The Supernatural Media Virus

In this book, Rahel Sixta Schmitz defines and discusses a trope recurring in Gothic fiction: the supernatural media virus. This trope comprises the confluence of the virus, the network, and a deep, underlying media anxiety.

Author: Rahel Sixta Schmitz

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 9783839455593

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 290

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Since the 1990s, the virus and the network metaphors have become increasingly popular, finding application in a broad range of everyday discourses, academic disciplines, and fiction genres. In this book, Rahel Sixta Schmitz defines and discusses a trope recurring in Gothic fiction: the supernatural media virus. This trope comprises the confluence of the virus, the network, and a deep, underlying media anxiety. This study shows how Gothic narratives such as House of Leaves or The Ring feature the supernatural media virus to negotiate as well as actively shape imaginations of the network society and the dangers of a globalized, technologized world.
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What Happens Next Contemporary Urban Legends and Popular Culture

“Renegotiating Religious Imaginations through Transformations of 'Banal Religion' in 'Supernatural.'” Transformative Works and Cultures 4. ... “Tracing the Transference of a Cross-Cultural Media Virus: The Evolution of Ring.

Author: Gail de Vos

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781598846348

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 242

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This fascinating book uncovers the history behind urban legends and explains how the contemporary iterations of familiar fictional tales provide a window into the modern concerns—and digital advancements—of our society. • Extended examples of the literature and references to contemporary legends • Relevant, insightful comments from seasoned authors in the genre • A comprehensive overview of recent available research • A list of Internet sites that debunk or confirm urban legends
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TV Horror

as a predominant aesthetic of Supernatural itself. ... Doctor Who episodes use imagery of interactive media to code mainstream popularity (2010a: 217), as when the Doctor co-ordinates a media virus from a mobile phone in.

Author: Lorna Jowett

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780857736475

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

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Horror is a universally popular, pervasive TV genre, with shows like True Blood, Being Human, The Walking Dead and American Horror Story making a bloody splash across our television screens. This complete, utterly accessible, sometimes scary new book is the definitive work on TV horror. It shows how this most adaptable of genres has continued to be a part of the broadcast landscape, unsettling audiences and pushing the boundaries of acceptability. The authors demonstrate how TV Horror continues to provoke and terrify audiences by bringing the monstrous and the supernatural into the home, whether through adaptations of Stephen King and classic horror novels, or by reworking the gothic and surrealism in Twin Peaks and Carnivale. They uncover horror in mainstream television from procedural dramas to children's television and, through close analysis of landmark TV auteurs including Rod Serling, Nigel Kneale, Dan Curtis and Stephen Moffat, together with case studies of such shows as Dark Shadows, Dexter, Pushing Daisies, Torchwood, and Supernatural, they explore its evolution on television. This book is a must-have for those studying TV Genre as well as for anyone with a taste for the gruesome and the macabre.
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A Companion to Media Fandom and Fan Studies

Moreover, this Twitter networked narrative overlays upon its retelling of Supernatural the modern technological realities ... a heartless leader of a band of survivors who are fighting both Lucifer and the encroaching “Croatoan” virus.

Author: Paul Booth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119237174

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

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A Companion to Media Fandom and Fan Studies offers scholars and fans an accessible and engaging resource for understanding the rapidly expanding field of fan studies. International in scope and written by a team that includes many major scholars, this volume features over thirty especially-commissioned essays on a variety of topics, which together provide an unparalleled overview of this fast-growing field. Separated into five sections—Histories, Genealogies, Methodologies; Fan Practices; Fandom and Cultural Studies; Digital Fandom; and The Future of Fan Studies—the book synthesizes literature surrounding important theories, debates, and issues within the field of fan studies. It also traces and explains the social, historical, political, commercial, ethical, and creative dimensions of fandom and fan studies. Exploring both the historical and the contemporary fan situation, the volume presents fandom and fan studies as models of 21st century production and consumption, and identifies the emergent trends in this unique field of study.
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The Scary Screen

... a CrossCultural Media Virus: The Evolution of Ring Greg Wright 3 From Gene to Meme: The Rhetoric of Thought Contagion in Koji Suzuki's Ring Cycle Chris Miles PART II LOSS IN TRANSLATION 4 Cultural Constructions of the Supernatural: ...

Author: Kristen Lacefield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317016656

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 248

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In 1991, the publication of Koji Suzuki's Ring, the first novel of a bestselling trilogy, inaugurated a tremendous outpouring of cultural production in Japan, Korea, and the United States. Just as the subject of the book is the deadly viral reproduction of a VHS tape, so, too, is the vast proliferation of text and cinematic productions suggestive of an airborne contagion with a life of its own. Analyzing the extraordinary trans-cultural popularity of the Ring phenomenon, The Scary Screen locates much of its power in the ways in which the books and films astutely graft contemporary cultural preoccupations onto the generic elements of the ghost story—in particular, the Japanese ghost story. At the same time, the contributors demonstrate, these cultural concerns are themselves underwritten by a range of anxieties triggered by the advent of new communications and media technologies, perhaps most significantly, the shift from analog to digital. Mimicking the phenomenon it seeks to understand, the collection's power comes from its commitment to the full range of Ring-related output and its embrace of a wide variety of interpretive approaches, as the contributors chart the mutations of the Ring narrative from author to author, from medium to medium, and from Japan to Korea to the United States.
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The Modern Supernatural and the Beginnings of Cinema

Perhaps old movies, old movie theatres and even older media forms help to inspire more reflection on the triadic ... Koji Suzuki's 1991 novel Ring and its various adaptations (Ring/Ringu [1998], The Ring Virus [1999], The Ring [2002]).

Author: Murray Leeder

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137583710

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 209

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This study sees the nineteenth century supernatural as a significant context for cinema’s first years. The book takes up the familiar notion of cinema as a “ghostly,” “spectral” or “haunted” medium and asks what made such association possible. Examining the history of the projected image and supernatural displays, psychical research and telepathy, spirit photography and X-rays, the skeletons of the danse macabre and the ghostly spaces of the mind, it uncovers many lost and fascinating connections. The Modern Supernatural and the Beginnings of Cinema locates film’s spectral affinities within a history stretching back to the beginning of screen practice and forward to the digital era. In addition to examining the use of supernatural themes by pioneering filmmakers like Georges Méliès and George Albert Smith, it also engages with the representations of cinema’s ghostly past in Guy Maddin’s recent online project Seances (2016). It is ideal for those interested in the history of cinema, the study of the supernatural and the pre-history of the horror film.
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Myth Building in Modern Media

By this point, Mulder has witnessed his sister be abducted by aliens, almost died at the hands of a retro-virus from acidic green blood, glimpsed countless UFO's and alien creatures, encountered shape-shifting beings, cloned child ...

Author: A.J. Black

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9781476637556

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 213

View: 128

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Mythology for centuries has served as humanity's window into understanding its distant past. In our modern world, storytelling creates its own myths and legends, in media ranging from the world of television and cinema to literature and comic books, that help us make sense of the world we live in today. What is the "Mytharc"? How did it arise? How does it inform modern long-form storytelling? How does the classical hero's journey intersect with modern myths and narratives? And where might the storytelling of tomorrow take readers and viewers as we imagine our future? From The X-Files to H.P. Lovecraft, from Lost to the Marvel cinematic universe and many worlds beyond, this study explores our modern storytelling mythology and where it may lead us.
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This conception of a virus as a mysterious almost supernatural entity persisted up to the late 1930's , when the pioneer work of Stanley in the U.S.A. and Bawden and Pirie in the ... and with all kinds of media containing bacteria .


Publisher: CUP Archive



Page: 52

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Media Effects and Society

Consistent with Stephenson's (1988) play theory that holds that all voluntary media use should be pleasurable, ... They bring the supernatural, aliens, demons, serial killers, the undead, and rabid animals into our daily lives.

Author: Elizabeth M. Perse

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136992360

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 340

View: 414

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Grounded in theoretical principle, Media Effects and Society help students make the connection between mass media and the impact it has on society as a whole. The text also explores how the relationship individuals have with media is created, therefore helping them alleviate its harmful effects and enhance the positive ones. The range of media effects addressed herein includes news diffusion, learning from the mass media, socialization of children and adolescents, influences on public opinion and voting, and violent and sexually explicit media content. The text examines relevant research done in these areas and discusses it in a thorough and accessible manner. It also presents a variety of theoretical approaches to understanding media effects, including psychological and content-based theories. In addition, it demonstrates how theories can guide future research into the effects of newer mass communication technologies. The second edition includes a new chapter on effects of entertainment, as well as text boxes with examples for each chapter, discussion of new technology effects integrated throughout the chapters, expanded pedagogy, and updates to the theory and research in the text. These features enhance the already in-depth analysis Media Effects and Society provides.
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The Power of the Media in Health Communication

When it first struck Taiwan in 2003, a number of different names were created and imposed on it by the media, which is unusual when covering disease. In this chapter, the researcher applied Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in analysing ...

Author: Valentina Marinescu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317019510

Category: Medical

Page: 190

View: 475

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Health is a contested concept that has been defined in numerous ways. The media is extremely powerful in promoting health beliefs and in creating role models for contemporary people. The ways in which health is defined or understood can have wide-ranging implications and can have an impact on issues such as health promotion or health literacy. Health presentation in the media has a significant social impact because this type of message is important in changing people's beliefs, attitudes and behaviours relating to health and in promoting health-related knowledge among the target audience. The present volume provides an interdisciplinary and multicultural contemporary approach to the controversial link between medicine and media. The authors that have contributed to this volume analyse the media and medicine from different perspectives and different countries (USA, UK, Portugal, Turkey, Taiwan, Mexico, Estonia, Romania), thus offering a re-positioning of the study of media and medicine. The new perspectives offered by this volume will be of interest to any health communication or media studies student or academic since they bring to light new ideas, new methodologies and new results.
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Exploring Religion and the Sacred in a Media Age

... be a fundamental human endeavour, the existence of a supernatural God is not the be all and end all of religion. ... Dawkins may see religion as a wholly negative phenomenon—a virus, no less—but there are less fundamentalist (and ...

Author: Christopher Deacy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351937573

Category: Religion

Page: 280

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In recent years, there has been growing awareness across a range of academic disciplines of the value of exploring issues of religion and the sacred in relation to cultures of everyday life. Exploring Religion and the Sacred in a Media Age offers inter-disciplinary perspectives drawing from theology, religious studies, media studies, cultural studies, film studies, sociology and anthropology. Combining theoretical frameworks for the analysis of religion, media and popular culture, with focused international case studies of particular texts, practices, communities and audiences, the authors examine topics such as media rituals, marketing strategies, empirical investigations of audience testimony, and the influence of religion on music, reality television and the internet. Both academically rigorous and of interest to a wider readership, this book offers a wide range of fascinating explorations at the cutting edge of many contemporary debates in sociology, religion and media, including chapters on the way evangelical groups in America have made use of The Da Vinci Code and on the influences of religion on British club culture and electronic dance music.
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Gameplay Emotions and Narrative Independent Games Experienced

In such films a TV set, a radio receiver, an audio tape and a video tape—thus, media par excellence—turn out to be also media in the spiritualistic sense, as it is through them that supernatural powers were able to invade the depicted ...

Author: Katarzyna Marak


ISBN: 9780359961467

Category: Games & Activities

Page: 326

View: 818

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This book is devoted to emotional and narrative immersion in the experience of gameplay. The focus of our research is the complex interplay between the story and mechanics in digital games. Our goal is to demonstrate how the narrative and the ludic elements together can form unique player experiences. The volume is a collection of case studies involving close reading of selected independent titles, with focus placed on the themes, motifs and experimental approaches to gameplay present therein.
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Vampire Taxonomy

Virus. Versus. Curse. A lot of people question how it's possible to reconcile the idea of a vampire who has evolved from a religious curse to the more scientific notion of “vampire mutation as virus” that we see in the media today.

Author: Meredith Woerner

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101159484

Category: Humor

Page: 208

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Now that millions have read and seen Twilight, where do they turn for vampire advice? This wry, witty, fully illustrated, and bloody essential guide. Vampires are all around-books, movies, TV, comics- infiltrating our culture like never before. But what happens if one should run into a real vamp on the street? Vampire Taxonomy is the best defense against a fatal encounter in the dark. For the reader's protection, Meredith Woerner reveals the truth about: ?Sunlight sensitivity-Do vamps venture out in the day or stick solely to the evening hours? ?Physiology-When ready to feed, do they change appearance or simply lure with the seductive flash of a fang? ?Dress-Are they decked out in leather with aspirations of becoming the first vampire rock stars or do they cling to Gothic robes and ruffled collars? ?Diet-Are they waging a never-ending struggle against the temptation of human blood or do they view the world as their personal blood buffet?
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Getting the Message

... the Human Immuno-deficiency Virus, leads still to the misleading notions of the 'AIDS virus', the 'AIDS carrier' and the possibility of 'catching AIDS' (Watney 1987). It is still common for media reports to speak of the 'AIDS test', ...

Author: John Eldridge

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134895830

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

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The work of the Glasgow Media Group has long established their place at the forefront of Media Studies, and Getting the Message provides an ideal introduction to recent work by the Group. Contributors discuss themes such as the relationship between the media and public opinion, the emergence of TV news formats and styles, and the relations between theory and method in media research. Recent work undertaken by the Group on the media's role in reporting on AIDS, Vietnam, Northern Ireland and the Gulf War is also represented. In its fresh approach to the relationship between journalists and their sources and occupation analysis, the collection also illuminates how the earlier work of the group has been extended, and the ways in which its research has developed both individually and collectively. Getting the Message offers an invaluable and far-reaching exploration of the inter-relations between the production of media messages and their reception - an invaluable guide for any study of the development of media theory.
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Death in Supernatural

This description resonates with the show's use of “demonic germ warfare” to describe the Croatoan virus. ... Some of the earliest academic considerations focus on fan media analyses as well as issues of gender and sexuality.

Author: Amanda Taylor

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9781476668611

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 249

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Over 14 seasons, television’s Supernatural has developed a devoted following of both fans and scholars. The show has addressed big issues, including perhaps the biggest—death. This collection of new essays examines how death is represented and personified in the series, and how grief is processed in American society. Contributors discuss the show’s explorations of the ultimate mystery, with topics covering American traditions and attitudes, folklore and mythology, resurrection, and grief and grieving.
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From my vantage point, I could see the Supernatural virus floating harmlessly in the air. For now. ... It was the only virus in the world with the ability to think. ... I don't remember reading anything in any human media.

Author: Sonya Weiss

Publisher: Lyrical Press

ISBN: 9781601837295

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 150

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The Great Extinction, the prophesied war between the humans and the Supernaturals, has begun. Born a Supernatural, Juliet Sawyer has the ability to save the world from disaster. But after barely escaping the underground, power-sucking prison known as the Void, she finds herself on the brink of death and in the middle of a vengeful war. To survive, she’ll have to make a deal with her human captors. But the stakes are raised when she learns the government is holding her sister hostage. To rescue her, Juliet must become a weapon for humanity, fighting against her own kind—including Riley West, the boy she fell deeply in love with—and by whom she was abandoned. Forced to desert Juliet, Riley is on a mission to capture the human’s president and bring her to the Supernatural’s king. But if he fails, there will be no stopping the Night of Grief, which will unleash horrors capable of destroying humans and Supernaturals alike. With battle lines drawn, amid a flurry of secrets and betrayals, can Juliet and Riley rescue their love as well as all life on Earth? Or will someone get caught in the crossfire?
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Media Review Digest

VIRUS GROUND ZERO : STALKING THE KILLER VIRUSES WITH THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL ( by Ed Regis ) , read by Rob McQuay ( sarlos ) Books on Tape , 2000. 5 cassettes 480 min $ 64.00 The author documents the efforts of the physicians ...

Author: C. Edward Wall


ISBN: UOM:39015054021749

Category: Audio-visual materials


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Legend Tripping Online

Supernatural Folklore and the Search for Ong's Hat Michael Kinsella. Nicolaisen, W. F. H. 1984. “Legend As Narrative Response. ... Media Virus! Hidden Agendas in Popular Culture. New York: Ballantine Books. Sanderson, Ivan T. 1960.

Author: Michael Kinsella

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781604739848

Category: Social Science

Page: 211

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On the Internet, seekers investigate anonymous manifestos that focus on the findings of brilliant scientists said to have discovered pathways into alternate realities. Gathering on web forums, researchers not only share their observations, but also report having anomalous experiences, which they believe come from their online involvement with these veiled documents. Seeming logic combines with wild twists of lost Moorish science and pseudo-string theory. Enthusiasts insist any obstacle to revelation is a sure sign of great and wide-reaching efforts by consensus powers wishing to suppress all the liberating truths in the Incunabula Papers (included here in complete form). In Legend-Tripping Online, Michael Kinsella explores these and other extraordinary pursuits. This is the first book dedicated to legend-tripping, ritual quests in which people strive to explore and find manifest the very events described by supernatural legends. Through collective performances, legend-trippers harness the interpretive frameworks these stories provide and often claim incredible, out-of-this-world experiences that in turn perpetuate supernatural legends. Legends and legend-tripping are assuming tremendous prominence in a world confronting new speeds of diversification, connection, and increasing cognitive load. As guardians of tradition as well as agents of change, legends and the ordeals they inspire contextualize ancient and emergent ideas, behaviors, and technologies that challenge familiar realities. This book analyzes supernatural legends and the ways in which the sharing spirit of the Internet collectivizes, codifies, and makes folklore of fantastic speculation.
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Art Performance Media

... reminds me of the outbreak of " Virus 6 - 2 " in Cities of the Red Night . But I think what emerges in your work is not ... He did some very good stuff in the supernatural genre , which is one of the more difficult of all genres .

Author: Nicholas Zurbrugg

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816638330

Category: Art

Page: 407

View: 839

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Over the course of fifteen years, Nicholas Zurbrugg interviewed the avant-garde poets, filmmakers, dancers, writers, composers, and performance artists who were defying tradition, crossing genres, and forever changing how art would be created, performed, and interpreted. These conversations with thirty-one of the leading multimedia artists in the United States now form a comprehensive record, from the insiders' perspectives, of the most vital component of the postmodern American art world.Passionate about postmodernism and committed to innovative creativity, Zurbrugg asks these artists probing and insightful questions. How did their work evolve? Who most influenced them? How did they assess changes in contemporary art, and what did they think of each other's work? Which of their experiences had the most powerful effects on their creative development? What could lie ahead for American art? As these questions are answered by individual artists, the interviews also cumulatively address larger issues of artistic expression, including the idea of the avant-garde itself.The book features interviews with Kathy Acker, Charles Amirkhanian, Laurie Anderson, Robert Ashley, Beth B, David Blair, William S. Burroughs, Warren Burt, John Cage, Richard Foreman, Kenneth Gaburo, Diamanda Galás, John Giorno, Philip Glass, Brion Gysin, Dick Higgins, Jenny Holzer, Mike Kuchar, Robert Lax, Jackson Mac Low, Meredith Monk, Nam June Paik, Yvonne Rainer, Steve Reich, Rachel Rosenthal, Bill Viola, Larry Wendt, Emmett Williams, Robert Wilson, Nick Zedd, and Ellen Zweig. Introductory notes to each interview provide context and connect the work and experiences of various artists, and photographs of these artists contribute a significant visual element to the book.Nicholas Zurbrugg (1947-2001) was professor of English and cultural studies, as well as director of the Centre of Contemporary Arts, at De Montfort University in Leicester, England. He is the author of The Parameters of Postmodernism and Critical Vices: The Myths of Postmodern Theory.
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True Love s Bite

In the Twilight saga, Stephenie Meyer creates texts that feature supernatural characters most commonly associated with horror stories; however, the saga's plot structure is easily mapped onto Vladimir Propp's thirty one functions of the ...

Author: Colette Marie Murphy


ISBN: OCLC:694186187


Page: 200

View: 712

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Regardless of whether or not we read fairy tales or horror stories, we are acculturated with the structure, motifs, and moral expectations and lessons that accompany these genres. As the traditions morph over time, society learns and maintains assumptions about the characters and the plots that are featured within both types of stories. In the Twilight saga, Stephenie Meyer creates texts that feature supernatural characters most commonly associated with horror stories; however, the saga's plot structure is easily mapped onto Vladimir Propp's thirty one functions of the fairy tale. By manipulating our expectations of the vampire story and turning it into a fairy tale, Meyer has written her texts to be consumed by a culture that is primed to be receptive of this familiar plot structure, which allows Meyer's moral and cultural themes to infiltrate consumers cultural DNA, and positions the Twilight saga to be what Douglas Rushkoff defines as a media virus. As the virus spreads, questions arise as to how the Twilight saga will infect its audience, particularly the young adult females that make up the primary fan base. Keywords: Stephenie Meyer, Twilight, New Moon, Eclipse, Breaking Dawn, Midnight Sun, vampires, fairy tales, media virus, Bella Swan, Edward Cullen
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