Waiting for Wolves in Japan

An Anthropological Study of People-wildlife Relations
Author: John Knight
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199255184
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 1692
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In the 1990s a Japanese conservationist group, inspired by North American examples, launched a campaign for the reintroduction of the wolf in Japan. In addition to restoring Japan's natural heritage, the main reason offered for its reintroduction is that the wolf would be the saviour of uplandareas of Japan suffering from wildlife pestilence. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork on the Kii Peninsula in western Japan, one of the areas nominated for reintroduction, this book critically examines the problem of people-wildlife conflicts in Japan from a social anthropological perspective.Focusing on wild boar, monkeys, deer, serow, and bears, it describes the relationship to these animals on the part of farmers, foresters, hunters, and tourists. This detailed case study shows that conflicts with wildlife are inextricably bound up with social conflict among people, and that wildlifepestilence must therefore be understood in terms of its symbolic, as well as material dimensions.

2006/2007

A: Autoren-Index. B: Rezensenten-Index. C: Titel-Index. D: Sachgebiets-Index. E: Zeitschriften-Index / International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences / Bibliographie internationale de la littérature périodique dans les domaines des...
Author: N.A
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311094149X
Category: Reference
Page: 2832
View: 6292
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Die seit 1971 wieder erscheinende, interdisziplinäre, internationale Rezensionsbibliographie IBR ist eine einmalige Informationsquelle. Die Datenbank weist über 1,1 Millionen vornehmlich die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften berücksichtigende Buchrezensionen in 6.000 vorwiegend europäischen wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften nach. 60.000 Eintragungen kommen jedes Jahr hinzu, bieten dem Benutzer Daten zum rezensierten Werk und zur Rezension.

The Lost Wolves of Japan


Author: Brett L. Walker
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295989939
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 360
View: 1382
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Many Japanese once revered the wolf as Oguchi no Magami, or Large-Mouthed Pure God, but as Japan began its modern transformation wolves lost their otherworldly status and became noxious animals that needed to be killed. By 1905 they had disappeared from the country. In this spirited and absorbing narrative, Brett Walker takes a deep look at the scientific, cultural, and environmental dimensions of wolf extinction in Japan and tracks changing attitudes toward nature through Japan's long history. Grain farmers once worshiped wolves at shrines and left food offerings near their dens, beseeching the elusive canine to protect their crops from the sharp hooves and voracious appetites of wild boars and deer. Talismans and charms adorned with images of wolves protected against fire, disease, and other calamities and brought fertility to agrarian communities and to couples hoping to have children. The Ainu people believed that they were born from the union of a wolflike creature and a goddess. In the eighteenth century, wolves were seen as rabid man-killers in many parts of Japan. Highly ritualized wolf hunts were instigated to cleanse the landscape of what many considered as demons. By the nineteenth century, however, the destruction of wolves had become decidedly unceremonious, as seen on the island of Hokkaido. Through poisoning, hired hunters, and a bounty system, one of the archipelago's largest carnivores was systematically erased. The story of wolf extinction exposes the underside of Japan's modernization. Certain wolf scientists still camp out in Japan to listen for any trace of the elusive canines. The quiet they experience reminds us of the profound silence that awaits all humanity when, as the Japanese priest Kenko taught almost seven centuries ago, we "look on fellow sentient creatures without feeling compassion."

The Routledge Handbook of Tourism Research


Author: Cathy H.C. Hsu,William C Gartner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136338152
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 472
View: 8670
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The Routledge Handbook of Tourism Research is a compendium of some of the most relevant issues affecting tourism development today. The topics addressed in this book provide some new thinking for those involved in tourism research. This book takes the reader from the beginnings of tourism research to a discussion of emerging forms of tourism and selected examples of tourism development. The underlying theoretical dimensions are reviewed, analysed and discussed from a number of perspectives. This book brings together leading researchers, many of whom are members of the International Academy for the Study of Tourism, to discuss tourism today and its future. The works included in this volume are diverse, in terms of geographical context, research methodology, root discipline, and perspective. This book represents studies based in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Asia. Research methodologies include both quantitative and qualitative. Both macro and micro issues are discussed from the economic, psychological, sociological, political science, marketing, and other perspectives, which reflect the interdisciplinary nature of tourism studies. This book is divided into 6 sections. Section 1 considers the foundations for tourism research. Section 2 discusses the implications for destination management and section 3 discusses planning for tourism development. Section 4 covers human capital for tourism development. And finally, section 5 evaluates emerging forms of tourism and then section 6 offers insights into tourism evolution. It offers the reader a comprehensive synthesis of this field, conveying the latest thinking and research. The text will provide an invaluable resource for all those with an interest in tourism research. This is essential reading for students, researchers & academics of Tourism as well as those of related studies in particular Leisure, Hospitality & Development Studies.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History


Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199394474
Category: History
Page: 640
View: 3141
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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

Beastly Natures

Animals, Humans, and the Study of History
Author: Dorothee Brantz
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 0813929474
Category: History
Page: 296
View: 7427
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"This new collection is a thoughtful menagerie. The essays collected here offer a fresh way of looking at animals in their context, and give us a whole new way of doing natural history. The boundaries between humans and animals are provocatively redrawn."---Stephen T. Asma, Columbia College, author of Stuffed Animals and Pickled Heads: The Culture and Evolution of Natural History Museums Although the animal may be, as Nietzsche argued, ahistorical, living completely in the present, it nonetheless plays a crucial role in human history. The fascination with animals that leads not only to a desire to observe and even live alongside them, but to capture or kill them, is found in all civilizations. The essays collected in Beastly Natures show how animals have been brought into human culture, literally helping to build our societies (as domesticated animals have done) or contributing, often in problematic ways, to our concept of the wild. The book begins with a group of essays that approach the historical relevance of human-animal relations seen from the perspectives of various disciplines and suggest ways in which animals might be brought into formal studies of history. Differences in species and location can greatly affect the shape of human-animal interaction, and so the essays that follow address a wide spectrum of topics, including the demanding fate of the working horse, the complex image of the American alligator (at turns a dangerous predator and a tourist attraction), the zoo gardens of Victorian England, the iconography of the rhinoceros and the preference it reveals in society for myth over science, relations between humans and wolves in Europe, and what we can learn from society's enthusiasm for "political" animals, such as the pets of the American presidents and the Soviet Union's "space dogs." Taken together, these essays suggest new ways of looking not only at animals but at human history.

Toxic Archipelago

A History of Industrial Disease in Japan
Author: Brett L. Walker
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295803010
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 3520
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Every person on the planet is entangled in a web of ecological relationships that link farms and factories with human consumers. Our lives depend on these relationships -- and are imperiled by them as well. Nowhere is this truer than on the Japanese archipelago. During the nineteenth century, Japan saw the rise of Homo sapiens industrialis, a new breed of human transformed by an engineered, industrialized, and poisonous environment. Toxins moved freely from mines, factory sites, and rice paddies into human bodies. Toxic Archipelago explores how toxic pollution works its way into porous human bodies and brings unimaginable pain to some of them. Brett Walker examines startling case studies of industrial toxins that know no boundaries: deaths from insecticide contaminations; poisonings from copper, zinc, and lead mining; congenital deformities from methylmercury factory effluents; and lung diseases from sulfur dioxide and asbestos. This powerful, probing book demonstrates how the Japanese archipelago has become industrialized over the last two hundred years -- and how people and the environment have suffered as a consequence.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 7624
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

When Our Eyes No Longer See

Realism, Science, and Ecology in Japanese Literary Modernism
Author: Gregory Golley
Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 394
View: 4030
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As industrial and scientific developments in early-twentieth-century Japan transformed the meaning of âeoeobjective observation,âe modern writers and poets struggled to capture what they had come to see as an evolving network of invisible relations joining people to the larger material universe. For these artists, literary modernism was a crisis of perception before it was a crisis of representation. When Our Eyes No Longer See portrays an extraordinary moment in the history of this perceptual crisis and in Japanese literature during the 1920s and 1930s. The displacement in science of âeoepositivistâe notions of observation by a âeoerealistâe model of knowledge provided endless inspiration for Japanese writers. Gregory Golley turns a critical eye to the ideological and ecological incarnations of scientific realism in several modernist works: the photographic obsessions of Tanizaki Junâe(tm)ichiroâe(tm)s Naomi, the disjunctive portraits of the imperial economy in Yokomitsu Riichiâe(tm)s Shanghai, the tender depictions of astrophysical phenomena and human-wildlife relations in the childrenâe(tm)s stories of Miyazawa Kenji. Attending closely to the political and ethical consequences of this realist turn, this study focuses on the common struggle of science and art to reclaim the invisible as an object of representation and belief.

... trotzdem Ja zum Leben sagen

Ein Psychologe erlebt das Konzentrationslager
Author: Viktor E. Frankl
Publisher: Kösel-Verlag
ISBN: 3641059038
Category: Psychology
Page: 192
View: 6004
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Mehrere Jahre musste der österreichische Psychologe Viktor E. Frankl in deutschen Konzentrationslagern verbringen. Doch trotz all des Leids, das er dort sah und erlebte, kam er zu dem Schluss, dass es selbst an Orten der größten Unmenschlichkeit möglich ist, einen Sinn im Leben zu sehen. Seine Erinnerungen, die er in diesem Buch festhielt und die über Jahrzehnte Millionen von Menschen bewegten, sollen weder Mitleid erregen noch Anklage erheben. Sie sollen Kraft zum Leben geben.

Im Land der zornigen Winde

Gespräche
Author: Amélie Schenk,Galsan Tschinag
Publisher: Unionsverlag
ISBN: 3293301983
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 884
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Zwei anerkannte Fachleute aus dem Osten und aus dem Westen tun sich zusammen, um über die Welt der Nomaden zu erzählen. Die Ethnologin Amélie Schenk und Galsan Tschinag, das Stammesoberhaupt der Tuwa, berichten in einem Zwiegespräch über Leben, Krankheit, Tod, über das Heranwachsen der Kinder, über das Schamanentum. Sie geben dem Leser Einblick in die Lebensweise und Gedankenwelt der Tuwa und zeichnen ein vielschichtiges Bild der nomadischen Kultur. Eine Liebeserklärung an das Nomadenleben, ein tiefer Blick in die Geheimnisse einer untergehenden Kultur, eine rückhaltlose Bilanz der Wanderungen zwischen Ost und West.

Schwarze Haut, weiße Masken


Author: Frantz Fanon
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783851326765
Category:
Page: 230
View: 5827
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Homo Necans

Interpretationen altgriechischer Opferriten und Mythen
Author: Walter Burkert
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110808471
Category: History
Page: 390
View: 8384
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Zauber der Kraniche


Author: Carl-Albrecht von Treuenfels
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783896602664
Category: Cranes (Birds)
Page: 239
View: 9075
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Hund und Mensch


Author: Erhard Oeser
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783534269242
Category:
Page: 192
View: 563
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Der Mensch und seine Symbole


Author: Carl G. Jung
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783491421356
Category:
Page: 320
View: 2879
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Anthropologie der Naturvölker


Author: Theodor Waitz
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Anthropology
Page: 485
View: 2450
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Material turn: Feministische Perspektiven auf Materialität und Materialismus


Author: Imke Leicht,Christine Löw,Nadja Meisterhans,Katharina Volk
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 3847404067
Category: Political Science
Page: 205
View: 871
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Das Thema Materialität wird innerhalb feministischer Forschungen in den letzten Jahren erneut diskutiert. Vor dem Hintergrund des material turn widmet sich der Band aktuellen Auseinandersetzungen mit Materialität und Materialismus. Dabei sollen zum einen bestehende Konfliktfelder zwischen Diskurs und Materialität sowie Struktur, Handlungsfähigkeit und Subjektivität aus feministischer Perspektive aufgezeigt werden. Zum anderen strebt der Band an, Potenziale einer verbindenden Perspektive auf 'neue' und 'alte' Konzeptionen von Materialität und Materialismen innerhalb feministischer Theorien und Praxen kritisch auszuloten.

Freizeitaktivitäten im Lebensraum der Alpentiere

Konfliktbereiche zwischen Mensch und Tier ; mit einem Ratgeber für die Praxis
Author: Paul Ingold
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783258067803
Category:
Page: 516
View: 8350
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