The Posthuman offers both an introduction and major contribution to contemporary debates on the posthuman. Digital 'second life', genetically modified food, advanced prosthetics, robotics and reproductive technologies are familiar facets of our globally linked and technologically mediated societies. This has blurred the traditional distinction between the human and its others, exposing the non-naturalistic structure of the human. The Posthuman starts by exploring the extent to which a post-humanist move displaces the traditional humanistic unity of the subject. Rather than perceiving this situation as a loss of cognitive and moral self-mastery, Braidotti argues that the posthuman helps us make sense of our flexible and multiple identities. Braidotti then analyzes the escalating effects of post-anthropocentric thought, which encompass not only other species, but also the sustainability of our planet as a whole. Because contemporary market economies profit from the control and commodification of all that lives, they result in hybridization, erasing categorical distinctions between the human and other species, seeds, plants, animals and bacteria. These dislocations induced by globalized cultures and economies enable a critique of anthropocentrism, but how reliable are they as indicators of a sustainable future? The Posthuman concludes by considering the implications of these shifts for the institutional practice of the humanities. Braidotti outlines new forms of cosmopolitan neo-humanism that emerge from the spectrum of post-colonial and race studies, as well as gender analysis and environmentalism. The challenge of the posthuman condition consists in seizing the opportunities for new social bonding and community building, while pursuing sustainability and empowerment.
chapter to the opportunist brand of the posthuman developed in the contemporary market economy. Critical. Posthumanism. The third strand of posthuman thought, my own variation, shows no conceptual or normative ambivalence towards ...
Author: Rosi Braidotti
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Social Science
This volume, including an extended interview with noted philosopher of posthumanism Francesca Ferrando, explores the contemporary philosophical, literary and cultural landscapes that have emerged as a response to the unavoidable crisis faced by humans in the Anthropocene era. The essays gathered here map posthumanism both as theoretical posthumanism, which primarily seeks to develop new knowledge, and as practical posthumanism, which emphasizes socio-political, economic, and technological changes. Posthumanism, which explores how one can address the question of what means to be human today, is a burgeoning area of interest among universities across the globe. Written in accessible, yet scholarly, language, this volume introduces posthumanism in its diverse ramifications and explicates the subject through various literary and filmic texts in order to cater to the needs of researchers and students in the humanities.
posthuman is more than these things, as it acquires the prerequisite of serving the human simultaneously with transcending them, by multiplying its quality and quantity. Here lies the crisis of the human in the biotechnological ...
Author: Tanmoy Kundu
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
If biotechnology can be used to upgrade humans physically and mentally, should it be used at all? And, if so, to what extent? How will biotechnology affect societal cohesion? Can the development be controlled, or is this a Pandoras box that should remain closed? These are but a few of the perplex questions facing scientists as a result of the increasing ability of technology to change biology and, in turn, profoundly change human living conditions. This development has created a new posthuman horizon that will influence contemporary life and politics in a number of ways.The anthology brings together researchers from a wide range of disciplines: biotechnology, medicine, ethics, politics, and aesthetics, and among contributors are Francis Fukuyama, Julian Savulescu, Maxwell Mehlman, John Harris and Chris Hables Gray.
The posthuman state, in most writings, is essentially defined by its deviation from the human state: Hook, for example, writes that “[a] posthuman would no longer be a human being, having been so significantly altered as to no longer ...
Author: Kasper LippertRasmussen
Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag
With the COVID-19 crisis forcing us to reflect in a dramatic way on the limits of the human and the implications of the Anthropocene Age, this timely volume addresses these concerns through an exploration of post-humanism as represented in philosophy, politics and aesthetics. Global pandemics bring into sharp focus the bankruptcy of the neoliberal economic paradigm, the future of the arts sector in society, and our dependence upon political forces outside our control. In response to the recent state of emergency, The Posthuman Pandemic highlights the urgent need to rethink our anthropocentrism and develop new political models, aesthetic practices and ways of living. Central to these discussions is the idea of post-humanism, a philosophy that can help us grapple with the crisis, as it takes seriously the unstable ecosystems on which we depend and the precarious nature of our long-cherished notions of agency and sovereignty. Bringing together international philosophers, political theorists and media and art theorists, all of whom engage with the posthuman, this volume explores a range of vital subjects, from the inequality revealed by COVID-19 survival rates to museums' role in spreading human-centric understandings of a world struck by human fragility. Facing up to the realities that the coronavirus outbreak has uncovered, The Posthuman Pandemic combines both breadth and depth of analysis to take on the posthuman challenges confronting us today.
The posthuman condition is therefore a radical decentring of our understanding of ourselves and our place within the world. It produces, in the words of Rosie Braidotti, 'on the one hand the sharp awareness of what we are ceasing to be ...
Author: Saul Newman
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This book gathers diverse critical treatments from fifteen scholars of the posthuman and posthumanism together in a single volume.
The Posthumanist Academy The past decade has witnessed growing numbers of seminars and conferences dedicated to topics such as “The Nonhuman,” “Radical Methodologies for the Posthumanities,” and “Approaching Posthumanism and the ...
Author: Bruce Clarke
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
An investigation of identity formation in children's literature, this book brings together children’s literature and recent critical concerns with posthuman identity to argue that children’s fiction offers sophisticated interventions into debates about what it means to be human, and in particular about humanity’s relationship to animals and the natural world. In complicating questions of human identity, ecology, gender, and technology, Jaques engages with a multifaceted posthumanism to understand how philosophy can emerge from children's fantasy, disclosing how such fantasy can build upon earlier traditions to represent complex issues of humanness to younger audiences. Interrogating the place of the human through the non-human (whether animal or mechanical) leads this book to have interpretations that radically depart from the critical tradition, which, in its concerns with the socialization and representation of the child, has ignored larger epistemologies of humanness. The book considers canonical texts of children's literature alongside recent bestsellers and films, locating texts such as Gulliver’s Travels (1726), Pinocchio (1883) and the Alice books (1865, 1871) as important works in the evolution of posthuman ideas. This study provides radical new readings of children’s literature and demonstrates that the genre offers sophisticated interventions into the nature, boundaries and dominion of humanity.
Here the partial transformation of Tom highlights anxiety with the posthuman implications of moving from a land-baby to a water one. Kingsley struggles with posthuman representation because it, of necessity, suggests some clouding of ...
Author: Zoe Jaques
Category: Literary Criticism
This text addresses the impact of new technology on our ideas about art, science, philosophy and what it is to be haman. It argues that many of our beliefs are no longer useful or relevant and we must develop new ways of thinking about and understanding the complexity of contemporary existence.
CHAPTER EIGHT WHAT IS POSTHUMANISM? THE PREVIOUS CHAPTER INDICATED THE COURSE THROUGH WHICH THE TECHNOLOGY OF SYNTHETIC BEING MIGHT EVOLVE, AND THIS IS ONE EXAMPLE OF THE WAY POSTHUMAN IDEAS DIFFER FROM THE HUMANIST ONES.
Author: Robert Pepperell
Publisher: Intellect Books
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Ayn Rand and the Posthuman is a study of the American novelist’s relationship with twenty-first-century ideas about technology. Rand wrote science fiction that has inspired Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, politicians, and economists. Ben Murnane demonstrates Rand’s connection to, and impact on, those with a “posthuman” vision, in which human and machine merge. The text examines the philosophical intersections between Rand’s philosophy of Objectivism and posthumanism, and Rand’s influence on transhumanism, a major branch of posthumanist thought. The book further investigates Rand’s presence and portrayal in various examples of posthumanist science fiction, including Gene Roddenberry’s Andromeda, popular videogame BioShock, and Zoltan Istvan’s novel The Transhumanist Wager. Considering Rand’s influence from a cultural, political, technological, and economic perspective, this study throws light on an under-documented but highly significant aspect of Rand’s legacy.
The cybernetics line is what drives N. katherine Hayles's understanding of the posthuman. For Hayles, posthumanism marks a philosophical shift in how we as humans live, and how we think about our lives and selves.
Author: Ben Murnane
Category: Literary Criticism
Why was D.H. Lawrence preoccupied with the enigma of the human as thinking matter? This first sustained study of Lawrence and science shows how 'posthuman' conceptions of a material kinship between humans, animals and machines can transform our understanding of Lawrence's work and of its complex relationship with scientific epistemologies. Through detailed readings of evolutionary philosophy, and of the 'new Bergsonism' of Deleuze and others, Wallace provides a radical reappraisal of Lawrence in terms of an 'antihumanist (or posthumanist) humanism' (Hardt and Negri).
Hayles offers a provisional outline of four grounding assumptions with which to think the posthuman: First, the posthuman view privileges informational pattern over material instantiation, so that embodiment in a material substrate is ...
Author: J. Wallace
Category: Literary Criticism
" Educating the Posthuman is an exciting and refreshing book. This book is unique and unusual. Weaver explores the intersections between literature, biosciences and curriculum theory. Understanding the posthuman best happens when scholars explore these three interrelated areas of study."
The technological self is the skin of the posthuman body that connects to the world. It is the organic part that fits more smoothly than ever with the inorganic life force of technology. It is our shadow. In a strange twist, ...
Author: John A. Weaver