The Unthinkable Revolution in Iran


Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674039834
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 8842
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The shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, would remain on the throne for the foreseeable future: This was the firm conclusion of a top-secret CIA analysis issued in October 1978. One hundred days later the shah--despite his massive military, fearsome security police, and superpower support was overthrown by a popular and largely peaceful revolution. But the CIA was not alone in its myopia, as Charles Kurzman reveals in this penetrating work; Iranians themselves, except for a tiny minority, considered a revolution inconceivable until it actually occurred. Revisiting the circumstances surrounding the fall of the shah, Kurzman offers rare insight into the nature and evolution of the Iranian revolution and into the ultimate unpredictability of protest movements in general. As one Iranian recalls, "The future was up in the air." Through interviews and eyewitness accounts, declassified security documents and underground pamphlets, Kurzman documents the overwhelming sense of confusion that gripped pre-revolutionary Iran, and that characterizes major protest movements. His book provides a striking picture of the chaotic conditions under which Iranians acted, participating in protest only when they expected others to do so too, the process approaching critical mass in unforeseen and unforeseeable ways. Only when large numbers of Iranians began to "think the unthinkable," in the words of the U.S. ambassador, did revolutionary expectations become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A corrective to 20-20 hindsight, this book reveals shortcomings of analyses that make the Iranian revolution or any major protest movement seem inevitable in retrospect.

Bis wir frei sind

Mein Kampf für Menschenrechte im Iran
Author: Shirin Ebadi
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 3492974813
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 304
View: 1891
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Shirin Ebadi, die erste muslimische Friedensnobelpreisträgerin, wurde wegen ihres Engagements für Menschenrechte in ihrem Heimatland jahrelang von der iranischen Regierung bedroht und schikaniert – und verlor dabei alles: ihren Ehemann, ihr Zuhause, ihre Freunde, ihr Hab und Gut. Nur eines konnte man der Menschenrechtsaktivistin nicht nehmen: den Glauben an eine bessere Zukunft und den Willen, für ihre Überzeugungen zu kämpfen. Nun erzählt sie auf bewegende und erschütternde Weise von ihrem unablässigen Kampf für Freiheit und Gerechtigkeit, den sie trotz aller Widrigkeiten auch im Exil unerschrocken fortführt. Nach dem großen Erfolg von »Mein Iran« ist dies der zweite Teil ihrer beeindruckenden Geschichte.

Islam


Author: N.A
Publisher: PediaPress
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 6337
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Der Muslim und die Jüdin


Author: Ronen Steinke
Publisher: eBook Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3827079535
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 7487
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Die israelische Holocaust-Gedenkstätte Yad Vashem hat bis heute mehr als 25 000 mutige Männer und Frauen geehrt, die während des Zweiten Weltkriegs Juden retteten. Diese Geschichte ist trotzdem einzigartig. Unter den »Gerechten unter den Völkern« ist bislang nur ein Araber: Mohammed Helmy. Er lebte in Berlin. Den ganzen Krieg über blieb er in der Stadt. Der Ägypter balancierte ständig auf einem schmalen Grat zwischen Anpassung und Subversion, und er vollbrachte ein wahres Husarenstück, um die Nazis auszutricksen. So rettete er die Jüdin Anna Boros. Dieses Buch wirft ein Licht auf eine fast vergessene Welt, das alte arabische Berlin der Weimarer Zeit, das gebildet, fortschrittlich und in weiten Teilen alles andere als judenfeindlich war. Einige Araber in Deutschland stellten sich in den Dienst des NS-Regimes. Aber eine nicht unbedeutende Gruppe – und von ihr handelt diese Geschichte – bildete einen Teil des deutschen Widerstands gegen den NS-Terror.

Der andere Iran

Geschichte und Kultur von 1900 bis zur Gegenwart
Author: Peyman Jafari
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406606441
Category:
Page: 223
View: 5076
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Iran in the 21st Century

Politics, Economics & Conflict
Author: Homa Katouzian,Hossein Shahidi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134077599
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 320
View: 894
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Iran is an ancient country, an oil-exporting economy and an Islamic Republic. It experienced two full-scale revolutions in the twentieth century, the latter of which had large and important regional and international consequences, including an eight-year war with Saddam Hussein’s Iraq. And now in the twenty-first century, it confronts issues and experiences problems which have important implications for its future development and external relations. Featuring outstanding contributions from leading sociologists, social anthropologists, political scientists and economists in the field of Iranian studies, this book is the first to examine Iran and its position in the contemporary world. In developing this argument, topics examined include: social developments in the country including gender relations contemporary politics international relations relations with the US and Israel nuclear weapons and energy programmes oil and the development of the economy.

Ihr wisst nichts über uns!

Meine Reisen durch einen unbekannten Islam
Author: Charlotte Wiedemann
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
ISBN: 3451346117
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 9677
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Ein Islam ohne Klischees: Auf ihren Reisen erlebt Charlotte Wiedemann eine Vielfalt muslimischen Lebens, die in unseren Nachrichten kaum vorkommt. Geschichten vom Aufbruch, von Konflikten, von Hoffnungen, recherchiert an Universitäten ebenso wie in Bauernhütten. Oft stehen Frauen im Mittelpunkt. Meisterwerke journalistischer Erzählkunst.

Mein Iran

Ein Leben zwischen Hoffnung und Revolution
Author: Shirin Ebadi
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 3492975437
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 304
View: 5548
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Seit Jahrzehnten setzt sich Shirin Ebadi für Menschenrechte und eine Reform der iranischen Gesellschaft ein. In »Mein Iran« erzählt die Friedensnobelpreisträgerin von den frühen Jahren ihres politischen Engagements, ihrer Zeit als Richterin, den Demütigungen und Schikanen durch die islamische Revolution bis hin zu ihrer Verhaftung und ihrem dennoch fortwährenden Kampf. Ein beeindruckendes Zeugnis politischen Muts und ein tiefer Einblick in die Strukturen eines gespaltenen Landes.

Revolution in the Making of the Modern World

Social Identities, Globalization and Modernity
Author: John Foran,David Lane,Andreja Zivkovic
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134003250
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 6244
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This volume questions whether ideas of revolution are still relevant in the postmodern and globalized world of the twenty-first century. Featuring contributions from some of the world's leading sociological and political thinkers on revolution, it combines theoretical concerns with a variety of detailed case studies of individual revolutions. Subjects covered include: democracy and revolution from 1789 to 1989 twentieth century revolutions and theories of revolution, including Marxism, modernization and structuralist theories revolution in the "Third World" and the variable geometry of the paths to modernity Islamic revolutions and modernity the 1989 revolutions as "democratic revolutions" or "elite-led transitions" globalization, the nation-state and revolution empire and "democratic revolution" network society and revolution Islamic fundamentalism, international terrorism and revolution democratic revolution as a new form of revolution postmodern theories of revolution new social movements, identities and new figures of revolution. Revolution in the Making of the Modern World will be essential reading for students and scholars of comparative politics, political theory, revolution and political sociology.

Der islamische Faschismus

Eine Analyse
Author: Hamed Abdel-Samad
Publisher: Droemer eBook
ISBN: 3426422468
Category: Religion
Page: 240
View: 3363
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Der Islamismus entstand parallel zum italienischen Faschismus und zum Nationalsozialismus. Sein faschistoides Gedankengut reicht allerdings weit zurück – es ist bereits im Ur-Islam angelegt. Hamed Abdel-Samad schlägt in seiner Analyse einen Bogen von den Ursprüngen des Islam bis hin zur Gegenwart. Ein provokantes Buch, dessen Thesen Hamed Abdel-Samad eine Mord-Fatwa einbrachten.

Handbuch Transformationsforschung


Author: Raj Kollmorgen,Wolfgang Merkel,Hans-Jürgen Wagener
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658053488
Category: Political Science
Page: 789
View: 3240
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Transformation als nicht-evolutorischer gesellschaftlicher Wandel ist ein historisches Phänomen der Moderne. Gegenstand des Handbuchs sind Felder, Theorien und Methoden der sozialwissenschaftlichen Transformationsforschung. Am Anfang stehen die drei großen Paradigmen der Transformationsforschung: System, Institutionen und Akteure. Es folgen prominente Forschungsansätze unter anderem aus der Modernisierungstheorie, dem Strukturalismus, dem Historischen Institutionalismus, der Entwicklungsökonomik und der Politischen Ökonomie. Ein weiterer Teil ist den Methoden gewidmet. Quantitativ-statistische Verfahren werden hier ebenso vorgestellt wie makro-qualitative Methoden, Methoden aus der Ethnographie, den Wirtschaftswissenschaften und der Diskursanalyse. Nach einem Überblick über die wichtigsten historischen Wellen gesellschaftlicher Transformationen folgt ein Blick auf Sphären der Transformation wie Recht, Staat, Wirtschaft und Zivilgesellschaft. Mehr als vierzig kürzere Stichworte von A wie Autokratieförderung bis W wie Wohlfahrtsregime vertiefen einzelne transformatorische Grundprobleme. Dieses Handbuch integriert politikwissenschaftliche, soziologische und wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Perspektiven. Daneben finden rechts- und kulturwissenschaftliche Zugänge Berücksichtigung.

Shi'i Theology in Iran

The Challenge of Religious Experience
Author: Ori Goldberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136649034
Category: Religion
Page: 224
View: 4706
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Taking a theologically oriented method for engaging with historical and cultural phenomena, this book explores the challenge, offered by revolutionary Shi’i theology in Iran, to Western conventions on theology, revolution and religion’s role in the creation of identity. Offering a stringent critique of current literature on political Islam and on Iran's 1979 Islamic Revolution, the author suggests that current literature fails to perceive and engage with the revolution and its thought as religious phenomena. Grounded in the experience of unconditional faith in God, Shi'i thinkers recognize a distinction between the human and the divine. Concerned with the challenge of constructing a virtuous society, these thinkers pose a model of authority and morality based on mediation, interpretation and participation in the experience of faith. Ori Goldberg considers this interpretative model utilizing a broad array of theoretical tools, most notably critical theologies drawn from Jewish and Christian thought. He draws on a close reading of several texts written by prominent Iranian Shi'i thinkers between 1940 and 2000, most of which are translated into English for the first time, to reveal a vibrant, complex discourse. Presenting a new interfaith perspective on a subject usually considered beyond the scope of such research, this book will be an important reference for scholars of Iranian studies, political Islam, theology and cultural studies.

Im Rosengarten der Märtyrer

ein Portrait des Iran
Author: Christopher De Bellaigue
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406548079
Category:
Page: 340
View: 4190
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Meccanomics


Author: Vali Nasr
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780740573
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 8756
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Renowned Middle-East expert Vali Nasr combines historical narrative with contemporary on-the-ground research to introduce a Muslim World we’ve never seen. Meccanomics takes us behind the news, so dominated by the struggle against extremists and the Taliban, to reveal a new society, one that is being reshaped by an upwardly mobile middle class of entrepreneurs, investors, professionals, and insatiable consumers. His insights into the true situations in Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the crucial bright spots of Dubai and Turkey provide a whole new way of thinking about the troubles and prospects in the region. Nasr’s groundbreaking analysis offers a powerful reassessment of a region where financial might – not fundamentalism – does the talking.

Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Jack A. Goldstone
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199858527
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 4638
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From 1789 in France to 2011 in Cairo, revolutions have shaken the world. In their pursuit of social justice, revolutionaries have taken on the assembled might of monarchies, empires, and dictatorships. They have often, though not always, sparked cataclysmic violence, and have at times won miraculous victories, though at other times suffered devastating defeat. This Very Short Introduction illuminates the revolutionaries, their strategies, their successes and failures, and the ways in which revolutions continue to dominate world events and the popular imagination. Starting with the city-states of ancient Greece and Rome, Jack Goldstone traces the development of revolutions through the Renaissance and Reformation, the Enlightenment and liberal constitutional revolutions such as in America, and their opposite--the communist revolutions of the 20th century. He shows how revolutions overturned dictators in Nicaragua and Iran and brought the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, and examines the new wave of non-violent "color" revolutions-the Philippines' Yellow Revolution, Ukraine's Orange Revolution--and the Arab Uprisings of 2011-12 that rocked the Middle East. Goldstone also sheds light on the major theories of revolution, exploring the causes of revolutionary waves, the role of revolutionary leaders, the strategies and processes of revolutionary change, and the intersection between revolutions and shifting patterns of global power. Finally, the author examines the reasons for diverse revolutionary outcomes, from democracy to civil war and authoritarian rule, and the likely future of revolution in years to come. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

The Wages of Oil

Parliaments and Economic Development in Kuwait and the UAE
Author: Michael Herb
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801454689
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 464
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The contrast between Kuwait and the UAE today illustrates the vastly different possible futures facing the smaller states of the Gulf. Dubai's rulers dream of creating a truly global business center, a megalopolis of many millions attracting immigrants in great waves from near and far. Kuwait, meanwhile, has the most spirited and influential parliament in any of the oil-rich Gulf monarchies. In The Wages of Oil, Michael Herb provides a robust framework for thinking about the future of the Gulf monarchies. The Gulf has seen enormous changes in recent years, and more are to come. Herb explains the nature of the changes we are likely to see in the future. He starts by asking why Kuwait is far ahead of all other Gulf monarchies in terms of political liberalization, but behind all of them in its efforts to diversify its economy away from oil. He compares Kuwait with the United Arab Emirates, which lacks Kuwait's parliament but has moved ambitiously to diversify. This data-rich book reflects the importance of both politics and economic development issues for decision-makers in the Gulf. Herb develops a political economy of the Gulf that ties together a variety of issues usually treated separately: Kuwait's National Assembly, Dubai's real estate boom, the paucity of citizen labor in the private sector, class divisions among citizens, the caste divide between citizens and noncitizens, and the politics of land.

Die Perser


Author: Aischylos
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3843050996
Category: Drama
Page: 52
View: 1621
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Aischylos: Die Perser Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Wilhelm von Kaulbach, Die Seeschlacht bei Salamis, 1868. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 12 pt. Über den Autor: Über 90 Dramen soll er geschrieben haben, 79 sind namentlich bekannt, nur sieben Tragödien sind vollständig erhalten. Aischylos war der erste, der neben dem Chor einen zweiten Schauspieler auf die Bühne holte und begründete damit den dramatischen Dialog. Zusammen mit Sophokles und Euripides ist er ein gefeierter Tragödiendichter seiner Zeit, der 13 Mal die berühmten Dionysien gewinnen konnte. Der Legende nach stirbt er 456 v. Chr. auf Sizilien durch eine von einem Greifvogel fallengelassene Schildkröte, die ihn erschlägt.

The Missing Martyrs

Why Are There So Few Muslim Terrorists?
Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190907975
Category: Religion
Page: 264
View: 5377
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Why are there so few Muslim terrorists? With more than a billion Muslims in the world-many of whom supposedly hate the West and ardently desire martyrdom-why don't we see terrorist attacks every day? Where are the missing martyrs? These questions may seem counterintuitive, in light of the death and devastation that terrorists have wrought around the world. But the scale of violence, outside of civil war zones, has been far lower than the waves of attacks that the world feared in the wake of 9/11. Terrorists' own publications complain about Muslims' failure to join their cause. The Missing Martyrs draws on government sources and revolutionary publications, public opinion surveys and election results, historical documents and in-depth interviews with Muslims in the Middle East and around the world to examine barriers to terrorist recruitment, including liberal Islam, revolutionary rivalries, and an inelastic demand for U.S. foreign policy. This revised edition, updated to include the self-proclaimed "Islamic State," concludes that fear of terrorism should be brought into alignment with the actual level of threat, and that government policies and public opinion should be based on evidence rather than alarmist hyperbole.