War Or Peace in the South China Sea?

Author: Timo Kivimäki,Timo Kivimaki
Publisher: NIAS Press
ISBN: 9788791114014
Category: Political Science
Page: 213
View: 5666
Not only is the South China Sea of strategic importance; it is also rich in oil and other natural resources. As such, it is the subject of overlapping territorial disputes between several East and Southeast Asian countries as well as the scene of military tensions and potentially dangerous conflicts. But disputes over the South China Sea are much more complex than simply issues of military security. Environmental values, economic security and political developments are also involved. Spanning the full complexity of the situation, this volume: * covers its historical and legal background * analyses its environmental, economic, military and political dimensions * assesses the potential for containing and resolving disputes as well as transforming the structures of conflict in the region.

Sharing the Resources of the South China Sea

Author: Mark J. Valencia,Jon M. Van Dyke,Noel A. Ludwig
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 9780824818814
Category: Political Science
Page: 278
View: 5437
The South China Sea disputes continue to confuse and confound policymakers. All the countries bordering directly on this sea - China, Vietnam, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Brunei - have claimed some or all of the tiny, but strategically located, Spratly Islets and some or all of the maritime space and its resources. All of these claims have serious weaknesses under the principles of international law that govern these issues. This book offers several possible regional interim solutions to the South China Sea disputes. All of the national claims to both islands and ocean space in the region have weaknesses. An interim solution is urgently needed because the status quo is dangerous and unstable, because of unilateral actions by the claimants and continuing opportunities for involvement by outside powers. Division or allocation of the features and ocean space among the competing claimants seem unfeasible because of their sharp disagreements over the boundaries of the area in dispute as well as what would constitute an appropriate equitable division. The authors survey the principles that appear to guide the nations of the South China Sea region in their regional relations, and they identify the appropriate objectives of a regional resource authority. They also identify the political realities of the region, which serve as constraints on the design of a regime. The authors propose the creation of a regional multilateral resource management body as a solution to reduce the tension currently rife in the region. The options presented serve as illustrations designed to stimulate constructive discussion on a comprehensive multilateral interim solution to these difficult and dangerous disputes. Sharing the Resources of the South China Sea will be of interest to international decision-makers, negotiators, and academics desirous of a peaceful solution to these disputes.

Regional Disorder

The South China Sea Disputes
Author: Sarah Raine
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351224042
Category: History
Page: 228
View: 2698
Chinas rise casts a vast and uncertain shadow over the regional balance of power in the Asia Pacific, and nowhere is this clearer than in the South China Sea. The significance of the fraught territorial disputes in this potentially resource-rich sea extends far beyond the small groupings of islands that are at their heart, and into the world of great-power politics. As the struggle for hegemony between the US and China intersects with the overlapping aspirations of emerging, smaller nations, the risk of escalation to regional conflict is real. Christian Le Mi and Sarah Raine cut through the complexities of these disputes with a clear-sighted, and much-needed, analysis of the assorted strategies deployed in support of the multiple and competing claims in the SCS. They make a compelling case that the course of these disputes will determine whether the regional order in Southeast Asia is one of cooperation, or one of competition and even conflict.

The South China Sea Disputes and Law of the Sea

Author: S. Jayakumar,Tommy Koh,Robert Beckman
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 178347727X
Category: Law
Page: 296
View: 8043
South China Sea Disputes And Law Of The Sea explores in great detail the application of specific provisions of UNCLOS and how the framework of international law applies to the South China Sea. Offering a comprehensive analysis of the individual

Building a Normative Order in the South China Sea

Evolving Disputes, Expanding Options
Author: Tran Truong Thuy,John B. Welfield,Le Thuy Trang
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1786437538
Page: 304
View: 4325
The South China Sea, where a number of great powers and regional players contend for influence, has emerged as one of the most potentially explosive regions in the world today. What can be done to reduce the possibility of conflict, solve the outstanding territorial problems, and harness the potential of the sea to promote regional development, environmental sustainability and security? This book, with contributions from leading authorities in China, the Philippines, Vietnam, Australia, Singapore and the United States, seeks to illuminate these questions.

Maritime Security in the South China Sea

Regional Implications and International Cooperation
Author: Shicun Wu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317100506
Category: Political Science
Page: 284
View: 8649
Maritime security is of vital importance to the South China Sea, a critical sea route for maritime transport of East Asian countries including China. The adjacent countries have rendered overlapping territorial and/or maritime claims in the South China Sea which complicate the situation of maintaining maritime security and developing regional cooperation there. This book focuses on contemporary maritime security in the South China Sea as well as its connected sea area, the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. It identifies and examines selected security issues concerning the safety of navigation, crackdown on transnational crimes including sea piracy and maritime terrorism, and conflict prevention and resolution. In the context of non-traditional security, issues such as maritime environmental security and search and rescue at sea are included. The book explores ways and means of international cooperation in dealing with these maritime security issues.

China's Policy Towards Territorial Disputes

The Case of the South China Sea Islands
Author: Chi-kin Lo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134984650
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 591
Since 1949 and the founding of the People's Republic, China has been involved in more than one territorial dispute with its neighbours. Currently the most unstable and dangerous dispute is the one over the Paracel and Spratly islands in the South China Sea. With their potentially rich and accessible petroleum resources, these islands have become the new arena of conflict for the 1970s and 1980s, China having already fought a war with South Vietnam over the Paracel Islands. This book, based on a wealth of primary materials in the Chinese language, is the first to make a thorough and overall investigation of China's policy towards these islands. It deals with the battle for the Paracels, the dispute with Vietnam, the disputes with the Philippines and Malaysia, and the relationship between the territorial disputes and China's maritime claims in the South China Sea.

Enterprises, Localities, People, and Policy in the South China Sea

Beneath the Surface
Author: Jonathan Spangler,Dean Karalekas,Moises Lopes de Souza
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319628283
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 4837
This volume takes readers beneath the surface of the South China Sea by exploring critical but under-researched issues related to the maritime territorial disputes. It draws attention to the importance of private sector, civil society, and subnational actors’ roles in the disputes and sheds light on key policy issues that are addressed less often in the literature. By going beyond mainstream analyses focused solely on issues of traditional security, resource economics, and international law, it offers a fresh and engaging look at the South China Sea disputes. The book is divided into five parts – historical foundations, enterprises, localities, people, and policy – and its chapters investigate historiography in the region, the global defense industry’s role as beneficiary of the disputes, tourism as a territorial strategy, the roles of provinces and local governments, disaster management, confidence-building measures, environmental and science diplomacy, and other topics seldom discussed in other analyses of the South China Sea disputes. The book’s diverse content and fresh perspectives make it an essential read not only for policymakers and those in the international relations community but also for all others interested in gaining a more well-rounded understanding of the many issues at stake in the South China Sea maritime territorial disputes.

The Marine Biology of the South China Sea

Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Marine Biology of Hong Kong and the South China Sea, Hong Kong, 28 October-3 November 1990
Author: Brian Morton
Publisher: Kent State University Press
ISBN: 9789622093546
Category: Fisheries
Page: 734
View: 4129

Cooperative Monitoring in the South China Sea

Satellite Imagery, Confidence-building Measures, and the Spratly Islands Disputes
Author: John C. Baker,David G. Wiencek
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275971823
Category: Law
Page: 220
View: 1717
Examines the issues involved in the Spratly Islands disputes in the light of confidence-building measures that satellite imagery can offer.

China and the South China Sea Disputes

Author: Mark J. Valencia
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
Page: 75
View: 5986
China and the South Sea China Disputes provides the most up-to-date analysis of the political context for South China Sea issues - with a focus on China - and offers an assessment of the future. With the end of the Cold War, the ebbing of the Cambodian conflict, and improving relations between Vietnam and fellow ASEAN members, for the first time in a generation there is an opportunity for lasting peace in South-East Asia. But historical mistrust, territorial disputes, competing maritime claims, and rising military spending weaken the prospects for peace. Disputes over the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea epitomise the present conflicts. Mark Valencia analyses China's rhetoric, actions, and intent in the area, and reviews its relations with the United States, ASEAN, and other claimants in the South China Sea.

The South China Sea Disputes

Past, Present, and Future
Author: Nalanda Roy
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498536247
Category: Political Science
Page: 172
View: 9730
The South China Sea has long been regarded as one of the most complex and challenging ocean-related maritime disputes in East Asia. Recently it has become the locus of disputes that have the potential of escalating into serious international conflicts. Historical mistrust, enduring territorial disputes, and competing maritime claims have combined to weaken an at least partially successful regional security structure. Issues of concern include territorial sovereignty; disputed claims to islands, rocks, and reefs; jurisdiction over territorial waters, exclusive economic zones, and the seabed; regional and international rights to use the seas for military purposes; maritime security; rapid economic development; and environmental degradation. The fear is that increasing competition for energy and other resources will exacerbate conflicts and further fuel nationalism and sovereignty issues in the region. The SCS has an integrated ecosystem and is one of the richest seas in the world in terms of marine flora and fauna: coral reefs, mangroves, sea-grass beds, fish, and plants. National economic security can be easily affected by conflicts occurring in major international trade routes like the SCS, or how such an unclear situation might even give rise to environmental challenges in the future. The book creates an understanding as to why this region is important not only to the claimants but to global powers like the United States and India. The book examines current and potential conflicts in the South China Sea, and also evaluates how conflicts have been “managed” to date and suggests as to how they might be better managed in the future. This book concludes with recommendations for improving the situation in the region by ensuring a strong economic relationships, using high-resolution observation satellites, and undertaking joint development, and resource exploration etc.

Understanding China's Behaviour in the South China Sea

A Defensive Realist Perspective
Author: Klaus Heinrich Raditio
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811312834
Category: Political Science
Page: 221
View: 5635
“The primary contribution of the book is to bridge the gap between International Relations theory and area studies, focusing on China’s foreign and security policies and its relations with Southeast Asia and the US. This is quite an achievement and immediate contribution to the existing literature.” —Ralf Emmers, Professor of International Relations, RSIS, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore “Meticulously researched and eloquently presented, this balanced analysis offers a refreshing look at the rationales behind Beijing's SCS policy with theoretical rigor, empirical richness, and policy relevance. A welcome addition to the growing scholarship on the subject.” —Jingdong Yuan, Associate Professor of International Security, the University of Sydney, Australia “The book has shown the author’s excellent research capability in examining an empirical puzzle through a unique theoretical framework.” —Kai He, Professor of International Relations, Griffith University, Australia This book analyses the origins of security dilemmas in the South China Sea (SCS) and the significance of China’s actions in asserting its claim from the perspective of defensive realist theory. In its analysis, the book argues that security dilemmas in the SCS first arose between China and other SCS claimants, and then between China and the United States. Research in this book provides significant support to the defensive realist theory vis-à-vis offensive realism. It encourages adopting a reassurance policy to reach a peaceful resolution to the SCS disputes between China, the other claimants, and the United States. The book will be useful for policymakers, academics, researchers and students. Klaus Heinrich Raditio received his PhD from the University of Sydney researching on China and the South China Sea. His Masters of Law in International Relations was awarded by Tsinghua University, Beijing.--

The South China Sea Dispute

Navigating Diplomatic and Strategic Tensions
Author: Ian Storey,Cheng-Yi Lin
Publisher: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute
ISBN: 9814695556
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 7081
Increasing tensions in the South China Sea have propelled the dispute to the top of the Asia-Pacific’s security agenda. Fuelled by rising nationalism over ownership of disputed atolls, growing competition over natural resources, strident assertions of their maritime rights by China and the Southeast Asian claimants, the rapid modernization of regional armed forces and worsening geopolitical rivalries among the Great Powers, the South China Sea will remain an area of diplomatic wrangling and potential conflict for the foreseeable future. Featuring some of the world’s leading experts on Asian security, this volume explores the central drivers of the dispute and examines the positions and policies of the main actors including China, Taiwan, the Southeast Asian claimants, America and Japan. The South China Sea Dispute: Navigating Diplomatic and Strategic Tensions provides readers with the key to understanding how this most complex and contentious dispute is shaping the regional security environment.

Energy and Geopolitics in the South China Sea

Implication for ASEAN and Its Dialogue Partners
Author: ASEAN Studies Centre
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
ISBN: 9814279234
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 88
View: 2773
China has long claimed the ownership of a network of widely-scattered islands and their surrounding waters and resources in the South China Sea. These claims overlap in a substantial way with those of at least three ASEAN countries: Vietnam, the Philippines and Malaysia. To this day, the South China Sea has remained one of the region's most dangerous 'flashpoints'. Despite regional efforts to calm the situation, the complicated nature of the issue continues to challenge regional security. The ASEAN Studies Centre has taken this initiative to host a discussion on Energy and Geopolitics in South China Sea, with contributions from Michael Richardson and a number of experts in this area to put across their analytical views of the issue.

The South China Sea

Limits of National Claims
Author: John Robert Victor Prescott
Publisher: N.A
Category: Economic zones (Law of the sea)
Page: 55
View: 7499

The South China Sea

Author: C. J. Jenner,Tran Truong Thuy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107081424
Category: History
Page: 382
View: 7169
The South China Sea has long been a source of conflict and represents a core contemporary security issue in the Asia-Pacific region. This book offers an empirical analysis of the global ocean's most contested maritime territory, the South China Sea and its agents of contest.

South China Sea Disputes, The: Historical, Geopolitical And Legal Studies

Author: Hsieh Tsu-sung
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813234903
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 2240
The South China Sea Disputes: Historical, Geopolitical and Legal Studies covers various issues regarding the currently controversial theme of the South China Sea (SCS) disputes. It contains insights by scholars mostly from Republic of China (Taiwan), along with ones from Peoples' Republic of China (mainland China), the Philippines, Australia, and the United States (US). The book is divided into three sections, wherein the historical analysis section illustrates certain important but currently neglected treaties for SCS, e.g., the San Francisco Peace Treaty, the Taipei Treaty, and the Cairo Declaration. In particular, the Nationalist government's efforts to recover the Chinese sovereignty in the islands of SCS after the end of World War II are covered. Archival research found in the national archives of the Taiwan, the United Kingdom, the US, and Japan, revealing materials with potential for enhancing territorial and sovereignty claims is covered. In addition, the US State Department historical materials on the SCS disputes are also shown. The geopolitical analysis section in the book specifically addresses the state practice in SCS by Taiwan. It also reveals Taiwan's evolving attitudes from thoughtful planning to perfunctory policy thereof. The circumstances of US–China rivalry in the SCS are also discussed. The legal analysis section includes an explanation of the arbitral award of the SCS, wherein it argues that this arbitration is a non-justiciable dispute resolution. This book serves as a good reference for readers interested in South China Sea disputes. Contents: A Neglected Treaty for the South China Sea (Man-houng Lin) The Nationalist Government's Efforts to Recover Chinese Sovereignty Over the Islands in the South China Sea After the End of World War II (Chen Qianping) Archival Research to Enhance Territorial and Sovereignty Claims (Vivian Louis Forbes) American Diplomatic Correspondence on the Philippine Claims in the South China Sea (Jay L Batongbacal) Recent State Practice and Strategy on South China Sea Disputes: From Taiwan's Perspective (Mu-lan Kao) A Struggle Without Breaking: The US–China Rivalry in the South China Sea (Kuanghua Liu) Issue of Non-Participation in the South China Sea Arbitration (Tsu-sung Hsieh) Readership: Policymakers, academics, professionals, undergraduate and graduate students interested in South China Sea disputes. Keywords: South China Sea Arbitration;The Taipei Treaty;Nationalist Government;National Archives;Kalayaan Island;U-Shaped Line;Nine-Dash Line;Taiping Island (Itu Aba);UNCLOS;Historic RightReview:0

Maritime Issues in the South China Sea

Troubled Waters or A Sea of Opportunity
Author: Nien-Tsu Alfred Hu,Ted L. McDorman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317967399
Category: History
Page: 182
View: 7233
South China Sea (SCS) issues are complex and dynamic, ranging from historic claims to present day military occupation, from military security to regional stability, from rhetorical appeasements to national interests, from intraregional competition to extraregional involvement. The submissions made in 2009 by several Southeast Asian states to the United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) respecting outer limits of extended continental shelves beyond 200 nautical miles in the South China Sea resulted in renewed attention to the maritime disputes over the insular features and the waters of the South China Sea among several claimant States. Questions have resurfaced about the future of cooperation in the region. Furthermore, the improvement of cross-Strait relations between Taiwan and China after 2008 has added a new element to the evolution of South China Sea issues. This book describes these recent developments in depth and provides an examination of possible future developments in the South China Sea. The articles in this book were originally published as special sections in Ocean Development & International Law.

The South China Sea: Challenges and Promises

Author: James Borton
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1503537374
Category: Political Science
Page: 184
View: 5295
The world knows there are troubled waters in the South China Sea. This vital sea has long been regarded as a major source of tension and instability in Asia. The tense geopolitical standoff between China and Vietnam continues to create confusion for many observers since both nations invoke both history and international law to justify their respective claims of sovereignty. The complex and deeply rooted relationship of these two nations and their prominently argued issues over atolls, oil rigs, exclusive economic zones (EEZs), freedom of navigation, military surveillance, security interests, unexplored vast oil and gas reserves, and fisheries has only succeeded in forging a closer tie between two former enemies: the United States of America and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.