Private Speech

demonstrate that private speech increased in the presence of familiar peers, while it decreased when communication ... Similarly, Rubin, Hultsch, and Peters (1971) found a higher proportion of private speech (over total speech) when the ...

Author: Rafael M. Diaz

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317783053

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 248

Download →

Since the publication of Vygotsky’s Thought and Language in the United States, a number of North American and European investigators have conducted systematic observations of children’s spontaneous private speech, giving substantial support to Vygotsky’s major hypotheses — particularly those regarding the social origins of higher psychological functions. However, there still remain many vital questions about the origins, significance, and functions of private speech: How can social and private speech be validly differentiated? What kinds of social interactions promote the use of private speech? What are the sources of individual differences in the use of private speech? This unique volume addresses these and many other important questions. Characterized by a strong emphasis on original data, it reports on systematic observations of spontaneous private speech in children and adults in both laboratory and naturalistic settings. In addition to its systematic analysis of common methodological problems in the field, the book contains the most comprehensive bibliography of the private speech literature currently available.
Posted in:

Speech Disorders

A PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY of the Various Defects of Speech Stinchfield, Sara M. percentage of all items answered “right”. ... TABLE I Showing comparison between total speech corrective group and superior speech group on handedness index.

Author: Stinchfield, Sara M

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136310256

Category: Psychology

Page: 372

View: 749

Download →

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Posted in:

Affirmative Action Hate Speech and Tenure

Derrida's primary critique of the performative is that it assumes that the total speech situation is fixed, exhaustively defined, and that its actors consciously express their intention to accomplish that which gains the force of ...

Author: Benjamin Baez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136699290

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 612

Download →

Uniquely positioned as both a scholar and an attorney, Benjamin Baez provides a thought-provoking exploration on the current debate surrounding race and academic institutions.
Posted in:

Normativity and Variety of Speech Actions

4 Objective Requirements A third kind of speech act norms is what I would like to call objective requirements. These are normative standards for 'accomplished utterances' (Austin 1962, pp. 140–141), or complete speech act tokens, ...

Author: Maciej Witek

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004366527

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 909

Download →

Normativity and Variety of Speech Actions embraces papers focused on the performative dimension of language. The volume gathers novel papers discussing normativity and various other problems in speech-act theory.
Posted in:

Speech Act Phenomenology

Or as Cerf summarizes : To elucidate the total speech act in the total speech situation is more than, and different from, anything that goes by the name of logical or linguistic analysis.

Author: R.L. Laningan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401010450

Category: Philosophy

Page: 145

View: 827

Download →

The nature and function of language as Man's chief vehicle of communi cation occupies a focal position in the human sciences, particularly in philosophy. The concept of 'communication' is problematic because it suggests both 'meaning' (the nature of language) and the activity of speaking (the function of language). The philosophic theory of 'speech acts' is one attempt to clarify the ambiguities of 'speech' as both the use of language to describe states of affair and the process in which that description is generated as 'communication'. The present study, Speech Act Phenomenology, is in part an exam ination of speech act theory. The theory offers an explanation for speech performance, that is, the structure of speech acts as 'relationships' and the content of speech acts as 'meaning'. The primary statement of the speech act theory that is examined is that presented by Austin. A seconda ry concern is the formulation of the theory as presented by Searle and Grice. The limitations of the speech act theory are specified by applying the theory as an explanation of 'human communication'. This conceptual examination of 'communication' suggests that the philosophic method of 'analysis' does not resolve the antinomy of language 'nature' and 'function'. Basically, the conceptual distinctions of the speech act theory (i. e. locutions, illocutions, and perlocutions) are found to be empty as a comprehensive explanation of the concept 'communication'.
Posted in:

Speech Act and Sachverhalt

It is to the first half of this contrast that Austin is alluding in the well-known words: “The total speech-act in the total speech situation is the only actual phenomenon which, in the last resort, we are engaged in elucidating” (How ...

Author: K. Mulligan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400935211

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 195

Download →

Phenomenology as practised by Adolf Reinach ( 1883-191 7) in his all too brief philosophical career exemplifies all the virtues of Husserl's Logical Investigations. It is sober, concerned to be clear and deals with specific problems. It is therefore understandable that, in a philosophical climate in which Husserl's masterpiece has come to be regarded as a mere stepping stone on the way to his later Phenomeno logy, or even to the writings of a Heidegger, Reinach's contributions to exact philo sophy have been all but totally forgotten. The topics on which Reinach wrote most illuminatingly, speech acts (which he called 'social acts') and states of affairs (Sachverhalte ), as well as his realism about the external world, have come to be regarded as the preserve of other traditions of exact philosophy. Like my fellow contributors, I hope that the present volume will go some way towards correcting this unfortunate historical accident. Reinach's account of judgements and states of affairs, an account that precedes those of Russell and Wittgenstein, his 1913 treatment of speech acts, his reinter pretation of Hume and aspects of his legal philosophy are the main philosophical topics dealt with in what follows. But his analysis of deliberation as well as his work on movement and Zeno's paradoxes get only a passing mention.
Posted in:

The Stephen Speech

The question as to what purpose this long presentation of Israel's history serves in the framework of the total speech is not yet answered . 52 - In these pages we have indicated the variety of opinions concerning the function of the ...

Author: John J. Kilgallen

Publisher: Gregorian Biblical BookShop

ISBN: 8876530673

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 678

Download →

This book is developed from a doctoral dissertation entitled A Literary and Redactional study of Acts 7,2-53; that dissertation and this book have this in common, that they try to explain how vv 2-16 of Stephen's speech are integrally related to vv 17-53 of the same speech. This explanation, or exegesis, is the core of this book, and the subject of Part Two of these pages; from the exegesis offered there it is clear that vv 2-16 are essential to the meaning and impact of Stephen's speech. Not only, however, is our goal in the exegetical section to explain the function of Stephen's verses 2-16; we give an interpretation of the entire speech and og a number of problems of comprehension which still disturb exegetes today. Preceding this section of exegesis is a history of exegetical opinion about the meaning of Stephen's speech, about its sources, its relationship to the accusations against the Saint, about the significance of vv 2 - 16 within the total speech. Following our exegesis is an Appendix in which we offer data of varying value to show not only that one man's style is evident throughout Stephen's speech, but that this style is the style of the rest of the Acts of the Apostles and very close to that of the Gospel of Luke.
Posted in:

Speech Perception By Ear and Eye

If identification of the total speech event constrains auditory discrimination, these two speech events should be difficult to discriminate from one another. Finally, we have two conditions of a mismatch, either in the first or second ...

Author: Dominic W. Massaro

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317785989

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 330

View: 170

Download →

First published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Posted in:

Text Speech and Dialogue

... various SNRs calculated as total speech to total noise power after high-pass filter with 100Hz cutoff. We conclude that the new VAD is highly accurate and language and speaker insensitive for high SNR (up to 10 dB).

Author: Petr Sojka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319455105

Category: Computers

Page: 550

View: 672

Download →

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Text, Speech, and Dialogue, TSD 2016, held in Brno, CzechRepublic, in September 2016. The 62 papers presented together with 3 abstracts of invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 127 submissions. They focus on topics such as corpora and language resources; speech recognition; tagging, classification and parsing of text and speech; speech and spoken language generation; semantic processing of text and speech; integrating applications of text and speech processing; automatic dialogue systems; as well as multimodal techniques and modelling.
Posted in: