In 476 AD, the last of Rome's emperors, known as "Augustulus," was deposed by a barbarian general, the son of one of Attila the Hun's henchmen. With the imperial vestments dispatched to Constantinople, the curtain fell on the Roman empire in Western Europe, its territories divided among successor kingdoms constructed around barbarian military manpower. But, if the Roman Empire was dead, Romans across much of the old empire still lived, holding on to their lands, their values, and their institutions. The conquering barbarians, responding toRome's continuing psychological dominance and the practical value of many of its institutions, were ready to reignite the imperial flame and enjoy the benefits. As Peter Heather shows in dazzling biographical portraits, each of the three greatest immediate contenders for imperial power--Theoderic, Justinian, and Charlemagne--operated with a different power base but was astonishingly successful in his own way. Though each in turn managed to put back together enough of the old Roman West to stake a plausible claim to the Western imperial title, none of their empires long outlived their founders' deaths. Not until the reinvention of the papacy in the eleventh century would Europe's barbarians find the means to establish a new kind of Roman Empire, one that has lasted a thousand years. A sequel to the bestselling Fall of the Roman Empire, The Restoration of Rome offers a captivating narrative of the death of an era and the birth of the Catholic Church.
"First published in 2013 in Great Britain by Macmillan."--Title page verso.
Author: Peter J. Heather
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
In The Restoration of the Roman Forum in Late Antiquity, Gregor Kalas examines architectural conservation during late antiquity period at Rome's most important civic center: the Roman Forum. During the fourth and fifth centuries CE—when emperors shifted their residences to alternate capitals and Christian practices overtook traditional beliefs—elite citizens targeted restoration campaigns so as to infuse these initiatives with political meaning. Since construction of new buildings was a right reserved for the emperor, Rome's upper echelon funded the upkeep of buildings together with sculptural displays to gain public status. Restorers linked themselves to the past through the fragmentary reuse of building materials and, as Kalas explores, proclaimed their importance through prominently inscribed statues and monuments, whose placement within the existing cityscape allowed patrons and honorees to connect themselves to the celebrated history of Rome. Building on art historical studies of spolia and exploring the Forum over an extended period of time, Kalas demonstrates the mutability of civic environments. The Restoration of the Roman Forum in Late Antiquity maps the evolution of the Forum away from singular projects composed of new materials toward an accretive and holistic design sensibility. Overturning notions of late antiquity as one of decline, Kalas demonstrates how perpetual reuse and restoration drew on Rome's venerable past to proclaim a bright future.
In The Restoration of the Roman Forum in Late Antiquity, Gregor Kalas examines architectural conservation during late antiquity period at Rome's most important civic center: the Roman Forum.
Author: Gregor Kalas
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Centring on the reign of the emperor Augustus, volume four is pivotal to the series, tracing of the changing shape of the entity that was ancient Rome through its political, cultural and economic history. Within this period the Roman world was reconfigured. On a political and constitutional level the patterns of the republic, which sustained an oligarchic regime and a popularist structure, were transformed into a monarchical dictatorship in which the earlier elements continued to function. On an imperial level, the growth in Roman power reached what was virtually its apogee. In literature and the visual arts, new forms of expression, based on those of the previous generations but closely linked to the new regime, showed great achievements. In society and the economy, the effectiveness and dominance of Rome as the centre of world power became increasingly obvious.
The Restoration of the Republic and the Establishment of the Empire J. S.
Richardson. chosen leader of Rome and the Roman west against its enemies.
There is no indication here that what was involved was a civil war. The point is
Author: J. S. Richardson
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
insolently replies the Pope of Rome . ... potentate ; he and they avowing for their
object the subversion of the Protestantism which tolerates them , and the
restoration , if tolerated , of Roman Catholicism to its former ascendancy these
This volume addresses how historic buildings were treated in Imperial Rome, examining the way in which the ancients restored the monuments they inherited from earlier generations, in order to develop an understanding of the Roman concept of built heritage. In the first and second centuries AD, a series of fires devastated large parts of the city; this study charts how the appearance of its buildings physically developed when they were subsequently rebuilt, payingattention to what features were retained or changed. It also examines the way in which inhabitants of the city responded to these changes, as revealed through literary accounts from the period.
This volume addresses how historic buildings were treated in Imperial Rome, examining the way in which the ancients restored the monuments they inherited from earlier generations, in order to develop an understanding of the Roman concept of ...
Author: Christopher Siwicki
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Author: Louis-Marie de Lahaye vicomte de Cormenin
THE RULE OF THE RESTORATION . The new structure , which Gaius Gracchus
had reared , be - Vacancy in came on his death a ruin . His death indeed , like
that of the governhis brother , was primarily a mere act of vengeance ; but it ment
Author: Theodor Mommsen
Between the fall of the western Roman Empire in the fifth century and the collapse of the east in the face of the Arab invasions in the seventh, the remarkable era of the Emperor Justinian (527-568) dominated the Mediterranean region. Famous for his conquests in Italy and North Africa, and for the creation of spectacular monuments such as the Hagia Sophia, his reign was also marked by global religious conflict within the Christian world and an outbreak of plague that some have compared to the Black Death. For many historians, Justinian is far more than an anomaly of Byzantine ambition between the eras of Attila and Muhammad; he is the causal link that binds together the two moments of Roman imperial collapse. Determined to reverse the losses Rome suffered in the fifth century, Justinian unleashed an aggressive campaign in the face of tremendous adversity, not least the plague. This book offers a fundamentally new interpretation of his conquest policy and its overall strategic effect, which has often been seen as imperial overreach, making the regime vulnerable to the Islamic takeover of its richest territories in the seventh century and thus transforming the great Roman Empire of Late Antiquity into its pale shadow of the Middle Ages. In Rome Resurgent, historian Peter Heather draws heavily upon contemporary sources, including the writings of Procopius, the principal historian of the time, while also recasting that author's narrative by bringing together new perspectives based on a wide array of additional source material. A huge body of archaeological evidence has become available for the sixth century, providing entirely new means of understanding the overall effects of Justinian's war policies. Building on his own distinguished work on the Vandals, Goths, and Persians, Heather also gives much fuller coverage to Rome's enemies than Procopius ever did. A briskly paced narrative by a master historian, Rome Resurgent promises to introduce readers to this captivating and unjustly overlooked chapter in ancient warfare.
This book offers a fundamentally new interpretation of his conquest policy and its overall strategic effect, which has often been seen as imperial overreach, making the regime vulnerable to the Islamic takeover of its richest territories in ...
Author: Peter Heather
Publisher: Oxford University Press
restoration of some of the manuscripts which had been plundered from the
Heidelberg library by De Tilly. A more favourable moment for this request could
not have been chosen : the service rendered to the Church by the restoration of
Author: John Murray
Category: Rome (Italy)
Then , unable to reply to the arguments , you invent a motive , —my conversion to
the Church of Rome ! This a reason for a laborious distortion of the Canons of the
Church ! If your supposition is correct , these have been distorted so as to be ...
Author: David Urquhart
Category: Canon law
An open breach soon takes place between the gainsaying Jews of Rome , and
this Preacher of the Gospel , who denounces , and in fact , defies them . What
would next follow may be surmised ; but let us assume that the passage above
From the middle of the fifteenth century a distinctively Roman Renaissance occurred. A shared outlook, a persistent set of intellectual concerns, similar cultural assumptions and a commitment to common ideological aims bound Roman humanists and artists to a uniquely Roman world, different from Florence, Venice, and other Italian and European centers.This book provides the first comprehensive portrait of the Roman Renaissance world. Charles Stinger probes the basic attitudes, the underlying values and the core convictions that Rome's intellectuals and artists experienced, lived for, and believed in from Pope Eugenius IV's reign to the Eternal City in 1443 to the sacking of 1527. He demonstrates that the Roman Renaissance was not the creation of one towering intellectual leader, or of a single identifiable group; rather, it embodied the aspirations of dozens of figures, active over an eighty-year period.Stinger illuminates the general aims and character of the Roman Renaissance. Remaining mindful of the economic, social, and political context--Rome's retarded economic growth, the papacy's increasing entanglement in Italian politics, papal preoccupation with the crusade against the Ottomans, and the effects of papal fiscal and administrative practices--Stinger nevertheless maintains that these developments recede in importance before the cultural history of the period. Only in the context of the ideological and cultural commitments of Roman humanists, artists, and architects can one fully understand the motivation for papal policies. Reality for Renaissance Romans was intricately bound up with the notion of Rome's mythic destiny.The Renaissance in Rome is cultural history at its best. It evokes the moods, myths, images, and symbols of the Eternal City, as they are manifested in the Liturgy, ceremony, festivals, oratory, art, and architecture of Renaissance Rome. Throughout, Stinger focuses on a persistent constellation of fundamental themes: the image of the city of Rome, the restoration of the Roman Church, the renewal of the Roman Empire, and the fullness of time. He describes and analyzes the content, meaning, origin, and implications of these central ideas of Roman Renaissance.This book will prove interesting to both Renaissance and Reformation scholars, as well as to general readers, who may have visited (or plan to visit) Rome and have become fascinated and affected by this extraordinary city. "There is no other book like it in any language," says Renaissance historian John O'Malley. "It presents a coherent view of Roman culture....collects and presents a vast amount of information never before housed under one roof. Anyone who teaches the Italian Renaissance," O'Malley stresses, "will have to know this book."
He describes and analyzes the content, meaning, origin, and implications of these central ideas of Roman Renaissance.This book will prove interesting to both Renaissance and Reformation scholars, as well as to general readers, who may have ...
Author: Charles L. Stinger
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Library has v. 1-3 of 8 only.
The Roman Senate house was covered with them . Owing probably to the
restoration of Sixtus IV . these monuments have unfortunately vanished from the
Capitol , at the left side of which only some later coats of senators and popes
Author: Ferdinand Gregorovius
Theoderic and the Roman Imperial Restoration offers a new interpretation of the fall of Rome and the "barbarian" successor state known as Ostrogothic Italy. Relying primarily on Italian textual and material evidence, Jonathan J. Arnold demonstrates that the subjects of the Ostrogothic kingdom viewed it as a revived Roman Empire and its king, Theoderic, as its emperor. Most accounts of Roman history end with the fall of Rome in 476 or see the Ostrogothic kingdom as a barbarous imitator. This book, however, challenges such views, placing the Theoderican epoch firmly within the continuum of Roman history.
The idea that Goths could fit within the Roman Empire, and even become its
principal defenders and restorers, was not entirely new to Romans. Before a
change in imperial policy had led to their invasion of Italy in 408, Alaric and his
Author: Jonathan J. Arnold
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The fall and rise of ancient Rome from more than two decades of internal conflict, as its aristocracy took up arms against each other. By the early first century BC, the Roman Republic had already carved itself a massive empire and was easily the most powerful state in the Mediterranean. Roman armies had marched victoriously over enemies far and wide, but the Roman heartland was soon to feel the tramp of armies on campaign as the Republic was convulsed by civil war and rival warlords vied for supremacy, sounding the first death knell of the Republican system. At the center of the conflict was the rivalry between Marius, victor of the Jugurthine and Northern wars, and his former subordinate, Sulla. But, as Gareth Sampson points out in this new analysis, the situation was much more complex than the traditional view portrays it and the scope of the First Civil War both wider and longer. This narrative and analysis of a critical and bloody period in Roman history will make an ideal sequel to the author’s Crisis of Rome (and a prequel to his first book, The Defeat of Rome). “A very readable insight into a period of Roman history that is very important but a mystery to most people.”—Firetrench
Facing personal ruin and stung by the betrayal of his old mentor, Sulla made one
of the most momentous decisions in Roman history: to use his army to restore
order in Rome, by marching a Roman army against Rome itself. We must
Author: Gareth C. Sampson
Publisher: Pen and Sword
The escape of Clælia and the other maidens , their redelivery to Porsena , and
his final restoration of the hostages to their families , are well - known incidents in
Roman history . After one more diplomatic effort to procure the restoration of the ...
Author: Thomas Henry Dyer
Category: Rome (City)
... restore liberty and unity , the awaking of the long sleep of Italy . But even his
thoughts were compressed by his situation . The garrisons of Napoleon at
Florence , at Rome , and at Ancona distrusted him ; Austria watched him with
Author: Alphonse de Lamartine
Publisher: London : Vizetelly
They , therefore , regretted the abolition of the regal power , and circumstances
seemed to render its re - establishment possible : for at that time there arrived at
Rome Etruscan ambassadors , to demand of the senate the restoration of the ...
Author: Leonhard SCHMITZ
... agitated the last half century of the Republic , the temples and public buildings
of Rome were suffered to fall to decay . ... and venerable class of Roman
monuments , like the Capitoline temple or the Curia Hostilia ; the restoration of
Author: Thomas Henry Dyer