The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze

Arnold considers the ways in which India’s material environment became increasingly subject to the colonial understanding of landscape and nature, and to the scientific scrutiny of itinerant naturalists.

Author: David John Arnold

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295800941

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

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Offers a new interpretation of the history of colonial India and a critical contribution to the understanding of environmental history and the tropical world. Arnold considers the ways in which India’s material environment became increasingly subject to the colonial understanding of landscape and nature, and to the scientific scrutiny of itinerant naturalists.
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Everyday Technology

Everyday Technology is a pioneering account of how small machines and consumer goods that originated in Europe and North America became objects of everyday use in India in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Author: David Arnold

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226922027

Category: Science

Page: 230

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In 1909 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, on his way back to South Africa from London, wrote his now celebrated tract Hind Swaraj, laying out his vision for the future of India and famously rejecting the technological innovations of Western civilization. Despite his protestations, Western technology endured and helped to make India one of the leading economies in our globalized world. Few would question the dominant role that technology plays in modern life, but to fully understand how India first advanced into technological modernity, argues David Arnold, we must consider the technology of the everyday. Everyday Technology is a pioneering account of how small machines and consumer goods that originated in Europe and North America became objects of everyday use in India in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Rather than investigate “big” technologies such as railways and irrigation projects, Arnold examines the assimilation and appropriation of bicycles, rice mills, sewing machines, and typewriters in India, and follows their impact on the ways in which people worked and traveled, the clothes they wore, and the kind of food they ate. But the effects of these machines were not limited to the daily rituals of Indian society, and Arnold demonstrates how such small-scale technologies became integral to new ways of thinking about class, race, and gender, as well as about the politics of colonial rule and Indian nationhood. Arnold’s fascinating book offers new perspectives on the globalization of modern technologies and shows us that to truly understand what modernity became, we need to look at the everyday experiences of people in all walks of life, taking stock of how they repurposed small technologies to reinvent their world and themselves.
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Poetry and Language Writing

In this timely volume, David Arnold not only provides a means for coming to terms with this influential mode of writing and its ongoing crisis of representation but also reassesses the complex relationship between language poetry and ...

Author: David Arnold

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 9781846311154

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 200

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Language Poetry, Language Writing, L=A=N=G=U=A=G=E writing—no matter the moniker, the impact of the movement and its particular pedigree of theory-conscious poetics, postmodern aesthetics, and non-academic stance cannot be denied. In this timely volume, David Arnold not only provides a means for coming to terms with this influential mode of writing and its ongoing crisis of representation but also reassesses the complex relationship between language poetry and surrealism, through discussion of some of late twentieth-century’s most innovative poets, including Charles Bernstein, Susan Howe, Michael Palmer, and Barrett Watten.
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The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

These perceptions and questions were rife in other parts of the tropical world as well. Curtin, Image of Africa. Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze. on Ceylon (Sri lanka), see James Webb, Tropical Pioneers.

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190673482

Category:

Page: 800

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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.
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Toxic Histories

Toxic Histories combines social, scientific, medical and environmental history to demonstrate the critical importance of poison and pollution to colonial governance, scientific authority and public anxiety in India between the 1830s and ...

Author: David Arnold

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316495506

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

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Toxic Histories combines social, scientific, medical and environmental history to demonstrate the critical importance of poison and pollution to colonial governance, scientific authority and public anxiety in India between the 1830s and 1950s. Against the background of India's 'poison culture' and periodic 'poison panics', David Arnold considers why many familiar substances came to be regarded under colonialism as dangerous poisons. As well as the criminal uses of poison, Toxic Histories shows how European and Indian scientists were instrumental in creating a distinctive system of forensic toxicology and medical jurisprudence designed for Indian needs and conditions, and how local, as well as universal, poison knowledge could serve constructive scientific and medical purposes. Arnold reflects on how the 'fear of a poisoned world' spilt over into concerns about contamination and pollution, giving ideas of toxicity a wider social and political significance that has continued into India's postcolonial era.
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The Beginning of the End

The Beginning of the End continues the story of Reserve Commander Warwick Hursey during World War II, and is the third and final book of the series that began with Love and War and continued with Hursey in Conflict.

Author: David Arnold

Publisher: Strategic Book Publishing & Rights Agency

ISBN: 9781631353086

Category:

Page: 368

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The Beginning of the End continues the story of Reserve Commander Warwick Hursey during World War II, and is the third and final book of the series that began with Love and War and continued with Hursey in Conflict. This is a graphic and realistically told story of action at sea and romance ashore. On his return from America, Warwick is appointed to command the light cruiser HMS Delhi and is employed escorting convoys to Murmansk, where his ship plays a part in the sinking of the German Battleship Scharnhorst. After escorting a fleet of landing craft to England from Gibraltar, he is posted to Camp Widewing, the huge U.S. and Allied Camp near London, which was planning for the D-Day landings. He observes and reports on the disastrous Operation Tiger, when over 900 American servicemen lost their lives. Warwick eventually falls in love with Brigitte Ziegler, a Danish refugee. The book ends as the USS Augusta with General Bradley and Commodore Hursey onboard weighs her anchor for the D-day invasion of June 6, 1944.
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The Cambridge Companion to Postcolonial Travel Writing

David Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze: India, Landscape, and Science, 1800–1856 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2011), 9. Oppermann, “From Ecological Postmodernism,” 28. Erik Mueggler, The Paper Road: Archive and ...

Author: Robert Clarke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108548717

Category: Literary Criticism

Page:

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The Cambridge Companion to Postcolonial Travel Writing offers readers an insight into the scope and range of perspectives that one encounters in this field of writing. Encompassing a diverse range of texts and styles, performances and forms, postcolonial travel writing recounts journeys undertaken through places, cultures, and communities that are simultaneously living within, through, and after colonialism in its various guises. The Companion is organized into three parts. Part I, 'Departures', addresses key theoretical issues, topics, and themes. Part II, 'Performances', examines a range of conventional and emerging travel performances and styles in postcolonial travel writing. Part III, 'Peripheries' continues to shift the analysis of travel writing from the traditional focus on Eurocentric contexts. This Companion provides a comprehensive overview of developments in the field, appealing to students and teachers of travel writing and postcolonial studies.
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Inscriptions of Nature

Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze, 3–73. 79. Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze, 67–70. 80. Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze, 69–70. 81. Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze, 73. 82.

Author: Pratik Chakrabarti

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421438757

Category: Science

Page: 280

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Driven by the geological imagination of India as well as its landscape, people, past, and destiny, Inscriptions of Nature reveals how human evolution, myths, aboriginality, and colonial state formation fundamentally defined Indian antiquity.
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Surveying the American Tropics

and uses both as a justification for imperialist 'improvement'; this imperial gaze was later reinvented as a key ... The Tourist Gaze, London: Sage, 2002; Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze; Sheller, Consuming the Caribbean, pp.

Author: Maria Cristina Fumagalli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9781846318900

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 365

View: 342

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A collection of essays from distinguished international scholars that explore the idea of a literary geography of the American Tropics.
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The City and the Wilderness

For examples of the literature on colonial botany in South Asia, see Grove, Green Imperialism; Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze Raj, Relocating Modern Science; and Kelley, Clandestine Marriage. These works are nevertheless ...

Author: Arash Khazeni

Publisher: California World History Library

ISBN: 9780520289697

Category: Burma

Page: 268

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The City and the Wilderness tells the story of a lost world of encounters. It recounts the journeys and micro-histories of Indo-Persian travelers across the Indian Ocean and their contacts with the Burmese Kingdom and its littoral during the turn of the nineteenth century. As Mughal sovereignty waned under mounting British colonial rule, Indo-Persian travelers and intermediaries linked to the East India Company explored and surveyed the Burmese Empire, inscribing it as a forest landscape and Buddhist kingdom at the crossroads of South and Southeast Asia. Revealing an archive of colonial Persian travel books and narratives in which Indo-Persian knowledge and perceptions of the wondrous edges of the Indian Ocean merged with the Orientalist pursuits of the East India Company, The City and the Wilderness uncovers the fading histories of inter-Asian crossings and exchanges at the ends of the Mughal world.
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Images of the Tropics

2005 e tropics and the traveling gaze; India, landscape, and science 1800–1856. Delhi: Permanent Black. [Nature, Culture, Conservation Series.] Asnan, Gusti 2002 'Transportation on the west coast of Sumatra 155 BIBLIOGRAPHY.

Author: Susie Protschky

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004253605

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

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Images of the Tropics critically examines Dutch colonial culture in the Netherlands Indies through the prism of landscape art. Susie Protschky contends that visual representations of nature and landscape were core elements of how Europeans understood the tropics, justified their territorial claims in the region, and understood their place both in imperial Europe and in colonized Asia during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Her book thus makes a significant contribution to studies of empire, art and environment, as well as to histories of Indonesia and Europe.
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Visuality Materiality

23 John Urry, The Tourist Gaze, second edition (London: Sage, 2002); Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze; Sheller, “Iconic Islands”, Consuming the Caribbean. 24 Also crucial here are sonic circulations of recorded music, ...

Author: Divya P. Tolia-Kelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317001119

Category: History

Page: 210

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Two of the key theoretical shifts over the past two decades of critical work have been the 'visual turn' and the 'material turn'. This book argues that these hitherto distinct fields should be understood as in continual dialogue and co-constitution and focuses on reconceptualising the visual as an embodied, material, and often politically-charged realm. This edited volume elaborates this conceptual argument through a series of contemporary case studies, drawn from the disciplines of Architecture, Sociology, Media Studies, Geography and Cultural Studies. The case studies included are paired around four themes: consumption, translation, practice and ethics. As well as exploring the bringing together of visuality and materiality studies, the contributors raise questions of social identity and social critique, and also focus on the ethics of material visualities.
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Aluminum Dreams

John Urry, The Tourist Gaze (2nd ed.) (London: Sage, 2002);Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze; Sheller, Consuming the Caribbean; Mimi Sheller, “Metallic Modernities in the Space Age:Visualizing the Caribbean, Materializing the ...

Author: Mimi Sheller

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262321372

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

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How aluminum enabled a high-speed, gravity-defying American modernity even as other parts of the world paid the price in environmental damage and political turmoil. Aluminum shaped the twentieth century. It enabled high-speed travel and gravity-defying flight. It was the material of a streamlined aesthetic that came to represent modernity. And it became an essential ingredient in industrial and domestic products that ranged from airplanes and cars to designer chairs and artificial Christmas trees. It entered modern homes as packaging, foil, pots and pans and even infiltrated our bodies through food, medicine, and cosmetics. In Aluminum Dreams, Mimi Sheller describes how the materiality and meaning of aluminum transformed modern life and continues to shape the world today. Aluminum, Sheller tells us, changed mobility and mobilized modern life. It enabled air power, the space age and moon landings. Yet, as Sheller makes clear, aluminum was important not only in twentieth-century technology, innovation, architecture, and design but also in underpinning global military power, uneven development, and crucial environmental and health concerns. Sheller describes aluminum's shiny utopia but also its dark side. The unintended consequences of aluminum's widespread use include struggles for sovereignty and resource control in Africa, India, and the Caribbean; the unleashing of multinational corporations; and the pollution of the earth through mining and smelting (and the battle to save it). Using a single material as an entry point to understanding a global history of modernization and its implications for the future, Aluminum Dreams forces us to ask: How do we assemble the material culture of modernity and what are its environmental consequences? Aluminum Dreams includes a generous selection of striking images of iconic aluminum designs, many in color, drawn from advertisements by Alcoa, Bohn, Kaiser, and other major corporations, pamphlets, films, and exhibitions.
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Cultures in Motion

William Cronon (New York: Norton, 1996); Sheller, Consuming the Caribbean; David Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze: India, Landscape and Science, 1800–1856 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2006). 49.

Author: Daniel T. Rodgers

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691176178

Category: History

Page: 384

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In the wide-ranging and innovative essays of Cultures in Motion, a dozen distinguished historians offer new conceptual vocabularies for understanding how cultures have trespassed across geography and social space. From the transformations of the meanings and practices of charity during late antiquity and the transit of medical knowledge between early modern China and Europe, to the fusion of Irish and African dance forms in early nineteenth-century New York, these essays follow a wide array of cultural practices through the lens of motion, translation, itinerancy, and exchange, extending the insights of transnational and translocal history. Cultures in Motion challenges the premise of fixed, stable cultural systems by showing that cultural practices have always been moving, crossing borders and locations with often surprising effect. The essays offer striking examples from early to modern times of intrusion, translation, resistance, and adaptation. These are histories where nothing--dance rhythms, alchemical formulas, musical practices, feminist aspirations, sewing machines, streamlined metals, or labor networks--remains stationary. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Celia Applegate, Peter Brown, Harold Cook, April Masten, Mae Ngai, Jocelyn Olcott, Mimi Sheller, Pamela Smith, and Nira Wickramasinghe.
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Red Coats and Wild Birds

Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze, 15. 70. Gaston, “Adams, Andrew Leith.” Adams also served in medical charge of the detachment of the Twenty-Second Regiment of Foot, with the expeditionary force under Sir Sydney Cotton, ...

Author: Kirsten A. Greer

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469649849

Category: Nature

Page: 190

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During the nineteenth century, Britain maintained a complex network of garrisons to manage its global empire. While these bases helped the British project power and secure trade routes, they served more than just a strategic purpose. During their tours abroad, many British officers engaged in formal and informal scientific research. In this ambitious history of ornithology and empire, Kirsten A. Greer tracks British officers as they moved around the world, just as migratory birds traversed borders from season to season. Greer examines the lives, writings, and collections of a number of ornithologist-officers, arguing that the transnational encounters between military men and birds simultaneously shaped military strategy, ideas about race and masculinity, and conceptions of the British Empire. Collecting specimens and tracking migratory bird patterns enabled these men to map the British Empire and the world and therefore to exert imagined control over it. Through its examination of the influence of bird watching on military science and soldiers' contributions to ornithology, Red Coats and Wild Birds remaps empire, nature, and scientific inquiry in the nineteenth-century world.
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The Filth Disease

I draw on Warwick Anderson's idea that tropical medicine saw the tropics and colonized peoples as research objects, and David Arnold's notion that a “traveling gaze” dominated British botanical attitudes toward understanding the early ...

Author: Jacob Steere-Williams

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781648250026

Category: History

Page: 340

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Shows how the investigation of local outbreaks of typhoid fever in Victorian Britain led to the emergence of the modern discipline of epidemiology as the leading science of public health
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Indian Travel Writing in the Age of Empire

The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze: India, Landscape, and Science 1800–1856. New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2005. Baker, Josephine J. 'Hawthorne's Picturesque at Home and Abroad', Studies in Romanticism 55 (2016): 417–444.

Author: Pramod K. Nayar

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9789389812404

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 248

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Indian Travel Writing in the Age of Empire studies a variety of travel narratives by Indian kings, evangelists, statesmen, scholars, merchants, leisure travellers and reformers. It identifies the key modes through which the Indian traveller engaged with Europe and the world-from aesthetic evaluations to cosmopolitan nationalist perceptions, from exoticism to a keen sense of connected and global histories. These modes are constitutive of the identity of the traveller. The book demonstrates how the Indian traveller defied the prescriptive category of the 'imperial subject' and fashions himself through this multilayered engagement with England, Europe and the world in different identities.
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French Romantic Travel Writing

science from the hurried observations of travellers,1 at the time great travelling naturalists such as Alexander von ... On William Hooker, so strongly influenced by Humboldt, see David Arnold, The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze ...

Author: C. W. Thompson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191642029

Category: Literary Criticism

Page:

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In the first half of the nineteenth century most leading French Romantic authors wrote travel books. French Romantic Travel Writing is the first study exclusively devoted to surveying the travelogues they produced and the reasons for, and significance of, this trend. Whilst 'the journey' was one of Romanticism's central images, suggesting as it did a dynamic, expanding, and evermore complex world in which artists' lives were increasingly experienced as wanderings and endless quests, the fashion for Romantic travel books was more marked in France than in Germany or England. Chateaubriand, Staël, Stendhal, Nodier, Hugo, Lamartine, Nerval, Gautier, Sand, Custine, Quinet, Mérimée, Dumas, and Tristan all wrote one or more travelogues, including at least four masterpieces-Hugo's Le Rhin (1842), Nerval's Voyage en Orient (1851), and Stendhal's two Rome, Naples et Florence (1817 and 1826). The book explores the reasons for this difference from England and Germany. These include French foreign and cultural policies, as well as the particular needs of Parisian publishers. It puts forward the case for the collective achievement of these Romantic travel books, compared to those of most later writers in nineteenth-century France. A distinctive feature of the survey is its belief in the value of concentrating on the text of these books as published by their authors, as opposed to manuscript and peripheral material.
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Transcultural Ecocriticism

77 Arnold, Tropics and the Traveling Gaze, 24–5. 78 Mackintosh, Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa, 2:25. 79 See William Jones, Poems Consisting Chiefly of Translations from the Asiatic Languages (Oxford, 1772), 173–99.

Author: Stuart Cooke

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350121645

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

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Bringing together decolonial, Romantic and global literature perspectives, Transcultural Ecocriticism explores innovative new directions for the field of environmental literary studies. By examining these literatures across a range of geographical locations and historical periods – from Romantic period travel writing to Chinese science fiction and Aboriginal Australian poetry – the book makes a compelling case for the need for ecocriticism to competently translate between Indigenous and non-Indigenous, planetary and local, and contemporary and pre-modern perspectives. Leading scholars from Australasia and North America explore links between Indigenous knowledges, Romanticism, globalisation, avant-garde poetics and critical theory in order to chart tensions as well as affinities between these discourses in a variety of genres of environmental representation, including science fiction, poetry, colonial natural history and oral narrative.
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Force of Nature

See David Arnold's The Tropics and Traveling Gaze: India, Landscape and Science, 1800-1856 (New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2005), pp. 126-9. Reginald Heber, Narrative of a Journey through the Upper Provinces of India, vol.

Author: Sajal Nag

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351393935

Category: History

Page: 186

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The study of environmental history is no more only of forests, rivers, but also of agriculture, climate, economic practices and human culture. In recent times environmental studies as a discipline has come to the forefront with growing concerns over the ozone layer depletion but has led to investigation of the historical factors and processes of man and environment relationship and its impact. Very little was earlier known about the devastative impact on the environment of imperialism, state capitalism of post-colonial nations and the liberalization and globalization of these economies. There is no aspect of the environment which has not felt the impact of such developmental human process. Rivers have thus either dried up or are polluted with highly toxic materials, seas and oceans have become the dumping ground of nuclear and other wastes, streams are blocked, rains reduced, forest covers depleted, wildlife has dwindled, concrete jungles have replaced green fields and natural water-bodies, desertification of landscapes has happened. It has had its own impact on human life as well. Droughts, floods, dust storms, landslides, water shortage, agricultural decline and food crisis, starvation and epidemics followed. The planet earth and its inhabitants are currently in the throes of the most devastating man-made crisis for survival. In an attempt to enhance our understanding of the environmental crisis, the present collection has essays investigating wide ranging events ranging from understanding climate from logbook of East India Company to the construction of Himalayan tropics; environmental cost of damming the Damodar River to water politics of south India; impact of Tsunami of the years 1737 as well as of 2004-5; politics over earthquake rehabilitation to the Sarna movements of eastern Indian tribals.
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