Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Years 1 - 2012

Population, GDP at PPP, and GDP Per Capita. Volume 2, by Country
Author: Alexander V. Avakov
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 1628941375
Category: Reference
Page: 438
View: 9604
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Who's winning and who's losing? This book provides hard data for all who ponder the shifting sands of power, whether economic, military or demographic, and seek keys to decipher the media news. Going far beyond the major powers and the BRIC countries, this economic statistical work, issued every few years, presents historical statistics in nine sections. This is Volume 2, which lists (1) Population/Growth Rates of Population by country, (2) GDP Per Capita/Growth Rates of GDP Per Capita by country, and (3) GDP/Growth Rates of GDP by country. Volume 1 (sold separately) covers: (1) Population by rank, (2) GDP Per Capita by rank, (3) GDP by rank, (4) Growth Rates of Population by rank, (5) Growth Rates of GDP Per Capita by rank, (6) Growth Rates of GDP by rank. This biennial work contains data generally not available elsewhere, and in ways that help make it possible to draw useful comparisons. First, it provides statistical data for all countries of the world (236 countries, within their 2011 borders) since the year 1950 (by decade, with 2011 in addition), plus forecasts for 2020 and 2030. Second, it provides data for 135 countries since the year 1000 (with data for 1000, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1820, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1900, 1913, 1920, 1929, and 1938). Third, it provides data for 134 countries for the first year AD. In Volume 1 [572 pages], this data is arranged by rank, or size. In this, Volume 2 [438 pages], the countries are listed alphabetically. This book is based on the groundbreaking works of Angus Maddison but it gives data up to the most recent year available and calculates GDP (gross and per capita) in the prices of that year. For recent years, the World Bank, CIA, and Encyclopedia Britannica were principal sources. But, despite the author's great debt to these sources, the preponderance of data in the book is not direct citations from them but rather the result of calculations. Among other computational techniques he uses a new logarithmic interpolation which takes care of cross-country statistical distortions when calculating in the prices of the most recent year. For every line of data (for every country, each year), he provides a note on the technique used in obtaining his estimate (i.e., proxy, exponential interpolation, direct estimate with source citation, etc.). Dr. Avakov's annual title, "Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons," gives a current snapshot of world economic and military statistics. This work, "Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics," gives world population figures and current GDP data in a historical perspective.

Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics

World Population, GDP and PPP
Author: Aleksandr Vladimirovich Avakov
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 0875867529
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 390
View: 2339
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This statistical volume contains data usually unavailable in other statistical publications. It gives statistics for two groups of countries in their 2007 borders. First, since year 1950 (for 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2007), it provides statistical data for all countries of the world (232 countries). Second, since year 1 AD (for 0001, 1000, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1820, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1900, 1913, 1920, 1929, and 1938), it provides data for a smaller group of countries (133 countries). This book is based on the groundbreaking works of Angus Maddison but it differs from his books in that it gives data up to the most recent year available and calculates GDP (gross and per capita) in the prices of that most recent year. For the recent years, the World Bank, CIA, and Encyclopedia Britannica were principal sources. But, despite the author's great debt to these sources, the preponderance of data in the book is not direct citations from them but rather the result of calculations. Among other computational techniques he uses a new logarithmic interpolation which takes care of cross-country statistical distortions when calculating in the prices of the most recent year. For every line of data (for every country, each year), he provides a note on the technique used in obtaining his estimate (i. e., proxy, exponential interpolation, direct estimate with source citation, etc.). Dr. Avakov's annual title Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons gives a current snapshot of world statistics. This new work, Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, gives the population and current price GDP data in a historical perspective.

Die Macht der einen Zahl

Eine politische Geschichte des Bruttoinlandsprodukts
Author: Philipp Lepenies
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518733478
Category: Political Science
Page: 186
View: 344
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Keine statistische Kennzahl beeinflusst die aktuelle Politik stärker als das Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP). Noch in den dreißiger Jahren existierten in England und in den USA unterschiedliche Vorstellungen davon, wie sich wirtschaftliche Vorgänge in Zahlen abbilden ließen. Nur eine dieser Methoden, der Vorläufer des BIP, bewährte sich im Zweiten Weltkrieg als Planungs- und Informationsinstrument und wurde in der Nachkriegszeit von den USA mit aller politischen Macht im Westen als Standard etabliert. Zusammen mit der Idee des Wachstums gab diese Methode Hoffnung auf eine Zukunft unendlichen materiellen Wohlstands. Obwohl mit seiner Hilfe nur ganz bestimmte Probleme gelöst werden sollten, monopolisiert das BIP seitdem den Blick auf wirtschaftliche Zusammenhänge.

Wohlstand und Armut der Nationen

Warum die einen reich und die anderen arm sind
Author: David Landes
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641051118
Category: History
Page: 688
View: 857
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Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.

Health at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2014 Measuring Progress towards Universal Health Coverage

Measuring Progress towards Universal Health Coverage
Author: OECD,World Health Organization
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264223959
Category:
Page: 120
View: 7750
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This third edition of Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific presents a set of key indicators of health status, the determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health care expenditure and financing and health care quality across 27 Asia/Pacific countries and economies.

Eine Abhandlung über das Bevölkerungsgesetz, oder eine Untersuchung seiner Bedeutung für die menschliche Wohlfahrt in Vergangenheit und Zukunft ...


Author: Thomas Robert Malthus
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Population
Page: N.A
View: 8142
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Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health


Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 924156475X
Category: Medical
Page: 376
View: 4372
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WHO has published several reports in the past on this topic with the last one being published in 2011; this report of 2014 has some unique features. First, it describes some progress made in alcohol policy development in WHO member States after endorsement of the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol in 2010. Second, this report provides a wealth of information on alcohol-related indicators for the comprehensive global monitoring framework for the prevention and control of NCDs adopted by the 66th World Health Assembly. The global monitoring framework was developed fulfilling the mandate given by the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) and includes the voluntary target of a 10% relative reduction in harmful use of alcohol by 2025 against 2010 baseline. And thirdly, this report presents an overview of some mechanisms and pathways which are behind the impact of harmful use of alcohol on public health. This report provides a global overview on alcohol consumption in relation to public health (Chapter 1) as well as information on: the consumption of alcohol in populations (Chapter 2); the health consequences of alcohol consumption (Chapter 3); and policy responses at national level (Chapter 4). The report also contains country profiles for all 193 WHO Member States as well as data tables to support information provided in chapters 2-4 (Appendices I-III) and a section explaining data sources and methods used in this report (Appendix IV).

Statistisches Jahrbuch Österreichs


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Austria
Page: N.A
View: 1027
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Frontier

Exploring the Top Ten Emerging Markets of Tomorrow
Author: Gavin Serkin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118823729
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 424
View: 7773
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Get ahead of emerging markets with top-performer picks for up-and-comers Frontier helps investors successfully navigate markets that are yet to “emerge,” with expert advice on spotting opportunities and minimising risks. With first-hand insights into frontier markets as we travel with big-name fund managers from Mark Mobius to Morgan Stanley, this practical guide ranks countries, stocks and bonds on a five- to ten-year horizon to steer investors toward the most promising destinations. Written in a compelling and accessible travelogue narrative, each chapter covers a specific country, providing invaluable market analysis and a deep understanding of the political, economic, and social background of those most likely to outperform. The key focus is on fresh ideas, based on the assessments from top performing money managers when meeting challenges, hostilities or adversity, and observations after interviewing high-level government officials and executives. With advanced economies shackled by debt and sluggish growth, investors are increasingly turning to emerging markets for better returns. Yet the money managers who came out on top in China, India, and Brazil are now focusing their attention on markets that have not yet emerged. This book applies the perspective of ten of the most successful fund managers in their field, providing an unparalleled guide to assessing investment potential in places better known for conflict, poverty and corruption. · Discover which markets have the best prospects, and which are potential disasters · Analyse individual markets by metrics including macro data, global relative value comparisons of stocks and bonds, buy/ sell triggers, and more · Learn which industries, stocks and bonds should be considered in each market · Examine each country through real-life on-the-ground assessment of corruption, conflict and other risks as well as inspirational breakthroughs that signal opportunities This is a practical manual for all investors - whether students or professionals - wanting to get to know the most promising new markets while avoiding the pitfalls. A must-read for corporate executives seeking global capital, Frontier provides a better understanding of the changing international investment dynamic. Robin Wigglesworth, FT: “Invaluable.” Mark Mobius, Templeton: “I love it! Beautiful descriptive writing.” Aliko Dangote, Wealthiest African: “Captivating tales, masterly woven.”

Factfulness

Wie wir lernen, die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist
Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843717451
Category: Science
Page: 350
View: 4494
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Es wird alles immer schlimmer, eine schreckliche Nachricht jagt die andere: Die Reichen werden reicher, die Armen ärmer. Es gibt immer mehr Kriege, Gewaltverbrechen, Naturkatastrophen. Viele Menschen tragen solche beängstigenden Bilder im Kopf. Doch sie liegen damit grundfalsch. Unser Gehirn verführt uns zu einer dramatisierenden Weltsicht, die mitnichten der Realität entspricht, wie der geniale Statistiker und Wissenschaftler Hans Rosling erklärt. Wer das Buch gelesen hat, wird • ein sicheres, auf Fakten basierendes Gerüst besitzen, um die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist • die zehn gängigsten Arten von aufgebauschten Geschichten erkennen • bessere Entscheidungen treffen können • wahre Factfulness erreichen – jene offene, neugierige und entspannte Geisteshaltung, in der Sie nur noch Ansichten teilen und Urteile fällen, die auf soliden Fakten basieren

Der Reichtum Der Nationen


Author: Adam Smith
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3863831802
Category:
Page: 334
View: 4461
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Die weltweite Ungleichheit

Der World Inequality Report 2018
Author: Facundo Alvaredo,Lucas Chancel,Thomas Piketty,Emmanuel Saez,Gabriel Zucman
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406723861
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 456
View: 4261
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Mit seinem Weltbestseller «Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert» hat Thomas Piketty eine heftige Kontroverse über die wachsende Ungleichheit in den westlichen Gesellschaften und deren Ursachen ausgelöst. Nun folgt der «World Inequality Report» – der gründlichste und aktuellste Bericht zur Lage der weltweiten Ungleichheit. Ein junges Team von Ökonomen, zu dem auch Piketty gehört, legt darin Fakten und Analysen vor, die ganz klar zeigen: Fast überall auf der Welt nimmt die Ungleichheit dramatisch zu. 1980 verdienten in den USA die unteren 50 Prozent der Lohnskala 21 Prozent des gesamten nationalen Einkommens, während das oberste 1 Prozent 11 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens mit nach Hause nahm. Doch dieser gewaltige Spagat hat sich heute sogar noch umgekehrt: Während die untersten 50 Prozent nur noch 13 Prozent des Einkommens nach Hause bringen, sichert sich das oberste 1 Prozent mehr als 20 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens. Diesen Trend zunehmender ökonomischer Ungleichheit gibt es nicht nur in den USA, sondern nahezu überall auf der Welt. Er wirkt wie eine bedrohliche kapitalistische Urgewalt, gegen die sich im Zeitalter von Globalisierung und Beschleunigung nichts ausrichten lässt. Der «World Inequality Report» zeigt, dass dies nicht stimmt. Wir können und müssen etwas gegen diesen Trend unternehmen – und eine starke Demokratie mit klaren Spielregeln für die Marktwirtschaft kann dies bewirken.

Fähigkeiten schaffen

Neue Wege zur Verbesserung menschlicher Lebensqualität
Author: Martha Nussbaum
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783495486696
Category:
Page: 272
View: 7511
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World Trade Report 2014


Author: World Trade Organization,World Trade Organization Wto
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789287039125
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 7763
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The World Trade Report is an annual publication that aims to deepen understanding about trends in trade, trade policy issues and the multilateral trading system. Each year, a new aspect of world trade is analyzed in detail. The World Trade Report 2014 looks at four major trends that have changed the relationship between trade and development since the start of the millennium: the economic rise of developing economies, the growing integration of global production through supply chains, the higher prices for agricultural goods and natural resources, and the increasing interdependence of the world economy.

Die Globalisierung der Ungleichheit


Author: Francois Bourguignon
Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS
ISBN: 3868546030
Category: Social Science
Page: 128
View: 5968
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Segen oder Teufelswerk? Ist die Globalisierung für den beispiellosen Anstieg von Ungleichheit in der Welt verantwortlich? Verweist sie alle Hoffnungen auf soziale Gerechtigkeit ins Reich der Utopie? Kaum eine Debatte wird so erhitzt geführt wie jene um die Globalisierung. Das Verhältnis von Ungleichheit und Globalisierung muss in der doppelten Perspektive - national und international - betrachtet werden, um in seiner Komplexität begreifbar zu werden. So steht dem Anstieg nationaler Ungleichheit paradoxerweise eine Abnahme globaler Ungleichheit gegenüber. Bourguignon, ehemaliger Chefökonom der Weltbank, analysiert diese antagonistischen Effekte der Globalisierung. Mit Blick auf die Schwellenländer ist die Ungleichheit im Weltvergleich geringer geworden: Der Lebensstandard in Brasilien, China oder Indien nähert sich langsam demjenigen der Nordamerikaner und Europäer an. Binnenstaatlich betrachtet sind die Ungleichheiten jedoch in einer nicht geringen Anzahl der Länder eklatant geworden, was zu sozialen Spannungen führen musste. Ohne neue Marktregularien, einer steuerlich indizierten Umverteilung und Gehaltsobergrenzen wird die zunehmende Ungleichheit nicht einzudämmen sein. Bourguignon beschreibt das Instrumentarium, das den nationalen wie internationalen Entscheidungsträgern zur Verfügung steht, um eine an Gerechtigkeitsmaßstäben ausgerichtete Verteilungspolitik zu verwirklichen. Wer heute zunehmende Globalisierung der Ungleichheit verhindern will, muss für eine Globalisierung der Umverteilung eintreten.

Wirtschaftswachstum


Author: Robert J. Barro,Xavier Sala-i-Martin
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486789481
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 644
View: 7779
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Exzellentes Lehrwerk zum Wirtschaftswachstum von zwei weltweit renommierten Volkswirten.

Globalization and Corporate Taxation


Author: Mr. Manmohan S. Kumar,Mr. Dennis P. Quinn
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475540337
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 49
View: 5434
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This paper analyzes the extent to which the degree of international economic integration, both financial and trade, affects corporate tax rates. It explores this issue in the context of strategic behavior by countries, taking into account other global and domestic political economy factors. Tax rates are analyzed using a unique tax dataset for advanced and developing economies extending over five decades. We report a number of novel results: there is no general negative relationship between financial globalization and corporate tax rates and revenues—results vary according to country grouping with OECD countries showing a positive relationship; the United States exhibits a “Stackelberg” type of leadership on other countries; trade integration is inversely correlated with tax rates; and public sentiment and ideology affect tax rates. The policy implications of these findings, particularly given budgetary pressures in the aftermath of the global crisis, are noted.

Energy Systems Engineering: Evaluation and Implementation, Second Edition


Author: Francis Vanek,Louis Albright,Largus Angenent
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071787798
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 672
View: 8540
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The defining guide to energy systems engineering--updated for the latest technologies "Broad in scope, with focused instructional detail, this text offers a uniquely excellent, student-accessible educational resource for integrating thermodynamic, alternative, and renewable energy conversion processes." -- Professor Randy L. Vander Wal, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Penn State University "A carefully written book, providing good breadth as well as depth on major conventional and sustainable energy systems." -- Professor David Dillard, Department of Engineering Science & Mechanics, Virginia Tech Fully revised throughout, Energy Systems Engineering, Second Edition discusses fossil, nuclear, and renewable energy sources, emphasizing a technology-neutral, portfolio approach to energy systems options. The book covers major energy technologies, describing how they work, how they are quantitatively evaluated, their cost, and their benefit or impact on the natural environment. Evaluating project scope, cost, energy consumption, and technical efficiency is clearly addressed. Example problems help you to quantify the performance of each technology and better assess its potential. Hundreds of illustrations and end-of-chapter exercises aid in your understanding of the concepts presented in this practical guide. Coverage includes: Systems and economic tools for energy systems Climate change and climate modeling Fossil fuel resources Stationary combustion systems Carbon sequestration Nuclear energy systems Solar resource evaluation Solar photovoltaic technologies Active and passive solar thermal systems Wind energy systems New chapter on energy from biological sources Transportation energy technologies Systems perspective on transportation engineering

Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012


Author: Asian Development Bank
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9789290928164
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 301
View: 3162
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