Here is a truly astonishing statistic: during World War I, about 60,000 soldiers in the Australian army were treated by army doctors in Egypt, Europe, and Australia for venereal diseases — almost the same number of diggers who were killed during the war. This silent, secret scourge took hold in Cairo in 1914, and continued until 1919 when survivors of the war waited in Europe to be repatriated. Nobody wanted to know about it, at first — and the general public back home was, of course, kept in the dark. Moralistic commanders in Egypt ordered strict punishments for men with VD, and the young victims were sent back to Australia in disgrace, most of them inventing amazing excuses for their inexplicable return. Many of them re-enlisted, but some felt they had to change their names to do so. Medical officers couldn’t afford to be puritanical, though. They tried to prevent the diseases, as well to cure them with toxic drugs in army VD hospitals in Cairo, in England, and at Langwarrin, near Melbourne. Eventually, even the army had to face facts, and, after the AIF arrived in Europe in 1916, commanders ordered that huge quantities of prophylactics be distributed, and that safe-sex education be given as well. The Secrets of the Anzacs reveals all these secrets, and more. But perhaps the most remarkable revelation it contains is that many of the re-enlisted men went on to perform deeds of battlefield bravery — even, in one case, to the extent of being awarded a Victoria Cross under a false name. This fascinating book also contains numerous original photographs, artworks, and documents, most of which have never been published before.
Here is a truly astonishing statistic: during World War I, about 60,000 soldiers in the Australian army were treated by army doctors in Egypt, Europe, and Australia for venereal diseases — almost the same number of diggers who were killed ...
Author: Raden Dunbar
Publisher: Scribe Publications
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Sexually transmitted diseases, for centuries lumped together as ‘Venereal Disease’, or ‘VD’ for short, have always marched in lock-step with soldiers from all armies wherever they have served. During the twentieth century at least 125,000 Australian soldiers contracted VD while serving in overseas deployments — the equivalent of six World War I infantry divisions. Until the advent of penicillin in the mid-1940s, the two most common and most devastating sexually transmitted diseases were gonorrhoea and syphilis. During the overseas deployments of the Australian Army during the twentieth century, these two debilitating, disfiguring, embarrassing and potentially lethal diseases put tens of thousands of soldiers out of action for weeks at a time. Gonorrhoea and syphilis weakened the Australian Army, seriously reducing its operational capability. These two diseases also incurred huge financial costs for Australian citizens, whose taxes went into recruiting and training whole cohorts of new troops to replace those hospitalised by VD and effectively lost to the Army for months on end. In addition, sexually transmitted diseases imposed enormous strain on the Army’s usually over-stretched health services. Essentially preventable and self-inflicted, they diverted resources that could otherwise have been devoted to treating and rehabilitating soldiers wounded in action. There were social costs as well because the soldiers who contracted VD were the menfolk of Australian women. The soldiers were largely inexperienced young men who were far from home and faced an uncertain future. The women they left behind would have been appalled to know that the soldiers they had lovingly farewelled would spend months in hospital being treated for diseases that were so taboo they could not be discussed around the family dinner table. In this honest, courageous book, Ian Howie-Willis tells the perplexing story of how two microscopic sexually transmitted organisms, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Treponema pallidum, the bacteria causing gonorrhoea and syphilis, wreaked enormous havoc among Australian troops in all their wars, from South Africa in 1898–1902 to Vietnam in 1962–1973 and beyond.
7 Dunbar, The Secrets of the ANZACS, p. 217. 8 Butler, The Australian Army Medical Services, Vol. 3, Special Problems and Services, p. 178. 9 Ibid., p. 175.
Author: Ian Howie-Willis
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
"Nothing can alter what happened now: Anzac stood and still stands for reckless valour in a good cause, for enterprise, resourcefulness, fidelity, comradeship and endurance that will never admit defeat." - World War I correspondent Charles Bean.The Gallipoli campaign of 1915 was a series of deadly battles. In just eight months, more than 11,000 Australians and New Zealanders died. To commemorate the 90th anniversary of the Anzac landing, GALLIPOLI: UNTOLD STORIES tells the real story through the private diaries and newspaper reports of Charles Bean, Australia's official war correspondent and Sydney Morning Herald journalist.Bean's misgivings about the campaign are reinforced by graphic and rarely seen photographs taken by Age photographer Phillip Schuler. There are also precious stories from the front line, collected in a exhaustive seach for letters, diaries and memorabilia from the families of Australian and New Zealand soldiers who served on Gallipoli.Ninety years on it is time to read the truth about Australia and New Zealand's first campaign as young nations. GALLIPOLI: UNTOLD STORIES reveals the reality behind the myth, and brings to life the impact and tragedy of a war that gives us the legend of Anzac.
This book was written to mark the 90th anniversary of the first major campaign Australia fought as a nation - Gallipoli.
Author: Jonathan King
Category: World War, 1914-1918
This book is about WAR—not the causes and results, not the planning and the campaigns, not the artillery and the bombs. It is about the heinous crimes committed by the combatants, the horrifying experiences of civilians, the devastation of cities and villages, the killing and the dying, the glory leading to revulsion and guilt, and the assimilation of suffering that either ends in death or in the triumph of the soul. It looks at the struggle of the church to remain faithful and the servants of the church who seek to bring sense and solace to the victims. It discusses antisemitism, racism, and war itself from biblical perspectives. It reveals the unjustifiable reasons for engaging in war and how this brings catastrophic results for all peoples—the mental instability of the survivors and the loss and grief of those on the home front. In war, how can men and women carry out the actions that they do? As Viktor Frankl writes: “After all, man is that being who has invented the gas chambers of Auschwitz; however, he is also that being who has entered those gas chambers upright, with the Lord’s Prayer or the Shema Yisrael on his lips.”
The Unknown Anzac: The Real Stories of Our National Legend Told through the Rediscovered Diaries and Letters of the Anzacs Who Were There.
Author: Catherine Halsall
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Capitalizing on the current movement in history education to nurture a set of shared methodologies and perspectives, this text looks to break down some of the obstacles to transnational understanding in history, focusing on pedagogy to embed democratic principles of inclusion, inquiry, multiple interpretations and freedom of expression. Four themes which are influencing the broadening of history education to a globalized community of practice run throughout Teaching History and the Changing Nation State: · pedagogy, democracy and dialogue · the nation – politics and transnational dimensions · landmarks with questions · shared histories, shared commemorations and re-evaluating past denials The contributors use the same pedagogical language in a global debate about history teaching and learning to break down barriers to search for shared histories and mutual understanding. They explore contemporary topics, including The Gallipoli Campaign in World War I, transformative approaches to a school history curriculum and the nature of federation.
Dunbar, R. (2014), The Secrets of the ANZACs: The Untold Story of Venereal Disease in the Australian Army, 1914–1919, Brunswick, Victoria: Scribe.
Author: Robert Guyver
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This fourth edition of Historical Dictionary of Australia covers its history through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.
The Secrets of the ANZACS: The Untold Story of Venereal Disease in the Australian Army, 1914–1919. Brunswick, Victoria: Scribe Publications, 2014.
Author: Norman Abjorensen
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
During the First World War, 198 Australians became prisoners of the Ottomans. Overshadowed by the grief and hardship that characterised the post-war period, and by the enduring myth of the fighting Anzac, these POWs have long been neglected in the national memory of the war. Captive Anzacs explores how the prisoners felt about their capture and how they dealt with the physical and psychological strain of imprisonment, as well as the legacy of their time as POWs. More broadly, it explores public perceptions of the prisoners, the effects of their captivity on their families, and how military, government and charitable organisations responded to the POWs both during and after the War. Intertwining rich detail from letters, diaries and other personal papers with official records, Kate Ariotti offers a comprehensive, nuanced account of this aspect of Australian war history.
Diary entry, 8 May 1916, in Kerr, Lost Anzacs, p. 188. Avoca Free Press, 2 December 1916 ... in Kerr, Lost Anzacs, p. 160. Roper, The Secret Battle, pp.
Author: Kate Ariotti
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The charlatan Alicks Sly murdered his wife, Ellie, and killed himself with a cut-throat razor in a house in Sydney's Newtown in early 1904, leaving their children to a wretched fate. He wasn't the only man to murder his wife - or try - that year. Life in the big city could be harsh and brutal, and so could marriage. Sociologist Tanya Bretherton traces the brutal story of Ellie, one of several murderer's brides in turn-of-the-century Sydney; of her husband, Alicks, and his family; and their three orphaned sons, adrift in the world. From the author of the acclaimed THE SUITCASE BABY - shortlisted for the 2018 Ned Kelly Award, Danger Prize and Waverley Library 'Nib' Award - comes another riveting true-crime case from Australia's dark past. THE MURDERER'S BRIDE is a masterful exploration of criminality, insanity, violence and bloody family ties in bleak, post-Victorian Sydney. **Includes an extract from THE SUITCASE BABY and an extract from Tanya Bretherton's latest fascinating true-crime story, THE KILLING STREETS**
253, 'It is estimated that around sixty thousand': R. Dunbar, The Secrets of the Anzacs: The untold story of venereal disease in the Australian Army 1914–19 ...
Author: Tanya Bretherton
Publisher: Hachette UK
Category: True Crime
For 100 years, the astounding story of Anzac horsemen, cameleers, aviators, rough riders, medics, vets, light and armoured cars hasn’t been told. Until now. Championed by Australia’s Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel they overcame early feeble British political and military incompetence. Fast, open conflict, rather than septic trenches, suited their outback upbringing. Part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, they recovered the Holy Land after 730 years of Muslim control, even saving Lawrence of Arabia and his cause. Their stunning victory at the Battle of Beersheba was the last mass mounted charge of modern times. The ‘great ride’ offensive of the Desert Mounted Corps, with 30,000 horsemen, destroyed the Ottoman Empire and wreaked vengeance for Gallipoli. This is the first detailed account of the extraordinary military campaign that set the stage for today’s Middle East. Dearberg’s Anzac trilogy on World War I is now complete – Gallipoli, France, Palestine.
Yet it was about to become the secret weapon of the British Army and the Anzacs. In January 1916, cameleers were initially selected from the Australian ...
Author: Neil Dearberg
Publisher: Interactive Publications Pty Ltd
The Great War of 1914-1918 affected all Australians and decisively changed the new nation. They were 'The Crying Years' according to writer Zora Cross, who lost her brother in 1917. This visual history of Australia's Great War offers a different perspective on a period of time familiar to many. It helps to connect the war overseas - the well-chronicled battles at Gallipoli, Fromelles, Passchendaele and Villers-Bretonneux - with the equally bitter war at home, for and against conscription, over 'loyalty' and 'disloyalty'. Men faced life-changing choices: volunteer to fight or stay at home; join the revolutionary unionists or break the strikes. Women bore the burdens of waiting and worrying, of working for charities, or of voting to send men to their deaths. Even children were drawn into the animosities, as their communities fractured under the stress. Prize-winning historian Professor Peter Stanley of UNSW Canberra uses documents, photographs, artefacts and images from the collections of the National Library of Australia to evoke the drama and tragedy, suffering and sacrifice, pain and pity of Australia's Great War.
... the First World War (2104) and Raden Dunbar's The Secrets of the Anzacs: The Untold Story of Venereal Disease in the Australian Army, 1914–1919 (2014).
Author: Peter Stanley
Publisher: National Library of Australia
Expertise, Authority and Control charts the development of Australian military medicine in the First World War in the first major study of the Australian Army Medical Corp in over seventy years. It examines the provision of medical care to Australian soldiers during the Dardanelles campaign and explores the imperial and medical-military hierarchies that were blended and challenged during the campaign. By the end of 1918, the AAMC was a radically different organisation. Using army orders, unit war diaries and memoranda written to disseminate information within the Australian Imperial Forces (AIF) and between British and Australian soldiers, it maps the provision of medical care through casualty clearance and evacuation, rehabilitation, and the prevention and treatment of venereal disease. In doing so, she reassesses Australian military medicine and maps the transition to an infrastructure for the AIF in the field, especially in response to conflicts with traditional imperial, military and medical hierarchies.
... 1902–1945, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2017 Dunbar, R., The Secrets of the Anzacs: The Untold Story of Venereal Disease in the Australian Army, ...
Author: Alexia Moncrieff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Ettie Rout fought a battle for safer sex in the First World War - and won. She gave New Zealand the best sexual health system when its army adopted her prophylactic kit and made every soldier going on leave take one - while she was banned from the pages of the newspapers so New Zealanders wouldn't find out. In Paris, having transformed Madame Yvonne's into a safer sex brothel, she met soldiers at the railway station and convinced them to go there if they chose to have sex. Armed with a wicked sense of humour, an intolerance of hypocrisy and boundless energy, Ettie Rout proved the case for safer sex decades before the term was coined - and the soldiers loved her for it. This book celebrates an unlikely heroine of the First World War who is now internationally recognised for waging a successful public health crusade. A woman way ahead of her time. Also available as an eBook
Dunbar, Raden, The Secrets of the Anzacs: The untold story of venereal disease in the Australian Army, 1914–1919. Melbourne: Scribe Publications, 2014.
Author: Jane Tolerton
Publisher: Penguin Random House New Zealand Limited
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Nora Luxford's life spanned the twentieth century and circled the globe, taking her from turn-of-the-century Hawke's Bay, to Hollywood's golden age, and the elite circles of New York society. She became well-known in New Zealand for her radio broadcasts, but it was the Anzac club, which touched the lives of thousands of young New Zealand and Australian servicemen, that she considered was her greatest achievement.
“ Yes , I've known a good deal of sadness in my short life , ' Nola was quoted as saying , but that was as far as the writer was let into the secret .
Author: Carole Van Grondelle
Publisher: Victoria University Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
The Anzac Legend is examined here as a media-based phenomenon. Using newspaper reports of the Great War from Australian, British, French, and German sources, John Williams reveals how the media operated during that first experience of total war
Moore , Andrew , The Secret Army and the Premier : Conservative Paramilitary Organisations in New South Wales 1930–32 , Kensington NSW 1989 .
Author: John Frank Williams
Publisher: UNSW Press
The war, the people, the crime, the cover-up, and finally the truth. An engaging book revealing the shocking truth of the Kavieng Massacre in March 1944. During the push southward in the Pacific by the Japanese during World War II, a large group of expa-triate Australian men and German Catholic mission-aries were trapped on New Ireland, many interned by the Japanese in September 1942 at Kavieng. They disappeared without trace in March 1944. The Australian Government commenced a largely secret enquiry into the fate of these missing civilians, dis-covering that all the Kavieng internees had been secretly murdered by their captors. The Japanese naval officers responsible for the Kavieng massacre elaborately concealed their embarrassing crime to mislead Australian investigations. This concealment was successful and delayed revelation of the truth until 1947.
They disappeared without trace in March 1944. After the Pacific war ended in August 1945, the Australian Government commenced a largely secret enquiry into the fate of these missing civilians. This story finally unravels the truth.
Author: Raden Dunbar
Publisher: Sally Milner Publishing Pty Limited
This book highlights the significance of North-South connections as a part of transpacific history. The little-known stories it tells of such "vertical" encounters across the Pacific Ocean complicates established historical narratives which focus instead on "horizontal" connections between the United States and Asia.
56. See Raden Dunbar, Secrets of the Anzacs (Melbourne: Scribe Publications, 2015). 57. Johnston, Anzacs in the Middle East, 159–60. 58.
Author: Yasuko Hassall Kobayashi
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Pacific Area
Elena Govor has given voice to a part of Australian cultural history that until now has been silent. Extraordinarily, it was men born in the former Russian Empire that constituted the most numerous group in the First Australian Imperial Force, after those of Anglo or Celtic background—almost one thousand Russian Anzacs. This book is a history of Russian multiethnic communities in Australia, and passionately rediscovers ties, formerly severed, between the children and grandchildren of Russian Anzacs and their Russian past.
... its incinerator ablaze with the private papers the secret police seized in the purges , Bulgakov wrote in The Master and Margarita , ' Manuscripts do ...
Author: Elena Govor
Publisher: UNSW Press
In November 1918, as World War I was coming to a close, a group of Australian men signed up for more fighting. This time, the enemy was Russian Bolsheviks. Challinger tells the story of how this group of 150 Aussies was seconded to help to protect the British from a rearguard attack and became embroiled in what was to become the Russian revolutio
March 1918 British military depots in England were asked to provide volunteers for a secret mission abroad. Canada and Australia were also asked for ...
Author: Michael Challinger
Publisher: Hardie Grant Publishing
By 1914 Australia's German immigrants were well-regarded in their communities and made up (after Irish and Scots) the fourth-largest white ethnic community in Australia. This thoroughly readable history, with lively anecdotal and personal material, traces the experiences of those young German Australian immigrants who enlisted for service in the First World War, and the many difficulties they faced.
... reserves of the district , it is hard to dispute the view of local historian Anne Rooks that Tumbarumba is one of Australia's best kept secrets ' .
Author: John Williams
Publisher: UNSW Press
In October 1943 Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Josef Stalin signed a solemn pact that once their enemies were defeated the Allied powers would 'pursue them to the uttermost ends of the earth and will deliver them to their accusers in order that justice may be done'. Nowhere did they say that justice would be selective. But it would prove to be. TRAITORS outlines the treachery of the British, American and Australian governments, who turned a blind eye to those who experimented on Australian prisoners of war. Journalist and bestselling author Frank Walker details how Nazis hired by ASIO were encouraged to settle in Australia and how the Catholic Church, CIA and MI6 helped the worst Nazi war criminals escape justice. While our soldiers were asked to risk their lives for King and country, Allied corporations traded with the enemy; Nazi and Japanese scientists were enticed to work for Australia, the US and UK; and Australia's own Hollywood hero Errol Flynn was associating with Nazi spies. The extraordinary revelations in TRAITORS detail the ugly side of war and power and the many betrayals of our ANZACs. After reading this book you can't help but wonder, what else did they hide?
The extraordinary revelations in TRAITORS detail the ugly side of war and power and the many betrayals of our ANZACs. After reading this book you can't help but wonder, what else did they hide?
Author: Frank Walker
Publisher: Hachette UK