The New Engineering Research Centers

This book reviews the lessons learned as the centers got under way, and examines the interrelationship among universities, government, industry, and the research establishment.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309035989

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

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Within the past decade, six Engineering Research Centers opened on university campuses across the United States. This book reviews the lessons learned as the centers got under way, and examines the interrelationship among universities, government, industry, and the research establishment. Leaders from business, government, and universities discuss in this volume the challenges now facing American industry; the roots and early development of the research center concept; the criteria used in selecting the six centers; the structure and research agenda of each center; the projected impact of the centers on competitiveness of U.S. technology; and the potential for further research in biotechnology, electronics, robotics, and related areas.
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A New Vision for Center Based Engineering Research

To ensure that the ERCs continue to be a source of innovation, economic development, and educational excellence, A New Vision for Center-Based Engineering Research explores the future of center-based engineering research, the skills needed ...

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309459082

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 102

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The future security, economic growth, and competitiveness of the United States depend on its capacity to innovate. Major sources of innovative capacity are the new knowledge and trained students generated by U.S. research universities. However, many of the complex technical and societal problems the United States faces cannot be addressed by the traditional model of individual university research groups headed by a single principal investigator. Instead, they can only be solved if researchers from multiple institutions and with diverse expertise combine their efforts. The National Science Foundation (NSF), among other federal agencies, began to explore the potential of such center-scale research programs in the 1970s and 1980s; in many ways, the NSF Engineering Research Center (ERC) program is its flagship program in this regard. The ERCs are "interdisciplinary, multi-institutional centers that join academia, industry, and government in partnership to produce transformational engineered systems and engineering graduates who are adept at innovation and primed for leadership in the global economy. To ensure that the ERCs continue to be a source of innovation, economic development, and educational excellence, A New Vision for Center-Based Engineering Research explores the future of center-based engineering research, the skills needed for effective center leadership, and opportunities to enhance engineering education through the centers.
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Engineering Research Centers

What kinds of companies have supported engineering research centers ? Do they include companies in basic industries as well as firms in new sectors ? Have any companies dropped out or been unable to keep initial financial commitments ?

Author: United States. General Accounting Office

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105127384001

Category: Engineering

Page: 80

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Directions in Engineering Research

Second, research administrators must strike a balance between research by individuals and the collaborative research of the new engineering research centers. The latter caution introduces the issue of adequate funding for smallscale ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309037471

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 364

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Surveying the dynamic field of engineering research, Directions in Engineering Research first presents an overview of the status of engineering research today. It then examines research and needs in a variety of areas: bioengineering; construction and structural design; energy, mineralogy, and the environment; information science and computers; manufacturing; materials; and transportation. Specific areas of current research opportunity are discussed in detail, including complex system software, advanced engineered materials, manufacturing systems integration, bioreactors, construction robotics, biomedical engineering, hazardous material control, computer-aided design, and manufacturing modeling and simulation. The authors' recommendations call for funding stability for engineering research programs; modern equipment and facilities; adequate coordination between researchers; increased support for high-risk, high-return, single-investor projects; recruiting of new talent and fostering of multidisciplinary research; and enhanced industry support. Innovative ways to improve the transfer of discoveries from the laboratory to the factory are also presented.
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History of the Coastal Engineering Research Center 1963 1983

Hanover , New Hampshire ; the Waterways Experi- At the time , civil works R & D totaled some $ 15 ment Station at Vicksburg , Mississippi ; and the million yearly , excluding reimbursable work , apCoastal Engineering Research Center and ...

Author: Jamie W. Moore

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210024816108

Category: Coastal engineering

Page: 112

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A Vision for the Future of Center Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research

8 A VISION FOR THE FUTURE OF CENTER-BASED MULTIDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING RESEARCH He also reiterated Krishna's and O'Sullivan's statements that corporations, particularly in Asia, the Middle East, and Europe, have become active ...

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309449731

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 58

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Out of concern for the state of engineering in the United States, the National Science Foundation (NSF) created the Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) with the goal of improving engineering research and education and helping to keep the United States competitive in global markets. Since the ERC program's inception in 1985, NSF has funded 67 ERCs across the United States. NSF funds each ERC for up to 10 years, during which time the centers build robust partnerships with industry, universities, and other government entities that can ideally sustain them upon graduation from NSF support. To ensure that the ERCs continue to be a source of innovation, economic development, and educational excellence, NSF commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a 1-day symposium in April 2016. This event featured four plenary panel presentations on: the evolving global context for center-based engineering research, trends in undergraduate and graduate engineering education, new directions in university-industry interaction, and emerging best practices in translating university research into innovation. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the symposium.
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WTEC Panel Report on Tissue Engineering Research

Site: National Institute of Bioscience and Human Technology Agency of Industrial Science and Technology ... The new structure was expected to have 22 research centers, 22 labs, 9 special groups, and 2 research complexes to be located in ...

Author: Larry V. McIntire

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080543871

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 268

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WTEC Panel on Tissue Engineering Research is a comparative review of tissue engineering research and development activities in the United States, Japan, and Western Europe conducted by a panel of leading U.S. experts in the field. This book covers biomaterials, cells, biomolecules, non-medical applications, engineering design, informatics, and legal and regulatory issues associated with tissue engineering research and applications. This document will serve as a basis for continued dialogue within nations' tissue engineering research and development community and with other important stakeholders, providing guidance for future programs. This text highlights the necessity for providing continued and enhanced resources to further the progress in tissue engineering, harness developments, and maintain scientific and economic leadership.
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The NASA University Space Engineering Research Centers

Space Engineering Research Center ( SERC ) ELLEX HUSSEIFERIMENT A small partially filled tank is attached to the MODE experiment support module for the study of fuel slosh in low gravity . The University of Idaho Space Engineering ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210023569492

Category: Aerospace engineers

Page:

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Special Report Coastal Engineering Research Center

Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.). centers will effectively stop the movement of sand across it sometime in the latter half of the first growing season . Small blowout areas should be planted solid at a 45 - centimeter spacing ...

Author: Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112008445600

Category: Coasts

Page:

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The National Science Foundation s Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program

Looking Back, Moving Forward National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, ... it was natural to use the term “center” and dub these new entities “Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309178967

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 226

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The Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC) Impact Assessment Committee was convened by the National Research Council in response to an informal request from the National Science Foundation. Charged to examine the impact of the MRSEC program and to provide guidance for the future, the committee included experts from across materials research as well as several from outside the field. The committee developed a general methodology to examine the MRSEC centers and after extensive research and analysis, came to the following conclusions. MRSEC center awards continue to be in great demand. The intense competition within the community for them indicates a strong perceived value. Using more quantitative measures, the committee examined the performance and impact of MRSEC activities over the past decade in the areas of research, facilities, education and outreach, and industrial collaboration and technology transfer. The MRSEC program has had important impacts of the same high standard of quality as those of other multi-investigator or individual-investigator programs. Although the committee was largely unable to attribute observed impacts uniquely to the MRSEC program, MRSECs generally mobilize efforts that would not have occurred otherwise. Because of an observed decline in the effectiveness of the centers, the committee recommended a restructuring the MRSEC program to allow more efficient use and leveraging of resources. The new program should fully invest in centers of excellence as well as in stand-alone teams of researchers to allow tighter focus on key strengths of the program. In its report, the committee outlines one potential vision for how this might be accomplished in a revenue-neutral fashion.
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Coastal Engineering Research Center

PREFACE The Coastal Engineering Research Center ( CERC ) is one of five major laboratories and research centers of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers . This publication describes CERC's mission , capabilities , and facilities .

Author: Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$C32689

Category:

Page: 28

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International Benchmarking of U S Chemical Engineering Research Competitiveness

A few examples of new centers providing state-of-the-art facilities and approaches are given below—starting with one of the Department of Energy nanoscale science research centers. The Molecular Foundry13 provides instruments and ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309105378

Category: Science

Page: 246

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More than $400 billion worth of products rely on innovations in chemistry. Chemical engineering, as an academic discipline and profession, has enabled this achievement. In response to growing concerns about the future of the discipline, International Benchmarking of U.S. Chemical Engineering Research Competitiveness gauges the standing of the U.S. chemical engineering enterprise in the world. This in-depth benchmarking analysis is based on measures including numbers of published papers, citations, trends in degrees conferred, patent productivity, and awards. The book concludes that the United States is presently, and is expected to remain, among the world’s leaders in all subareas of chemical engineering research. However, U.S. leadership in some classical and emerging subareas will be strongly challenged. This critical analysis will be of interest to practicing chemical engineers, professors and students in the discipline, economists, policy makers, major research university administrators, and executives in industries dependent upon innovations in chemistry.
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Engineering Research and America s Future

In the past two decades, NSF has sponsored a significant number of interdisciplinary research centers involving engineering. Most prominent among these are the 22 universitybased ERCs, each focusing on a single topical area.

Author: National Academy of Engineering

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309096423

Category: Political Science

Page: 60

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Leadership in innovation is essential to U.S. prosperity and security. In a global, knowledge-driven economy, technological innovationâ€"the transformation of new knowledge into products, processes, and services of value to societyâ€"is critical to competitiveness, long-term productivity growth, and an improved quality of life. Preeminence in technological innovation depends on a wide array of factors, one of which is leadership in engineering research, education, and practice. A threedecade- long decline in the share of federal investment in research and development devoted to engineering and a perceived erosion of basic, long-term engineering research capability in U.S. industry and federal laboratories have raised serious questions about the long-term health of engineering research in the United States. This book illustrates the critical role of engineering research in maintaining U.S. technological leadership; documents major challenges and opportunities facing the U.S. engineering research enterprise; and offers specific recommendations for leaders in federal and state government, industry, and universities to help strengthen U.S. engineering research in the face of intensifying global competition.
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