Duns Scotus, along with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, was one of the three most talented and influential of the medieval schoolmen, and a highly original and creative thinker. Natural philosophy, or physics, is one of the areas of his system which has not received detailed attentionin modern literature. But it is important, both for understanding Scotus's contributions in theology, and in tracing some important developments in the basically Aristotelian world-view which Scotus and his contemporaries espoused. The book contains detailed discussion and analysis of Scotus'saccounts of the nature of matter; the structure of material substance; mass; the nature of space, time, and motion; quantitative and qualitative change; and the various sorts of unity which can be exhibited by different kinds of whole. It also includes discussion of Scotus's accounts ofchemical composition, organic unity, and nutrition. Scotus's views on these matters are philosophyically sophisticated, and often highly original.
This text contains detailed discussion and analysis of Dun Scotus's accounts of the nature of matter and the structure of material substance. His views on these matters are sophisticated and highly original.
Author: Richard Cross
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This is an accessible introduction to the life and thought of John Duns Scotus (c. 1266--1308), the scholastic philosopher and theologian who came to be called the Subtle Doctor. A native of Scotland (as his name implies), Scotus became a Franciscan and taught in Oxford, Paris, and Cologne. In his writings he put Aristotelian thought to the service of Christian theology and was the founder of a school of scholasticism called Scotism, which was often opposed to the Thomism of the followers of Thomas Aquinas. In particular, Scotus is well known for his defense of contra-causal free will and logical possibility and for his account of individuation in terms of "haecceity" or "thisness." Cross offers a clear introductory account of the most significant aspects of Scotus's theological thought. Theology is here construed broadly to include Scotus's philosophical investigation of God's existence and attributes. In addition to providing a clear, though not always uncritical, outline of Scotus's positions, Cross aims to show how Scotus's theories fit into modern debates, particularly contemporary debates in philosophical theology, and to point out Scotus's historical significance in the development of theology.
Scotus's account might seem to blur the distinction between substances and accidents; for his attempt to give an account of this distinction, see Ord. 4.11.3, nn. 43—44 (Wadding, 8:647-48), and my discussion in The Physics of Duns ...
Author: Richard Cross
Publisher: Oxford University Press
John Duns Scotus (d.1308), known as the ‘subtle doctor' among medieval schoolmen, produced a formidable philosophical theology using and adapting an Aristotelian metaphysical framework. Critical of Thomas Aquinas' grand Summas, Scotus died before producing a final synthesis of his own. Indeed, his work, left in disarray for centuries, has only recently become available in an edited format. Contemporary metaphysics, taking up the problem of universals, treads on ground already well-worked by Scotus. Duns Scotus and the Problem of Universals shows how Scotus' treatment of the problem of universals is both coherent and, even by contemporary standards, cogent. Todd Bates recovers and sets out Scotus' understanding of the structure of material substance, reconstructs Scotus' arguments for universals and haecceities, and shows how Scotus' theory applies to the metaphysics of the Incarnation. This book makes an important contribution to a neglected but crucial area of Scotus scholarship.
Richard Cross, The Physics of Duns Scotus (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), p. 93: “Scotus defends an account of material substance according to which no such substance is simply reducible to the sum ofits parts,” and p.
Author: Todd Bates
Publisher: A&C Black
John Duns Scotus is arguably one of the most significant philosopher theologians of the middle ages who has often been overlooked. This book serves to recover his rightful place in the history of Western philosophy revealing that he is in fact one of the great masters of our philosophical heritage. Among the fields to which Scotus has made an immense contribution are logic, metaphysics, philosophy of mind and action, and ethical theory.The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus provides a formidable yet comprehensive overview of the life and works of this Scottish-born philosopher. Vos has successfully combined his lifetime of dedicated study with the significant body of biographical literature, resulting in a unique look at the life and works of this philosopher theologian.
Scotus' position 'explains better than Henry's theory the persistence of plant and non-human animal bodies through death.'79 The intension and remission ... 82 Many results of this research 81 79 Cross, The Physics of Duns Scotus, 75.
Author: Antonie Vos
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
In this volume, Antonie Vos offers a comprehensive analysis of the philosophy and theological thought of John Duns Scotus, including this Trinitarian theology and Christology, the theory of Creation, ethics justification and predestination, and the sacraments. The volume concludes with an overview of historical dilemmas in Scotus' theological thought.
88 See Cross, The Physics of Duns Scotus, chapter 2, and the fine appendix: The Metaphysics of Generation and Corruption' (257–63). 89 See Lectura II 12.11 and 13; compare Lectura II 12.15: 'Agens quod habet in virtute sua totum ...
Author: Antonie Vos
The scholarly purpose of the volume is to restate and describe the historical reception of John Duns Scotus' metaphysics, which, by taking the real concept of "being as being" as the first object of first philosophy, laid the groundwork for what scholars have called "the second beginning of metaphysics" in Western philosophy. Scotus outlined a theory of transcendental concepts that includes an analysis of the concept of being and its properties, and a general analysis of modalities and intrinsic modes, paving the way for a view of metaphysics as a science of "possible being." From the fourteenth to the eighteenth century Scotists invented and developed special concepts that could embrace both real being and the being of reason. The investigation of the metaphysics of the transcendentals by subsequent thinkers who were guided by Scotus is the central focus of the present collective book.
The scholarly purpose of the volume is to restate and describe the historical reception of John Duns Scotus' meta-physics, which, by taking the real concept of "being as being" as the first object of first philosophy, laid the ground-work ...
Author: Roberto Hofmeister Pich
Publisher: Brill Schoningh
Étienne Gilson's Jean Duns Scot: Introduction À Ses Positions Fondamentales is widely understood to be one of the most important works on John Duns Scotus' texts, famous for their complexity. James Colbert's translation is the first time that Gilson's work on Scotus has been put into English, with an introduction by Trent Pomplun and an afterword by John Millbank. Scotus contributed to the development of a metaphysical system that was compatible with Christian doctrine, an epistemology that altered the 13th century understanding of human knowledge, and a theology that stressed both divine and human will. Gilson, in turn, offers a thoroughly comprehensive introduction to the fundamental positions that Scotus stood for. Explaining Scotus's views on metaphysics, the existence of infinite being and divine nature, the matter of the physical spiritual and angelic, intellectual knowledge and will and Scotus' relationship with other scholars, Gilson and Colbert show how deeply Scotus left a mark on discussions of such disparate topics as the semantics of religious language, the problem of universals, divine illumination, and the nature of human freedom. This work has been translated from the original work in French Jean Duns Scot. Introduction à ses positions fondamentales (© 1952 by Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin).
According to Averroes, physics 114 Duns Scotus took up the overall question again in Reportata Parisiensia, prologue, question 3, article 1. Taking the side of Avicenna against Averroes, he successively proves that no science proves the ...
Author: Etienne Gilson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This volume contains 14 studies on various aspects of Duns Scotus' philosophy. Duns Scotus (ca. 1265-1308/9) is one of the most important philosophers of the Middle Ages. His radical conception of contingency means a break in the history of thought. Despite his importance, he has not yet been studied very much. The contributors to the volume discuss a.o. Duns' view on will and intellect, on the law of nature, on man, and on aspects of his logic and metaphysics.
This volume contains 14 studies on various aspects of Duns Scotus' philosophy.
Author: Medium Aevum (Association). Symposium
Richard Cross provides the first full study of Duns Scotus's theory of cognition, examining his account of the processes involved in cognition, from sensation, through intuition and abstraction, to conceptual thought. Cross places Scotus's thought clearly within the context of 13th-century study on the mind, and of his intellectual forebears.
Scotus was a perceptive but highly critical reader of his intellectual forebears, and this volume places his thought clearly within the context of thirteenth-century reflections on cognitive psychology, influenced as they were by Aristotle, ...
Author: Richard Cross
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
John Duns Scotus is commonly recognized as one of the most original thinkers of medieval philosophy. His influence on subsequent philosophers and theologians is enormous and extends well beyond the limits of the Middle Ages. His thought, however, might be intimidating for the non-initiated, because of the sheer number of topics he touched on and the difficulty of his style. The eleven essays collected here, especially written for this volume by some of the leading scholars in the field, take the reader through various topics, including Duns Scotus's intellectual environment, his argument for the existence of God, and his conceptions of modality, order, causality, freedom, and human nature. This volume provides a reliable point of entrance to the thought of Duns Scotus while giving a snapshot of some of the best research that is now being done on this difficult but intellectually rewarding thinker.
This volume provides a reliable point of entrance to the thought of Duns Scotus while giving a snapshot of some of the best research that is now being done on this difficult but intellectually rewarding thinker.
Author: Giorgio Pini
Publisher: Cambridge University Press