The Presocratics and the Supernatural

This book examines the relationship between magic, philosophy and the investigation of nature in presocratic Greece.

Author: Andrew Gregory

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781472504166

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

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This book examines the relationship between magic, philosophy and the investigation of nature in presocratic Greece. Did the presocratic thinkers, often praised for their rejection of the supernatural, still believe in gods and the divine and the efficacy of magical practices? Did they use animism, astrology, numerology and mysticism in their explanations of the world? This book analyses the evidence in detail and argues that we need to look at each of these beliefs in context.
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Early Greek Philosophies of Nature

This book examines the philosophies of nature of the early Greek thinkers and argues that a significant and thoroughgoing shift is required in our understanding of them.

Author: Andrew Gregory

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350080997

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

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This book examines the philosophies of nature of the early Greek thinkers and argues that a significant and thoroughgoing shift is required in our understanding of them. In contrast with the natural world of the earliest Greek literature, often the result of arbitrary divine causation, in the work of early Ionian philosophers we see the idea of a cosmos: ordered worlds where there is complete regularity. How was this order generated and maintained and what underpinned those regularities? What analogies or models were used for the order of the cosmos? What did they think about causation and explanatory structure? How did they frame natural laws? Andrew Gregory draws on recent work on mechanistic philosophy and its history, on the historiography of the relation of science to art, religion and magic, and on the fragments and doxography of the early Greek thinkers to argue that there has been a tendency to overestimate the extent to which these early Greek philosophies of nature can be described as 'mechanistic'. We have underestimated how far they were committed to other modes of explanation and ontologies, and we have underestimated, underappreciated and indeed underexplored how plausible and good these philosophies would have been in context.
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The Founders of Western Thought The Presocratics

This book is a balanced interdisciplinary philosophic-scientific presentation of the evolution of Western thought through the presocratic tradition, where the synthesis of rationality and intuition – rather than their opposition - is the ...

Author: Constantine J. Vamvacas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402097911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 293

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There can be little doubt that the Greek tradition of philosophical criticism had its main source in Ionia. . . It thus leads the tradition which created the rational or scienti?c attitude, and with it our Western civilization, the only civilization, which is based upon science (though, of course, not upon science alone). Karl Popper, Back to the Presocratics Harvard University physicist and historian of Science, Gerald Holton, coined the term “Ionian Enchantment”, an expression that links the idea back in the 6th c- tury B. C. to the ancient Ionians along the eastern Aegean coast, while capturing its fascination. Approximately within a seventy- ve year period (600–525 B. C. ) -a split second in the history of humanity- the three Milesian thinkers, Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes, without plain evidence, but with an unequalled power of critical abstraction and intuition, had achieved a true intellectual re- lution; they founded and bequeathed to future generations a new, unprecedented way of theorizing the world; it could be summarized in four statements: beneath the apparent disorder and multiplicity of the cosmos, there exists order, unity and stability; unity derives from the fundamental primary substratum from which the cosmos originated; this, and, consequently, the cosmic reality, is one, and is based not on supernatural, but on physical causes; they are such that man can - vestigate them rationally. These four statements are neither self-evident nor se- explanatory.
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Studies in Greek Philosophy The Presocratics

supernatural by suspending or reversing the ordinary course of [174] nature.164
The adventurous reason of Ionian science charted this realm of magic, detached
it from the personal control of supernatural beings, and integrated it into the ...

Author: Gregory Vlastos

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691019371

Category: Philosophy

Page: 796

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Gregory Vlastos (1907-1991) was one of the twentieth century's most influential scholars of ancient philosophy. Over a span of more than fifty years, he published essays and book reviews that established his place as a leading authority on early Greek philosophy. The two volumes that comprise Studies in Greek Philosophy include nearly forty contributions by this acknowledged master of the philosophical essay. Many of these pieces are now considered to be classics in the field. Perhaps more than any other modern scholar, Gregory Vlastos was responsible for raising standards of research, analysis, and exposition in classical philosophy to new levels of excellence. His essays have served as paradigms of scholarship for several generations. Available for the first time in a comprehensive collection, these contributions reveal the author's ability to combine the skills of a philosopher, philologist, and historian of ideas in addressing some of the most difficult problems of ancient philosophy. Volume I collects Vlastos's essays on Presocratic philosophy. Wide-ranging concept studies link Greek science, religion, and politics with philosophy. Individual studies illuminate the thought of major philosophers such as Heraclitus, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and Democritus. A magisterial series of studies on Zeno of Elea reveals the author's power in source criticism and logical analysis. Volume II contains essays on the thought of Socrates, Plato, and later thinkers and essays dealing with ethical, social, and political issues as well as metaphysics, science, and the foundations of mathematics.
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The Presocratic Philosophers

The Presocratic philosophers had one common characteristic of supreme
importance: they were rational. ... Theology and the supernatural may be treated
dogmatically or rationally: if the Presocratics reject the blank assertions of piety
and ...

Author: Jonathan Barnes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134965120

Category: Philosophy

Page: 728

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The Presocratics were the founding fathers of the Western philosophical tradition, and the first masters of rational thought. This volume provides a comprehensive and precise exposition of their arguments, and offers a rigorous assessment of their contribution to philosophical thought.
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Philosophy and the Natural Environment

At the beginning, it was intrinsic to presocratic natural philosophy, and shortly
after that to the cosmology and social ... Hesiod's world was one in which the
distinction between the natural and the supernatural had no application because
of the ...

Author: Royal Institute of Philosophy. Annual Conference

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521469031

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

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Leading international environmental philosophers further the debate about the environment and the metaphysical, ethical, social and international implications.
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Presocratics Arg Philosophers

elastic by its very nature: my Presocratics are men of widely differing interests
and professions. The storms of time have ... gave way to reason. Theology and
the supernatural may be treated dogmatically or rationally: if the Presocratics
reject ...

Author: Jonathan Barnes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136291128

Category: Philosophy

Page: 728

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First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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The Greeks

Unlike most modern philosophers (and more like today's scientists), the Pre-
Socratics were concerned with the scientific study of nature. While scientists from
other parts of the ancient world described astronomy in supernatural terms, the ...

Author: Tim McNeese

Publisher: Lorenz Educational Press

ISBN: 9780787703882

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 612

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Provides an overview of Greek civilization from its origins in ancient Minoan and Mycenaean culture through the golden age of Athens and the rise of Alexander the Great. Includes map exercises, and review questions.
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Science and Religion 400 B C to A D 1550

From these fragments , we learn that the pre - Socratics abandoned the
supernatural and magical explanations that had been routinely employed in early
Greek society and in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia . Commencing in the
Ionian city of ...

Author: Edward Grant

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313328587

Category: Religion

Page: 307

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Explores the relationship between science and religion during the Middle Ages and argues that theologians did not discourage science, but embraced it, which ultimately led to the Scientific Revolution.
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The Natural and the Supernatural Jew

IV . FRANZ ROSENZWEIG ( 1886 – 1929 ) All thought is derivative . It responds
to the pressures which culture elaborates and tradition transmits . We should
have to recover the innocence and pristine sophistication of the pre - Socratics ...

Author: Arthur Allen Cohen


ISBN: UVA:X000106062

Category: Judaism

Page: 334

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The Blackwell Guide to Ancient Philosophy

... whimsical and utterly unpredictable activities of supernatural gods. Others
among the Presocratics engage in recognizably epistemological argumentation.
From very early in its history, philosophy has been an intensely self-critical
discipline ...

Author: Christopher Shields

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470756560

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

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The Blackwell Guide to Ancient Philosophy provides a comprehensive treatment of the principal figures and movements of philosophy from its origins before Socrates, through the towering achievements of Plato and Aristotle, and into its final developments in late antiquity. Provides a comprehensive guide to ancient philosophy from the pre-Socratics to late antiquity. Written by a cast of distinguished philosophers. Covers the pre-Socratics, the sophistic movement, Epicureanism, academic skepticism, stoicism, and the neo-Platonists. Features an index and a comprehensive bibliography of both primary and secondary works.
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The Journal of Hellenic Studies

... which its author would no doubt that the Presocratics discovered the basic
principles of the be the first to recognise . ... ratiocination , debate and exhor - (
supernatural ) intervention put the Presocratic physiologoi tation , which in turn
lead to ...

Author: Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies (London, England)


ISBN: UOM:39015011378240

Category: Greece


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A History of Greek Philosophy The Presocratic tradition from Parmenides to Democritus

... and that ' in these expeditions the men generally require the help of
supernatural beings , especially supernatural women ' . ( Cf . the Heliades . ) W .
Burkert ( Weisheit u . Wiss . 130 ) brings forward evidence for his belief that '
shamanistic ...

Author: William Keith Chambers Guthrie


ISBN: MINN:31951001085525W

Category: Philosophy, Ancient


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Beginning with the PreSocratics

... both the aphoristic style and the other obvious feature of his style — the
enigmatic and ambiguous nature of his pronouncementswere intended to claim
that he was related to another famous source of wisdom , this time a supernatural
one .

Author: Merrill Ring

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

ISBN: NWU:35556034259671

Category: Philosophy

Page: 156

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This brief and accessible supplementary text provides the historical and cultural background necessary to understanding how early philosophy developed, along with solid philosophical exposition, analysis and critique. It is at once both highly readable and philosophically responsible.
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The Humanistic Tradition The first civilizations and the classical legacy

The separation of the natural from the supernatural was as essential to the birth
of medical science as it was to speculative philosophy . And although no
agreement as to the nature of reality was ever reached among the preSocratics ,
these ...

Author: Gloria K. Fiero

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: 0072317302

Category: History

Page: 177

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Designed for the Introduction to Humanities curriculum, this volume guides students from the Paleolithic through Greco-Roman culture and the arts of India and China. It also serves as a supplement in courses on prehistory, classical history, or Greek and Roman literature.
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Recollecting Plato s Meno

allegedly appeared among late Presocratics , 42 they did deny or minimise the
influence of the supernatural in the ... Plato was such a thinker , and the Academy
was certainly more inclined towards definitions than Presocratic philosophers .

Author: Harold Tarrant

Publisher: Bristol Classical Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105120024836

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 212

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"Recollecting Plato's Meno examines both the dialogue itself and the response to it of Plato's successors, from Aristotle and spurious Platonic dialogues, through Cicero and an anonymous commentator on the Theaetetus, to the Neoplatonists. In the light of that response, which often suggests a detailed reading of the text in its entirety, Harold Tarrant develops a fresh and more integrated view of the original dialogue."--Jacket.
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The Concept of Causality in Presocratic Philosophy

... giving exegetical accounts of supernatural entities and their causal role ,
anthropological , explaining human traits and behaviour as shaped under normal
or abnormal circumstances , cosmological , explaining the genesis , formative
stages ...

Author: Dēmētrios Z. Andriopulos


ISBN: UVA:X001937602

Category: Causation

Page: 132

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Plato s Philosophy of Science

6 Plato and the Development of Greek Cosmology One of the most remarkable
aspects of Presocratic thought is the rapid ... to human reason, and the rejection
of mythological and supernatural explanations in favour of philosophy and

Author: Andrew Gregory

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472502377

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

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In this illuminating book Andrew Gregory takes an original approach to Plato's philosophy of science by reassessing Plato's views on how we might investigate and explain the natural world. He demonstrates that many of the common charges against Plato - disinterest, ignorance, dismissal of observation - are unfounded, and shows instead that Plato had a series of important and cogent criticisms to make of the early atomists and other physiologoi. Plato's views on science, and on astronomy and cosmology in particular, are shown to have developed in interesting ways. Thus, the book argues, Plato can best be seen as a philosopher struggling with the foundations of scientific realism, and as someone, moreover, who has interesting epistemological, cosmological and nomological reasons for his approach. Plato's Philosophy of Science is important reading for all those with an interest in Ancient Philosophy and the History of Science.
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The Humanistic Tradition

Naturalist Philosophy : The Pre - Socratics In the ancient world , where most
people saw themselves at the mercy of forces ... of the anger of the gods , the
Greek philosophers argued that such events had natural , not supernatural ,
causes .

Author: Gloria K. Fiero


ISBN: UCSD:31822026248740

Category: Civilization, Western


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