Sumer and the Sumerians

Author: Harriet Crawford,Crawford Harriet
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521533386
Category: History
Page: 252
View: 2896
Mesopotamia produced one of the best-known ancient civilizations, with a literate, urban culture and highly-developed political institutions. In this fully revised and expanded edition of her classic text, Sumer and the Sumerians, Harriet Crawford reviews the extraordinary social and technological developments in the region from 3800 to 2000 BC. Drawing on the most up-to-date historical and archaeological sources, she provides a thematic exploration of this ancient civilization, examining its physical and historical background, changing settlement patterns, public and private architecture and cultural developments of the period. In this new edition, the chapter on Manufacturing Industries and Trade has been enlarged and divided into two chapters. In addition, a new chapter on the contemporary developments in Upper Mesopotamia is included. The final chapter reflects on the future of the heritage of Iraq in the aftermath of the second Gulf War.

The Sumerians

Their History, Culture, and Character
Author: Samuel Noah Kramer
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226452328
Category: History
Page: 372
View: 3252
The Sumerians, the pragmatic and gifted people who preceded the Semites in the land first known as Sumer and later as Babylonia, created what was probably the first high civilization in the history of man, spanning the fifth to the second millenniums B.C. This book is an unparalleled compendium of what is known about them. Professor Kramer communicates his enthusiasm for his subject as he outlines the history of the Sumerian civilization and describes their cities, religion, literature, education, scientific achievements, social structure, and psychology. Finally, he considers the legacy of Sumer to the ancient and modern world. "There are few scholars in the world qualified to write such a book, and certainly Kramer is one of them. . . . One of the most valuable features of this book is the quantity of texts and fragments which are published for the first time in a form available to the general reader. For the layman the book provides a readable and up-to-date introduction to a most fascinating culture. For the specialist it presents a synthesis with which he may not agree but from which he will nonetheless derive stimulation."—American Journal of Archaeology "An uncontested authority on the civilization of Sumer, Professor Kramer writes with grace and urbanity."—Library Journal

Sumer and the Sumerians

Author: Harriet E. W. Crawford,Professor Harriet Crawford
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521388504
Category: Social Science
Page: 182
View: 7863
Reviews the social and technological developments in Mesopotamia, from 3800 to 2000 BC.

The Music of the Sumerians

And Their Immediate Successors, the Babylonians and Assyrians
Author: Francis W. Galpin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521180635
Category: Music
Page: 160
View: 1481
A thorough and carefully researched 1937 account of the music of the Sumerians and their immediate predecessors, the Babylonians and Assyrians. On its publication, this book was one of the few studies to concentrate on the music of the ancient civilisations of modern-day Iraq, and is still valued today.

Three Essays on the Sumerians

Author: Benno Landsberger
Publisher: N.A
Category: Akkadian philology
Page: 18
View: 4651

The Sumerians

Author: Jane Shuter
Publisher: Heinemann-Raintree Library
ISBN: 9781432913311
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 32
View: 3424
Presents an overview of the ancient Sumerian culture, discussing government, recreation, trade, travel, family life, food, occupations, and entertainment.

The Sumerians

The History and Legacy of the Ancient Mesopotamian Empire That Established Civilization
Author: Charles River Editors
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781508810292
Category: History
Page: 44
View: 878
*Includes pictures *Includes links to online sources like the Epic of Gilgamesh and more *Includes primary sources written by the ancient Sumerians *Includes a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars of ancient Mesopotamia: the Sumerians. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament and the nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures. Although the Sumerians continue to get second or even third billing compared to the Babylonians and Assyrians, perhaps because they never built an empire as great as the Assyrians or established a city as enduring and great as Babylon, they were the people who provided the template of civilization that all later Mesopotamians built upon. The Sumerians are credited with being the first people to invent writing, libraries, cities, and schools in Mesopotamia (Ziskind 1972, 34), and many would argue that they were the first people to create and do those things anywhere in world. For a people so great it is unfortunate that their accomplishments and contributions, not only to Mesopotamian civilization but to civilization in general, largely go unnoticed by the majority of the public. Perhaps the Sumerians were victims of their own success; they gradually entered the historical record, established a fine civilization, and then slowly submerged into the cultural patchwork of their surroundings. They also never suffered a great and sudden collapse like other peoples of the ancient Near East, such as the Hittites, Assyrians and Neo-Babylonians did. A close examination of Sumerian culture and chronology reveals that the Sumerians set the cultural tone in Mesopotamia for several centuries in the realms of politics/governments, arts, literature, and religion. The Sumerians were truly a great people whose legacy continued long after they were gone. The Sumerians: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Mesopotamian Empire that Established Civilization traces the history and legacy of Sumer across several centuries. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the history of the Sumerians like never before, in no time at all.


A History from Beginning to End
Author: Henry Freeman
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781534611344
Page: 118
View: 5142
The Sumerians A legendary civilization vanished under the Fertile Crescent and escaped a fate worse than death until Sumerologists questioned widely accepted truths. The Sumerians reemerged onto the extraordinary timeline of human history. Their tales of kings and gods, including the Epic of Gilgamesh, and their fearless trade in distant lands, during the remarkable Bronze Age, centered in the world's first city-states that chronicled ancient rivalries and their enduring impact. Inside you will read about... - How We Know What We Know About Sumerians - The Bronze Age - Sumer And Its Contemporaries - How Did The Sumerians Become Civilized? - How Long Were They Around - Primer Of Impact Of Sumerian Ancient Civilization On Our World - What Did They Look Like? - What Shaped Their Worldview? And much more! Our journey relies on excavated and historical evidence to explore their productive fascinations with order and man's place in the universe. Their application of impressive knowledge helps us unfold their mysterious civilization.

First Writers-the Sumerians

They Wrote on Clay
Author: Gary Arthur Thomson
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1462059848
Category: History
Page: 168
View: 7679
Sumerians were the rst people to write. Using a sharp three-cornered stylus, they wrote on clay-small wedge-shapes called cuneiform. With writing, Sumerians turned the corner from prehistory to history! After at least two million years of humans telling stories, the Sumerians introduced literacy. Most civilizations passed down their heritage through orally recited traditions-stories were passed from one generation to another by word of mouth. The Sumerians were the rst to write down their oral traditions. To make the historical record easier, the Sumerians invented calendars with exact dates of events and contracts often corroborated by astronomy. Since Sumerian farmers invented irrigation and created a surplus, other Sumerians could choose to specialize in law, education, architecture, engineering, marketing, and politics-all of which were accompanied by written records. Using the writings of the Sumerians and modern archaeology, this book will trace the story of the Sumerians, the world's rst writers."

The Sumerians

Author: Leonard Woolley,Sir Leonard Woolley
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393002928
Category: History
Page: 198
View: 6806
Describes the civilization of the Sumerians, who inhabited the land which today is Iraq, in the beginning of the fourth millennium B.C.

The Sumerians; inventors and builders

Author: Elizabeth Carleton Hubbard Lansing,Elisabeth Hubbard Lansing
Publisher: Carson-Dellosa Pub Llc
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 176
View: 2144
Discusses what ancient written works and archaeological excavations have revealed about the ancient Sumerian civilization.

La epopeya de Gilgamesh (Los mejores clásicos)

Author: Anónimo
ISBN: 8491051953
Category: Fiction
Page: 336
View: 7121
Los mejores libros jamás escritos. El relato mítico del rey Gilgamesh, símbolo de la lucha eterna del hombre contra el miedo a la muerte. «Que el cruce de caminos sea el lugar donde moras.» Los fragmentos más antiguos que se conservan de La epopeya de Gilgamesh son obra de un poeta paleobabilónico que escribió hace más de tres mil setecientos años. Fue compuesta en lengua acadia, pero sus orígenes literarios se remontan a cinco poemas sumerios. En ella se cuenta la historia de Gilgamesh, el gran rey de Uruk, sus encuentros con monstruos y dioses, su enfrentamiento y posterior amistad con Enkidu el salvaje, el nacido en las tierras altas, y su arduo viaje en busca del secreto de la inmortalidad. Además de abordar temas como la familia, la amistad o los deberes del rey, La epopeya de Gilgamesh versa, sobre todo, de la luchaeterna del hombre contra el miedo a la muerte. La versión de Andrew George -la de referencia en el mundo occidental- la introducen palabras muy sabias de José Luis Sampedro. Como cierre, un epílogo sobre la pervivencia del mito realizado por los profesores de comunicación audiovisual de la Universidad Pompeu Fabra Jordi Balló y Xavier Pérez. Jorge Luis Borges dijo... «Tal vez no solo cronológicamente es la primera de las epopeyas del mundo. Diríase que todo ya está en este libro babilónico.» Jorge Luis Borges dijo... «Tal vez no solo cronológicamente es la primera de las epopeyas del mundo. Diríase que todo ya está en este libro babilónico.»

The Sumerians

Author: Elaine Landau
Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books
ISBN: 9780761302155
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 63
View: 8930
Examines Sumer, the earliest advanced society to emerge from Mesopotamia, including its contributions in written language, farming, art, and science.

Concise History of the Language Sciences

From the Sumerians to the Cognitivists
Author: E.F.K. Koerner,R.E. Asher
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483297543
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 509
View: 3612
This book presents in a single volume a comprehensive history of the language sciences, from ancient times through to the twentieth century. While there has been a concentration on those traditions that have the greatest international relevance, a particular effort has been made to go beyond traditional Eurocentric accounts, and to cover a broad geographical spread. For the twentieth century a section has been devoted to the various trends, schools, and theoretical framework developed in Europe, North America and Australasia over the past seventy years. There has also been a concentration on those approaches in linguistic theory which can be expected to have some direct relevance to work being done at the beginning of the twenty-first century or those of which a knowledge is needed for the full understanding of the history of linguistic sciences through the last half of this century. The last section of this book reviews the applications of some of these findings. Based on the foundation provided by the award winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics this volume provides an excellent focal point of reference for anyone interested in the history of the language sciences.

The Sumerians: A History from Beginning to End

Author: Hourly History
Publisher: Independently Published
ISBN: 9781720228035
Category: History
Page: 50
View: 6021
The Sumerians The Sumerians settled in the area known as Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, around five thousand years ago. They produced many fundamental changes to the way in which human societies developed


la invención de la ciudad
Author: Gwendolyn Leick
Publisher: Grupo Planeta (GBS)
ISBN: 9788449312755
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 2193
Situada en un area que aproximadamente se corresponde con la del actual Irak, Mesopotamia fue una de las grandes civilizaciones de la Antiguedad, aunque, en cierto modo, continua siendo una desconocida. Los habitantes de Mesopotamia babilonios, sumerios y asirios no forman parte de nuestro imaginario colectivo, como los antiguos egipcios. Sin embargo, con la llegada de un nuevo milenio en que la mayoria de la poblacion mundial vive en ciudades, Mesopotamia tiene mucho mas que ensenar que el agricola Egipto, pues fue alli donde tuvieron lugar los primeros experimentos urbanisticos. Gwendolyn Leick examina estos centros urbanos, extraordinarios e innovadores, con suma agudeza. Cada uno de los diez capitulos que forman esta obra se centra en la vida de una ciudad, y cada una de las ciudades posee un caracter unico: ciudades sagradas, ciudades de erudicion, ciudades de comercio y de monarcas, ciudades que florecieron para despues ser abandonadas y ciudades que siguen habitadas en nuestros dias. Leick concluye la obra con Babilonia, poderoso simbolo de esplendor y decadencia, la primera autentica metropolis: multicultural, multietnica, el ultimo centro urbano de una civilizacion agonizante. Mediante los increibles logros de los mesopotamios y las vidas de sus poetas, sacerdotes, reyes y hombres y mujeres de negocios, entremezclados con los mitos de la literatura mas antigua del mundo, este libro ameno y original revela, por primera vez, como era la vida en estas ciudades invisibles hace ya tanto tiempo desaparecidas.

Pagan Trinity - Holy Trinity

The Legacy of the Sumerians in Western Civilization
Author: Alan Dickin
Publisher: Hamilton Books
ISBN: 1461626706
Category: Religion
Page: 138
View: 6103
This book offers a revolutionary new synthesis of ancient history and religion by bridging the gap between the archaeology of Mesopotamia (now the country of Iraq) and the biblical account of Genesis. Professor Alan Dickin shows how the Sumerians, the ancient inhabitants of Mesopotamia, established the world's first organized religion, which was a direct fore-runner of the Judeo-Christian faith. He places the biblical accounts of the Creation, Fall, Flood, and Tower of Babel in their historical context in ancient Mesopotamia, and identifies the origins of the biblical Trinity in the Sumerian pantheon. Finally, he explores the manner of God's first revelations to mankind and the meaning of the lost secrets of the Garden of Eden. Over seventy line drawings of ancient artifacts, in addition to maps and historical tables, bring the civilization and religion of ancient Mesopotamia to life for a modern audience.

The Sumerians' Writing System and Literature - Ancient History Books 5th Grade | Children's Ancient History

Author: Baby Professor
Publisher: Speedy Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1541922182
Category: History
Page: 64
View: 4918
Why does a 5th grader have to learn about the Sumerian Writing System and Literature? Surely you don’t use Sumerian writing these days. However, it is important to learn these things to acquire a better understanding of the origin of cultures, traditions and learning. There could be links from then to now, and these could be presented in writing systems and literature. Study this book today!