The Concept of the Common Heritage of Mankind in International Law

42ODA , S. , “ General Debate on Natural Resources ” , in MADSEN , A.G. , & TOMAN , J. , eds , The Spirit of Uppsala ( Proceedings of the Joint UNITAR - Uppsala University Seminar on International Law and Organization for a New World ...

Author: Kemal Baslar

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9041105050

Category: Law

Page: 427

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The concept of the common heritage of mankind is one of the most extraordinary developments in recent intellectual history and one of the most revolutionary and radical legal concepts to have emerged in recent decades. The year 1997 marks the thirtieth anniversary of the advent of the concept in the domain of public international law. Ever since its emergence, it has become evident that no other concept, notion, principle or doctrine has brought as much intensive debate, controversy, confrontation and speculation as the common heritage phenomenon did. This is because it is a philosophical idea that questions the regimes of globally important resources regardless of their situation, and requires major changes in the world to apply its provisions. In other words, the application and enforcement of the common heritage of mankind require a critical reexamination of many well-established principles and doctrines of classical international law, such as acquisition of territory, consent-based sources of international law, sovereignty, equality, resource allocation and international personality. This book aims to explore the legal theory and implications of the concept of the common heritage of mankind. It addresses almost all aspects of the concept in the light of the experience of three decades. The author takes into account the elements of the common heritage concept in the fields of jurisprudence, outer space law, the law of the sea, the law of Antarctica, international environmental law, human rights and general principles of public international law. It tries to develop a normative framework through which the concept may offer alternatives for the governance of the global commons.
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It Is the Spirit Who Gives Life

52 These words are taken (with some adaptation) from the address given by the then Metropolitan Ignatios Hazim of Latakia (later on Patriarch of Antioch) at Uppsala in 1968, “The Holy Spirit and the Catholicity of the Church”: see The ...

Author: Radu Bordeianu

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 9780813235264

Category: Religion

Page: 336

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Who is the Holy Spirit? What is the Holy Spirit? The answers to these questions were so obvious in the first centuries of Christian history, that the New Testament and the earliest Christian writers did not feel the need to deliberately address the identity of the Spirit. The more stringent question was this: what does the Spirit do in the Hebrew Scriptures, in the life of Jesus, in the community of disciples, in the Church, and in the world? These same questions, however, did not have the same obvious answers to subsequent generations. Writing in the fourth century, Gregory of Nazianzus observed a slow progress of better understanding the identity and mission of the Holy Spirit throughout the centuries; his opponents still referred to the Spirit as a "strange," "unscriptural," and "interpolated" God (Or. 31). One would expect that today, centuries later, pneumatology would be exponentially further developed than in the patristic era. And yet, contemporary theology only rarely asks who the Spirit is and what the Spirit does. That is where the present volume attempts to bring a contribution, by addressing early Pneumatologies reflected in the Scriptures and the age of the martyrs, historical developments in patristic literature and spiritual writings, and contemporary pneumatological themes, as they relate to ecumenism, ecology, science, ecclesiology, and missions. The present volume gathers essays authored by eleven world-renowned theologians. Each contribution originated as a public lecture addressed to theologians and an educated general audience, followed by a private colloquium in which the lecturers conferred with scholars who are experts in the field. Thus, the present volume offers a multifaceted approach to Pneumatology, in an ecumenical spirit.
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United Nations Juridical Yearbook

In Joint UNITAR - Uppsala University Seminar on International Law and Organization for a New World Order ( 1981 , Uppsala , Sweden ) . The spirit of Uppsala . Berlin ( West ) ; New York , de Gruyter , 1984. p . 549–555 .

Author: United Nations

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ISBN: MINN:31951D019772980

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ThirdWay

The conference gave little attention to the poor in spirit who in humility are open toward God in the midst of their suffering. ... of Studies on Evangelism published their report 'The Church for Others' in preparation for Uppsala 1968.

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Monthly current affairs magazine from a Christian perspective with a focus on politics, society, economics and culture.
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Witness To The World

may sound, the spirit of Uppsala in many respects resembled that of Edinburgh 1910. Uppsala represented the apex of the ecumenical theology of secularisation. The key word was 'development', and Uppsala was confident that its plans for ...

Author: David J. Bosch

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781597529792

Category: Religion

Page: 288

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A great deal of uncertainty exists in the church as to what mission really is. The shifts in political power, away from the traditionally Christian West; the call for a moratorium and the other critical voices from the Third World churches; and the increasing self-assurance and missionary consciousness among adherents of non-Christian religions--all these have given rise to the question whether Christian mission work still makes sense, and if it does, what form it should take. Is mission identical to evangelism in the sense of proclaiming eternal salvation? Does it include social and political involvement, and if so, how? Where does salvation take place: only in the Church, or in the individual, or in society, or in the 'world', or in the non-Christian religions? The picture is one of change and complexity, tension and urgency. The answers we give to these questions must be consonant with the will of God and relevant to the situation in which we find ourselves.
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Japan in the World

Oda, Shigeru. “International Law in a Multi-Cultural World—Japan's Encounter with the Law of Nations in the Nineteenth Century.” In Atle Grahl-Madsen and Jiri Toman (eds.), The Spirit of Uppsala (Proceedings of the Joint UNITAR-Uppsala ...

Author: Klaus Schlichtmann

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739135201

Category: History

Page: 402

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The twentieth century is as remarkable for its world wars as it is for its efforts to outlaw war in international and constitutional law and politics. Japan in the World examines some of these efforts through the life and work of Shidehara Kijuro, who was active as diplomat and statesman between 1896 until his death in 1951. Shidehara is seen as a guiding thread running through the first five decades of the twentieth century. Through the 1920s until the beginning of the 1930s, his foreign policy shaped Japan's place within the community of nations. The positive role Japan played in international relations and the high esteem in which it was held at that time goes largely to his credit. As Prime Minister and 'man of the hour' after the Second World War, he had a hand in shaping the new beginning for post-war Japan, instituting policies that would start his country on a path to peace and prosperity. Accessing previously unpublished archival materials, Schlichtmann examines the work of this pacifist statesman, situating Shidehara within the context of twentieth century statecraft and international politics. While it was an age of devastating total wars that took a vast toll of civilian lives, the politics and diplomatic history between 1899 and 1949 also saw the light of new developments in international and constitutional law to curtail state sovereignty and reach a peaceful order of international affairs. Japan in the World is an essential resource for understanding that nation's contributions to these world-changing developments.
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The Spirit of Uppsala

Author: Atle Grahl-Madsen

Publisher: Gruyter, De, Rechtswissenschaften

ISBN: STANFORD:36105043817621

Category: Law

Page: 601

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European Traditions in the Study of Religion in Africa

... that while this Church Law was a splendid idea in itself , it was not for me and so I eventually withdrew , devoting myself instead to another life and another study - of Missions . 995 " In the 1930s Uppsala was hit by the Spirit ...

Author: Ulrich Berner

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 3447050020

Category: Religion

Page: 424

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This volume comprises case studies of five centuries of European encounters with and imaginations of Africa encompassing her triple religious heritage: African Traditional Religions, Christianity and Islam. The introductory chapters outline the challenges and present overviews; some of them also analyze the early accounts of European travelers and missionaries. The following contributions examine the lasting legacy of the European Enlightenment in employing an ambivalent language of human equality and universalism, while in actual fact consigning Africa to an inferior position. It has been difficult for western scholars to divorce themselves wholly from the perceptions thus established. However, there have been quite different approaches. This is indicated in the papers discussing the role and impact of influential European academics (scholars of religion, theologians, historians and social scientists) during the colonial and postcolonial period. Other contributions examine specific institutional centers of African religious studies in Europe. The concluding chapters critically assess European approaches and their use for the study of religion in Africa from an African perspective.
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Early Quakers and Islam

Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2010. Karl G. Jechoutek, The diversity ethic and the spirit of individualism: religious and economic strategies in hybrid Cape Town. Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2011. Hans Olsson, The politics of ...

Author: Justin J. Meggitt

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498291941

Category: History

Page: 108

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Early Quaker encounters with Muslims in the seventeenth century helped generate some of the most distinctive and, at times, sympathetic Christian responses to Islam found in the early modern era. Texts such as George Fox's To the Great Turk (1680), in which he engaged in extensive, constructive exegesis of the Qur'an, demonstrate a conception of Islam and Muslims that disrupts many prevailing assumptions of the period. Some responses are all the more striking as they came about as a reaction to the enslavement of a number of Quakers by Muslims in North Africa, where, paradoxically, they often experienced religious freedom denied them at home. This study seeks to understand how and why this heterodox Christian sect created such unusual interpretations of Islam by analyzing the experience of these slaves and scrutinizing the distinctive, oppositional culture of the movement to which they belonged. The work has implications that go beyond the specific subject of study and raises questions about the role that such things as apocalypticism and sectarianism can play in interreligious encounters, and the analytical limitations of Orientalism in characterizing Christian representations of Islam in the early modern period.
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Creeds of the Churches

THE HOLY SPIRIT AND THE CATHOLICITY OF THE CHURCH Uppsala ( 1968 ) Source : Complete text in The Uppsala Report 1968 edited by Norman Goodall ( Geneva : World Council of Churches , 1968 ) , pp . 11-18 . ( Paragraphs 1-6 omitted ) 7.

Author: John H. Leith

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

ISBN: 0804205264

Category: Religion

Page: 760

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"An excellent compendium of Christian creeds. Especially valuable are the informative notes and comments by the editor which introduce both creedal sections and individual creeds".----Presbyterian Journal
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