The Moral Economy of the Peasant

Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300185553
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 254
View: 1007
DOWNLOAD NOW »
James C. Scott places the critical problem of the peasant household—subsistence—at the center of this study. The fear of food shortages, he argues persuasively, explains many otherwise puzzling technical, social, and moral arrangements in peasant society, such as resistance to innovation, the desire to own land even at some cost in terms of income, relationships with other people, and relationships with institutions, including the state. Once the centrality of the subsistence problem is recognized, its effects on notions of economic and political justice can also be seen. Scott draws from the history of agrarian society in lower Burma and Vietnam to show how the transformations of the colonial era systematically violated the peasants’ “moral economy” and created a situation of potential rebellion and revolution. Demonstrating keen insights into the behavior of people in other cultures and a rare ability to generalize soundly from case studies, Scott offers a different perspective on peasant behavior that will be of interest particularly to political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists, and Southeast Asianists. “The book is extraordinarily original and valuable and will have a very broad appeal. I think the central thesis is correct and compelling.”—Clifford Geertz “In this major work, … Scott views peasants as political and moral actors defending their values as well as their individual security, making his book vital to an understanding of peasant politics.”—Library Journal James C. Scott is professor of political science at Yale University.

Rational Choice

Eine Kritik am Beispiel von Anwendungen in der Politischen Wissenschaft. Übersetzung aus dem Amerikanischen von Annette Schmitt
Author: Donald P. Green,Ian Shapiro
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486831607
Category: Philosophy
Page: 271
View: 9453
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In diesem gut lesbaren und verständlichen Buch bewerten die Autoren die Anwendung der Rational-Choice-Theorie. In ihrer herben Kritik zeigen Green und Shapiro auf, dass die hoch gelobten Ergebnisse der Rational-Choice-Theorie tatsächlich äußerst suspekt sind und dass ein grundsätzliches Umdenken erforderlich ist, um diesen analytischen Ansatz in der Politikwissenschaft wirklich nutzen zu können. Diesen Prozess des Umdenkens wollen die Autoren mit ihrem Buch anstoßen.

The Moral Economy of the Peasant

Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300021909
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 254
View: 3747
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518761528
Category: Social Science
Page: 329
View: 5142
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihren Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.

The Rational Peasant

The Political Economy of Rural Society in Vietnam
Author: Samuel L. Popkin
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520039544
Category: History
Page: 306
View: 3930
DOWNLOAD NOW »
[This provacative reinterpretation of Vietnamese history in particular and peasant society in general will be of wide interest to political scientists, historians, anthropologists, sociologists, development planners, and Asian scholars].

Weapons of the Weak

Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300153620
Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE
Page: 389
View: 7485
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Contemporary Perspectives on African Moral Economy


Author: Isaria N. Kimambo
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9976604653
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 833
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The topic of African moral economy was first raised by Goran Hyden in 1980 as one of the main obstacles to economic transformation of the African peasantry. The suggestion caused serious academic debates between the proposer and other scholars on African societies, especially those using political economy as the framework of their analysis. But Hyden continued to defend his thesis until interest in the debate faded out. More recently Japanese scholars have taken up the topic as it appears to have new relevance in comparison with the fast transformations which have taken place in Southeast Asian rural communities. The focus of this book is to give a detailed comparison between African rural communities and those of Southeastern Asia. Attention is focused on the two main aspects of African peasantry life: the right to subsistence and the norm of reciprocity. A wide interdisciplinary approach is employed to demonstrate the dynamism displayed by these societies.

From moral economy to remembered village

the sociology of James C. Scott
Author: Grant Evans
Publisher: Monash Asia Inst
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 44
View: 1526
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Die Gemeinwirtschaft

Untersuchungen über den Sozialismus
Author: Ludwig Mises
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110504707
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 538
View: 1468
DOWNLOAD NOW »


The Moral Economy of the State

Conservation, Community Development, and State Making in Zimbabwe
Author: William A. Munro
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0896802027
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 461
View: 5899
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Moral Economy of the State examines state formation in Zimbabwe from the colonial period through the first decade of independence. Drawing on the works of Gramsci, E. P. Thompson, and James Scott, William Munro develops a theory of “moral economy” that explores negotiations between rural citizens and state agents over legitimate state incursions in social life. This analysis demonstrates how states try to shape the meanings of citizenship for agrarian populations by redefining conceptions of the public good, property rights, and community membership. The book's focus on the moral economy of the state offers a refreshing perspective on the difficulties experienced by postcolonial African states in building stronger state and rural institutions.

Die Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in England


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Great Britain
Page: N.A
View: 8155
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Fremd in ihrem Land

Eine Reise ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten
Author: Arlie Russell Hochschild
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593507668
Category: Political Science
Page: 429
View: 3819
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ

State formation and the structure of politics in Mamluk Syro-Egypt, 648–741 A.H./1250–1340 C.E.


Author: Winslow Williams Clifford
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3847000918
Category: Fiction
Page: 267
View: 5214
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Winslow Williams Clifford ist einer der wenigen Historiker, die sich bisher auf der Basis von theoretischen Ansätzen der Geschichte und Kultur des sogenannten Mamlukensultanates (1250–1517) gewidmet haben. In diesem Band erscheint nun posthum seine 1995 an der University of Chicago eingereichte Dissertation. Durch die geschickte Benutzung gesellschaftstheoretischer Ansätze gelingt es Clifford, sehr überzeugend zu zeigen, dass der mamlukische Herrschaftsverbund – wie lange Zeit behauptet – keine statische »Orientalische Despotie« darstellte, sondern im Gegenteil eine sehr ausdifferenzierte Gesellschaft war. Sie fußte vor allem auf der Einhaltung eines komplexen Ordnungssystems, das sich während der Herrschaft der ersten Sultane etabliert hatte.

The Contradictions of "Real Socialism"

The Conductor and the Conducted
Author: Michael Lebowitz
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583673385
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 1590
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What was “real socialism”—the term which originated in twentieth-century socialist societies for the purpose of distinguishing them from abstract, theoretical socialism? In this volume, Michael A. Lebowitz considers the nature, tendencies, and contradictions of those societies. Beginning with the constant presence of shortages within “real socialism,” Lebowitz searches for the inner relations which generate these patterns. He finds these, in particular, in what he calls “vanguard relations of production,” a relation which takes the apparent form of a social contract where workers obtain benefits not available to their counterparts in capitalism but lack the power to decide within the workplace and society. While these societies were able to claim major achievements in areas from health care to education to popular culture, the separation of thinking and doing prevented workers from developing their capacities as fully developed human beings. The relationship within “real socialism” between the vanguard as conductor and a conducted working class, however, did not only lead to the deformation of workers and those elements necessary for the building of socialism; it also created the conditions in which enterprise managers emerged as an incipient capitalist class, which was an immediate source of the crises of “real socialism.” As he argued in The Socialist Alternative: Real Human Development, Lebowitz stresses the necessity to go beyond the hierarchy inherent in the relation of conductor and conducted (and beyond the “vanguard Marxism” which supports this) to create the conditions in which people can transform themselves through their conscious cooperation and practice—i.e., a society of free and associated producers.

Everyday Politics in the Philippines

Class and Status Relations in a Central Luzon Village
Author: Benedict J. Kerkvliet
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742518704
Category: Political Science
Page: 340
View: 5373
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Focusing on a rice farming village in central Luzon, Kerkvliet argues that the faction and patron-client relationships dealt with by conventional studies are only one part of Philippine political life.

Oral Performance, Popular Tradition, and Hidden Transcript in Q


Author: Richard A. Horsley
Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit
ISBN: 1589832485
Category: Religion
Page: 229
View: 1777
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This collection of essays pursues two new approaches to Q, the speeches of Jesus paralleled in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. The essays in Part One suggest that recent work in ethnopoetics, the ethnography of performance, and theory of verbal art (especially that of John Miles Foley) both complements and challenges standard approaches to the teaching of Jesus. They explore how Q speeches might be appreciated as oral performance that resonates with listeners in a community context by referencing Israelite popular tradition. The essays in Part Two examine how the work of anthropologist and political scientist James C. Scott on popular tradition, "the moral economy of the peasant," and "hidden transcripts" may illuminate the social context and political implications of Q speeches. --From publisher's description.

Sozialer Protest

Studien zu traditioneller Resistenz und kollektiver Gewalt in Deutschland vom Vormärz bis zur Reichsgründung
Author: Heinrich Volkmann,Jürgen Bergmann
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Germany
Page: 354
View: 4174
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Parables as Subversive Speech

Jesus as Pedagogue of the Oppressed
Author: William R. Herzog
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
ISBN: 9780664253554
Category: Religion
Page: 299
View: 8073
DOWNLOAD NOW »
William Herzog shows that the focus of the parables was not on a vision of the glory of the reign of God but on the gory details of the way oppression served the interests of the ruling class. The parables were a form of social analysis, as well as a form of theological reflection. Herzog scrutinizes their canonical form to show the distinction between its purpose for Jesus and for evangelists. To do this, he uses the tools of historical criticism, including form criticism and redaction criticism.