The dazzling variation in plant chemistry is a primary mediator of trophic interactions, including herbivory, predation, parasitism, and disease. At the same time, such interactions feed back to influence spatial and temporal variation in the chemistry of plants. In this book, Mark Hunter provides a novel approach to linking the trophic interactions of organisms with the cycling of nutrients in ecosystems. Hunter introduces the concept of the "phytochemical landscape"—the shifting spatial and temporal mosaic of plant chemistry that serves as the nexus between trophic interactions and nutrient dynamics. He shows how plant chemistry is both a cause and consequence of trophic interactions, and how it also mediates ecosystem processes such as nutrient cycling. Nutrients and organic molecules in plant tissues affect decomposition rates and the fluxes of elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. The availability of these same nutrients influences the chemistry of cells and tissues that plants produce. In combination, these feedback routes generate pathways by which trophic interactions influence nutrient dynamics and vice versa, mediated through plant chemistry. Hunter provides evidence from terrestrial and aquatic systems for each of these pathways, and describes how a focus on the phytochemical landscape enables us to better understand and manage the ecosystems in which we live. Essential reading for students and researchers alike, this book offers an integrated approach to population-, community-, and ecosystem-level ecological processes.
In this book, Mark Hunter provides a novel approach to linking the trophic interactions of organisms with the cycling of nutrients in ecosystems.
Author: Mark D. Hunter
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Chemical Ecology is a component of Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Chemical Ecology provides the essential aspects of the chemicals involved in the interactions of living organisms. It deals with studies involving defensive chemicals which are utilized to deter potential predators, which may attack a wide variety of species, animal interaction, aquatic ecosystems, chemical ecology and pest management, relation to medicine and pharmaceuticals. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers.
Mammalian Herbivory Mammalian herbivores must adapt to an ever-changing
phytochemical landscape. The quantity and distribution of plant nutrients and
toxins change over time and space – across a landscape and within an individual
Author: Jorg D. Hardege
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
Such goals were closely related to those of the School of Pharmacy, where large
cultures of medicinal plants were desired for phytochemical investigations.
However, members of the Departments of Forestry and Landscape Design
Author: Alan J. Tepley
Category: Landscape ecology
1. Chemotaxonomy in India- A tribute to Prof. S.D. Sabins; 2. Biodiversity and traditional taxonomy; 3. Future of floristics in India; 4. Desert floristics need for updating; 5. Species concepts-Quo vadis?; 6. Botanical nomenclatrue; 7. Chemical adaptation of angiosperms and their relevence in Taxonomy; 8. The Lilies- Floral morphology, Taxonomy and phylogeny; 9. Fruit anatomy in relation to taxonomy and phylogeny of palms; 10. Cytological conspectus of Indian Cyperaceae; 11. Taxonomy of bacterial plant pathogens; 12. Contemporary approach to palynological science; 13. Ethnobotany of Agastyar hills in the Southern Western Ghats; 14. Underutilized food legumes of India with particular reference to Himalayas; 15. Endangered plants of the Himalayas and their conservation; 16. Active phytomonitoring of urban ecosystem of Bombay; 17. Water relations of Halophytes in Indian arid zone; 18. Experimental studies on the use of zine tailing as inorganic fertilizers; 19. Biological effects of fusarial toxins.
Establishment of a phytochemistry laboratory under an AmPL - 480 scheme
enabled us to think of using the phytochemical data in classification . In the
beginning we studied chromatographic profiles of some of the Cyperaceae
members and ...
Author: Mammen Daniel
Recent research indicates that plants may be defended by mechanisms activated only after a plant has been challenged by a herbivore. Examines these inducible defenses and provides a framework for future advances in the field. Also serves as a summary and compilation of major studies to date on important areas of plant and insect ecology. While treating both vertebrates and invertebrates it covers mechanisms and models of long- and short-term induction. The impact of inducible phytochemicals on herbivores is extensively discussed as are pesticidal activity of inducible phytochemicals. Covers agricultural implications of inducible phytochemicals.
The trees used in the studies reported here are components of landscape
plantings in and around the College Park campus of the University of Maryland.
To date, four attributes of leaf quality thought to be important to herbivore feeding
Author: Douglas W. Tallamy
Causes and Consequences of Phytochemical Variation Jack R. Donaldson.
among clones ... Depending on disturbance types and frequencies, aspen stand
demographics can vary greatly at the local and landscape scale. During the first ...
Author: Jack R. Donaldson
Pesticide and the living landscape . Faber and Faber , London . 320 pp .
Schneiderman , H . A . 1972 . Insect hormone and insect control . In Insect
Juvenile Hormones Chemistry and Action . ( Menn , J . J . , and M . Beroza eds . )
, Academic ...
Author: Pius Ibrahim Sunarjo
For the study of the phytochemical composition of the seeds we took into account
the abscisic acid revealed by way of ... Veterinary Medicine Bucharest , ( U . S . A
. M . V . B . ) , Dept . of Arboriculture and Landscape Horticulture , 59 Marasti ...
His original researches were in connection with phytochemistry and with
essential and fatty oils, especially the ... In 1905–14 he was assistant professor of
landscape architecture, and from 1914, Charles Eliot Professor, at Harvard
Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Presented at the Annual Symposium of the Phytochemical Society of North
America , Tucson , AZ . 5–9 July . Himelick , E. B. 1983. Principles of ... Root
development of trees transplanted into the landscape . Ornamental Landscape
Author: Illinois. Natural History Survey Division
Category: Natural history
... was given charge of the phytochemical laboratory of the Chemical Bureau of
the United States Department of Agriculture. ... In 1905-14 be was assistant
professor of landscape architecture, and from 1914, Charles Eliot Professor, at
Chemical Ecology and Sri Lanka , Drug Licensing Regulatory , T.R.I.F.E.D. ,
Nega- Phytochemistry of Forest ... in secondary metabolism of these two
Photosynthetic adaptation , Chloroplast to Landscape , fully - genomic ' plants
and this view ...
Category: Aromatic plants
A world list of books in the English language.
Category: American literature
Personal recollections of Australia's unique landscape and its folklore. Living history.
While Tracey collected the specimens and worked in the field , Webb was losing
interest in the phytochemical survey , and ... Other scientists in CSIRO at that time
were actively looking for opportunities to keep on clearing the landscape ...
Author: Gregg Borschmann
Category: Country life
Handbook of Phytochemical Constituents of GRAS Herbs and other economic
plants . CRC press Inc . Boca Raton , FL . Elmore , C . L . , W . D . Hamilton , E .
Johnson , and T . Kretchun . 1972 . Ground cover species tolerance to herbicide ...
Author: Jennifer Elizabeth Allaire Shagensky
11 - - 24 came - ( Annual proceedings of the Phytochemical society of Europe,
issn 0309-0393 : no. ... Includes an annual industry reference guide • (F110,
P300 1 1- Landscape industrysouth-rm st-t--- Periodical-- 2- turfgrass industry's ...
Author: National Agricultural Library (U.S.)
A. arborea is crossed with A. laevis to produce cultivars and used extensively in
landscape industry in the United States . ... Therefore , phytochemical
investigation of A. arborea fruits using GC / MS and sensory evaluation showed
that the ...
Author: Devi Prasad Adhikari
However , leaves of fertilized trees had lower phytochemical and higher nitrogen
concentrations . ... of fertilization regimes in the nursery in one year on the
performance of crabapple trees in a low - maintenance landscape the following
This book brings together a wealth of scientific findings and ecological knowledge to survey what has been learned about the "Wet Tropics" rainforests of North Queensland, Australia. This is the first book to provide such a holistic view of any tropic forest environment. Stork, Uni of Melbourne, Australia and Turton, James Cook Uni, Aust.
There was an increase in professional foresters stationed in the region and the
CSIRO ( then the CSIR , Council for Scientific and Industrial Research )
established a phytochemical survey of rainforest plants ( e.g. by Len Webb ) .
This research ...
Author: Nigel Stork
Category: Natural history