Urban Traffic Networks

Technology for communication with the driver and the ability to guide him, by providing him with useful, relevant and updated information, to his desired destination.

Author: Nathan H. Gartner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642796435

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 375

View: 357

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The problems of urban traffic in the industrially developed countries have been at the top of the priority list for a long time. While making a critical contribution to the economic well being of those countries, transportation systems in general and highway traffic in particular, also have detrimental effects which are evident in excessive congestion, high rates of accidents and severe pollution problems. Scientists from different disciplines have played an important role in the development and refinement of the tools needed for the planning, analysis, and control of urban traffic networks. In the past several years, there were particularly rapid advances in two areas that affect urban traffic: 1. Modeling of traffic flows in urban networks and the prediction of the resulting equilibrium conditions; 2. Technology for communication with the driver and the ability to guide him, by providing him with useful, relevant and updated information, to his desired destination.
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Urban Traffic Networks

TRANSPORTATION ANALYSIS Nathan H. Gartner Gennaro Improta Editors Urban Traffic NetWorks Dynamic Flow Modeling and Control Springer Transportation Analysis Managing Editors Lucio Bianco, Rome Agostino La Bella,. Front Cover.

Author: Nathan H. Gartner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642796418

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 375

View: 647

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The problems of urban traffic in the industrially developed countries have been at the top of the priority list for a long time. While making a critical contribution to the economic well being of those countries, transportation systems in general and highway traffic in particular, also have detrimental effects which are evident in excessive congestion, high rates of accidents and severe pollution problems. Scientists from different disciplines have played an important role in the development and refinement of the tools needed for the planning, analysis, and control of urban traffic networks. In the past several years, there were particularly rapid advances in two areas that affect urban traffic: 1. Modeling of traffic flows in urban networks and the prediction of the resulting equilibrium conditions; 2. Technology for communication with the driver and the ability to guide him, by providing him with useful, relevant and updated information, to his desired destination.
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Artificial Crime Analysis Systems Using Computer Simulations and Geographic Information Systems

In R. W. Hall (Ed.), Handbook of transportation science. Kaysi, I., Ben-Akiva, M., & Palma, A. D. (1995). Design aspects of advanced traveler information system. Urban traffic networks: Dynamic flow modeling and control.

Author: Liu, Lin

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599045931

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 508

View: 528

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In the last decade there has been a phenomenal growth in interest in crime pattern analysis. Geographic information systems are now widely used in urban police agencies throughout industrial nations. With this, scholarly interest in understanding crime patterns has grown considerably. Artificial Crime Analysis Systems: Using Computer Simulations and Geographic Information Systems discusses leading research on the use of computer simulation of crime patterns to reveal hidden processes of urban crimes, taking an interdisciplinary approach by combining criminology, computer simulation, and geographic information systems into one comprehensive resource.
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Annual Reviews of Computational Physics VII

H. S. Mahmassani, T. Hu, and R. Jayakrishnan, “Dynamic traffic assignment and simulation for advanced network informatics (DYNASMART),” in Urban Traffic Networks: Dynamic Flow Modeling and Control, eds. N. H. Gartner and G. Improta ...

Author: Dietrich Stauffer

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814494236

Category: Science

Page: 352

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The seventh volume of this invaluable series focuses an applications — from Ising models to the formation of small clusters and phase ordering in fluids, to the structure of concrete, to the growth of cities built from it, to the traffic jams and the biology of life in the cities, and to the marketing of products to consumers. Thus the interdisciplinary research potential of computational physics is particularly well documented. Contents:The Simulation of the Ising Model on the Creutz Cellular Automaton (N Aktekin)Lennard–Jones Clusters and the Multiple-Minima Problem (L T Wille)Phase Ordering in Fluids (J M Yeomans)Computer Simulation and Percolation Theory Applied to Concrete (E J Garboczi & D P Bentz)Computer Simulations in Urban Geography (L Benguigui)Large-Scale Traffic Simulations for Transportation Planning (K Nagel et al.)Biological Evolution Through Mutation, Selection, and Drift: An Introductory Review (E Baake & W Gabriel)An Evolutionary Model for Simple Ecosystems (F Bagnoli & M Bezzi)Microscopic Simulation of Reaction–Diffusion Processes and Applications Population Biology and Product Marketing (E Bettelheim & B Lehmann) Readership: Researchers and scientists in computational physics. Keywords:Creutz Algorithm;Car Traffic;Evolution;Urban Geography;Concrete
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Transportation Systems Analysis

Cantarella, G. E., & Sforza, A. (1995). Network design models and methods for urban traffic management. In N. H. Gartner & G. Improta (Eds.), Urban traffic networksdynamic flow modelling and control (pp. 123–153). New York: Springer.

Author: Ennio Cascetta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387758572

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 742

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"This book provides a rigorous and comprehensive coverage of transportation models and planning methods and is a must-have to anyone in the transportation community, including students, teachers, and practitioners." Moshe Ben-Akiva, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
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Modeling Dynamic Transportation Networks

Route Guidance Systems for Managing Urban Transportation Networks: Review and Prospects. Presented at Tenth Italian Regional Science ... Urban Transportation Networks: Dynamic Flow Modeling and Control, Gartner N.H. and Improta G. (ed.) ...

Author: Bin Ran

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642802300

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

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This book seeks to summarize our recent progress in dynamic trans portation network modeling. It concentrates on ideal dynamic network models based on actual travel times and their corresponding solution algorithms. In contrast, our first book DynamIc Urban Transportation Network Models - The ory and Implications for Intelligent Vehicle-Hzghway Systems (Springer-Verlag, 1994) focused on instantaneous dynamic network models. Comparing the two books, the major differences can be summarized as follows: 1. This book uses the variational inequality problem as the basic formulation approach and considers the optimal control problem as a subproblem for solution purposes. The former book used optimal control theory as the basic formulation approach, which caused critical problems in some circumstances. 2. This book focuses on ideal dynamic network models based on actual travel times. The former book focused on instantaneous dynamic network models based on currently prevailing travel times. 3. This book formulates a stochastic dynamic route choice model which can utilize any possible route choice distribution function instead of only the logit function. 4. This book reformulates the bilevel problem of combined departure time/ route choice as a one-level variational inequality. 5. Finally, a set of problems is provided for classroom use. In addition, this book offers comprehensive insights into the complexity and challenge of applying these dynamic network models to Intelligent Trans portation Systems (ITS). Nevertheless, the models in this text are not yet fully evaluated and are subject to revision based on future research.
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Advances in Dynamic Network Modeling in Complex Transportation Systems

Transport Res Rec. 1993;1408:66–74. Kaysi I, Ben-Akiva M, de Palma A. Design aspects of advanced traveler information systems. In: Gartner NH, Improta G, editors. Urban traffic networks: dynamic flow modeling and control.

Author: Satish V. Ukkusuri

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461462439

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 316

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This edited book focuses on recent developments in Dynamic Network Modeling, including aspects of route guidance and traffic control as they relate to transportation systems and other complex infrastructure networks. Dynamic Network Modeling is generally understood to be the mathematical modeling of time-varying vehicular flows on networks in a fashion that is consistent with established traffic flow theory and travel demand theory. Dynamic Network Modeling as a field has grown over the last thirty years, with contributions from various scholars all over the field. The basic problem which many scholars in this area have focused on is related to the analysis and prediction of traffic flows satisfying notions of equilibrium when flows are changing over time. In addition, recent research has also focused on integrating dynamic equilibrium with traffic control and other mechanism designs such as congestion pricing and network design. Recently, advances in sensor deployment, availability of GPS-enabled vehicular data and social media data have rapidly contributed to better understanding and estimating the traffic network states and have contributed to new research problems which advance previous models in dynamic modeling. A recent National Science Foundation workshop on “Dynamic Route Guidance and Traffic Control” was organized in June 2010 at Rutgers University by Prof. Kaan Ozbay, Prof. Satish Ukkusuri , Prof. Hani Nassif, and Professor Pushkin Kachroo. This workshop brought together experts in this area from universities, industry and federal/state agencies to present recent findings in this area. Various topics were presented at the workshop including dynamic traffic assignment, traffic flow modeling, network control, complex systems, mobile sensor deployment, intelligent traffic systems and data collection issues. This book is motivated by the research presented at this workshop and the discussions that followed.
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Nodes in Transport Networks Research Data Analysis and Modelling

Gartner, N., Improta, G.: Urban Traffic Networks. Dynamic Flow Modelling and Control. Springer, Heidelberg (1995) 5. Gordon, R.: Intelligent Transportation Systems. Functional Design for Effective Traffic Management.

Author: Elżbieta Macioszek

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030391096

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 199

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The publication delivers numerous valuable guidelines, particularly useful when making decisions related in the subject matter to road and rail nodes located in dense transport networks. The know-how displayed while discussing practical examples as well as the decision making support systems described in the publication will certainly attract the interest of those who daily face the challenge of seeking solutions to the operational and functional problems of transport nodes in contemporary transport networks and systems. This publication is dedicated to local authorities involved in planning and preparation of development strategies for specific transport-related issues (in both urban and regional areas) as well as to representatives of business and industry, being those who participate directly in the implementation of traffic engineering solutions. The guidelines provided in individual chapters of the publication will make it possible to address the given problem in an advanced manner and simplify the choice of appropriate strategies (including those related to synchronisation of road traffic streams, improving the capacity, road traffic safety analysis, evaluation of changes in drivers’ behaviour on account of introducing countdown timers at signal-controlled intersections using UAV data, the influence of the type of traffic organisation on the behaviour of pedestrians at tram line crossings). On the other hand, since the publication also concerns the new approach to theoretical models (including potential places of integration of public transport with the railway network or the speed adviser for pedestrians enabling them to choose the optimal path at signal-controlled intersections), it should also attract the attention of researches and scientists studying this body of problems. The publication entitled "Nodes in transport networks - research, data analysis and modelling" contains selected papers submitted to and presented at the 16th ”Transport Systems. Theory and Practice” Scientific and Technical Conference organized by the Department of Transport Systems and Traffic Engineering at the Faculty of Transport of the Silesian University of Technology. The conference was held on 16-18 September 2019 in Katowice (Poland).
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The Physics of Traffic

B 29, 287–295 (1995) M.G.H. Bell, Y. Iida: Transportation Network Analysis (Wiley & Sons, Chichester 1997) M.G.H. Bell, W.H.K. Lam, ... In: Urban Traffic Networks; Dynamic Flow Modeling and Control N. Gartner, G. Improta (eds.) ...

Author: Boris S. Kerner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540409861

Category: Science

Page: 682

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The core of ths book presents a theory developed by the author to combine the recent insight into empirical data with mathematical models in freeway traffic research based on dynamical non-linear processes.
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Handbooks in Operations Research and Management Science Transportation

In: Bovy, P.H.L. (Ed.), Motorway Flow Analysis: New Methodologies and Recent Empirical Findings. Delft Univ. Press, pp. 237–263. ... In: Gartner, N., Improta, G. (Eds.), Urban Traffic Networks: Dynamic Flow Modeling and Control.

Author: Cynthia Barnhart

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080467431

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 796

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This book contains eleven chapters describing some of the most recent methodological operations research developments in transportation. It is structured around the main transportation modes, and each chapter is written by a group of well-recognized researchers. Because of the major impact of operations research methods in the field of air transportation over the past forty years, it is befitting to open the book with a chapter on airline operations management. This book will prove useful to researchers, students, and practitioners in transportation and will stimulate further research in this rich and fascinating area. Volume 14 examines transport and its relationship with operations and management science 11 chapters cover the most recent research developments in transportation Focuses on main transportation modes-air travel, automobile, public transit, maritime transport, and more
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