After a brief survey of Roman topiary, this book moves on through the formal parterres of Renaissance Italy and the more elaborate broderies of the royal French gardens (copied in palace gardens throughout Europe), the complicated conceits of the Tudors and the geometry of the Dutch school. It takes a wry look at the 18th century, when many fine formal gardens were scrapped in favor of the English landscape school, which, in fact, was no less artificial. In the 19th century there was a revival of parterres filled with tender bedding plants. Green architecture returned with the Arts and Crafts movement, became unfashionable in the mid-20th century and has had a revival in the last decade or so in a more abstract and sculptural form, inspired somewhat by Japanese "cloud" topiary. Widening the story beyond the topiary of Europe and the west, there are chapters on the ancient art of Japanese topiary and on labyrinths and mazes from Minoa. The second half of the book brings us up to date, taking a look at topiary as used by designers such as Jacques Wirtz, Piet Oudolf, Arne Maynard, Tom Stuart-Smith, Fernando Caruncho, as well as talented private garden owners. Finally there is a projection into the future, with the potential for topiary in industrial settings and amenity horticulture and its influence on land art.
In this book Caroline Foley -- with the aid of diarists, writers, wits, designers, gardeners, and garden owners -- traces their story through the centuries and across the world"--Jacket flap.
Author: Caroline Foley
Topiary is experiencing a revival of interest. Step-by-step photography illustrates innovative design projects, suitable for courtyard gardens, and both large and small gardens.'
Box lends itself particularly well to low topiary, especially hedging in knot gardens and parterres. It can be trained into spirals, and is very effective in simple shapes such as cones and balls. It has also been used for sundials, ...
Author: Bobby Meyer
Publisher: Sage Press
This work combines design for topiary with technical instruction, and contains a number of ideas and advice on how to grow, prune and train plants to make stylish garden features. It shows how to: sculpt topiary shapes; create patterns for knots and parterres; and train fruit trees and climbers.
This work combines design for topiary with technical instruction, and contains a number of ideas and advice on how to grow, prune and train plants to make stylish garden features.
Author: David Joyce
Publisher: White Lion Publishing
Category: Topiary work
This volume is based on a session at a 2005 Society for Historical Archaeology meeting. The organizers assembled historical archaeologists from the UK and the US, whose work arises out of differing intellectual traditions. The authors exchange ideas about what their colleagues have written, and construct dialogues about theories and practices that inform interpretive archaeology on either side of the Atlantic, ending with commentary by two well-known names in interpretive archaeology.
The gardens associated with sixteenth- and seventeenth-century mansions similarly went through a series of formal, geometric styles, featuring various combinations of topiary, knots and parterres, terraces and complex water features.
Author: Mary C. Beaudry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Social Science
This work on knot gardens and parterres is written in two parts. The first unravels the tangled story of the knot garden as it transforms itself from the curious knot of Tudor times into the great embroidered layouts of the 17th century. The English landscape all but obliterated formal patterns but they emerge again with the flamboyance of the Victorian parterre. Here, fully illustrated, is the alternative history of British gardening; a story that embraces all the decorative arts. At last it is possible to see how the designs used in weaving, embroidery, carpentry, glazing and plasterwork appear again and again mirrored in the garden.
within an enclosed space , an hortus conclusus , that can happily be placed the knots and parterres whose history and ... nurseries specialising in topiary and box have appeared , and fountains , paving and cobbles are increasingly ...
Author: Robin Whalley
Publisher: Barn Elms Pub
Settings in fifteenth - century English poetry become more elaborate and take in more and more of the artificial formality , the complicated knots and parterres of flower beds , fantastic topiary work , stone - built arbors , porticoes ...
Author: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture
Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks
... Virginia Colonial Williamsburg 321 Rose Garden and Topiary Garden , Longwood Gardens , Pennsylvania Longwood Gardens Photograph 322 Topiary , Colonial Williamsburg Colonial Williamsburg Chapter 13 KNOTS AND PARTERRES Miles Hadfield ...
Author: Peter Raymond Slater Hunt
Category: Garden ornaments and furniture
It is often assumed that the national identity must be a matter of values and ideas. But in Robert Winder's brilliantly-written account it is a land built on a lucky set of natural ingredients: the island setting that made it maritime; the rain that fed the grass that nourished the sheep that provided the wool, and the wheat fields that provided its cakes and ale. Then came the seams of iron and coal that made it an industrial giant. In Bloody Foreigners Robert Winder told the rich story of immigration to Britain. Now, in The Last Wolf, he spins an English tale. Travelling the country, he looks for its hidden springs not in royal pageantry or politics, but in landscape and history. Medieval monks with their flocks of sheep . . . cathedrals built by wool . . . the first shipment of coal to leave Newcastle . . . marital contests on a village green . . . mock-Tudor supermarkets - the story is studded with these and other English things. And it starts by looking at a very important thing England did not have: wolves.
Continental gardens, lacking the hosepipe sprinkling in the English sky, tended to be formal: geometric lines, crisp, sculpted topiary, knots, parterres, fountains, and very little grass. Georgian England (the dominant party in the ...
Author: Robert Winder
Publisher: Hachette UK
This is the story of how British hedgerows contribute to our national identity and our wildlife. Over the centuries we have proved ourselves to be a nation of hedge growers, marking boundaries or trimming them into fantastical creations. From formal garden features to emphatically rustic barriers, Hugh explores our hedges in all their diversity. Hedge Britannia offers a witty insight into the history of hedges and the way they relate to our culture as well as our landscape. Hugh travels the breadth of Britain meeting fellow enthusiasts who range from horticultural experts to the Brixton man who lovingly cultivated a whale-shaped hedge and ran into trouble with the local council. As well as two full-colour plate sections, there are case studies about hedges of particular note, like the towering Meikleour beech hedge, the castellated hedge and spectacular topiary at Levens Hall and the bamboozling hedge maze at Chatsworth (where Hugh got predictably and happily lost). Both pithy and informative, this is The Cloudspotter's Guide meets Flora Britannica.
Individual topiaries, knots created on a small scale and even modest parterres became common sights in the gardens of ordinary homes. And no sooner did they appear than someone somewhere started to sneer at them for being pretentious or ...
Author: Hugh Barker
Publisher: A&C Black
This is a fascinating exploration of the writings and personalities who have shaped our ideas about gardens and gardening. Gardening, more than most outdoor activities, has always attracted a cult of devotedly literate practitioners - people who like to dig, it appears, also like to write. And many of them write exceedingly well. Focusing on gardeners' words about the art of gardening, "Writing the Garden" brings together a diverse array of authors. For the most part they are not professional landscape designers or how-to horticulturalists, but rather hands-on gardeners who write with their own gardens in full-view. Ranging in time and place from Enlightenment France to modern-day New York City, they invite the reader into the natural world of soil and flowers. Authors discussed include Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Thomas Jefferson, Henry David Thoreau, Gertrude Jekyll, Vita Sackville-West, Russell Page, Lynden Miller, and many more.
An eclecticcomposition withTudor and Stuartinfluences combined with recollections of ItalianandDutch gardens, Laskett's emphasis ison ornamental focal pointsand garden centerpieces, as well as topiary, knot gardens, and parterres.
Author: Elizabeth Barlow Rogers
Publisher: Allison & Busby
... not the least being parterres , and labyrinthine paths , all within the the gradual drawing of compass of a small town ... by which the crude charm - topiary work , hardness of the building knots and parterres , armelted away into ...
A comprehensive guide to American public gardens and arboreta, this two volume series provides a state-by-state listing of nearly 2,000 gardens accessible to the public. Each entry provides a general overview of the garden and/or arboretum, hours of operation, admission fees (if any), directions, and a list of special collections and activities.
Facilities: Gardens (herb, knot, lavender parterre, lilac wallt, perennial, Renaissance, rose, topiary, water, woodland); Grounds ... Bridge Gardens also contains animal topiaries, lavender parterres, perennial borders, a water garden, ...
Author: Thomas S. Spencer
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Gardens of Court and Country provides the first comprehensive overview of the development of the English formal garden from 1630 to 1730. Often overshadowed by the English landscape garden that became fashionable later in the 18th century, English formal gardens of the 17th century displayed important design innovations that reflected a broad rethinking of how gardens functioned within society. With insights into how the Protestant nobility planned and used their formal gardens, the domestication of the lawn, and the transformation of gardens into large rustic parks, David Jacques explores the ways forecourts, flower gardens, bowling greens, cascades, and more were created and reimagined over time. This handsome volume includes 300 illustrations - including plans, engravings, and paintings - that bring lost and forgotten gardens back to life.
The 1980s saw the start of a new fashion for topiary and formality. Since that decade, many familiar elements have been reintroduced into cutting-edge gardens. Knots and parterres have been seen again to the designs of Rosemary Verey, ...
Author: David Jacques
Publisher: Yale University Press
With blue, green, and gold foliage and shapes ranging from spiky to weeping, conifers have the potential to be garden design stars. But they are commonly misused in gardens and landscapes, leading to looming spruces squashed against a house or rows of kettledrum-shaped yews along a sidewalk. When used correctly and creatively, conifers can be star players in creating beautiful, long-lasting plant combinations or serene backyard havens. Designing with Conifers shows readers exactly how to choose the best conifers for specific needs. Chapters cover shape, color, and conifers for specific sites and conditions, including front gardens, hedges and screens, topiary, dwarf conifers, shade gardens, Asian-style gardens, bonsai, and miniature railroad gardens. Also includes useful appendices that list of conifers for various problems and conditions, like conifers for areas plagued by deer and the best conifers for Christmas trees and Southern gardens. Each section is enlivened with gorgeous color photographs. Whatever landscape situation or challenge a gardener designer faces, Designing with Conifers shows how to make the best choice from this beautiful, useful, and versatile group of plants.
Although the seventeenth century is usually referred to as the golden age of topiary, the use of clipped trees and shrubs ... which included topiary and where they grew medicinal and culinary herbs in knot gardens and among parterres.
Author: Richard L. Bitner
Publisher: Timber Press
Topiary is the art of clipping shrubs into ornamental forms. Almost any shape can be created - from birds to battleships. This is a complete guide for those new to topiary, with practical and easy-to-follow instruction on tools, design and preparation, training and pruning. It includes many ideas for archways, box hedges, cubes and pyramids, wall sculptures and a range of animals, and it also provides a listing of suitable shrubs. The illustrations include many step-by-step drawings.
You should not path , and the whole thing was popularly attempt a knot garden or parterre unless you finished off with a clipped topiary centre - piece are prepared to clip the low hedging regularly , which frequently took the form of ...
Author: David Carr
Publisher: Crowood Press (UK)
Beautiful gardens can steal your breath and feed your soul. Gardens of Eden brings together more than fifty of the world's most beautiful gardens. Spanning time and continents, this book visits the glorious paradise gardens of ancient Persia, the restrained gardens of Italy and the Buddhist-inspired landscapes of China and Japan. Illustrated by more than 500 photographs, this tour takes in such gardens as Les Jardins du Paradis in Cordes-sur-Ciel, France; Nooroo in Australia's Blue Mountains; Villa Lante in Tuscany, Italy-the greatest and most perfect example of High Renaissance art and gardening-and the ancient gardens of Kyoto, Japan. It also surveys gardens in which some of the world's greatest writers found inspiration, such as Vita Sackville-West's Sissinghurst in Kent, and where politicians found solace, such as George Washington's Mount Vernon Estate.
Returning to the house through the parkland and wildflower meadows, tree-lined avenues give way to the Knot Garden, a quartet of formal parterres, laid out in the 1920s, and through which topiary peacocks strut.
Publisher: The Miegunyah Press
Records the prowess of past and present topiarists and provides practical instruction for the creation of various clipped, trimmed, and sculptured plants.
... of British and American gardens which contain fine or unusual examples of topiary , clipped hedges and parterres . ... Wing , Buckinghamshire ( topiary sundial ) Barnsley House , near Cirencester , Gloucestershire ( hedges and knot ...
Author: A. M. Clevely
Publisher: Salem House Pub
This definition covers the well - known topiary figures , knot gardens , some types of parterres , and garden mazes , when these are made from vegetation . To be most effective , topiary should be practised on slowgrowing , but long ...
Author: Paul Francis Edwards
Category: Garden ornaments and furniture
This is the first book on the history of trees in Britain’s towns and cities and the people who have planted and cared for them. It is a highly readable and authoritative account of the trees in our urban landscapes from the Romans to the present day, including public parks, private gardens, streets, cemeteries and many other open spaces. It charts how our appreciation of urban trees and woodland has evolved into our modern understanding of the many environmental, economic and social benefits of our urban forests. A description is also given of the various threats to these trees over the centuries, such as pollution damage during the Industrial Revolution and the recent ravages of Dutch elm disease. Central and local government initiatives are examined together with the contribution of civic and amenity societies. However, this historical account is not just a catalogue of significant events but gives a deeper analysis by exploring fundamental issues such as who owned those treed landscapes, why they were created and who had access to them. The book concludes with the fascinating story of how trees have contributed to efforts to improve urban conditions through various ‘visions of urban green’ such as the model villages, garden cities, garden suburbs and the new towns. Studies in garden and landscape history have often been preoccupied with those belonging to the rich and powerful. This book focuses particularly on working people and the extent to which they have been able to enjoy urban trees and greenspace. It will appeal to a general readership, especially those with an interest in garden history, heritage landscapes and the natural and built environment. Its meticulous referencing will also ensure it is much appreciated by students and academics pursuing further reading and research. It is written by an internationally renowned arboriculturist who combines a passion for trees with a sound understanding of British social and cultural history.
... the knot garden of Tudor times had now been largely superseded by the more embroidered and grander parterre of the French. ... Topiary also came in for much criticism from other landscape and garden enthusiasts, particularly after a ...
Author: Mark Johnston
Publisher: Windgather Press
Category: Social Science
4 the same arbor and sarN cophagus appear as the central sym- knot garden as we more generally of these knots and parterres , topiary metrical element in an illustration of think of it during this period , Fig .
Author: John Brinckerhoff Jackson
Category: Human geography