The Moral Economy of the Peasant

Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300185553
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 254
View: 9907
James C. Scott places the critical problem of the peasant household—subsistence—at the center of this study. The fear of food shortages, he argues persuasively, explains many otherwise puzzling technical, social, and moral arrangements in peasant society, such as resistance to innovation, the desire to own land even at some cost in terms of income, relationships with other people, and relationships with institutions, including the state. Once the centrality of the subsistence problem is recognized, its effects on notions of economic and political justice can also be seen. Scott draws from the history of agrarian society in lower Burma and Vietnam to show how the transformations of the colonial era systematically violated the peasants’ “moral economy” and created a situation of potential rebellion and revolution. Demonstrating keen insights into the behavior of people in other cultures and a rare ability to generalize soundly from case studies, Scott offers a different perspective on peasant behavior that will be of interest particularly to political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists, and Southeast Asianists. “The book is extraordinarily original and valuable and will have a very broad appeal. I think the central thesis is correct and compelling.”—Clifford Geertz “In this major work, … Scott views peasants as political and moral actors defending their values as well as their individual security, making his book vital to an understanding of peasant politics.”—Library Journal James C. Scott is professor of political science at Yale University.

The Rational Peasant

The Political Economy of Rural Society in Vietnam
Author: Samuel L. Popkin
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520039544
Category: History
Page: 306
View: 4020
[This provacative reinterpretation of Vietnamese history in particular and peasant society in general will be of wide interest to political scientists, historians, anthropologists, sociologists, development planners, and Asian scholars].

Weapons of the Weak

Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300153620
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 392
View: 2159
Weapons of the Weak is an ethnography by James C. Scott that studies the effects of the Green Revolution in rural Malaysia. One of the main objectives of the study is to make an argument that the Marxian and Gramscian ideas of false consciousness and hegemony are incorrect. He develops this conclusion throughout the book, through the different scenarios and characters that come up during his time of fieldwork in the village. This publication, based on 2 years of fieldwork (1978-1980), focuses on the local class relations in a small rice farming community of 70 households in the main paddy-growing area of Kedah in Malaysia. Introduction of the Green Revolution in 1976 eliminated 2/3 of the wage-earning opportunities for smallholders and landless laborers. The main ensuing class struggle is analyzed being the ideological struggle in the village and the practice of resistance itself consisting of: foot-dragging, dissimulation, desertion, false compliance, pilfering, feigned ignorance and sabotage acts. Rich and poor are engaged in an unremitting if silent struggle to define changes in land tenure, mechanization and employment to advance their own interests, and to use values that they share to control the distribution of status, land, work and grain.

Los dominados y el arte de la resistencia

Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Ediciones Era
ISBN: 9789684114784
Category: Political Science
Page: 314
View: 8318

Contemporary Perspectives on African Moral Economy

Author: Isaria N. Kimambo
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9976604653
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 3776
The topic of African moral economy was first raised by Goran Hyden in 1980 as one of the main obstacles to economic transformation of the African peasantry. The suggestion caused serious academic debates between the proposer and other scholars on African societies, especially those using political economy as the framework of their analysis. But Hyden continued to defend his thesis until interest in the debate faded out. More recently Japanese scholars have taken up the topic as it appears to have new relevance in comparison with the fast transformations which have taken place in Southeast Asian rural communities. The focus of this book is to give a detailed comparison between African rural communities and those of Southeastern Asia. Attention is focused on the two main aspects of African peasantry life: the right to subsistence and the norm of reciprocity. A wide interdisciplinary approach is employed to demonstrate the dynamism displayed by these societies.

The Moral Economy of the State

Conservation, Community Development, and State Making in Zimbabwe
Author: William A. Munro
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0896802027
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 461
View: 5485
The Moral Economy of the State examines state formation in Zimbabwe from the colonial period through the first decade of independence. Drawing on the works of Gramsci, E. P. Thompson, and James Scott, William Munro develops a theory of “moral economy” that explores negotiations between rural citizens and state agents over legitimate state incursions in social life. This analysis demonstrates how states try to shape the meanings of citizenship for agrarian populations by redefining conceptions of the public good, property rights, and community membership. The book's focus on the moral economy of the state offers a refreshing perspective on the difficulties experienced by postcolonial African states in building stronger state and rural institutions.

En deuda

Una historia alternativa de la economía
Author: David Graeber
Publisher: Grupo Planeta Spain
ISBN: 8434405601
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 5418
Ganador del premio Bread and Roses for Radical Publishing 2012 Todo libro de economía hace la misma aseveración: el dinero se inventó para dar solución a la complejidad creciente de los sistemas de trueque. Esta versión de la historia tiene un grave problema, no hay evidencia alguna que la sustente. Graeber expone una historia alternativa a la aparición del dinero y los mercados, y analiza cómo la deuda ha pasado de ser una obligación económica a una obligación moral. Desde el inicio de los primeros imperios agrarios, los humanos han usado elaborados sistemas de crédito para vender y comprar bienes, antes incluso de la invención de la moneda. Es hoy, transcurridos 5000 años, cuando por primera vez nos encontramos ante una sociedad dividida entre deudores y acreedores, con instituciones erigidas con la voluntad única de proteger a los prestamistas. En deuda es una crónica fascinante y pertinente que viene a desmontar ideas encastradas en nuestra conciencia colectiva y superarlas conociendo cuál es la verdadera historia de la economía.

Costumbres en común

Author: Edward Palmer Thompson
ISBN: 8412042611
Category: Social Science
Page: 695
View: 972
Producto de años de investigación y debate, "Costumbres en común" describe la compleja cultura de la que surgieron las instituciones de la clase trabajadora en Inglaterra, una serie de tradiciones y costumbres que la nueva clase trabajadora luchó para preservar hasta la época victoriana. Thompson investiga la desaparición gradual de una serie de costumbres culturales en el contexto de los grandes trastornos del siglo XVIII. Como los aldeanos fueron sometidos a un sistema legal cada vez más hostil a la costumbre, intentaron resistir y preservar la tradición. Para el autor son los gobernantes y terratenientes quienes fueron un problema para la gente, cuya cultura exuberante precedió a la formación de las instituciones y la conciencia de la clase trabajadora.

The Contradictions of "Real Socialism"

The Conductor and the Conducted
Author: Michael Lebowitz
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583673385
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 9419
What was “real socialism”—the term which originated in twentieth-century socialist societies for the purpose of distinguishing them from abstract, theoretical socialism? In this volume, Michael A. Lebowitz considers the nature, tendencies, and contradictions of those societies. Beginning with the constant presence of shortages within “real socialism,” Lebowitz searches for the inner relations which generate these patterns. He finds these, in particular, in what he calls “vanguard relations of production,” a relation which takes the apparent form of a social contract where workers obtain benefits not available to their counterparts in capitalism but lack the power to decide within the workplace and society. While these societies were able to claim major achievements in areas from health care to education to popular culture, the separation of thinking and doing prevented workers from developing their capacities as fully developed human beings. The relationship within “real socialism” between the vanguard as conductor and a conducted working class, however, did not only lead to the deformation of workers and those elements necessary for the building of socialism; it also created the conditions in which enterprise managers emerged as an incipient capitalist class, which was an immediate source of the crises of “real socialism.” As he argued in The Socialist Alternative: Real Human Development, Lebowitz stresses the necessity to go beyond the hierarchy inherent in the relation of conductor and conducted (and beyond the “vanguard Marxism” which supports this) to create the conditions in which people can transform themselves through their conscious cooperation and practice—i.e., a society of free and associated producers.

State formation and the structure of politics in Mamluk Syro-Egypt, 648–741 A.H./1250–1340 C.E.

Author: Winslow Williams Clifford
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3847000918
Category: Fiction
Page: 267
View: 2275
Winslow Williams Clifford ist einer der wenigen Historiker, die sich bisher auf der Basis von theoretischen Ansätzen der Geschichte und Kultur des sogenannten Mamlukensultanates (1250–1517) gewidmet haben. In diesem Band erscheint nun posthum seine 1995 an der University of Chicago eingereichte Dissertation. Durch die geschickte Benutzung gesellschaftstheoretischer Ansätze gelingt es Clifford, sehr überzeugend zu zeigen, dass der mamlukische Herrschaftsverbund – wie lange Zeit behauptet – keine statische »Orientalische Despotie« darstellte, sondern im Gegenteil eine sehr ausdifferenzierte Gesellschaft war. Sie fußte vor allem auf der Einhaltung eines komplexen Ordnungssystems, das sich während der Herrschaft der ersten Sultane etabliert hatte.

El capital en el siglo XXI

Author: Thomas Piketty
Publisher: Fondo de Cultura Economica
ISBN: 6071624649
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 608
View: 9336
Para el autor, cada país, en relación con su historia y su compromiso democrático, responde de manera diferente a una ley básica del capitalismo de mercado que estimula la concentración de la riqueza en los sectores más favorecidos. El trabajo de Piketty

Everyday Politics in the Philippines

Class and Status Relations in a Central Luzon Village
Author: Benedict J. Kerkvliet
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742518704
Category: Political Science
Page: 340
View: 2966
Focusing on a rice farming village in central Luzon, Kerkvliet argues that the faction and patron-client relationships dealt with by conventional studies are only one part of Philippine political life.

Economía de la Edad de Piedra

Author: Marshall Sahlins
Publisher: Ediciones Akal
ISBN: 9788473392808
Category: Social Science
Page: 340
View: 4223
«Muchos de los ensayos contenidos en este volumen los escribí en distintas oportunidades durante los últimos diez años. Otros fueron escritos especialmente para esta publicación. Todos ellos fueron concebidos y reunidos aquí con la esperanza de constituir una antropología económica, es decir, algo distinto de las interpretaciones prácticas de las economías y las sociedades primitivas [...]» Clásico indiscutible y obra de referencia en los estudios de antropología, la presente obra (Stone Age Economics, 1974) contribuyó de manera significativa a la crítica del evolucionismo lineal, abandonando la visión clásica preponderante en los tratados de antropología económica y planteando la necesidad de desarrollar una nueva forma de análisis más apropiada para las sociedades históricas paleolíticas y para la historia intelectual de la antropología.

Parables as Subversive Speech

Jesus as Pedagogue of the Oppressed
Author: William R. Herzog
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
ISBN: 9780664253554
Category: Religion
Page: 299
View: 6900
William Herzog shows that the focus of the parables was not on a vision of the glory of the reign of God but on the gory details of the way oppression served the interests of the ruling class. The parables were a form of social analysis, as well as a form of theological reflection. Herzog scrutinizes their canonical form to show the distinction between its purpose for Jesus and for evangelists. To do this, he uses the tools of historical criticism, including form criticism and redaction criticism.

Anthropologies and Histories

Essays in Culture, History, and Political Economy
Author: William Roseberry
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813514468
Category: Social Science
Page: 278
View: 5602
"Elegantly written essays. . . . Roseberry is the real gem, an anthropologist with extensive Latin American field experience and an impressive scholarly grasp of the histories of anthropology and Marxist theory."--Micaela di Leonardo, The Nation "An extremely stimulating volume . . . rich and provocative, and codifies a new depature point."--Choice "As a critic . . . Roseberry writes with sustained force and clarity. . . . his principal points emerge with a directness that will make this book attractive to a wide range of readers."--American Anthropologist "Roseberry in among the most astute, careful, and theoretically cogent of the anthropologists of his generation. . . . [This book] illustrates well the breadth and coherence of his thinking and guides the reader through the complicated intersections of anthropology with history, political economy, Marxism, and Latin American studies."--Jane Schneider, CUNY In Anthropologies and Histories, William Roseberry explores some of the cultural and political implications of an anthropological political economy. In his view, too few of these implications have been explored by authors who dismiss the very possibility of a political economic understanding of culture. Within political economy, readers are offered sophisticated treatments of uneven development, but when authors turn to culture and politics, they place contradictory social experiences within simplistic class or epochal labels. Within cultural anthropology, history is often little more than new terrain for extending anthropological practice. Roseberry places culture and history in relation to each other, in the context of a reflection on the political economy of uneven development. In the first half of this books, he looks at and critiques a variety of anthropological understandings of culture, arguing for an approach that sees culture as socially constituted and socially constitutive. Beginning with a commentary on Clifford Geertz's seminal essay on the Balinese cockfight, Roseberry argues that Geertz and his followers pay insufficient attention to cultural differentiation, to social and political inequalities that affect actors' different understandings of the world, other people, and of themselves. Sufficient attention to such questions, Roseberry argues, requires a concern for political economy. In the second half of the book, Roseberry explores the assumptions and practices of political economy, indicates the kind of problems that should be central to such an approach, and reviews some of the inadequacies of anthropological studies. William Roseberry is a professor of anthropology at the New School for Social Research.

Seeing Like a State

How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300078152
Category: Political Science
Page: 445
View: 3037
Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields.

State and Peasant in the Ottoman Empire

Agrarian Power Relations and Regional Economic Development in Ottoman Anatolia During the Sixteenth Century
Author: Huri İslamoğlu-İnan
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004100282
Category: History
Page: 293
View: 8316
This meant that in the light of the fiscal and legitimation concerns of the Ottoman state and contrary to the assumptions of the models of economic development, changes in population and in commercial demand did not result in the disruption of the integrity of the small peasant holding as the primary unit of production

Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance in South-East Asia

Everyday Forms Res Asia
Author: James C Scott,Benedict J Tria Kerkvliet
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317845323
Category: History
Page: 156
View: 855
First published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Economy of the Kingdom

Social Conflict and Economic Relations in Luke's Gospel
Author: Halvor Moxnes
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1592447147
Category: Religion
Page: 206
View: 3887

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118290585
Category: Social Science
Page: 664
View: 504
A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics