Urban Growth in Emerging Economies

Lessons from the BRICS
Author: Gordon McGranahan,George Martine
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317965000
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 4067
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Along with globalization, urban transitions have been central in the southward shift in economic power towards the newly emerging economies. As this book shows, however, these transitions have not been painless, and it is important for the rest of the urbanizing world to learn from the mistakes. It examines the role of urbanization and urban growth in the emerging economies, taking the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) as case studies. Their different approaches towards urbanization have shaped their historical development paths and assisted or constrained their futures. Several of the BRICS bear heavy burdens from past failures to accommodate urban growth inclusively and efficiently, and many other urbanizing countries in Asia and Africa are in danger of replicating their mistakes. The overriding lesson of the book is that cities and nations must anticipate urbanization, and accommodate urban growth pro-actively, so as not to be left with an enduring legacy of inequalities and lost opportunities. This book is aimed at students and researchers in urban studies and development studies. It will also be of interest to policy advisors concerned with urbanization and the role of cities in a country’s development

Crowdfunding and Sustainable Urban Development in Emerging Economies


Author: Benna, Umar G.,Benna, Abubakar U.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522539530
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 343
View: 8686
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Economic and societal systems continually evolve as the needs and demands of society change. With the development of new technologies, research, and discoveries, various opportunities emerge for venture development and developing economies. Crowdfunding and Sustainable Urban Development in Emerging Economies provides innovative research on current issues in the rise of new platforms for digital activities, a collaborative economy, crowdsourcing, crowdfunding, and other activities that are shaping developing countries. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics, such as infrastructure finance, tertiary educational institutions, and urban sustainability, this book is an important resource for academicians, practitioners, researchers, and students.

The Urban Transport Crisis in Emerging Economies


Author: Dorina Pojani,Dominic Stead
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319438514
Category: Social Science
Page: 301
View: 5353
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This edited volume discuses urban transport issues, policies, and initiatives in twelve of the world’s major emerging economies – Brazil, China, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Nigeria, Russia, South Africa, Turkey, and Vietnam - countries with large populations that have recently experienced large changes in urban structure, motorization and all the associated social, economic, and environmental impacts in positive and negative senses. Contributions on each of these twelve countries focus on one or more major cities per country. This book aims to fill a gap in the transport literature that is crucial to understanding the needs of a large portion of the world’s urban population, especially in view of the southward shift in economic power. Readers will develop a better understanding of urban transport problems and policies in nations where development levels are below those of richer countries (mainly in the northern hemisphere) but where the rate of economic growth is often increasing at a faster rate than the wealthiest nations.

Urbanization and Its Impact on Socio-Economic Growth in Developing Regions


Author: Benna, Umar,Benna, Indo
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522526609
Category: Political Science
Page: 404
View: 1435
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The social and economic systems of any country are influenced by a range of factors. As the global population grows in developing nations, it has become essential to examine the effects of urbanization. Urbanization and Its Impact on Socio-Economic Growth in Developing Regions is a pivotal reference source for the latest research findings on the role of urban growth on the socio-economic infrastructures in developing regions. Featuring extensive coverage on relevant areas such as job creation, sustainability, and transportation planning, this publication is an ideal resource for city development planners, decision-makers, researchers, academics, and students interested in emerging perspectives on socio-economic development.

The Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South


Author: Susan Parnell,Sophie Oldfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136678271
Category: Architecture
Page: 636
View: 8838
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The renaissance in urban theory draws directly from a fresh focus on the neglected realities of cities beyond the west and embraces the global south as the epicentre of urbanism. This Handbook engages the complex ways in which cities of the global south and the global north are rapidly shifting, the imperative for multiple genealogies of knowledge production, as well as a diversity of empirical entry points to understand contemporary urban dynamics. The Handbook works towards a geographical realignment in urban studies, bringing into conversation a wide array of cities across the global south – the ‘ordinary’, ‘mega’, ‘global’ and ‘peripheral’. With interdisciplinary contributions from a range of leading international experts, it profiles an emergent and geographically diverse body of work. The contributions draw on conflicting and divergent debates to open up discussion on the meaning of the city in, or of, the global south; arguments that are fluid and increasingly contested geographically and conceptually. It reflects on critical urbanism, the macro- and micro-scale forces that shape cities, including ideological, demographic and technological shifts, and constantly changing global and regional economic dynamics. Working with southern reference points, the chapters present themes in urban politics, identity and environment in ways that (re)frame our thinking about cities. The Handbook engages the twenty-first-century city through a ‘southern urban’ lens to stimulate scholarly, professional and activist engagements with the city.

Industry 4.0, Urban Development and German International Development Cooperation


Author: acatech
Publisher: Herbert Utz Verlag
ISBN: 3831644950
Category:
Page: 48
View: 9143
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Industry 4.0 has high potential to positively impact the economic development of cities in developing countries and emerging economies. It can help to promote a green urban economy and contribute to sustainable developement. However, the success of its potential benefits is also dependent on the appropriate economic and urban framework conditions being in place. In this position paper, acatech makes recommendations on how the framework conditions should be addressed by German developement cooperation. India is proposed as a very suitable partner for further action. This position paper is the final report of the acatech project on "Advanced Manufacturing/Industry 4.0 an Urban Development" which was commissioned by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GIZ on behalf of the BMZ. It was carried out in cooperation with the Indian National Academy of Engineering.

Urbanization and Socio-Economic Development in Africa

Challenges and Opportunities
Author: Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa,Abebe Shimeles,Nadège Désirée Yaméogo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317701232
Category: Social Science
Page: 190
View: 1030
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The main goal of this book is to put urbanization and its challenges squarely on Africa’s development agenda. Planned urbanization can improve living conditions for the majority, help in the expansion of the middle class, and create conditions for economic transformation. However, many African cities have developed haphazardly, resulting in the decline of public services, in slum proliferation, and increases in poverty. African cities thrive on activities characterized by easy entry and low productivity, generally referred to as the "informal sector". Indeed, today some urban dwellers are poorer than their cousins in the countryside. In spite of reform attempts, many governments have not been able to create an enabling environment, with adequate infrastructure and institutions to sustain markets for easy exchange and production. This study argues that with careful policies and planning, the situation can be changed. If the recent natural resource-led economic boom that we have seen in many African countries is used for structural reforms and urban renewal, African cities could become centers of economic opportunity. The challenge for African policymakers is to ensure that urban development is orderly and that the process is inclusive and emphasizes the protection of the environment, hence green growth.

Alliance Formation in Emerging Economies

A Resource-based and Agency-theoretic Analysis
Author: Tade W. Peters
Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag
ISBN: 3866187726
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 251
View: 7251
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Forming alliances is a key strategy for firms entering emerging economies. Business opportunities for market entrants are promising and challenging at the same time. Promising because the rapid economic growth provides opportunities to tap new market potentials and challenging because emerging economies display dynamic and complex host environments for inter-firm cooperation. Prospected benefits of alliance strategies are often not realized or insufficient. High failure rates or weak performance are indicators for the inherent complexity that the formation and operation of international alliances entails. This book introduces a resource-based and agency-theoretic perspective on alliance formation analyzing factors that influence the potential to realize competitive advantages through inter-firm cooperation. It presents a framework that integrates (inter)organizational and strategy research in order to investigate determinants of the alliance formation process of partner selection and alliance configuration in the distinct setting of emerging economies. The proposed framework is matched with empirical findings on the basis of a case study on alliances between small and medium-sized firms from industrialized countries and firms from China.

Housing Finance in Emerging Markets

Connecting Low-Income Groups to Markets
Author: Doris Köhn,J. D. Pischke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540778578
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 244
View: 4855
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The growth of urban areas and population in middle and low income countries is a continuing trend. Urbanization expands as rural to urban migration offers better income opportunities in cities. This trend is both a source of development opportunities and challenges for the housing sector. On the one hand, housing is a large and growing market, and on the other, massive slums confirm the poor housing conditions in many developing countries. These adverse conditions mirror inadequate housing policies, inefficient or absent property registration, as well as limits to access to housing finance. Provision of affordable housing is therefore an important topic in the fight against poverty. This book focuses on solutions that improve the enabling environment for the poor in accessing housing finance. It explores how to develop and integrate housing finance into a sustainable financial system for developing countries and offers ways in which low-income families can obtain better access to housing finance. This book provides a conceptual framework for housing finance development and addresses practical solutions in the provision of housing finance and compares different approaches.

The Metropolitan Revolution

How Cities and Metros Are Fixing Our Broken Politics and Fragile Economy
Author: Bruce Katz,Jennifer Bradley
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815721528
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 6545
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Across the US, cities and metropolitan areas are facing huge economic and competitive challenges that Washington won't, or can't, solve. The good news is that networks of metropolitan leaders – mayors, business and labor leaders, educators, and philanthropists – are stepping up and powering the nation forward. These state and local leaders are doing the hard work to grow more jobs and make their communities more prosperous, and they're investing in infrastructure, making manufacturing a priority, and equipping workers with the skills they need. In The Metropolitan Revolution, Bruce Katz and Jennifer Bradley highlight success stories and the people behind them. · New York City: Efforts are under way to diversify the city's vast economy · Portland: Is selling the "sustainability" solutions it has perfected to other cities around the world · Northeast Ohio: Groups are using industrial-age skills to invent new twenty-first-century materials, tools, and processes · Houston: Modern settlement house helps immigrants climb the employment ladder · Miami: Innovators are forging strong ties with Brazil and other nations · Denver and Los Angeles: Leaders are breaking political barriers and building world-class metropolises · Boston and Detroit: Innovation districts are hatching ideas to power these economies for the next century The lessons in this book can help other cities meet their challenges. Change is happening, and every community in the country can benefit. Change happens where we live, and if leaders won't do it, citizens should demand it. The Metropolitan Revolution was the 2013 Foreword Reviews Bronze winner for Political Science.

Innovating in Urban Economies

Economic Transformation in Canadian City-Regions
Author: David A. Wolfe
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442666978
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 392
View: 2807
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In a globalizing, knowledge-based economy, innovation and creative capacity lead to economic prosperity. Starting in 2006, the Innovation Systems Research Network began a six year-long study on how city-regions in Canada were surviving and thriving in a globalized world. That study resulted in the “Innovation, Creativity, and Governance in Canadian City-Regions” series, which examines the impact of innovation, talent, and institutions on sixteen city-regions across Canada. This volume explores how the social dynamics that influence innovation and knowledge flows in Canadian city-regions contribute to transformation and long-term growth. With case studies examining cities of all sizes, from Toronto to Moncton, Innovating in Urban Economies analyzes the impact of size, location, and the regional economy on innovation and knowledge in Canada’s cities.

Globalisation and Advertising in Emerging Economies

Brazil, Russia, India and China
Author: Lynne Ciochetto
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136504451
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 1125
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Brazil, Russia, India and China are four of the largest and most dynamic contemporary emerging economies in the world. Strong economic growth in each of these economies has been accompanied by the expansion of the advertising and consumer goods sectors. Using a series of country studies, this book explores the dynamics of global capitalism from the perspective of global advertising. The book highlights the on-going expansion of advertising and consumerism against the wider socio-economic, political and cultural contexts. It provides fresh insights about contemporary global priorities, and argues that advertising plays a key role linking culture and the economy. By presenting individual case studies of advertising campaigns, it offers examples of the globalisation of specific brands. Environmental implications of the expansion of advertising and its role in stimulating consumerism are explored in the context of the four emerging economies. The book compares and contrasts the individual country profiles, and makes an assessment of the validity of the argument regarding their projected importance and the likelihood of their future dominance of the global economy.

Urban Growth and City Systems in the United States, 1840-1860


Author: Allan Pred
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674930919
Category: History
Page: 282
View: 2165
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In this major new work of urban geography, Allan Pred interprets the process by which major cities grew and the entire city-system of the United States developed during the antebellum decades. The book focuses on the availability and distribution of crucial economic information. For as cities developed, this information helped determine the new urban areas in which business opportunities could be exploited and productive innovations implemented. Pred places this original approach to urbanization in the context of earlier, more conventional studies, and he supports his view by a wealth of evidence regarding the flow of commodities between major cities. He also draws on an analysis of newspaper circulation, postal services, business travel, and telegraph usage. Pred's book goes far beyond the usual "biographies" of individual cities or the specialized studies of urban life. It offers a large and fascinating view of the way an entire city-system was put together and made to function. Indeed, by providing the first full account of these two decades of American urbanization, Pred has supplied a vital and hitherto missing link in the history of the United States.

China's Emerging Cities

The Making of New Urbanism
Author: Fulong Wu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113411771X
Category: Architecture
Page: 336
View: 3854
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With urbanism becoming the key driver of socio-economic change in China, this book provides much needed up-to-date material on Chinese urban development. Demonstrating how it transcends the centrally-planned model of economic growth, and assessing the extent to which it has gone beyond the common wisdom of Chinese ‘gradualism’, the book covers a wide range of important topics, including: local land development the local state private-public partnership foreign investment urbanization ageing home ownership. Providing a clear appraisal of recent trends in Chinese urbanism, this book puts forward important new conceptual resources to fill the gap between the outdated model of the ‘Third World’ city and the globalizing cities of the West.

Global Change Issues in Developing and Emerging Countries

Proceedings of the 2nd Göttingen GIS and Remote Sensing Days 2006, 4th to 6th October, Göttingen, Germany
Author: Martin Kappas
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
ISBN: 9783938616932
Category: Environmental protection
Page: 401
View: 474
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Real Estate, Construction and Economic Development in Emerging Market Economies


Author: Raymond Talinbe Abdulai,Franklin Obeng-Odoom,Edward Ochieng,Vida Maliene
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131764784X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 384
View: 7791
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Real Estate, Construction and Economic Development in Emerging Market Economies examines the relationships between real estate and construction sectors and explores how each sector, and the relationships between them, affect economic development in emerging market economies (EMEs). Throughout the book, the international team of contributors discuss topics as diverse as real estate finance and investment, housing, property development, construction project management, valuation, sustainability and corporate real estate. In doing so the book demonstrates how the relationship between construction and real estate impacts on economic development in countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, China, Ghana, Nigeria, Turkey, Lithuania, Hungary and Slovenia. Topics include: the role of real estate brokerage in improving the living standards of citizens; the effect of a mineral boom on construction cycles, real estate values and the socio-economic conditions of people in boom towns and cities; corporate real estate management practices and how they affect economic growth; and the synergies between construction and real estate and how they, in turn, affect economic development. This book will be of interest to those studying and researching real estate, construction, development studies, urban economics and emerging market economies.

Die Grenzen des Wachstums

Bericht des Club of Rome zur Lage der Menschheit
Author: Dennis Meadows,Donella H. Meadows
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Economic history
Page: 183
View: 4541
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Climate Change and Sustainable Urban Development in Africa and Asia


Author: Belinda Yuen,Asfaw Kumssa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048198674
Category: Political Science
Page: 266
View: 7873
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This book is about African and Asian cities. Illustrated through selected case cities, the book brings together a rich collection of papers by leading scholars and practitioners in Africa and Asia to offer empirical analysis and up-to-date discussions and assessments of the urban challenges and solutions for their cities. A number of key topics concerning housing, sustainable urban development and climate change in Africa and Asia are explored along with how policy interventions and partnerships deliver specific forms of urban development. It is intended for all who are interested in the state of the cities and urban development in Africa and Asia. Africa and Asia present, in many ways, useful lessons in dealing with the burgeoning urban population, and the problems surrounding this influx of people and climate change in the developing word.

Urban Growth and Development in Asia: Making the cities


Author: Graham Chapman,Ashok K. Dutt,Robert W. Bradnock
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited
ISBN: 9781840149647
Category: Political Science
Page: 480
View: 1064
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Beginning with a panoramic survey by Nigel Harris of the drama of Asian Urbanization, this book comprises chapters by chapters many experts and practitioners from different countries and cities. Together these provide a stimulating portrayal of the processes and outcomes of one of the greatest shifts of population (not just absolutely but proportionately as well) ever to have occurred in human history.

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte


Author: Jane Jacobs
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3035602123
Category: Architecture
Page: 220
View: 7961
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In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.