The WTO and Food Security

This book examines the public stockholding policies of selected developing countries from the perspective of WTO rules and assesses whether the provisions of the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) could hamper these countries’ efforts to ...

Author: Sachin Kumar Sharma

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811021794

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 915

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This book examines the public stockholding policies of selected developing countries from the perspective of WTO rules and assesses whether the provisions of the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) could hamper these countries’ efforts to address the challenges of food security. Further, it highlights the need to amend the provisions of the AoA to make WTO rules just and fair for the millions of people suffering from hunger and malnutrition in developing countries. This book highlights that 12 countries namely China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Morocco, Pakistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Zambia and Zimbabwe are facing or will face problems in implementing the food security policies due to the provisions under AoA. These provisions need to be amended for permitting developing countries to address hunger and undernourishment. Progress in WTO negotiations on public stockholding for food security purposes are also discussed and analysed. The findings of this study greatly benefit trade negotiators, policymakers, civil society, farmers groups, researchers, students and academics interested in issues related to the WTO, agriculture and food security.
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The WTO Agreement on Agriculture and Food Security

This is to avoid the danger that the WTO agricultural negotiations fail to contribute as strongly as they might to the promotion of food security precisely because the two areas of work and study overlap only at the margins.

Author: Christopher Stevens

Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat

ISBN: 0850926459

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 64

View: 365

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This report deals with an area of overlap between two large areas of study: on livelihoods and food security, and on international trade and policy. Whilst it concentrates on one small element of each of these broad areas (and so ignores many questions), it does so for a good reason. This is to avoid the danger that the WTO agricultural negotiations fail to contribute as strongly as they might to the promotion of food security precisely because the two areas of work and study overlap only at the margins.
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Food Safety and the WTO The Interplay of Culture Science and Technology

This important book explores the relationship between the SPS Agreement, food traditions, science, and technology.

Author: Marsha Echols

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9789041198495

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 180

View: 191

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Today's international trade regime explicitly rejects cultural perceptions of what is safe to eat, overturning millennia of tradition. The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) enshrines "science" as the arbiter in resolving disputes involving this vital human need. This mandate, however, is under attack from many quarters. Critics cite environmental and ethical concerns, unpredictably changing technology, taste, food preferences, local culture, adequacy of governmental implementation of WTO standards, and the reliability of scientific opinion. A basic conflict has crystallized: food as culture versus food as commerce. The WTO/SPS approach is increasingly challenged for its balance in favor of economic considerations, and for its visible undermining of unique cultural identities. This important book explores the relationship between the SPS Agreement, food traditions, science, and technology. It deliberately confronts those trade experts who refuse to allow other social sciences to influence their economics-based trade theory. The author ably investigates the local perception of food and food safety from the anthropological and historical points of view, the evolution of food production technologies, and the medicinal, proscriptive (taboo) and security aspects of food that continue to prevail in nearly all cultures today. She succeeds in demonstrating that, no matter how strong the faith in science and economics, it is unwise to flagrantly dismiss the deeply rooted beliefs of billions of people, a huge majority of the world's population. The Beef Hormones case; the remaining sovereignty related to food safety measures; the increasing significance of "appropriate levels of protection" and "the precautionary principle"; the redefinition of "food hazard" to include production processes as well as food itself; genetically modified seeds and food products; the concept of "risk" in the science-based context of the Codex Alimentarius - these are among the issues and topics covered in depth. The author concludes that, although quick "legal" resolutions of trade disputes about what people should or should not eat might provide a "win" for open trade, support for the entire structure and rationale of the WTO is undermined unless (at the least) some flexibility of interpretation is introduced into the WTO Dispute Resolution System in order to recognize the weight and validity of public opinion. Food safety is arguably the most important issue affecting international commerce today, urgently demanding enlightened discussion and action based on global consensus. This well-researched and thoughtful contribution offers significant clarification and perspective to policymakers, lawyers, academics and others engaged in this critical human drama in progress on the world stage.
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Food Security

"Result of a joint project meeting between UNU-WIDER and the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), with research contributions from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Author: Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199236558

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 371

View: 927

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"Result of a joint project meeting between UNU-WIDER and the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), with research contributions from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
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The WTO Agreement on Agriculture and Food Security

Preface -- Executive Summary -- Introduction -- The Entitlements Approach to Food Security -- The Impact of Trade Policy on Food Security -- Entitlement Promotion and Protection Policies -- Trade Policies -- The Impact of the Uruguay Round ...

Author: Christopher Stevens

Publisher:

ISBN: 1848597231

Category: Food supply

Page: 64

View: 917

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This report deals with an area of overlap between two large areas of study: on livelihoods and food security, and on international trade and policy. Whilst it concentrates on one small element of each of these broad areas (and so ignores many questions), it does so for a good reason. This is to avoid the danger that the upcoming WTO agricultural negotiations fail to contribute as strongly as they might to the promotion of food security precisely because the two areas of work and study overlap only at the margins.
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Agriculture and The World Trade Organisation

Whatever the differences between the two countries, and eventually their conflict of interests, this informed volume underlines the necessity of moving beyond the North-South divide, in order to address the real challenges of the future; a ...

Author: Gurdarshan Singh Bhalla

Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme

ISBN: 9782735118519

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 585

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The present volume offers to the reader a multi-faceted dialogue between noted experts from two major agricultural countries, both founding members of the Word Trade Organisation, each one with different stakes in the great globalisation game: France, the world's second-ranking exporter of agricultural products and headquarters of a number of very active agro-business companies; and India, crossing the one billion population mark while emerging from its traditional protectionism, and legitimately concerned about preserving the interests of its huge farming community and not falling victim to the profit logic of the multinational corporations. After providing the recent historical background of agricultural policies in India and France, the contributors address burning issues related to market and regulation, food security and food safety, the expected benefits from the WTO and the genuine problems raised by the new forms of international trade in agriculture, including the sensitive question of intellectual property rights in bio-technologies. Whatever the differences between the two countries, and eventually their conflict of interests, this informed volume underlines the necessity of moving beyond the North-South divide, in order to address the real challenges of the future; a fair global order in a sector vital for the world, the multi-functionality of agriculture, the access for all to secure and safe food, the preservation of common goods and the ethical dimension of science and technology.
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Agriculture and Food Security in China

The book highlights China's policymakers' decision to move away from protectionism and grain self-sufficiency and illustrates how China's step away from direct participation in the agricultural sector to indirect regulatory involvement and ...

Author: Chunlai Chen

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 9781921313646

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 420

View: 306

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China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) has had profound consequences for the structure of its economy, and there will many more before the full benefits of an open trading regime will be realised. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY IN CHINA explains the background to China's WTO accession and links accession to reforms beginning as far back as 1979. The book highlights China's policymakers' decision to move away from protectionism and grain self-sufficiency and illustrates how China's step away from direct participation in the agricultural sector to indirect regulatory involvement and liberalisation could encourage further economic growth. Yet not all economic growth is cost-free. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY IN CHINA explores the short-term impacts of WTO accession as well as the mid and long-term implications of greater market involvement at an economy-wide and regional level. Growing divides between coastal and inland regions - and differences in rural and urban growth - will require a better understanding of the consequences of greater market dependency. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY IN CHINA adds to the existing knowledge of China's agricultural growth as well as the impacts and interrelationships between WTO accession and China's participation in other regional free trade agreements.
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The Challenge of Food Security

' Philippe Cullet, University of London, UK 'This is a timely book which addresses one of the greatest challenges for international regulation: food security.

Author: Rosemary Gail Rayfuse

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9780857939388

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 757

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'The Challenge of Food Security addresses one of the key development challenges of our time. It examines issues related to food security in a comprehensive manner that covers both theoretical perspectives and policy challenges. It will be a key reference book for anyone interested in issues related to food security.' Philippe Cullet, University of London, UK 'This is a timely book which addresses one of the greatest challenges for international regulation: food security. The book is a comprehensive treatment of various aspects of food security from its origins to the relationship between food security and other values, the role that commodity trading plays in exacerbating food insecurity, the importance of adequate food governance, together with specific food security problems like fish, water and genetic resources. The editors should be congratulated on a stimulating collection of essays that brings together a diverse range of scholars and which sheds real light on the complex dimensions of the food security debate.' Fiona Smith, University College London, UK This timely study addresses the pressing issue of food security through a range of interdisciplinary contributions, providing both scholarly and policy-making perspectives. It sets the discussion on food security within the little-studied context of its international legal and regulatory framework. The expert contributors explore the key issues from a development perspective and through the lens of existing governance and policy systems with a view to articulating how these systems can be made more effective in dealing with the roots of food insecurity. The book considers the root causes of food insecurity before discussing the regulatory challenges inherent in reconciling food production and sustainability to ensure both adequate supply of and equitable access to food, particularly in light of emerging issues such as food price volatility, 'land grabbing' and the need to coordinate the actions of the multitude of actors that influence food policy and regulation. It highlights the need for more equitable, transparent and coherent policy and regulatory approaches to the myriad of issues that make up the food security challenge. This cross-cutting study will appeal to researchers in law, international relations, agricultural science and food systems, as well as to policy makers in government and international organisations that engage with policy and regulation of food security issues. It will also be essential reading for professionals in non-governmental organisations that are interested in development issues in general and food security in particular.
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Energy and Food Security

, Population Growth and Grain Production, Population Growth and Cropland, Turning on the Heat: India s National Programme on Solar Cooking, Between Wish and Reality: The Limited Potential of the Solar Cookers, High World Trade Growth Vs. ...

Author: M. Lakshmi Narasaiah

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 8183562523

Category: Energy consumption

Page: 182

View: 359

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Contents: Energy: A Fair Deal for All, Energy and Sustainability, Population Growth and Energy, Not Yet Fossil Fuel, Food Production, Food for the Billions, India s Food Challenge, Food First, Less Food Security in the South, Genetic Diversity and Food Security, Food Security: Availability and Access to Food, Healthcare Relief in Conflict Situations: What Can we Learn from the Food Relief Experience?, Population Growth and Grain Production, Population Growth and Cropland, Turning on the Heat: India s National Programme on Solar Cooking, Between Wish and Reality: The Limited Potential of the Solar Cookers, High World Trade Growth Vs. Output: WTO Sees Link to Globalisation, Social Summit, Climate Change and Human Health, Living with Diversity, Rural Poverty in India and Development as a Policy Challenge, Towards a New Policy on Poverty Reduction, The Population Challenge, The Future of Work, Export Subsidies: A Distortion to Free Trade in Agriculture, The Uruguay Round and Agricultural Reform, Developing Countries and the WTO Agricultural Negotiations, Opening Markets for Agriculture, The Future of Agricultural Trade, The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture, WTO Agricultural Negotiations Completing the Task, Development: The People Know Best, Big-Dam Construction is on the Rise, Corporate Dominance and Agricultural Biotechnology: Implications for Development.
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Food is Different

This essential guide sets out an alternative vision for agricultural policy, taking it completely out of the WTO's ambit.

Author: Peter M. Rosset

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 9781848136724

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 522

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Why does our global food system gives us expensive, unhealthy and bad-tasting food, where we pay more for packaging and long-distance shipping than we do for the food itself? Why do farmers and peasants from around the world lead massive protests each and every time the World Trade Organization meets? Peter Rosset explains how the runaway free trade policies and neoliberal economics of the WTO, American government and European Union kill farmers, and give us a food system that nobody outside of a small corporate elite wants. This essential guide sets out an alternative vision for agricultural policy, taking it completely out of the WTO's ambit. Food is not just another commodity, to be bought and sold like a microchip, but something which goes to the heart of human livelihood, culture and society.
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Agriculture development and the global trading system 2000 2015 Synopsis

Although food security has long been recognized as a universal human right, 795 million people worldwide remain undernourished.

Author: Laborde Debucquet, David

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 4

View: 929

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Although food security has long been recognized as a universal human right, 795 million people worldwide remain undernourished. International trade can contribute to reducing such food insecurity, but the precise role that international trade policy should play in improving food and nutrition security remains the subject of a long-standing and intense debate. Many argue that countries must pursue the goal of food self-sufficiency to secure local production of agricultural items and local populations’ access to food. Food self-sufficiency implies import restrictions to support local production. Others argue that the best way to secure populations’ access to food is to remove all barriers to trade. In this line of thinking, free trade will more effectively increase the global production of agricultural and food products and secure the cheapest access to these items. Agriculture, Development, and the Global Trading System: 2000–2015 is devoted to the complex relationship between the global trading system and food security. The contributors focus on two important elements of the relationship between the trading system and food security: (1) the Doha Development Agenda of the World Trade Organization (WTO); and (2) whether food price volatility can be managed through trade instruments. They then offer policy recommendations for how the global trading system can foster food security in the future.
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Food Crises and the WTO

This collection of essays examines to what extent the multilateral trading system contributes to food security in today's volatile markets.

Author: Baris Karapinar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139485869

Category: Law

Page:

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The food and financial crises of 2008 and 2009 have pushed millions more people into poverty and hunger, while changing the parameters of international trade. Both crises have also challenged the fundamentals of WTO rules regulating agriculture, which had been designed to combat trade distortions due to artificially low-priced food commodities. This collection of essays examines to what extent the multilateral trading system contributes to food security in today's volatile markets. Bringing together a renowned group of expert economists, lawyers, environmental and development specialists, it offers a fresh and multi-dimensional perspective combining a strong economic analysis with a comprehensive legal assessment of the interface between food security and international trade regulation. Together, the contributions provide concrete policy recommendations on how the WTO could play a positive role in preventing or mitigating future food crises and promote global food security.
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Economic Reforms and Food Security

Gain new insight on alleviating food insecurity in one of the poorest areas of the world! This book analyzes various facets of economic reforms in South Asia and their implications for attaining food security.

Author: Suresh Babu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1560222573

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 482

View: 533

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Gain new insight on alleviating food insecurity in one of the poorest areas of the world! This book analyzes various facets of economic reforms in South Asia and their implications for attaining food security. It illuminates relevant issues regarding the constraints and challenges in achieving food security, focusing on South Asian countries where a large percentage of the world’s poor reside. This timely resource examines possible future courses of action involving trade and new technological advances to improve agriculture-led development in the region. Economic Reforms and Food Security: The Impact of Trade and Technology in South Asia focuses its attention on the economic reforms and experiences of six nations: Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Economic Reforms and Food Security: The Impact of Trade and Technology in South Asia includes the most relevant presentations made at the South Asia Regional Conference held in New Delhi in April of 2002. The book features experts who present lively, important debate on such significant issues as: current economic reforms—have they really enhanced food security? trade liberalization—can the WTO and new trade opportunities handle food security concerns? new technological options—how they contribute to agricultural production and food security the challenges of water—pricing, subsidies, and other issues in irrigation agricultural diversification and market reforms-how they increase food availability interventions in food and nutrition security—short-term solutions to reduce food insecurity and more! Economic Reforms and Food Security: The Impact of Trade and Technology in South Asia contains numerous tables and figures to demonstrate the current food situation in this area of the world and offers projections of where improvements can be made. Students and faculty of economics or South Asia will find this book extremely useful; it will also benefit development researchers, policymakers, and governmental officials who are searching for answers to poverty and starvation in developing countries. This text shows you how a concerted effort by governments, agencies, organizations, industries, and individuals—backed by adequate resources and changes in policies—can accelerate progress toward achieving sustainable food security for all.
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WTO Negotiations and Agricultural Trade Liberalization

The purpose of this book is to analyze the effects of developed countries' agricultural policies on developing countries.

Author: Eugenio Díaz-Bonilla

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781845930813

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 341

View: 939

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The purpose of this book is to analyze the effects of developed countries' agricultural policies on developing countries. The main focus is on food security, poverty and other topics such as multifunctionality, biotechnology and regional agreements, as an input to policy reform within the World Trade Organization (WTO) trade negotiations. The book arises from a joint project between the Food and Resource Economics Institute in Denmark and the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington.
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Legal Dictionary of Food Security in the World

Consequently, among the issues that will be addressed inside this book, there will be some definitions of “land grabbing”, “bio-fuels”, “food allergies”, “fundamental needs”, “fair trade”, “the Doha Round”, “the ...

Author: François Collart Dutilleul

Publisher: Primento

ISBN: 9782804468996

Category: Law

Page: 438

View: 290

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This dictionary contains about 170 entries and presents an overview of the different issues related to worldwide food insecurity, with a particular yet not exclusive focus on the existing rules and regulations. The objective of food security is considered from a quantitative angle (security of supplies, access to food) and a qualitative angle (sanitary quality of food, commercial quality). Therefore, this dictionary analyzes the concept of food security “from farm to fork”. These entries were selected because they bring to light the international legal frame of food security and because they point out the current issues linked to the production of food, the local, regional or international trade of food, the food and health crises, the current situation in developing countries, etc. Consequently, among the issues that will be addressed inside this book, there will be some definitions of “land grabbing”, “bio-fuels”, “food allergies”, “fundamental needs”, “fair trade”, “the Doha Round”, “the right to food”, “women”, “international investments”, “the World Trade Organization”, “genetically modified organisms”, “the precautionary principle”, “protectionism”, “land reforms”, “corporate social responsibility”, “speculation”, food sovereignty”… With a wide variety of entries, approached through different perspectives, this dictionary is intended for all audiences.
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Trade Food Security and Human Rights

This book will be of great interest to agricultural trade professionals and consultant policy makers in the EU, US and developing countries.

Author: Dr Ying Chen

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781472437440

Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 760

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Most scholars attribute systemic causes of food insecurity to poverty, human overpopulation, lack of farmland, and expansion of biofuel programs. However, as Chen argues here, another significant factor has been overlooked. The current food insecurity is not absolute food shortage, since global food production still exceeds the need of the entire world population, but a problem of how to secure access to resources. Distorted agricultural trade undermines world food distribution, and uneven distribution impedes people’s access to food, particularly in poor developing countries. Examining EU and US agricultural policies and World Trade Organization negotiations in agriculture, the author argues how they affect the international agricultural trade, claiming that current food insecurity is the result of inequitable food distribution and trade practices. The international trade regime is advised to reconcile trade rules with the consideration of food security issues. Several other enforceable solutions to reduce world hunger and malnutrition are also advanced, including national capacity building, the improvement of governance, and strategic development of biofuel programs. This book will be of great interest to agricultural trade professionals and consultant policy makers in the EU, US and developing countries. Students and researchers with a concentration on international trade, agriculture economics, global governance and international law will benefit greatly from this study.
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Establishing Food Security and Alternatives to International Trade in Emerging Economies

Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as crop productivity, rural development, and value-added agriculture, this book is ideally designed for academics, researchers, graduate students, and practitioners interested in the current ...

Author: Erokhin, Vasily

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522527343

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 811

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The process of food production and distribution has grown into a global corporate system in recent years. This has caused significant impacts on sustainability on an international scale, particularly for developing nations. Establishing Food Security and Alternatives to International Trade in Emerging Economies is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on agricultural trade relations and trade liberalization in the context of developing countries. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as crop productivity, rural development, and value-added agriculture, this book is ideally designed for academics, researchers, graduate students, and practitioners interested in the current state of global food markets.
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Food is Different

Presenting a critique of the threats to agriculture and world food security from neoliberal economic policies, this book explains what's happening to agriculture in the WTO negotiating context.

Author: Peter Rosset

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 1842777556

Category: Political Science

Page: 163

View: 630

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Presenting a critique of the threats to agriculture and world food security from neoliberal economic policies, this book explains what's happening to agriculture in the WTO negotiating context. It also aims to set out an alternative vision for agricultural policy.
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The WTO Agreement on Agriculture

The WTO Agreement on Agriculture subjected agriculture to a set of international rules for the first time in the history of international trade.

Author: Joseph McMahon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105122856326

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 333

View: 329

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'The WTO Agreement on Agriculture' provides an in-depth examination of the substantive provisions and the disputes that have arisen in each of these three areas - market access domestic support and export competition.
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