The Unfolding Of Language


Author: Guy Deutscher
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1407070282
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 368
View: 6385
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'Language is mankind's greatest invention - except of course, that it was never invented.' So begins Guy Deutscher's fascinating investigation into the evolution of language. No one believes that the Roman Senate sat down one day to design the complex system that is Latin grammar, and few believe, these days, in the literal truth of the story of the Tower of Babel. But then how did there come to be so many languages, and of such elaborate design? If we started off with rudimentary utterances on the level of 'man throw spear', how did we end up with sophisticated grammars, enormous vocabularies, and intricately nuanced shades of meaning? Drawing on recent, groundbreaking discoveries in modern linguistics, Deutscher exposes the elusive forces of creation at work in human communication. Along the way, we learn why German maidens are neuter while German turnips are female, why we have feet not foots, and how great changes in pronunciation may result from simple laziness...

Im Spiegel der Sprache

warum die Welt in anderen Sprachen anders aussieht
Author: Guy Deutscher
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406606892
Category: Comparative linguistics
Page: 320
View: 9989
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"Ich spreche Spanisch zu Gott, Italienisch zu den Frauen, Französisch zu den Männern und Deutsch zu meinem Pferd.' Die scherzhafte Vermutung Karls V., dass verschiedene Sprachen nicht in allen Situationen gleich gut zu gebrauchen sind, findet wohl auch heute noch breite Zustimmung. Doch ist sie aus sprachwissenschaftlicher Sicht haltbar? Sind alle Sprachen gleich komplex, oder ist Sprache ein Spiegel ihrer kulturellen Umgebung - sprechen 'primitive' Völker 'primitive' Sprachen? Und inwieweit sieht die Welt, wenn sie 'durch die Brille' einer anderen Sprache gesehen wird, anders aus? Das neue Buch des renommierten Linguisten Guy Deutscher ist eine sagenhafte Tour durch Länder, Zeiten und Sprachen. Auf seiner Reise zu den aktuellsten Ergebnissen der Sprachforschung geht Guy Deutscher mit Captain Cook auf Känguruh-Jagd, prüft mit William Gladstone die vermeintliche Farbblindheit der Griechen zur Zeit Homers und verfolgt Rudolf Virchow in Carl Hagenbecks Zoo auf dem Kurfürstendamm im Berlin des 19. Jahrhunderts. Mitreisende werden nicht nur mit einer glänzend unterhaltsamen Übersicht der Sprachforschung, mit humorvollen Highlights, unerwarteten Wendungen und klugen Antworten belohnt. Sie vermeiden auch einen Kardinalfehler, dem Philologen, Anthropologen und - wer hätte das gedacht - auch Naturwissenschaftler allzu lange aufgesessen sind: die Macht der Kultur zu unterschätzen." -- Publisher's website.

Du Jane, ich Goethe

eine Geschichte der Sprache
Author: Guy Deutscher
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406578281
Category: Language and languages
Page: 381
View: 1460
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Der "Niedergang" unserer Sprache wird viel beklagt. Dabei haben die gleichen treibenden Kräfte, die hinter dem Verfall der Sprache stecken, auch deren beispiellose Entwicklung ermöglicht weg vom Niveau steinzeitlicher Äußerungen wie "Ich Tarzan, du Jane" und hin zu den ausgeklügelten Grammatiken von heute. Wie es dazu kam und um welche Kräfte es sich handelt, das erklärt uns Guy Deutscher geistreich und mit viel Witz.

Complementation

A Cross-Linguistic Typology
Author: R. M. W. Dixon,Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191516422
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 308
View: 7325
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This book explores the variety of types of complementation found across the languages of the world and their grammatical properties and meanings. It shows how languages differ in the grammatical properties of complement clauses and in the types of verbs which take them, and explores the complement strategies deployed by languages which lack a complement clause construction. The book includes detailed studies of particular languages, including Akkadian, Israeli, Jarawara, and Pennsylvania German. These are framed by R. M. W. Dixon's introduction, which sets out the range of issues, and his conclusion, which draws together the evidence and the arguments.

A Cultural History of the Arabic Language


Author: Sharron Gu
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476602948
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 288
View: 9990
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This history of literary Arabic describes the evolution of Arabic poetry and prose in the context of music, ritual performance, the arts and architecture. The thousands-of-years-old language is perhaps more highly developed and refined than any other on earth. This book focuses on what is unique about Arabic compared to other major languages of the world (Greek, Latin, Hebrew, English and Spanish) and how the distinct characteristics of Arabic took shape at various points in its history. The book provides a cultural background for understanding social and political institutions and religious beliefs—more influenced by the rhythms and depths of poetic language than other cultures—in the Middle East today.

Discourse, of Course

An overview of research in discourse studies
Author: Jan Renkema
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027289816
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 393
View: 3584
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Discourse, of Course comes after Jan Renkema’s Introduction to Discourse Studies (2004) for undergraduates. The new book is a collection of twenty short papers. It is a capita selecta course and meant for graduate programs. The aim of this book is threefold: • to present material for advanced courses in discourse studies; • to unfold a stimulating display of research projects to future PhD students; • to give an overview of new developments after the 2004 Introduction to Discourse Studies. This publication fulfills both the teacher's need for a state-of-the-art overview of the main topics in discourse, and the student's need to acquire standards for developing research plans in theses and dissertations. It gives a combination of approaches from very different schools in discourse studies, ranging from argumentation theory to genre theory, from the study of multimodal metaphors to cognitive approaches to coherence analysis. This book is not only meant to serve as a textbook, but also as a reference book for researchers who want an update for various main topics in the field.

Politeness in East Asia


Author: Dániel Z. Kádár,Sara Mills
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113949757X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
View: 4030
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We use politeness every day when interacting with other people. Yet politeness is an impressively complex linguistic process, and studying it can tell us a lot about the social and cultural values of social groups or even a whole society, helping us to understand how humans 'encode' states of mind in their words. The traditional, stereotypical view is that people in East Asian cultures are indirect, deferential and extremely polite - sometimes more polite than seems necessary. This revealing book takes a fresh look at the phenomenon, showing that the situation is far more complex than these stereotypes would suggest. Taking examples from Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Vietnamese and Singaporean Chinese, it shows how politeness differs across countries, but also across social groups and subgroups. This book is essential reading for those interested in intercultural communication, linguistics and East Asian languages.

What about Darwin?

All Species of Opinion from Scientists, Sages, Friends, and Enemies Who Met, Read, and Discussed the Naturalist Who Changed the World
Author: Thomas F. Glick
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801897528
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 552
View: 692
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The quotations trace a broad conversation about Darwin across great distances of time and space, revealing his profound influence on the great thinkers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Die schreckliche deutsche Sprache / The Awful German Language

Englisch/Deutsch (Reclams Universal-Bibliothek)
Author: Mark Twain
Publisher: Reclam Verlag
ISBN: 315961395X
Category: Fiction
Page: 78
View: 6767
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"Meine philologischen Studien haben mich davon überzeugt, dass ein begabter Mensch Englisch (außer Rechtschreibung und Aussprache) in 30 Stunden, Französisch in 30 Tagen und Deutsch in 30 Jahren lernen kann."Mit bissigem Humor beschreibt Mark Twain, der 1878 auf seiner zweiten Europareise auch Deutschland besuchte, die Absonderlichkeiten der deutschen Sprache: kilometerlange Wörter, Sätze, bei denen nach einer Viertelstunde ganz zum Schluss das Verb kommt, "und hinter das Verb stellt der Verfasser noch haben sind gewesen gehabt haben geworden sein". Das ist äußerst amüsant zu lesen, zumal wenn man, wie hier, das Original daneben hat, in dem die deutschen Wörter noch fremdartiger wirken. Und ganz nebenbei lernt man dadurch die eigene Sprache noch besser kennen.

Words in Motion

Language and Discourse in Post-new Order Indonesia
Author: Keith Foulcher,Mikihiro Moriyama,Manneke Budiman
Publisher: Singapore University Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 312
View: 9273
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Political changes since the fall of the Suharto regime in 1998 have had a significant impact on linguistic and discursive practices in Indonesia. The language policy of the state has become less restrictive than in the past, when Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) was vigorously promoted as one of the symbols of the unity of the country's diverse ethnic groups. Monolingualism in public space has given way to more fluid and pluralistic language use, and regional autonomy legislation enacted in 1999 has encouraged expressions of regional identities and aspirations, opening up a space for the promotion and use of regional languages in the media, education and the bureaucracy. Concurrently, technological development, in particular widespread access to the internet, has exposed Indonesian society much more directly than before to global flows of information, giving rise to changes stemming in part from sources outside Indonesia, but interpreted and shaped according to local conditions and socio-cultural practices. The meeting of these two vectors, one generated internally and the other coming from exposure to global trends, is producing a situation of diversity, fluidity and change in language use and discursive practice in contemporary Indonesian society. While contributors to this volume discuss Indonesian-language expression at the national level, a particular focus of the collection is on regional, local and minority languages, where problems associated with decentralization find their counterpart in the role that language plays in the workings of regional and national identity politics.

A Mind for Language


Author: Harry Van Der Hulst
Publisher: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780757549885
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 382
View: 5094
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 7167
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Publishers Weekly


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 9804
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Biological Psychology

An Introduction to Behavioral, Cognitive, and Clinical Neuroscience
Author: S. Marc Breedlove,Neil Verne Watson,Mark R. Rosenzweig
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 624
View: 8933
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Book Description: Biological Psychology is a comprehensive survey of the biological bases of behavior that is authoritative and up-to-date. Designed for undergraduates enrolled in Biological Psychology, Physiological Psychology, or Behavioral Neuroscience, the book continues to offer an outstanding illustration program that engages students, making even complicated topics and processes clear. It offers a broad perspective, encompassing lucid descriptions of behavior, evolutionary history, development, proximate mechanisms, and applications. The Sixth Edition features a thoroughly redesigned and up-to-date Cognitive Neuroscience module (Part VI; Chapters 17 19), with expanded coverage of attention, executive control, and decision-making processes, in keeping with the latest research breakthroughs. Optional advanced topics are available on the Web as A Step Further, streamlining the printed text to emphasize the important points. The new edition boasts hundreds of new references, including research students may have encountered in the popular media. Yet critical thinking skills are also honed as the reader is alerted to the many widely held myths about the neuroscience of behavior and educated about facts that sound unlikely to the uninformed. Thorough and reader-friendly, Biological Psychology reveals the fascinating interactions of brain and behavior. KEY FEATURES: The book has an outstanding full-color art program, including hundreds of original illustrations that make it easy to understand structures, mechanisms, and processes in the brain. Each chapter opens with a brief outline and a narrative illustrating an important aspect of behavioral biology that will be made clear to the student by reading the rest of the chapter. Redesigned chapter summaries are organized by main chapter heads in a readable two-column format. Each has bold-faced key terms, callouts to pertinent figures, and references to the Companion Website. Bold-faced terms are defined in the margins of the text to help students identify and learn key terminology. All references to figures, tables, and boxes are boldfaced and in color, for easy differentiation from the body of the text. The free-access Biological Psychology Companion Website is referenced from in-text callouts and in the chapter summaries.

Mit anderen Worten

Wie ich mich ins Italienische verliebte
Author: Jhumpa Lahiri
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644049610
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 144
View: 2631
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Die amerikanische Bestsellerautorin Jhumpa Lahiri («Das Tiefland», «Einmal im Leben») hat ein gewagtes Experiment unternommen. Als Sprecherin zweier Sprachen, Englisch und Bengalisch, machte sie sich auf, eine dritte so gut zu lernen, dass sie sie nicht nur fließend sprechen, sondern sogar darin schreiben konnte: das Italienische. Dies ist die Geschichte eines kulturellen und linguistischen Abenteuers. Mit zwei Sprachen wuchs Jhumpa Lahiri auf: In der Familie wurde Bengalisch gesprochen, Lesen und Schreiben lernte sie auf Englisch in den USA. In beiden Sprachen fühlte sie sich nie ganz beheimatet. Doch dann, während einer Florenzreise 1994 – eine jähe, wilde Affäre mit dem Italienischen, einer Sprache, die neue Freiheit, Abenteuer und Unabhängigkeit verhieß. Doch gleich wurden die jungen Liebenden wieder getrennt: Lahiri kehrte zurück nach New York, und jahrelang hielten nur ein kleines Lexikon in ihrer Handtasche sowie der knappen Lebenszeit abgerungene Privatstunden bei wechselnden Lehrerinnen die Flamme am Brennen. Bis sie 2013 – ihr Leben als freie Schriftstellerin machte es möglich – Hals über Kopf mit der gesamten Familie nach Rom zog. Und nun wurde aus Leidenschaft Lebensernst ... Dies ist ein sehr persönliches Buch, die präzise Auseinandersetzung einer Schriftstellerin mit einer Fremdsprache, die langsam zur eigenen Sprache wird, und mit einem Land, das ihre neue Heimat werden soll. Italien! Rom! Die Geschichte! Die Lebensart! Zugleich berührt es große Fragen: Heimat, Identität, was ist das überhaupt, woraus entsteht es? Lahiri tauchte so tief in die Fremdheit der neuen Sprache und Kultur ein, bis sie in der Lage war, ihr erstes Buch auf Italienisch zu schreiben. Hier ist es – im tiefsten Sinne des Wortes eine Liebesgeschichte.

Library Journal


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Libraries
Page: N.A
View: 9851
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The Linguistic Review


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Grammar, Comparative and general
Page: N.A
View: 3939
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Degrammaticalization


Author: Muriel Norde
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 256
View: 894
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Grammaticalization is a well-attested process of linguistic change in which a lexical item becomes a function word, which may be further reduced to a clitic or affix. Proponents of the universality of grammaticalization have usually argued that it is unidirectional and have thus found it a useful tool in linguistic reconstruction. In this book Professor Norde shows that change is reversible on all levels: semantic, morphological, syntactic, and phonological. As a consequence, the alleged unidirectionality of grammaticalization is not a reliable reconstructional tool, even if degrammaticalization is a rare phenomenon. Degrammaticalization, she argues, is essentially different from grammaticalization: it usually comprises a single change, examples being shifts from affix to clitic, or from function word to lexical item. And where grammaticalization can be seen as a process, degrammaticalization is often the by-product of other changes. Nevertheless, she shows that it can be described, like grammaticalization, in a principled way, in order to establish whether a change in a word has been from more to less grammatical or vice versa, and the stages by which it has become so. Using data from different languages she constructs a typology of degrammaticalization changes. She explains why degrammaticalization is so rare and why some linguists have such strongly negative feelings about the possibility of its existence. She adds to the understanding of grammaticalization and makes a significant contribution to methods of linguistic reconstruction and the study of language change. She writes clearly, aiming to be understood by advanced undergraduate students as well as appealing to scholars and graduate researchers in historical linguistics.

The Library Journal

Chiefly Devoted to Library Economy and Bibliography
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Libraries
Page: N.A
View: 7048
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Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Also issued separately.

Language


Author: George Melville Bolling,Bernard Bloch
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language and languages
Page: N.A
View: 3041
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