The story of the battleship Tirpitz--Bismarck's sister ship--and the desperate Allied efforts to destroy it . . . After the Royal Navy's bloody high seas campaign to kill the mighty Bismarck, the Allies were left with an uncomfortable truth--the German behemoth had a twin sister. Slightly larger than her sibling, the Tirpitz was equally capable of destroying any other battleship afloat, as well as wreak havoc on Allied troop and supply convoys. For the next three and a half years the Allies launched a variety of attacks to remove Germany's last serious surface threat. The Germans, for their part, had learned not to pit their super battleships against the strength of the entire Home Fleet outside the range of protecting aircraft. Thus they kept Tirpitz hidden within fjords along the Norwegian coast, like a Damocles Sword hanging over the Allies' maritime jugular, forcing the British to assume the offensive. This strategy paid dividends in July 1942 when the Tirpitz merely stirred from its berth, compelling the Royal Navy to abandon a Murmansk-bound convoy called PQ-17 in order to confront the leviathan. The convoy was then ripped apart by the Luftwaffe and U-boats, while the Tirpitz returned to its fjord. In 1943, the British launched a flotilla of midget submarines against the Tirpitz, losing all six of the subs while only lightly damaging the battleship. Aircraft attacked repeatedly, from carriers and both British and Soviet bases, suffering losses--including an escort carrier--while proving unable to completely knock out the mighty warship. Trying an indirect approach, the British launched one of the war's most daring commando raids--at St. Nazaire--in order to knock out the last drydock in Europe capable of servicing the Tirpitz. Of over 600 commandos and sailors in the raid, more than half were lost during an all-night battle that succeeded, at least, in knocking out the drydock. It was not until November 1944 that the Tirpitz finally succumbed to British aircraft armed with 10,000-lb Tallboy bombs, the ship capsizing at last with the loss of 1,000 sailors. In this book military historians Niklas Zetterling and Michael Tamelander, authors of Bismarck: The Final Days of Germany's Greatest Battleship, illuminate the strategic implications and dramatic battles surrounding the Tirpitz, a ship that may have had greater influence on the course of World War II than her more famous sister.
The man who set the program in motion was Alfred von Tirpitz, Secretary of the Navy in the Imperial German Cabinet, 1897–1916. It is ironic that the last German battleship carried his name. The Bismarck had been the last German ...
Author: Niklas Zetterling
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
Focusing on the activity of Great Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz after 1914, Scheck presents a fascinating combination of biographical and contextual analysis explaining the predicament of the conservative German right in the troubled transition period before the Third Reich.
bivalence toward England was shared by the Kaiser , the son of an English princess and a Prussian heir apparent.59 Tirpitz's family was Lutheran , but he was not religious and objected to the Catholic - baiting of many Lutheran Prussian ...
Author: Raffael Scheck
“A first-rate biography of this grand admiral who is better known for his political skills than his naval ones.” —US Naval Insitute Proceedings Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz (1849–1930) was the principal force behind the rise of the German Imperial Navy prior to World War I, challenging Great Britain’s command of the seas. As State Secretary of the Imperial Naval Office from 1897 to 1916, Tirpitz wielded great power and influence over the national agenda during that crucial period. By the time he had risen to high office, Tirpitz was well equipped to use his position as a platform from which to dominate German defense policy. Though he was cool to the potential of the U-boat, he enthusiastically supported a torpedo boat branch of the navy and began an ambitious building program for battleships and battle cruisers. Based on exhaustive archival research, including new material from family papers, Tirpitz and the Imperial German Navy is the first extended study in English of this germinal figure in the growth of the modern navy. “Well written and based on new sources . . . allows the reader deep insights into the life of a man who played a very important role at the turn of the last century and who, like almost nobody else, shaped German policy.” —International Journal of Maritime History “An invaluable reference work on Tirpitz, the Imperial German Navy, and on politics in Wilhelmine Germany.” —The Northern Mariner
From then on he was von Tirpitz. 3. J. A. R. Marriott and C. G. Robertson, The Evolution of Prussia, 370ff. See also Jonathan Steinberg, Yesterday's Deterrent chap. 1 (cited as Steinberg). 4. Alfred von Tirpitz, My Memoirs, 2 vols.
Author: Patrick J. Kelly
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Alfred von Tirpitz (1849-1930), who joined the Prussian Navy in 1865 as a midshipman, was chiefly responsible for rapidly developing and enlarging the German Navy, especially the High Seas Fleet, from 1897 until the years immediately prior to the First World War. Epkenhans uses newly discovered documents to provide a fresh treatment of this important naval leader. In 1897, Tirpitz became the Secretary of State of the Imperial Navy Department. In four major building acts of 1898, 1900, 1908, and 1912, and, in working closely with Kaiser Wilhelm II, Tirpitz expanded the Imperial Navy from a small coastal force into a major blue-water navy. Great Britain, reacting with alarm to this challenge to its overseas trade and naval supremacy, accelerated the naval arms race by launching a revolutionary type of battleship, the Dreadnought, in 1906 and entering into strategic alliances with France and Russia. By the start of the First World War in 1914, the British Royal Navy still held a sizable advantage in capital ships over Germany, so that only one notable fleet action, Jutland in 1916, took place during the war. Tirpitz, who had become the German Navy commander with the outbreak of the war, thereafter became a staunch advocate of unrestricted submarine warfare. This policy did not differentiate between neutral and belligerent shipping and proved so controversial with the neutral United States that Germany was forced to retract it, albeit only temporarily. In the meantime, Tirpitz tendered his resignation to the Kaiser, who surprisingly accepted it. Tirpitz remained a minor figure thereafter, later serving the right-wing Fatherland Party as a deputy in the Reichstag.
Cf. the manuscripts in the collection of Tirpitz Papers in the Deutsche Schiffahrtsmuseum at Bremerhaven. For copies of these letters cf. Tirpitz Papers N 253, 384–386. Tirpitz to his parents June 27, 1865, in: Tirpitz Papers N 253, ...
Author: Michael Epkenhans
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
Category: Biography & Autobiography
The full story of the design, construction and career of Tirpitz, known as the 'lone wolf of the north', the largest battleship ever built for the German Navy.
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Author: David Brown
Category: World War, 1939-1945
This is the story of an air campaign in which each bomb could dramatically influence the course of the war. In January 1942, the powerful German battleship Tirpitz sailed into her new base in a Norwegian fjord, within easy reach of the Arctic Convoys. Her destruction suddenly became a top Allied priority. But sinking a modern and formidably armed battleship was no easy task, especially when she lay secure in a remote, mountainous fjord, protected by anti-torpedo nets, radar, flak guns and smoke generators. This book charts the full, complex story of the air war against Tirpitz, from the Fleet Air Arm's failed torpedo attack at sea, the RAF's early Halifax raids, and the carrier-borne Barracuda airstrikes of Operations Mascot, Tungsten and Goodwood, to the three Tallboy attacks that finally crippled and sank her. With detailed maps and diagrams, it explains the aircraft and ordnance the British had to work with, the evolving strategic situation, and why the task was so difficult.
1936 2 November Tirpitz laid down in Wilhelmshaven. 1939 1 April Tirpitz launched. 3 September Britain declares war on Germany. 1940 8/9 October RAF bombers attack Wilhelmshaven. No hits on Tirpitz. 1941 8/9 January RAF bombers attack ...
Author: Angus Konstam
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
A treasury of useful facts, plans, and photos for modelers. The ShipCraft series provides in-depth information about building and modifying model kits of famous warship types. Lavishly illustrated, each book takes the modeler through a brief history of the subject class, highlighting differences between sister-ships and changes in their appearance over their careers. This includes paint schemes and camouflage, featuring color profiles and highly detailed line drawings and scale plans. The modeling section reviews the strengths and weaknesses of available kits, lists commercial accessory sets for super-detailing of the ships, and provides hints on modifying and improving the basic kit. This is followed by an extensive photographic gallery of selected high-quality models in a variety of scales, and the book concludes with a section on research references—books, monographs, large-scale plans, and relevant websites. This volume covers the famous German sister-ships whose fates were so very different—Bismarck had a short but glorious career, first sinking HMS Hood and then in turn being sunk by the Home Fleet, whereas the Tirpitz spent most of the war skulking in Norwegian fjords, fending off attacks by midget submarines and carrier aircraft before being finally sunk by enormous, specially designed bombs dropped by RAF Lancasters.
This shows the Tirpitz with the camouflage scheme that she wore from May to August 1944. The hull, Anton and Dora turrets, the barbettes to Bruno and Caesar turrets, and the shelter deck are painted a very dark grey with lighter grey ...
Author: Steve Backer
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Category: Crafts & Hobbies
Corrado Pirzio-Biroli offers a robust defense of the life and career of his great-grandfather, Grand-Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz, in this engaging family history. As the creator of the modern German navy, the trusted adviser of Wilhelm II for two decades, and an eminence grise during the Weimar Republic, Tirpitz was a central figure in European politics for several decades. While Tirpitz agonized about Hitlers rising power, he could not prevent it, and he felt as though he was too old to assume dictatorial powers. If he had done so, he would have liked to have upheld the Reichstag, which he had always shown respect and counted on. Drawing on personal recollections, unpublished family papers, and thoughtful analysis, the text reveals how Tirpitz had to adapt to a rapidly changing world in which his country went from being a juggernaut that traditional powers tried to rein in to a pariah nation. Trace four generations of one of Europes most interesting families, and discover how Tirpitz proved to be a visionary leader in this account of one of historys most misunderstood and important figures.
Tirpitz hinted that the dictatorship should reintroduce the Bismarckian constitution and restore the states to their federal rights ... Tirpitz and Wille were not wrong in their assessment of Germany's situation and popular mood.
Author: Corrado Pirzio-Biroli
Publisher: Archway Publishing
Category: Biography & Autobiography
When Germany invaded the USSR on 22 June 1941, Tirpitz did not take part in the operations. Instead, training continued. In September 1941, Tirpitz became the flagship of the Baltenflotte. The Baltenflotte was formed to stop the Soviet ...
Author: Jan Forsgren
Publisher: Fonthill Media
A gripping account of the epic hunt for Hitler’s most terrifying battleship – the legendary Tirpitz – and the brave men who risked their lives to attack and destroy this most potent symbol of the Nazi’s fearsome war machine.
(Time &Life Pictures/Getty Images) The battleship Tirpitz just before launch at Wilhelmshaven. (Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images) Kapitän zur See Karl Topponthe navigation bridge of Tirpitz. (The Trustees of the Imperial War Museum ...
Author: Patrick Bishop
Publisher: HarperCollins UK