The Russian Civil War 1918 22

David Bullock offers a fresh perspective on this conflict, examining the forces involved, as well as the fascinating intervention by Allied forces.

Author: David Bullock

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472810328

Category: History

Page: 144

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The Russian Civil War is the most important civil war of the 20th century, changing the lives of over half a billion people and dramatically shaping the geography of Europe, the Far East and Asia. Over a four-year period 20 countries battled in a crucible that would give birth to Communist revolutions worldwide and the Cold War. David Bullock offers a fresh perspective on this conflict, examining the forces involved, as well as the fascinating intervention by Allied forces. At the dawn of modern war, as cavalry duelled with tanks, aircraft, and armoured trains along shifting fronts, this title tells a military story enacted against a backdrop of political and social revolution and within the context of immense human loss. The reader cannot fail to be moved by the rare photographs and illustrations that make this history come alive.
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The Russian Civil Wars 1916 1926

This volume offers a comprehensive and original analysis and reconceptualisation of the compendium of struggles that wracked the collapsing Tsarist empire and the emergent USSR, profoundly affecting the history of the twentieth century.

Author: Jonathan Smele

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190613495

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 511

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This volume offers a comprehensive and original analysis and reconceptualisation of the compendium of struggles that wracked the collapsing Tsarist empire and the emergent USSR, profoundly affecting the history of the twentieth century. Indeed, the reverberations of those decade-long wars echo to the present day - not despite, but because of the collapse of the Soviet Union, which re-opened many old wounds, from the Baltic to the Caucasus. Contemporary memorialising and 'de-memorialising' of these wars, therefore form part of the book's focus, but at its heart lie the struggles between various Russian political and military forces which sought to inherit and preserve, or even expand, the territory of the tsars, overlain with examinations of the attempts of many non-Russian national and religious groups to divide the former empire. The reasons why some of the latter were successful (Poland and Finland, for example), while others (Ukraine, Georgia and the Muslim Basmachi) were not, are as much the author's concern as are explanations as to why the chief victors of the 'Russian' Civil Wars were the Bolsheviks. Tellingly, the work begins and ends with battles in Central Asia - a theatre of the 'Russian' Civil Wars that was closer to Mumbai than it was to Moscow.
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The Russian Civil War

This book, however, is not simply the story of that collapse and the rebellion that accompanied it, but of the painful and costly reconstruction of Russian power under a Soviet regime."--Page 4 of cover.

Author: Evan Mawdsley

Publisher: Birlinn Limited

ISBN: STANFORD:36105111038910

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 817

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"The Russian Civil War of 1917-1920, out of which the Soviet Union was born, was one of the most significant events of the twentieth century. The collapse of the Tsarist regime and the failure of the Kerensky Provisional Government nearly led to the complete disintegration of the Russian state. This book, however, is not simply the story of that collapse and the rebellion that accompanied it, but of the painful and costly reconstruction of Russian power under a Soviet regime."--Page 4 of cover.
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The Origins of the Russian Civil War

Concentrating on the turbulent months from February 1917 to November 1918, Geoffrey Swain explores the origins of the Civil War against the wider background of revolutionary Russia.

Author: Geoffrey Swain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317899129

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 892

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Concentrating on the turbulent months from February 1917 to November 1918, Geoffrey Swain explores the origins of the Civil War against the wider background of revolutionary Russia. He examines the aims of the anti-Bolshevik insurgents themselves; but he also shows how far the fear of civil war governed the action of the Provisional Government, and even the plans of the Bolsheviks. If the war itself can seem a fairly straightforward line-up of revolutionaries and counter-revolutionaries, this study reveals how complex were the motives of the people who precipitated it.
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The Russian Civil War

In this collection the authors have sought out documents which highlight the complexities of the struggle, exploring episodes which shed light on what was a multifaceted struggle which left wounds on Russian society which never healed.

Author: V.P. Butt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349250264

Category: History

Page: 217

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Russia's experiences during the Civil War determined the framework within which the Russian people were governed throughout the Soviet period. These newly released documents reveal how the events of 1918-22 reflected struggles and tensions in Russian society that were more complex than the simple Red-White propaganda war. In this collection the authors have sought out documents which highlight the complexities of the struggle, exploring episodes which shed light on what was a multifaceted struggle which left wounds on Russian society which never healed.
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Rostov in the Russian Civil War 1917 1920

These documents were collected from the archives in Rostov-on-Don, and this book makes them available for the first time in print.

Author: Brian Murphy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134271283

Category: History

Page: 216

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These documents were collected from the archives in Rostov-on-Don, and this book makes them available for the first time in print. Since becoming freely accessible Soviet archives have provided a rich source for understanding the hopes, fears and strivings of the Russians during the greatest crisis in their history. Both Reds and Whites realized Rostov's vital strategic importance, and the city changed hands six times between 1917 and 1920. These newly published personal stories fill out the social background to its complex mix of classes and nationalities. They convey the daily experience of life in the streets, and the perils faced by either side when changing fortunes forced them to escape across the River Don. Over the last century the slogans of the Revolution have become stale for us. But if we seek to understand the spirit of those years we must remember that these beliefs gave fresh hope to many individuals, presenting a cause for which they were prepared to endure great suffering, and even to sacrifice their lives. Perhaps the passionate enthusiasm of these revolutionaries may give us some insight into the psychology of young men and women who are called 'terrorists' today?
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Armored Units of the Russian Civil War

These armored units played an important part in consolidating the newly won Bolshevik empire in the early 1920s; as a consequence of the fact that railways were the strategic arteries that essentially controlled Russia, armored trains have ...

Author: David Bullock

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 1841765457

Category: History

Page: 48

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By 1920 the Red Army fielded an overwhelming array of armored cars and armored trains, while tank detachments had begun forming in earnest. These armored units played an important part in consolidating the newly won Bolshevik empire in the early 1920s; as a consequence of the fact that railways were the strategic arteries that essentially controlled Russia, armored trains have never played such a significant role in military history as they did in the Russian Civil War. This title details their management, construction and repair, personnel and training and combat on all fronts, as well as discussing Trotsky's armored train, in which he conducted 36 tours.
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Party State and Society in the Russian Civil War

By 1921 (after four years of civil war), the Red Armies and the Soviet system emerged victorious, but the social and political consequences of this victory, the implications of the experience of the war years themselves, remain an ...

Author: William (Senior Lecturer Rosenberg, School of Medicine University of Southampton Southampton)

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253205417

Category: History

Page: 450

View: 473

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By 1921 (after four years of civil war), the Red Armies and the Soviet system emerged victorious, but the social and political consequences of this victory, the implications of the experience of the war years themselves, remain an unresolved historical issue. Among the questions confronted in these papers: To what extent were responses and political choices of the Civil War years the product of social and economic circumstances, to what extent the exercise of conscious political will? Why was there a progressive erosion of democratic practices and forms in the soviets, in the central government, in trade unions, and in the factories themselves in the post-October period? Paper edition (unseen), $12.50. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Philip Mironov and the Russian Civil War

Drawing upon archives, reminiscences, and Mironov’s own brief, fragmentary, unpublished memoir, Sergi Starikov and the celebrated Soviet scholar Roy Medvedev have written a compelling book that helps explain the complex social processes ...

Author: Sergei Starikov

Publisher: Knopf

ISBN: 9780804150118

Category: History

Page: 272

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He was an authentic hero of World War I and the Russian Revolution. He commanded a successful Red Army that treated prisoners mercifully, refrained from pillaging the countryside, and educated the people about the objectives of the Bolshevik regime. His eloquent advocacy of the ideas and aspirations of farmers and workers in the civil war period after World War I helped to weaken the cause of the White armies. Yet Philip Mironov has been systematically defamed in official Soviet history, and today his name is remembered by very few. This Cossack leader was distrusted and even despised by the more radical Communists, removed from his army command, and tried for treason. Leon Trotsky declared him a traitor and careerist who wanted “to climb upward on the backs of the toiling masses.” After being pardoned and “rehabilitated” (at least partly through Lenin’s personal intervention), Mironov continued in his independent ways until he was again arrested by the Cheka (Secret Police). While exercising in a prison courtyard in Moscow on April 2, 1921, he was mysteriously shot in the back and killed. Drawing upon archives, reminiscences, and Mironov’s own brief, fragmentary, unpublished memoir, Sergi Starikov and the celebrated Soviet scholar Roy Medvedev have written a compelling book that helps explain the complex social processes of revolutionary Russia.
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Rediscovering Russia s White Movement

This book offers the first comprehensive exploration of this 'White Revenge', looking at the different actors who promote a White and pro-Romanov rehabilitation agenda in the political, ideological and cultural arenas and what this ...

Author: Marlene Laruelle

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 1350149950

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 677

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In examining the re-emergence of Russia's pro-Tsarist White Movement, Rediscovering Russia's White Movement gets to the heart of the rich 20th-century memory debates going on in Putin's Russia today. The Kremlin has been giving preference to a Soviet-lite nostalgia that denounces the 1917 revolution but celebrates the birth of a powerful Soviet Union able to bring the country to the forefront of the international scene after the victory in World War II. Yet in parallel, another historical narrative has gradually consolidated on the Russian public scene, one that favours the opposite camp, namely the pro-Tsarist White movement defeated in the 1920s. Marlene Laruelle and Margarita Karnysheva strongly argue that the latter has found traction as it benefits from some nostalgia for pre-revolutionary Russia and a fascination with the cultural and intellectual legacy of the interwar emigration. This book offers the first comprehensive exploration of this 'White Revenge', looking at the different actors who promote a White movement rehabilitation agenda in the political, ideological and cultural arenas and what this historical agenda might mean for Russia, both today and tomorrow.
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Red Victory

Discusses the brutal Russian Civil War, which claimed more than twenty million lives, involved fourteen other nations, including the United States, and brought Lenin to power

Author: W. Bruce Lincoln

Publisher: Touchstone Books

ISBN: IND:30000022252583

Category: History

Page: 637

View: 108

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Discusses the brutal Russian Civil War, which claimed more than twenty million lives, involved fourteen other nations, including the United States, and brought Lenin to power
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The Russian Civil Wars 1916 1926

This volume offers a comprehensive and original analysis and reconceptualisation of the compendium of struggles that wracked the collapsing Tsarist empire and the emergent USSR, profoundly affecting the history of the twentieth century.

Author: Jonathan D. Smele

Publisher:

ISBN: 1849047219

Category:

Page: 480

View: 905

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Russia s Civil War

The Russian Civil War was the Red Army's first major conflict.

Author: Geoffrey Swain

Publisher: History PressLtd

ISBN: 0752446738

Category: History

Page: 174

View: 694

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The Russian Civil War was the Red Army’s first major conflict. Its ill-equipped, starving troops fought fellow countrymen and an invasion force of 10,000 American, British and French soldiers in the freezing wastelands of Siberia and the Ukraine. A brutal and fast moving war, sieges were broken by fiercely armoured trains immortalised in Dr Zhivago. Great land battles in the frozen east of Europe such as Kazan and Kakhovka proved very different from those fought in the west (something the Nazis would also learn to their cost twenty years later). However, the Allied armies together with the forces of Cossack warlords penetrated deep into Russia from Vladivostok towards Moscow conquoring an area the size of Britain before being retreating in theface of a decisive counter-offensive. Likewise the Red Army did not fight alone. Its victory was achieved in alliance with peasant partisans. Unwilling to share his victory, Lenin began a struggle for the soul of the Russian peasantry; this bloody stalemate was only ended by Stalin a decade later through a terror in which millions Russians perished.
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America s Secret War against Bolshevism

Drawing on previously unavailable American and Russian archival material, David Foglesong chronicles both sides of this secret war and reveals a new dimension to the first years of the U.S.-Soviet rivalry.

Author: David S. Foglesong

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469611139

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

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From the Russian revolutions of 1917 to the end of the Civil War in 1920, Woodrow Wilson's administration sought to oppose the Bolsheviks in a variety of covert ways. Drawing on previously unavailable American and Russian archival material, David Foglesong chronicles both sides of this secret war and reveals a new dimension to the first years of the U.S.-Soviet rivalry. Foglesong explores the evolution of Wilson's ambivalent attitudes toward socialism and revolution before 1917 and analyzes the social and cultural origins of American anti-Bolshevism. Constrained by his espousal of the principle of self-determination, by idealistic public sentiment, and by congressional restrictions, Wilson had to rely on secretive methods to affect the course of the Russian Civil War. The administration provided covert financial and military aid to anti-Bolshevik forces, established clandestine spy networks, concealed the purposes of limited military expeditions to northern Russia and Siberia, and delivered ostensibly humanitarian assistance to soldiers fighting to overthrow the Soviet government. In turn, the Soviets developed and secretly funded a propaganda campaign in the United States designed to mobilize public opposition to anti-Bolshevik activity, promote American-Soviet economic ties, and win diplomatic recognition from Washington.
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The White Generals

Despite their shared designation, the White Generals had no common programme.

Author: Richard Luckett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351805315

Category: History

Page: 428

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This account of the Russian Civil War, originally published in 1971, combines a vivid narrative of the military events with a biographical discussion of the White Generals, figures of the former Imperial Russian Army offices who led the separate campaigns against the Red Soviets - men such as Kornilov, Alekseev, Kolchak, Denikin, Wrangel, Yudenich and the Finnish Yudeniol Marshal Mannerheim. Despite their shared designation, the White Generals had no common programme. Their tragedy was that Lenin's dogmatism, intransigence and ruthlessness, all essential qualities in a country which had never known anything other than autocracy, were alien to their characters.
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Stamping Out the Virus

Stamping Out the Virus was a phrase used by Col. Fuller in an internal memeo in 1919 to describe Communism - to the Allies (French, British and U.S.) this is what the Russian Civil War was about.

Author: Perry Moore

Publisher: perry moore

ISBN: 9780764316258

Category: Soviet Union

Page: 408

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Stamping Out the Virus was a phrase used by Col. Fuller in an internal memeo in 1919 to describe Communism - to the Allies (French, British and U.S.) this is what the Russian Civil War was about. Thus, began a two year attempt to eradicate this virus. In 1918, over 15,000 Allied troops were sent and intervened in the Russian Civil war at Archangel on the White Sea (North Russia). This book covers the entire war in depth. Detailed text, battle maps, orders of battle, and rare photos provide a full picture of military operations.
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The Russian Revolution and Civil War 1917 1921

This work offers a bibliographical guide to this crucial period of history, and includes key works in the major West European languages (French, German, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Danish and others).

Author: Jonathan Smele

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0826490670

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 790

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The Russian Revolution and Civil War in the years 1917 to 1921 is one of the most widely studied periods in history. This work offers a bibliographical guide to this crucial period of history, and includes key works in the major West European languages (French, German, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Danish and others).
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Bandits and Partisans

Bandits and Partisans presents a gripping tale of brutality, domination, and revolt, placing readers at the frontlines of the complex and rich history of the Russian civil war and the consolidation of the new Soviet state.

Author: Erik C. Landis

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822971178

Category: History

Page: 381

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Beginning in the fall of 1920, Aleksandr Antonov led an insurgency that became the largest armed peasant revolt against the Soviets during the civil war. Yet by the summer of 1921, the revolt had been crushed, and popular support for the movement had all but disappeared. Until now, details of this conflict have remained hidden. Erik Landis mines recently opened provincial and central Soviet archives and international collections to provide a depth of detail and historical analysis never before possible in this definitive account of the uprising. Landis examines both sides of the conflict, probing the testimonies of the insurgents, their opponents, and those caught in between. We witness firsthand the frustrations, failures, and internal conflicts of the Bolsheviks and the spirit of rebellion that drove the insurgents and helped drive a localized dispute into a well-organized mass rebellion that struck fear in the hearts of Communist leaders. This political and military threat was influential in bringing about Lenin's conciliatory New Economic Policy, which allowed farmers and villages to sustain themselves in a quasi-market economy. Bandits and Partisans presents a gripping tale of brutality, domination, and revolt, placing readers at the frontlines of the complex and rich history of the Russian civil war and the consolidation of the new Soviet state.
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