UK Airfields of the Cold War

There is growing interest in the Cold War era in British history. This book provides a new study of Cold War airfields for all who study airfield history and archaeology.

Author: Philip Birtles

Publisher: Crecy Pub

ISBN: 1857803469

Category: History

Page: 160

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This book provides a new study of Cold War airfields for all who study airfield history and archaeology.
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Hawker s Secret Cold War Airfield

Surrounded for most of its existence by secrecy, due to the nature of its work, Dunsfold has largely escaped the notice of the general public. This work shines a light on the remarkable work carried out there.

Author: Christopher Budgen

Publisher: Air World

ISBN: 1526771756

Category: History

Page:

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In 1948, Hawker Aircraft, faced with new jet projects that could not use their existing airfield at Langley, began the process of searching for alternative accommodation for their flight-testing requirements. It would, however, take three hard years before Dunsfold Aerodrome would be made available by a reluctant Air Ministry and the company was able to launch its first jet aircraft design - the Sea Hawk - into series production for the Royal Navy, closely followed by the superlative Hunter. Hawker Aircraft would go on to produce nearly 2,000 Hunters before other projects came to the fore.As Hunter production continued in the late 1950s, the company looked to its successor - the Mach 2 capable air superiority fighter designated P.1121, though this would stall before flight in the wake of serious national financial short-falls. With the loss of its premier project, the company came upon a radical new engine proposal and schemed an aircraft around it capable of vertical take-off and landing. While many decried the proposal, claiming it would never amount to anything, the Harrier would go on to prove the nay-sayers wrong as it came into its own during the Falklands War.Following the Harrier, Hawker Siddeley stepped into the competitive trainer aircraft market with the Hawk for the RAF. After completion of the RAF requirement, Hawk was sold into air arms across the world, including the US Navy, an incredible achievement for a UK design. British Aerospace then brought forth the Harrier GR.5, the UK version of the US AV-8B, a completely upgraded and improved Harrier.One might expect that this prolific output was the result of some massive industrial plant in the Midlands rather than an isolated aerodrome tucked in the rural hinterland of south Surrey. Surrounded for most of its existence by secrecy, due to the nature of its work, Dunsfold has largely escaped the notice of the general public. This work shines a light on the remarkable work carried out there.
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Hawker Hurricane

This is the aircraft that the Battle of Britain hinged upon: the day-fighter that won for the fight for Britain's freedom, without which invasion would have been a near certainty.

Author: Philip J. Birtles

Publisher: History PressLtd

ISBN: 0752498584

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 650

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This is the aircraft that the Battle of Britain hinged upon: the day-fighter that won for the fight for Britain's freedom, without which invasion would have been a near certainty. Yet this vital aircraft, the Hawker Hurricane, is often overshadowed by the Spitfire in many histories of World War II. Not so here, though, as Philip Birtles gives a full, detailed account of this important fighter. Complemented by both color and black-and-white illustrations, this book delves into the history of this aircraft, from design and production via the Battle of Britain and World War II service at home and overseas, right through to rebuilt and preserved Hurricanes still existent. This comprehensive account is everything this aircraft deserves, and no aviation or World War II enthusiast should be without it.
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Sculthorpe Secrecy and Stealth

Set in the north Norfolk countryside, Sculthorpe was the hub of offensive operations until its closure in 1944 for upgrading as a base for heavy bombers, its runway ideal for US Strategic Air Command bombers like the B-29.

Author: Peter B. Gunn

Publisher: The History Press

ISBN: 9780750955218

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 939

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Set in the north Norfolk countryside, Sculthorpe was the hub of offensive operations until its closure in 1944 for upgrading as a base for heavy bombers, its runway ideal for US Strategic Air Command bombers like the B-29. By 1951, it was formally handed over to US control and became a prime front-line nuclear bomber base as well as a centre of intelligence gathering via secret surveillance flights over Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. There are many unanswered questions about the base during this period, not least regarding the ‘RAF Special Duties Flight’ which carried out two overflights of the Soviet Union in 1952 and 1954. After 1962, the airfield once again became a standby base used by the USAF, the RAF and the Army.
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Abandoned Cold War Places

Then, 30 years ago, the Berlin Wall fell and the "Iron Curtain" lifted. Featuring 150 striking color photographs, Abandoned Cold War Places looks at the now-unused sites where weapons were stored and strategy developed.

Author: Robert Grenville

Publisher: Abandoned

ISBN: 1782749179

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 412

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The Cold War was a battle of nerves as East and West amassed ever-greater armaments and engaged in ostentatious shows of strength, stealth, and espionage. Then, 30 years ago, the Berlin Wall fell and the "Iron Curtain" lifted. Through 150 striking color photographs, Abandoned Cold War Places looks at the now-unused sites where weapons were stored and strategy developed, traveling from Soviet submarine bases to Britain's nuclear bunkers, from radar stations in San Francisco Bay to listening posts in West Germany.
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The Royal Air Force in the Cold War 1950 1970

In this book, Ian Proctor uses over 150 highly evocative colour images from a single remarkable Air Ministry collection to portray the RAF and its personnel between 1950 and 1970.

Author: Ian Proctor

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781783831890

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 593

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Soon after the Second world War, wartime allies became Cold War adversaries, and by 1950 the perceived threat of a Soviet strike on Western Europe or Britain dominated military planning. For the next forty years, the Royal Air Force was in the front-line of the Cold War. In Britain and Germany, light bomber crews exercised in preparation for a future conflict, while interceptor pilots stood by ready to counter incursions by Soviet aircraft. Between 1956 and 1969, the elite crews of the iconic V-Force of nuclear bombers trained to perform the ultimate mission, striking targets deep in the heart of Russia. Protecting British interests overseas, personnel at stations across the Middle East and Far East were regularly engaged in supporting operations during the many colonial conflicts which occurred throughout the 1950s and 1960s.??Undertaking these duties were new British-designed aircraft introduced to squadrons from the early-1950s. The names of these extraordinary aircraft, which included the Hunter, Lightning, Vulcan and Canberra, became synonymous with the Cold War.??In this book, Ian Proctor uses over 150 highly evocative colour images from a single remarkable Air Ministry collection to portray the RAF and its personnel between 1950 and 1970. He provides a selected insight into service life, the aircraft, recruitment and training, and the operations and exercises undertaken by the RAF during a twenty year period of the Cold War.
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RAF West Malling

“Inspiring history of the first designated night fighter base . . . an important piece of social and military history . . . a must-read!” —Books Monthly Anthony J. Moor’s exhaustively researched and highly illustrated book is the ...

Author: Anthony J. Moor

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781526753243

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 399

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“Inspiring history of the first designated night fighter base . . . an important piece of social and military history . . . a must-read!” —Books Monthly Anthony J. Moor’s exhaustively researched and highly illustrated book is the first to tell the full story of the part West Malling played in the defense of the United Kingdom, and how it served the RAF for twenty-eight action-packed years. Opened as a private landing ground after the First World War, the airfield at West Malling became home to the Maidstone School of Flying in 1930. The airfield’s RAF role came to the fore in June 1940; by then the station had been fitted with a concrete runway. The first aircraft arrived on 8 June 1940. As the UK’s first designated night fighter base, over the years that followed, RAF West Malling was home to many famous pilots—men such as John Cunningham, Peter Townsend, Bob Braham and even Guy Gibson, later of Dambusters fame. During the summer of 1944, Mosquitoes, Spitfires and Mustang Mk.3s successfully destroyed many V-1s, as well as played their part in the D-Day landings. West Malling’s strategic night fighter role continued into the Cold War, when No.500 (Kent’s Own) Squadron adopted it as its home in this period. A US Navy Facility Flight was also based at the airfield in the 1960s. After closure as an operational air station in 1969, West Malling re-acquired its civilian guise, hosting a Gliding School, Short Brothers and several major Great Warbirds Air Displays during the 1970s and 1980s, until eventually closing completely as an airfield, for re-development.
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Hawker s Secret Cold War Airfield

up to a suitable level for heavy bomber deployment were estimated at some £6-8 million, the majority of the cost to be borne by UK government.

Author: Christopher Budgen

Publisher: Air World

ISBN: 9781526771766

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 679

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In 1948, Hawker Aircraft, faced with new jet projects that could not use their existing airfield at Langley, began the process of searching for alternative accommodation for their flight-testing requirements. It would, however, take three hard years before Dunsfold Aerodrome would be made available by a reluctant Air Ministry and the company was able to launch its first jet aircraft design – the Sea Hawk – into series production for the Royal Navy, closely followed by the superlative Hunter. Hawker Aircraft would go on to produce nearly 2,000 Hunters before other projects came to the fore. As Hunter production continued in the late 1950s, the company looked to its successor – the Mach 2 capable air superiority fighter designated P.1121, though this would stall before flight in the wake of serious national financial shortfalls. With the loss of its premier project, the company came upon a radical new engine proposal and schemed an aircraft around it capable of vertical take-off and landing. While many decried the proposal, claiming it would never amount to anything, the Harrier would go on to prove the nay-sayers wrong as it came into its own during the Falklands War. Following the Harrier, Hawker Siddeley stepped into the competitive trainer aircraft market with the Hawk for the RAF. After completion of the RAF requirement, Hawk was sold into air arms across the world, including the US Navy, an incredible achievement for a UK design. British Aerospace then brought forth the Harrier GR.5, the UK version of the US AV-8B, a completely upgraded and improved Harrier. One might expect that this prolific output was the result of some massive industrial plant in the Midlands rather than an isolated aerodrome tucked in the rural hinterland of south Surrey. Surrounded for most of its existence by secrecy, due to the nature of its work, Dunsfold has largely escaped the notice of the general public. This work shines a light on the remarkable work carried out there.
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Valiant Units of the Cold War

The RAF's first Cold War strategic bomber, the Vickers Valiant, was procured as an insurance measure in case either the Vulcan or Victor was found to have a serious flaw.

Author: Andrew Brookes

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781780961187

Category: History

Page: 96

View: 749

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The RAF's first Cold War strategic bomber, the Vickers Valiant, was procured as an insurance measure in case either the Vulcan or Victor was found to have a serious flaw. The Valiant was the equivalent of the US B-47 Stratojet, and it blazed the trail for the British airborne nuclear deterrent as the aircraft enjoyed a far more active service career than later V-bombers. It was the launch platform for all British free fall nuclear weapons tests both in the Pacific and in central Australia, it took part in the Suez campaign in 1956 and it was the only V-bomber to drop (conventional) weapons in anger until the Falklands operation in 1982. The Valiant was modified to serve in the electronic warfare, strategic reconnaissance and airborne tanker role, but it had to be grounded in early 1965 when the aircraft succumbed to metal fatigue.
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In Cold War Skies

In this fascinating book, acclaimed historian Michael Napier looks at each decade of the war in turn, examining the deployment of strategic offensive and defensive forces in North America and Northern Russia as well as the situation in ...

Author: Michael Napier

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472836892

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 709

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Throughout the second half of the 20th century, international relations across the globe were dominated by the Cold War. From 1949 until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, US and Soviet strategic forces were deployed across the Arctic Ocean in North America and Northern Russia, while the best-equipped armed forces that the world had ever seen faced each other directly across the 'Iron Curtain' in Europe. In Cold War Skies examines the air power of the major powers both at a strategic and at a tactical level throughout the 40 years of the Cold War. In this fascinating book, acclaimed historian Michael Napier looks at each decade of the war in turn, examining the deployment of strategic offensive and defensive forces in North America and Northern Russia as well as the situation in Europe. He details the strategic forces and land-based tactical aircraft used by the air forces of the USA, USSR, NATO, Warsaw Pact countries and the European non-aligned nations. He also describes the aircraft types in the context of the units that operated them and the roles in which they were used. The text is supported by a wide range of first-hand accounts of operational flying during the Cold War, as well as numerous high-quality images.
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UK Airfields Past and Present

The USAF vacated the base in 1993, but the Bentwaters Cold War Museum has a few static airframes on the site. (Grant Peerless) Berrow (Pendock Moor), ...

Author: Grant Peerless

Publisher: Fonthill Media

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 902

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A great many books have been written over the years about individual airfields or those in particular counties/areas but this one covers a good proportion of them in one publication, from Abbots Bromley to Zeals. It provides brief details of over 1700 airfields from before the First World War to the present day and describes the main activities carried out, based units/operators and current status. It includes military bases, civil airports/airfields, gliding sites, microlight sites and larger farm strips, together with the probable number of based aircraft. An appendix lists over 500 books which have been published about individual airfields and this, together with the details provided in this book affords a convenient source of reference for further research. It does not pretend to include every flying site that ever existed as this would require a much larger volume but covers what are considered to be the most significant airfields of the past 110 years. It includes over one hundred photographs in colour and black & white, most of which have not been published previously.
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The American bomb in Britain

This study tells the story of the strategic nuclear forces deployed to England by the United States from the late 1940s, and details the secret agreement made to launch atomic strikes against the USSR.

Author: Ken Young

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9781526100665

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 976

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This study tells the story of the strategic nuclear forces deployed to England by the United States from the late 1940s, and details the secret agreement made to launch atomic strikes against the USSR. Drawing on more than a decade's research in archives on both sides of the Atlantic, hitherto unknown aspects of Cold War history are revealed. The book deals with the United States Air Force's (USAF) relations with their British hosts as well as tensions between the American commands, with the continuous struggle to develop and safeguard the expanding base network and with the losing battle to provide the deployed bomber forces with an adequate air defence. This challenging analysis, based on massive archival sources, will provoke and stimulate Cold War historians and air power enthusiasts alike, and be read by those many veterans who served in the units of Strategic Air Command and the USAF in Europe, during that brief but dangerous period of nuclear history.
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Valiant Units of the Cold War

In the end there were 36 UK airfields with Operational Readiness Platforms (ORPs) attached at one end of the main runway – nine Class 1 airfields, ...

Author: Andrew Brookes

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781849087544

Category: History

Page: 96

View: 377

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The RAF's first Cold War strategic bomber, the Vickers Valiant, was procured as an insurance measure in case either the Vulcan or Victor was found to have a serious flaw. The Valiant was the equivalent of the US B-47 Stratojet, and it blazed the trail for the British airborne nuclear deterrent as the aircraft enjoyed a far more active service career than later V-bombers. It was the launch platform for all British free fall nuclear weapons tests both in the Pacific and in central Australia, it took part in the Suez campaign in 1956 and it was the only V-bomber to drop (conventional) weapons in anger until the Falklands operation in 1982. The Valiant was modified to serve in the electronic warfare, strategic reconnaissance and airborne tanker role, but it had to be grounded in early 1965 when the aircraft succumbed to metal fatigue.
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Vulcan Boys

Vulcan Boys is the first Vulcan book recounted completely first hand by the operators themselves.

Author: Tony Blackman

Publisher: Grub Street Publishing

ISBN: 9781909808089

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 117

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The Vulcan, the second of the three V bombers built to guard the UK during the Cold War, has become an aviation icon like the Spitfire, its delta shape instantly recognizable as is the howling noise it makes when the engines are opened for takeoff. Vulcan Boys is the first Vulcan book recounted completely first hand by the operators themselves. It tells the story of the aircraft from its design conception through the Cold War when it played out its most important job as Britainês nuclear deterrent; before unbelievably, at the end of its service life, also playing a significant role, with its bombs and missiles, in liberating the Falkland Islands for which it gained much celebrity. The individual accounts detail how hours at a time were spent on readiness, waiting to be scrambled to defend their country in the event of a third world war. In addition how their aggressive skills were honed by carrying out Lone Ranger sorties flying to the States and westward around the world, and taking part in Giant Voice and Red Flag, competitive exercises against the United States Strategic Air Command. The attacks in the Falklands using Shrike missiles are described accurately and in great detail for the first time including the landing at Rio de Janeiro alongside a vivid account of Black Buck 2. Vulcan Boys is a fascinating and completely authentic read reminding us of the Cold War, how it was fought and the considerable effort required to prevent all-out nuclear war.
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The US the UK and Saudi Arabia in World War II

airfield.136 Less than a month later, British minister Laurence ... the Soviet Union during the Cold War.138 Summing up the Dhahran airfield episode, ...

Author: Matthew Hinds

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780857727596

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 274

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The story of Anglo-American relations in Saudi Arabia during the Second World War has generally been viewed as one of discord and hegemonic rivalry, a perspective reinforced by a tendency to consider Britain's decline and the ascent of US power as inevitable. In this engaging and timely study, Matthew Hinds calls into question such assumptions and reveals a relationship that, though hard-nosed, functioned through interdependence and strategic parity. Drawing upon an array of archives from both sides of the Atlantic, Hinds traces the flow of key events and policies as well as the leading figures who shaped events to show why, how and to what extent the allies and Saudi Arabia became 'mixed up together', in the words of Winston Churchill. Perhaps most fundamentally, Britain and the United States were enthralled by the promise of Saudi Arabia serving as an auxiliary to Allied strategy. Obtaining King Ibn Saud's tacit support or more specifically, his 'benevolent neutrality', meant having vital access, not only to the country's prospective oil reserves, but to its prized geographic location, its centrality within Islam and, as international politics increasingly followed an anti-colonial path, to its credentials as a sovereign and independent Arab state. Given what was at stake, London and Washington saw their engagement in Saudi Arabia as seminal; a genuine blueprint for how to forge a lasting 'Special Relationship' throughout the Middle East. Hinds' bold new interpretation is a vital work that enlarges our understanding of the Anglo-American wartime alliance.
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The Cold War

... Suffolk, 1980s USAF hardened command bunker and airfield –http://www.bcwm. org.uk/ Cosford, Shropshire, The National Cold War Exhibition (part of the ...

Author: Konrad H. Jarausch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110496178

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 154

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The traces of the Cold War are still visible in many places all around the world. It is the topic of exhibits and new museums, of memorial days and historic sites, of documentaries and movies, of arts and culture. There are historical and political controversies, both nationally and internationally, about how the history of the Cold War should be told and taught, how it should be represented and remembered. While much has been written about the political history of the Cold War, the analysis of its memory and representation is just beginning. Bringing together a wide range of scholars, this volume describes and analyzes the cultural history and representation of the Cold War from an international perspective. That innovative approach focuses on master narratives of the Cold War, places of memory, public and private memorialization, popular culture, and schoolbooks. Due to its unique status as a center of Cold War confrontation and competition, Cold War memory in Berlin receives a special emphasis. With the friendly support of the Wilson Center.
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Military Airfields of Britain

This series of books provides a fresh user-friendly look at the military airfields of the British Isles. The series is split geographically, each book including a number of counties on a regional basis.

Author: Ken Delve

Publisher: Crowood Press UK

ISBN: 1861267282

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 380

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This series of books provides a fresh user-friendly look at the military airfields of the British Isles. The series is split geographically, each book including a number of counties on a regional basis. Entries cover every military airfield within the counties, from WW1 to the present day and comprise: Brief history of the airfield, construction and use including decoy sites; Comprehensive list of flying units with dates and aircraft types; List of HQ units based at the airfield; Details of memorials; Maps and plans of almost every airfield; Location details; and a selection of period photographs. The first volume is dominated by the airfields built for the US 8th Army Air Force during WW2. These concrete airstrips played a vital part in the war effort. Today, most of the airfields lie abandoned, but some, like Marham, survive having been important Cold War bases.
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Phantom in the Cold War

In its heyday, it served as Britains principal Cold War fighter; there were seven UK-based squadrons plus the Operational Conversion Unit, two Germany-based squadrons and a further Squadron deployed to the Falkland Islands.Phantom in the ...

Author: David Gledhill

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN: 9781526704108

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 903

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The McDonnell Douglas F4 Phantom was a true multi-role combat aircraft. Introduced into the RAF in 1968, it was employed in ground attack, air reconnaissance and air defense roles. Later, with the arrival of the Jaguar in the early 1970s, it changed over to air defense. In its heyday, it served as Britains principal Cold War fighter; there were seven UK-based squadrons plus the Operational Conversion Unit, two Germany-based squadrons and a further Squadron deployed to the Falkland Islands.Phantom in the Cold War focuses predominantly on the aircrafts role as an air defense fighter, exploring the ways in which it provided the British contribution to the Second Allied Tactical Air Force at RAF Wildenrath, the home of Nos. 19 and 92 Squadrons during the Cold War. As with his previous books, the author, who flew the Phantom operationally, recounts the thrills, challenges and consequences of operating this sometimes temperamental jet at extreme low-level over the West German countryside, preparing for a war which everyone hoped would never happen.
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Brixmis

This text presents the secrets of how British intelligence officers working undercover as liaison officers in East Germany stole advanced Soviet equipment and penetrated top-secret training areas.

Author: Tony Geraghty

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 9780006386735

Category: Cold War

Page: 355

View: 325

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This text presents the secrets of how British intelligence officers working undercover as liaison officers in East Germany stole advanced Soviet equipment and penetrated top-secret training areas. For 40 years the men from all three armed services, the SAS and the Foreign Office conducted an intelligence war against the massive Soviet military strength.
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Cold War Containment Americans in Britain

A complete history of the USAF 3rd AF in Britain post WW II. Units, bases, operations, the 'enmey' -- the Warpac, the LSK/LV and the Soviet 16th Air Army in East Germany.

Author: Peter Dancey

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 9781447691747

Category: History

Page:

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A complete history of the USAF 3rd AF in Britain post WW II. Units, bases, operations, the 'enmey' -- the Warpac, the LSK/LV and the Soviet 16th Air Army in East Germany. UK LOckheed U-2 spyplane and SR-71 Blackbird 'ops'. F-111's, the Libyan Raid, the48th FW. Soviet withdrawal and USAF drawdown. detailed list of comunist 'shoot-downs' of US and Allied aircraft during the 'Cold War stand-off.
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