MacArthur is intent on his one road to Tokyo, but Combined Chiefs of Staff decide to send Admiral Nimitz and the Pacific Fleet on a second, northern route, parallel to MacArthur's. Morison follows MacArthur's Southwest Pacific Forces in a series of bold leaps to Holandiak, Wakde, Biak, and the Vogelkop, also covering Pacific Fleet operations from the end of the Marshall Islands campaign to the recovery of Guam.
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Final Report Micronesian Resources Study Republic of the Marshall Islands

The last time American flyers encountered enemy aircraft over the Marshall
Islands was at Maloelap on January 28 , 1944 ( Craven and Cate 1950 : 309 ) .
Yet " After every strike on Taroa ( Maloelap ) or Otdia ( Wotje ) the Japanese
garrison ...

Author: Lin Poyer

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015040863600

Category: Cultural property

Page: 308

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Aleutians Gilberts Marshalls June 1942 April 1944

CHAPTER XIII Getting Set for the Marshalls June - December 1943 1. Which
Marshalls ? 1 SIN INCE the Marshall Islands were the original – and always the
principal – objective in Micronesia , planning for them began early . On 20 July
the ...

Author: Samuel Eliot Morison

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252070372

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 615

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During the last months of 1943, when Allied forces of the South and Southwest Pacific were hammering at islands and airfields in the Bismarcks and Bougainville, Admiral Chester Nimitz organized two massive amphibious operations to capture the strategically vital Gilbert and Marshall Islands. Volume 7 of Samuel Eliot Morison's splendid history describes this mighty sweep of the Pacific Fleet across Micronesia, as well as the warfare in the remote and frigid Aleutian Islands. The campaigns of 1943-44 marked a great advance in the art of war. Fast carrier strikes, new anti-aircraft and airborne weapons, better radar capabilities, and faster fire- and damage-control solutions combined to revolutionize amphibious operations; advances in photographic reconnaissance improved strategic planning; and all-terrain vehicles called amphtracs facilitated beach landings. In addition, the Micronesia campaigns inspired revolutionary innovations in logistics to meet the challenge of supplying and servicing an enormous amphibious force in an area with no large land masses, no labor, and no supplies or facilities of any kind. Similar logistical difficulties characterized operations in the Aleutian Islands, compounded by hazardous conditions including dense fog, almost constant cloud cover, blinding blizzards, and icy seas. Morison tracks the Americans' recovery of Attu and Kiska as well as the gallantly fought Battle of the Komandorski Islands.
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World War Two Artifacts in the Republic of the Marshall Islands J lw j

US NAVY YARD 15 cm Howitzer emplacement , Taroa Island , Maloelap Atoll ,
Marshall Islands . JICPOA Bulletin , No 68 - 44 , April 22 , 1944 . US NAVY YARD
. Civil Affairs handbook . Administrative Organization and Personnel of the ...

Author: Henrik Christiansen

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015041538995

Category: Archaeological surveying

Page:

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Western Pacific

In the Central Pacific Navy and Marine Corps units, with Army assistance, were "
island-hopping" westward from Hawaii, taking the Gilbert Islands in a costly
campaign in November 1943 and the Marshall Islands in January-February 1944
.

Author: Charles Robert Anderson

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 0160882664

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 34

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Defending the Driniumor Covering Force Operations in New Guinea 1944

In the early spring of 1944 the prospects for a quick Allied victory in the war
against Japan seemed remote. ... A glance at maps 1 and 2 shows that in two
years of hard fighting the Allies had taken the Gilbert and Marshall islands,
Guadalcanal ...

Author:

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428915796

Category:

Page:

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Geology and hydrogeology of carbonate islands

Japanese rule of the Marshall Islands effectively ended early in 1944 after fierce
military battles with United States. The U.S. Navy ruled Anewetak and the
Marshall Islands until 1947, when the United Nations established the Trust
Territory of ...

Author: Leonard H.L. Vacher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080554660

Category: Science

Page: 947

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This book on geology and hydrogeology of carbonate islands is volume 54 in the Developments in Sedimentology series.
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World War II

After Tarawa, the next objective was the Marshall Islands, a group of thirty-six
Central Pacific atolls. ... U.S. troops landed on Majura atoll on January 30, 1944
—the first U.S. occupation of pre-war Japanese land—and in mid-February they ...

Author: Sean Sheehan

Publisher: Britannica Digital Learning

ISBN: 9781615356058

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 914

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World War II: The Pacific concentrates on how events unfolded in the Far East in the titanic struggle between Japan and the forces of the United States and its allies.
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Essex Class Aircraft Carriers of the Second World War

Part ofTG 58.2, USS Intrepid (CV-11) is seen on 26 January 1944, en route to
operations againstJapanese bases on the Marshall Islands in support of the
Kwajalein landings. Forward is a mixed group of Dauntless and Avenger strike
aircraft, ...

Author: Steve Backer

Publisher: Seaforth Publishing

ISBN: 9781848320185

Category: History

Page: 64

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The latest volume covers the hugely important American carrier of the Second World War. Built in larger numbers than any fleet carrier before or since, the Essex class can claim to be the US Navy's most significant weapon in the defeat of Japan. Carrying up to 100 aircraft and capable of absorbing enormous punishment (not one was sunk), they spearheaded the Fast Carrier Task Forces for most of the Pacific War.??The heavily illustrated work contains everything a modeller needs to know about this prolific class.
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Intrepid

April 26, 1943: Launched. August 16, 1943: Commissioned CV-11. December 3,
1943: Sailed for Pearl Harbor via Panama Canal and San Francisco. January–
February 1944: Participated in the Marshall Islands invasion, raids on Kwajalein.

Author: Bill White

Publisher: Broadway Books

ISBN: 0767930975

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 854

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The first official history of the legendary aircraft carrier that fought in World War II and Vietnam and continues to serve as a major air and space museum in New York City The USS Intrepid is a warship unlike any other. Since her launching in 1943, the 27,000-ton, Essex-class aircraft carrier has sailed into harm’s way around the globe. During World War II, she fought her way across the Pacific—Kwajalein, Truk, Peleliu, Formosa, the Philippines, Okinawa—surviving kamikaze and torpedo attacks and covering herself with glory. The famous ship endured to become a Cold War attack carrier, recovery ship for America’s first astronauts, and a three-tour combatant in Vietnam. In a riveting narrative based on archival research and interviews with surviving crewmen, authors Bill White and Robert Gandt take us inside the war in the Pacific. We join Intrepid’s airmen at the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in October 1944, as they gaze in awe at the apparitions beneath them: five Japanese battleships, including the dreadnoughts Yamato and Musashi, plus a fleet of heavily armored cruisers and destroyers. The sky fills with multihued bursts of anti-aircraft fire. The flak, a Helldiver pilot would write in his action report, “was so thick you could get out and walk on it.” Half a dozen Intrepid aircraft are blown from the sky, but they sink the Musashi. A few months later, off Okinawa, they again meet her sister ship, the mighty Yamato. In a two-hour tableau of hellfire and towering explosions, Intrepid’s warplanes help send the super-battleship and 3,000 Japanese crewmen to the bottom of the sea. We’re next to nineteen-year-old Alonzo Swann in Gun Tub 10 aboard Intrepid as he peers over the breech of a 20-mm anti-aircraft gun. He’s heard of kamikazes, but until today he’s never seen one. Swann and his fellow gunners are among the few African Americans assigned to combat duty in the U.S. Navy of 1944. Blazing away at the diving Japanese Zero, Swann realizes with a dreadful certainty where it will strike: directly into Gun Tub 10. The authors follow Intrepid’s journey to Vietnam. “MiG-21 high!” crackles the voice of Lt. Tony Nargi in his F-8 Crusader. It is 1968, and Intrepid is again at war. Launching from Yankee Station in the Tonkin Gulf, Nargi and his wingman have intercepted a flight of Russian-built supersonic fighters. Minutes later, after a swirling dogfight over North Vietnam, Nargi—and Intrepid—have added another downed enemy airplane to their credit. Intrepid: The Epic Story of America’s Most Legendary Warship brings a renowned ship to life in a stirring tribute complete with the personal recollections of those who served aboard her, dramatic photographs, time lines, maps, and vivid descriptions of Intrepid’s deadly conflicts. More than a numbers-and-dates narrative, Intrepid is the story of people—those who sailed in her, fought to keep her alive, perished in her defense—and powerfully captures the human element in this saga of American heroism.
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Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America Pacific

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:49015002847912

Category: Alaska

Page: 902

View: 144

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v. 1. New England : Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont -- v. 2. Northeastern states : Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia -- v. 3. Southeast : Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia; Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands Miscellaneous Caribbean islands -- v. 4. South central states : Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee -- v. 5. Southwestern states : Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas -- v. 6. Great Lakes states : Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin -- v. 7. Plains states : Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota -- v. 8. Mountain states : Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming -- v. 9. Pacific states & territories : Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington; Pacific territories -- v. 10. National index -- v. 11. Appendices.
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The A to Z of World War II

In December 1944 Marshall was promoted to the five-star rank of General of the
Army. ... The capture of the Marshall Islands was an essential part of Admiral
Chester W. Nimitz's (q.v.) plan to drive across the Central Pacific from Hawaii to ...

Author: Anne Sharp Wells

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810870260

Category: History

Page: 494

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The A to Z of World War II: The War Against Japan traces the brutal conflict from Japan's seizure of Chinese territory in 1931, through the onset of war with the Western Allies in 1941, to the use of atomic weapons by the United States in 1945. It also addresses the aftermath of the war, including the formation of the United Nations and the American occupation of Japan. As the first of two volumes covering World War II, this volume concentrates on the war in Asia and the Pacific so the user benefits from the comprehensive explanations of the people, places, and events that shaped much of that region's 20th-century history.
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