Plant Propagation Concepts and Laboratory Exercises

Concept Box 27.1 • Vegetable grafting is a pest and disease management technique developed many years ago. • More countries are learning how to graft and use grafted vegetable seedlings effectively in different cultivation • Different ...

Author: Caula A. Beyl

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466503885

Category: Science

Page: 520

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Includes a DVD Containing All Figures and Supplemental Images in PowerPoint This new edition of Plant Propagation Concepts and Laboratory Exercises presents a robust view of modern plant propagation practices such as vegetable grafting and micropropagation. Along with foundation knowledge in anatomy and plant physiology, the book takes a look into the future and how cutting edge research may impact plant propagation practices. The book emphasizes the principles of plant propagation applied in both temperate and tropical environments. In addition to presenting the fundamentals, the book features protocols and practices that students can apply in both laboratory and field experiences. The book shows readers how to choose the best methods for plant propagation including proper media and containers as well as performing techniques such as budding, cutting, layering, grafting, and cloning. It also discusses how to recognize and cope with various propagation challenges. Also included are concept chapters highlighting key information, laboratory exercises, anticipated laboratory results, stimulating questions, and a DVD containing all the figures in the book as well as some supplemental images.
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Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Vegetable Crops

The technique of vegetable grafting may bypass some of these barriers to make superior genetic stock available to farmers. Grafting creates a new plant by combining two plants, each with a different genetic background, with one (scion) ...

Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030669614

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 476

View: 734

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This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding, in individual crops, for the production of new crop varieties under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors to achieve sustainable agricultural production, enhanced food security, in addition to providing raw materials for innovative industrial products and pharmaceuticals. This Volume 9, subtitled Vegetable Crops: Fruits and Young Shoots, consists of 12 chapters focusing on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual vegetable crops. Chapters are arranged in 2 parts according to the edible vegetable parts. Part I: Fruits - Bell Pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. grossum Sendt.), Chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.), Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.), Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.), Eggplant (Solanum spp.), Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.), Plantain (Musa paradisiaca L.), Sweet gourd (Cucurbita moschata Duch. ex Poir.), Melon (Cucumis melo L. Groups Dudaim and Flexuosus), Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and Zucchini (Cucurbita pepo L.) and Part II: Young shoots - Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.). The chapters were contributed by 43 internationally reputable scientists from 11 countries. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors own experience.
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Horticultural Reviews

The cultivated area of grafted vegetables in Japan and. Korea in 2000 is presented in Table 2.1. Despite the wide use of vegetable grafting in Asia, information on this technology has been generally unavailable to English~speaking ...

Author: Jules Janick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470650844

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 523

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Horticultural Reviews, Volume 28 presents state-of-the-art reviews on topics in horticultural sciences. The emphasis is on applied topics including the production of fruits, vegetables, nut crops, and ornamental plants of commercial importance.
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The Physiology of Vegetable Crops 2nd Edition

Grafted Transplants The successful integration of vegetable grafting into current production practices has opened new opportunities for the vegetable industry worldwide to exploit vigorous rootstocks for effectively managing biotic and ...

Author: Hans Christian Wien

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781786393777

Category: Science

Page: 509

View: 581

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Completely updated and revised, this bestselling book continues to explain the growth and developmental processes involved in the formation of vegetables. Since the publication of the successful first edition significant discoveries, particularly in the area of molecular biology, have deepened and broadened our knowledge and understanding of these processes. This new edition brings the topic up-to-date and is presented over two sections: the first provides general knowledge on germination, transplanting, flowering, the effects of stress and modelling, whilst the second section details the physiology of specific crops or crop groups.
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Knott s Handbook for Vegetable Growers

GRAFTED TRANSPLANTS Grafting scion varieties onto rootstocks that provide certain attributes is increasingly used for field or high tunnel vegetable production in the United States. This is most widely done with tomato and watermelon, ...

Author: George J. Hochmuth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119811176

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 644

View: 629

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Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers Authoritative and comprehensive go-to reference work for commercial vegetable growers around the world For more than 65 years, Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers has provided generations of commercial growers with the most timely, accessible, and useful information available on the subject, containing key guidance on transplant production, planting rates and spacing, irrigation, fertilization, methods for controlling diseases, and insect pest identification, plus important information on topics such as composting, post-harvest storage and processing, genetically-engineered crops, organic growing, federal regulations and best management practices, environmentally friendly pest management, and food safety. To allow for convenient and efficient access to the enormous amount of data contained within, most of the information is presented in the form of tables and charts. The work goes above and beyond to provide everything a reader needs to know on the subject, even including a multilanguage vegetable dictionary. Now in its 6th edition, the work has been significantly expanded and modernized to cover key modern advancements in the industry, such as: Computer-based crop monitoring technologies, robotic disease control and harvesting systems, and new protected-ag production systems (including vertical systems and indoor production) New production systems pertaining to protected organic agriculture, soil moisture sensing, environmental monitoring, soil health, and soil conservation New technologies, including satellite-based decision-making, robotics, and UAVs for increasing production efficiency The various advances that have been made in food safety regulations, plus coverage of new invasive pests Part Farmer’s Almanac, part encyclopedia, and part dictionary, Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers serves as an invaluable asset for growers, students, and other industry professionals seeking an all-in-one reference for all of the questions they have on both holistic and specific facets of the commercial vegetable industry.
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Grafting as a Sustainable Means for Securing Yield Stability and Quality in Vegetable Crops

Kyriacou, M.C.; Rouphael, Y.; Colla, G.; Zrenner, R.M.; Schwarz, D. Vegetable grafting: The implications of a growing agronomic imperative for vegetable fruit quality and nutritive value. Front. Plant Sci. 2017, 8, 741.

Author: Marios Kyriacou

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783036503929

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 896

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Vegetable growers around the world only collect, on average, half of the yield they would obtain under optimal conditions, known as yield potential. It is estimated that 60–70% of the yield gap is attributable to abiotic factors such as salinity, drought, suboptimal temperatures, nutritional deficiencies, flooding, waterlogging, heavy metals contamination, adverse soil pH and organic pollutants, while the remaining 30–40% is due to biotic factors, especially soilborne pathogens, foliar pathogens, arthropods and weeds. Under climate change forecasts, the pressure of biotic/abiotic stressors on yield is expected to rise and challenge further global food security. To meet global demand, several solutions have been proposed, focusing on the breeding of varieties with greater yield potential, but this one-size-fits-all solution leads to limited benefits. In order to overcome the current situation, grafting of elite scion varieties onto vigorous rootstock varieties has been suggested as one of the most promising drives towards further yield stability. Specifically, the implementation of suitable rootstock × scion × environment combinations in Solanaceous (tomato, eggplant, pepper) and Cucurbitaceous (melon, watermelon, melon) high-value crops represents an untapped opportunity to secure yield stability and reliability under biotic/abiotic stresses. This Special Issue invites Original Research, Technology Reports, Methods, Opinions, Perspectives, Invited Reviews and Mini Reviews dissecting grafting as a sustainable agro technology for enhancing tolerance to abiotic stresses and reducing disease damage. In addition, the following are of interest: potential contributions dealing with genetic resources for rootstock breeding, practices and technologies of rootstock breeding, and rootstock–scion signaling, as well as the physiological and molecular mechanisms underlying graft compatibility. In addition, the effect of grafting on vegetable quality, practical applications and nursery management of grafted seedlings and specialty crops (e.g. artichoke and bean) will be considered within the general scope of the Special Issue. We highly believe that this compilation of high standard scientific papers on the principles and practices of vegetable grafting will foster discussions within this important field.
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Vegetable Crops

Vegetable grafting: History, use, and current technology status in North America. Horticultural Science. 2008;43(6):1664-1669 [41] Rivard CL, Louws FJ. Grafting to manage soil-borne diseases in heirloom tomato production.

Author: Ertan Yildirim

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781839699481

Category: Gardening

Page: 294

View: 658

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In ancient times, people benefited from ingesting different parts of various weeds (root, stem, shoot, leaf, flower, fruit, seed, etc.) to maintain a healthy life. People have obtained the vegetables we grow today by succeeding in cultivating these weeds. This book explains the health benefits of vegetable crops, organic vegetable growing, greenhouse management, and principles of irrigation management for vegetable crops.
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Physiological and Molecular Perspectives of Stress Tolerance in Vegetables

Vegetable grafting is a unique horticultural technique used in the propagation of fruit vegetables due to the multitude of advantages over the conventional propagation methods. Vegetable grafting was primarily developed and practiced ...

Author: Masayoshi Shigyo

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782832502389

Category: Science

Page: 205

View: 644

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An impact assessment of AVRDC s tomato grafting in Vietnam

Nurseries producing grafted seedlings in Lam Dong province Operating the nursery was the main occupation for all respondents, yet 35% produced vegetables as well. About 85% operated a single nursery with the mean land area being nearly ...

Author: Christian Genova

Publisher: AVRDC-WorldVegetableCenter

ISBN: 9789290582038

Category:

Page: 54

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Quality of Horticultural Crops A Recurrent New Challenge for Plant Scientists in a Changing World

published: 12 May 2017 doi:10.3389/fpls.2017.00741 Vegetable Grafting: The Implications of a Growing Agronomic Imperative for Vegetable Fruit Quality and Nutritive Value Marios C. Kyriacou1, Youssef Rouphael2, Giuseppe Colla3, ...

Author: Nadia Bertin

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889455973

Category:

Page: 314

View: 506

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Besides increasing crop yield to feed the growing population, improving crop quality is a challenging and key issue. Indeed, quality determines consumer acceptability and increases the attractivity of fresh and processed products. In this respect, fruit and vegetables, which represent a main source of vitamins and other health compounds, play a major role in human diet. This is the case in developing countries where populations are prone to nutritional deficiencies, but this is also a pending issue worldwide, where the growing middle class is increasingly aware and in search of healthy food. So a future challenge for the global horticultural industry will be to answer the demand for better quality food in a changing environment, where many resources will be limited. This e-collection collates state-of-the-art research on the quality of horticultural crops, covering the underlying physiological processes, the genetic and environmental controls during plant and organ development and the postharvest evolution of quality during storage and processing.
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