The Victorian Reinvention of Race

New Racisms and the Problem of Grouping in the Human Sciences
Author: Edward Beasley
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 020384498X
Category: History
Page: 248
View: 8263
In mid-Victorian England there were new racial categories based upon skin colour. The 'races' familiar to those in the modern west were invented and elaborated after the decline of faith in Biblical monogenesis in the early nineteenth century, and before the maturity of modern genetics in the middle of the twentieth. Not until the early nineteenth century would polygenetic and racialist theories win many adherents. But by the middle of the nineteenth century in England, racial categories were imposed upon humanity. How the idea of 'race' gained popularity in England at that time is the central focus of The Victorian Reinvention of Race: New Racisms and the Problem of Grouping in the Human Sciences. Scholars have linked this new racism to some very dodgy thinkers. The Victorian Reinvention of Race examines a more influential set of the era's writers and colonial officials, some French but most of them British. Attempting to do serious social analysis, these men oversimplified humanity into biologically-heritable, mentally and morally unequal, colour-based 'races'. Thinkers giving in to this racist temptation included Alexis de Tocqueville when he was writing on Algeria; Arthur de Gobineau (who influenced the Nazis); Walter Bagehot of The Economist; and Charles Darwin (whose Descent of Man was influenced by Bagehot). Victorians on Race also examines officials and thinkers (such as Tocqueville in Democracy in America, the Duke of Argyll, and Governor Gordon of Fiji) who exercised methodological care, doing the hard work of testing their categories against the evidence. They analyzed human groups without slipping into racial categorization. Author Edward Beasley examines the extent to which the Gobineau-Bagehot-Darwin way of thinking about race penetrated the minds of certain key colonial governors. He further explores the hardening of the rhetoric of race-prejudice in some quarters in England in the nineteenth century – the processes by which racism was first formed.

The Power of Knowledge

How Information and Technology Made the Modern World
Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300167954
Category: History
Page: 492
View: 2140
A thought-provoking analysis of how the acquisition and utilization of information has determined the course of history over the past five centuries and shaped the world as we know it todaydiv /DIV

Macdonald at 200

New Reflections and Legacies
Author: Patrice Dutil,Roger Hall
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 1459724607
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 472
View: 410
A modern look at a classic leader. Macdonald at 200 presents fifteen fresh interpretations of Canada’s founding Prime Minister, published for the occasion of the bicentennial of his birth in 1815. Well researched and crisply written by recognized scholars and specialists, the collection throws new light on Macdonald’s formative role in shaping government, promoting women’s rights, managing the nascent economy, supervising westward expansion, overseeing relations with Native peoples, and dealing with Fenian terrorism. A special section deals with how Macdonald has (or has not) been remembered by historians as well as the general public. The book concludes with an afterword by prominent Macdonald biographer Richard Gwyn. Macdonald emerges as a man of full dimensions — an historical figure that is surprisingly relevant to our own times.

The Reinvention of Primitive Society

Transformations of a Myth
Author: Adam Kuper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134247206
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 3392
The Invention of Primitive Society, Adam Kuper’s best selling critique of ideas about the origins of society and religion that have been much debated since Darwin, has been hugely influential in anthropology and post-colonial studies. This topical new edition, entitled The Reinvention of Primitive Society, has been thoroughly revised and updated to take account of new research in the field. It coincides with a revival of the myth of primitive society by the ‘indigenous peoples’ movement’, which taps into a widespread popular belief about the noble savage and reflects a romantic reaction against ‘civilisation’ and ‘science’. By way of fascinating accounts of classic texts in anthropology, classical studies and law, the book reveals how wholly mistaken theories can become the basis for academic research and political programmes. In new chapters, Kuper challenges this most recent version of the myth of primitive society and traces conceptions of the barbarian, savage and primitive back through the centuries to ancient Greece. Lucidly written and student friendly, this is the must-have text for those interested in anthropological theory and current post-colonial debates.

Writing the Pioneer Woman

Author: Janet Floyd
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
ISBN: 9780826262653
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 228
View: 6320
Focusing on a series of autobiographical texts, published and private, well known and obscure, Writing the Pioneer Woman examines the writing of domestic life on the nineteenth-century North American frontier. In an attempt to determine the meanings found in the pioneer woman's everyday writings -- from records of recipes to descriptions of washing floors -- Janet Floyd explores domestic details in the autobiographical writing of British and Anglo-American female emigrants.

Heritage Film

Nation, Genre, and Representation
Author: Belén Vidal
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231850042
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 144
View: 3579
This volume provides a comprehensive introduction to the critical debates around the heritage film, from its controversial status in British cinema of the 1980s to its expansion into a versatile international genre in the 1990s and 2000s. This study explores the heritage film in light of questions of national identity in film and television, industry and funding, and history, gender and representation. Using a wide range of examples and including an in-depth analysis of three case studies – Girl with a Pearl Earring (2003), Joyeux Noël (2005) and The Queen (2006) – this book presents the heritage film as a thriving phenomenon at the centre of contemporary European cinema.

The Making of Modern Woman

Europe, 1789-1918
Author: Lynn Abrams
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
Category: History
Page: 382
View: 7165
Nineteenth-century Europe was forged through revolution, nationalism, imperial expansion, labor protests and war. But the making of modern Europe was also the making of modern woman. This exciting new history thrusts women onto the center stage. The Making of Modern Woman challenges the image of nineteenth-century Europe as 'man-made'. It is enriched with accounts of individual women and their experiences of war, work, love and politics and provides a comparative approach, offering the diversity of women's experience across the whole continent from Ireland to Iceland and Russia to Greece. The author is inclusive, examining woman as mother, wife, lover, revolutionary, colonizer, worker and feminist providing the most comprehensive text to date on women in nineteenth-century Europe. For readers interested in European history and Women's history.

Rhetorics of Display

Author: Lawrence J. Prelli
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9781570036194
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 443
View: 7605
Rhetorics of Display is a pathbreaking volume that brings together adistinguished group of scholars to assess an increasingly pervasiveform of rhetorical activity. Editor Lawrence J. Prelli notes in hisintroduction that twenty-first century citizens continually confrontdisplays of information and images, from the verbal images ofspeeches and literature to visual images of film and photography toexhibits in museums to the arrangement of our homes to themerchandising of consumer goods.

Postcolonial Imagination and Moral Representations in African Literature and Culture

Author: Chielozona Eze
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739145061
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 137
View: 7014
Following in the footsteps of Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, the tenor of the postcolonial African culture has been justifiably anti-imperialist. In the 21st century, however, there has been a gradual but certain shift away from the “write-back” discourse paradigm, towards more integrative, globally inflected cultural interpretive models in Africa. This book celebrates the emergence of new interpretive paradigms such as in African philosophy, gender studies and literature.

The English Historical Review

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Great Britain
Page: N.A
View: 2026

Fraud, Fakery and False Business

Rethinking the Shrager versus Dighton 'Old Furniture Case'
Author: Abigail Harrison Moore
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441168486
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 3049
In 1922, Adolphe Shrager having made his fortune during the First World War, approached the London dealer Basil Dighton for advice on purchasing antique furniture. Dighton sold him about five hundred items but shortly afterwards Shrager discovered that one of his 'collector's pieces' was judged to be a fake and grossly over-priced, and he sued. The trial, held in early 1923, became a cause celebre, but it can be viewed as a case study of a much wider set of social and cultural concerns: the fact that Shrager lost both the first trial and the appeal, despite demonstrating on numerous occasions that he had a clear case against Dighton, raises questions of race, prejudice and class, where the establishment closed ranks against Shrager, the nouveau riche Jew and alleged war profiteer. This book - the first on the Shrager Dighton case - is the result of the author's original archival research.

Imperial Leather

Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest
Author: Anne McClintock
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: 449
View: 6932
Imperial Leather chronicles the dangerous liaisons between gender, race and class that shaped British imperialism and its bloody dismantling. Spanning the century between Victorian Britain and the current struggle for power in South Africa, the book takes up the complex relationships between race and sexuality, fetishism and money, gender and violence, domesticity and the imperial market, and the gendering of nationalism within the zones of imperial and anti-imperial power.

The Ecologist

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Ecology
Page: N.A
View: 1915

The Chartist General

Charles James Napier, The Conquest of Sind, and Imperial Liberalism
Author: Edward Beasley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315517272
Category: History
Page: 378
View: 9448
General Charles James Napier was sent to confront the tens of thousands of Chartist protestors marching through the cities of the North of England in the late 1830s. A well-known leftist who agreed with the Chartist demands for democracy, Napier managed to keep the peace. In South Asia, the same man would later provoke a war and conquer Sind. In this first-ever scholarly biography of Napier, Edward Beasley asks how the conventional depictions of the man as a peacemaker in England and a warmonger in Asia can be reconciled. Employing deep archival research and close readings of Napier's published books (ignored by prior scholars), this well-written volume demonstrates that Napier was a liberal imperialist who believed that if freedom was right for the people of England it was right for the people of Sind -- even if "freedom" had to be imposed by military force. Napier also confronted the messy aftermath of Western conquest, carrying out nation-building with mixed success, trying to end the honour killing of women, and eventually discovering the limits of imperial interference.

Reinventing Africa

Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late Victorian and Edwardian England
Author: Annie E. Coombes
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300068900
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
View: 3531
Between 1890 and 1918, British colonial expansion in Africa led to the removal of many African artifacts that were subsequently brought to Britain and displayed. Annie Coombes argues that this activity had profound repercussions for the construction of a national identity within Britain itself--the effects of which are still with us today. Through a series of detailed case studies, Coombes analyzes the popular and scientific knowledge of Africa which shaped a diverse public's perception of that continent: the looting and display of the Benin "bronzes" from Nigeria; ethnographic museums; the mass spectacle of large-scale international and missionary exhibitions and colonial exhibitions such as the "Stanley and African" of 1890; together with the critical reaction to such events in British national newspapers, the radical and humanitarian press and the West African press. Coombes argues that although endlessly reiterated racial stereotypes were disseminated through popular images of all things "African," this was no simple reproduction of imperial ideology. There were a number of different and sometimes conflicting representations of Africa and of what it was to be African--representations that varied according to political, institutional, and disciplinary pressures. The professionalization of anthropology over this period played a crucial role in the popularization of contradictory ideas about African culture to a mass public. Pioneering in its research, this book offers valuable insights for art and design historians, historians of imperialism and anthropology, anthropologists, and museologists.

The Victorians and race

Author: Shearer West
Publisher: Scolar Pr
ISBN: 9781859282687
Category: History
Page: 249
View: 8491
This is the first study to bring together history, history of art, literature and anthropology to reconsider the complex subject of race and its relationship with Victorian culture. Representations of race in art and literature are analysed for what they reveal about constructions of 'other' races during the Victorian period. The book also considers the problem of British 'races' and the conflicting ideas of Anglo-Saxonism and Celticism in the 19th century.The contributors seek not only to uncover the oppressions, misrepresentations and abuses of 'white' patriarchy, but also to examine the complexities of racial experience, including anti-racism and the relationships between feminism and colonialism. A number of theoretical and historical strategies are adopted and the book deals both with general considerations of imperialism, racial identity and Social Darwinism, and specific case studies of works by such writers as Dickens, Schreiner and Bulwer Lytton, and such artists as Mulready, Winterhalter and the Langham Place Group.

Eurocentrism, Racism, Colonialism in the Victorian and Edwardian Age

Changing Images of Africa(Ns) in Scientific and Literary Texts
Author: Ulrich Pallua
Publisher: Universitatsverlag C. Winter
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 263
View: 1163

Uncovering Race

A Black Journalist's Story of Reporting and Reinvention
Author: Amy Alexander
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 0807061018
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 240
View: 5449
From an award-winning black journalist, a tough-minded look at the treatment of ethnic minorities both in newsrooms and in the reporting that comes out of them, within the changing media landscape. From the Rodney King riots to the racial inequities of the new digital media, Amy Alexander has chronicled the biggest race and class stories of the modern era in American journalism. Beginning in the bare-knuckled newsrooms of 1980s San Francisco, her career spans a period of industry-wide economic collapse and tremendous national demographic changes. Despite reporting in some of the country’s most diverse cities, including San Francisco, Boston, and Miami, Alexander consistently encountered a stubbornly white, male press corps and a surprising lack of news concerning the ethnic communities in these multicultural metropolises. Driven to shed light on the race and class struggles taking place in the United States, Alexander embarked on a rollercoaster career marked by cultural conflicts within newsrooms. Along the way, her identity as a black woman journalist changed dramatically, an evolution that coincided with sweeping changes in the media industry and the advent of the Internet. Armed with census data and news-industry demographic research, Alexander explains how the so-called New Media is reenacting Old Media’s biases. She argues that the idea of newsroom diversity—at best an afterthought in good economic times—has all but fallen off the table as the industry fights for its economic life, a dynamic that will ultimately speed the demise of venerable news outlets. Moreover, for the shrinking number of journalists of color who currently work at big news organizations, the lingering ethos of having to be “twice as good” as their white counterparts continues; it is a reality that threatens to stifle another generation of practitioners from “non-traditional” backgrounds. In this hard-hitting account, Alexander evaluates her own career in the context of the continually evolving story of America’s growing ethnic populations and the homogenous newsrooms producing our nation’s too often monochromatic coverage. This veteran journalist examines the major news stories that were entrenched in the great race debate of the past three decades, stories like those of Elián González, Janet Cooke, Jayson Blair, Tavis Smiley, the tragedy of Hurricane Katrina, and the election of Barack Obama. Uncovering Race offers sharp analysis of how race, gender, and class come to bear on newsrooms, and takes aim at mainstream media’s failure to successfully cover a browner, younger nation—a failure that Alexander argues is speeding news organizations’ demise faster than the Internet.

Der Ursprung Der Nationen

Author: Walter Bagehot
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3863828763
Page: 268
View: 1856
Nachdruck des Originals von 1883. Walter Bagehot (1826-1877) war ein bedeutender britischer Okonom und einer breiteren Offentlichkeit als erster Herausgeber und Chefredakteur des "Economist" bekannt, Durch seine Schriften trug er insbesondere zum besseren Verstandnis von Parlamentarismus und Zentralbanksystem bei. In dem hier vorliegenden Buch versucht Bagehot aus den Uberlieferungen der Kulturvolker sich ein Bild von deren Entstehung zu verschaffen.

Australian Sport

Antipodean Waves of Change
Author: Kristine Toohey,Tracy Taylor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317969138
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 176
View: 1982
Australia is only a small player in the world’s political and economic landscapes, yet, for many decades, it has been considered to be a global powerhouse in terms of its sporting successes. In conjunction with this notion, the nation has long been portrayed as having a preoccupation with sport. This labelling has been seen as both a blessing and a curse. Those who value a Bourdieuian view of culture bemoan sport’s centrality to the national imagination and the consequent lack of media coverage, funding and prestige accorded to the arts. Other scholars question whether the popular stereotype of the Australian sportsperson is, in fact, a myth and that instead Australians are predominantly passive sport consumers rather than active sport participants. Australian sport, through its successes on the field of play and in advancing sport coaching and management, has undergone a revolution, as both an enabler of global processes and as subject to its influences (economic, political, migratory etc.). This book will examine the shifting place of Australian sports in current global and local environs, from the perspective of spectators, players and administrators. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.