What keeps people in jobs or occupations is the central theme of four studies that interpret workers' attitudes toward job-changing in the light of their work experience as well as their expectations for the future. Gladys Palmer, in collaboration with Herbert S. Parnes of Ohio State University and Richard C. Wilcock of the University of Illinois, has experimented in the key study with analyses designed to measure the strength of a person's attachment to his or her occupation or employer. Attitude questions are given a time dimension by checking them against the job histories of individual workers and by including evaluations of crucial job decisions in the past. The effect of private pension plans upon the inclination to change jobs is examined by Parnes, with surprising results. A third study, by Carol P. Brainerd, considers the impact of the search for economic security on a highly skilled group by tracing changes over thirty years in the way toolmakers move between jobs and in the methods of training them. Mary W. Herman uses both America and European materials to analyze the connection between the ideas of social class, work attitude, aspirations for moving up the social scale, and the amount that actually occurs between different levels of skill. The volume emphasizes the work experience and attitudes of male production workers in the stable period of their working lives, when family responsibilities are usually heavy. At the same points, however, it also covers women workers and the full range of age groups in the adult population. In the concluding chapter, Palmer brings the findings together, examines their implications for understanding the complex factors that determine individual movements in the labor market, and assesses the various attitude measures developed as predictors of attachment or mobility. Materials, sources, and technical aspects of the analysis are discussed in four appendices. These studies have both practical appeal and research interest. Personnel workers, guidance counselors, employment specialists, and others involved in the everyday workings of the labor market will appreciate the insights into worker attitudes and behavior, while the analysis of institutional force and of motivations and trends in mobility will interest labor economists and sociologists, as well as technicians in the field of attitude research. Founded in 1921 as a separate Wharton department, the Industrial Research Unit has a long record of publication and research in the labor market, productivity, union relations, and business report fields. Major Industrial Research Unit studies as published as research projects are completed. This volume is Study no. 40.
While reluctance to sacrifice seniority may be the principal reason given by workers for not changing jobs , it is often accompanied by other attitudes that are not without significance . One such consideration is a general fear of the ...
Author: Gladys L. Palmer
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category: Business & Economics
Only 16 percent of the workers in firm P and 17 percent in firms N and C would make the change without qualification . ... to Job Changing : The Effect of Private Pension Plans , " in Gladys L. Palmer et al . , The Reluctant Job Changer ...
Category: Old age pensions
The book tries to answer one straightforward and real life question: why people want to change jobs in urban China. The principal motif of this book is to uncover and analyze the social processes and structural constructions in those seemingly individual decisions to leave a job. The question raised here has been, to a large extent, neglected in sociology but it may not be as trivial as it appears at first glance. Conceptually, it bears on various sociological concerns. Empirically, many of the sociological perspectives and methodologies are particularly well-suited to a fuller understanding of job change phenomena. This book has three major parts. Part I overviews the literature and assesses its theoretical relevance to our China job change study; Part II specifies the historical and social contexts wherein our survey is only «a snap shot»; and Part III presents our research procedures, findings, and the path model. The final chapter is a discussion of sociological implication of this study. It is centered around an assessment of socialist employment relationship: the diversity and fragmentation of a seemingly formidable centralized labour system, the central importance of one's workplace, and the paternalist characteristic of the system. Questions for further exploration have also been raised.
The Reluctant Job Changer . Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press . Parsons , D.O. 1977. " Models of Labour Market Turnover . " Research in Labour Economics 1 : 185-224 . Greenwich , CT : JAI Press , Patchen , M. 1961.
Author: Qi Wang
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Category: Business & Economics
Lastly , Herbert S. Parnes arrives at a similar conclusion as a result of his study in this area , which appears in The Reluctant Job Changer , a volume published by the University of Pennsylvania Press . Parnes concluded that the ...
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and Labor. Select Subcommittee on Labor
Category: Age and employment
Publishes in-depth articles on labor subjects, current labor statistics, information about current labor contracts, and book reviews.
Analysis of mobility , measured by testing the worker's willingness to change jobs at a given wage increase - shows it to be a highly complex phenomenon framework for studying labor mobility HERBERT S. PARNES AND RUTH S. SPITZ WHILE ...
Category: Labor laws and legislation
Author: Gladys Louise Palmer
Category: Employment stabilization
Can one identify any of the influences that affect the underlying propensity to move from job to job ? ... Gladys L. Palmer and others , The Reluctant Job Changer ( Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press , 1962 ) , Chapter IV .
Author: Carol P. Brainerd
Category: Labor mobility
Also , some professors will move from a job that offers little prospect for immediate tenure in order to obtain the ... toward Job Changing : The Effect of Private Pension Plans , " in Gladys L. Palmer , et al The Reluctant Job Changer ...
Author: David G. Brown
Category: College teachers
This book examines the new ways of working and their impact on employees’ well-being and performance. It concentrates on job demands and flexible work emanating from current economic and organizational change, and assesses impact on workers’ health and performance. The development of issues such as globalization, rapid technological advances, new management practices, organizational changes and new job skills are addressed. This book gives an overview and discusses the potential negative and positive effects of such new job demands and new forms of work.
Although organizations are more reluctant to invest in employees' careers, they are simultaneously seeking to more extensively appropriate employees' personal resources (e.g., self-organization, creativity, sense of responsibility, etc.) ...
Author: Christian Korunka