Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism

Unit II offers detailed accounts of the characteristics, availability, and dangers of specific types of WMD, along with five case studies that associate theory with practice—an important feature of this volume.

Author: Russell D. Howard

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 0078026229

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

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In WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND TERRORISM, 2/e, Dr. James Forest and Brigadier General (Retired) Russell Howard have collected original and previously published seminal articles and essays by scientists, academics, government officials, and members of the nation’s security and intelligence communities. The editors and several of the authors write from practical field experience in nonproliferation and counterterrorism efforts. Others have had significant responsibility for developing government policies to address the threat of weapons of mass destruction and terrorism. The contributors include many significant names in the field including Bruce Hoffman, Ashton Carter, William Perry, Brian Jenkins, Jonathan Tucker, Charles Ferguson, David Albright, Gary Ackerman, and Gregory Koblentz. Unit I of the book introduces key terms and addresses important strategic and policy debates. Authors explain how the new forms of terrorism affect the post-9/11 security environment and how weapons of mass destruction could give terrorists short-term, asymmetric attack advantages over conventional military forces. Unit II offers detailed accounts of the characteristics, availability, and dangers of specific types of WMD, along with five case studies that associate theory with practice—an important feature of this volume. Unit III is focused on key dimensions of the WMD threat to critical infrastructure. Unit IV deals with past, present, and future national and international responses to—and defenses against—the threat of WMD terrorism. And in the final section of the volume, authors provide several analytical frameworks for predicting future WMD threats, and draw from historical events to identify lessons and strategies for the future. Appendices include U.S. national strategy documents on countering terrorism and standards for controlling WMD materials and technologies.
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Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism

The twenty-nine articles explore the issue of WMD and key questions raised about terrorism, its definition, objects, motivation, whether there is a different species of it emerging in the aftermath of the close of the Cold War, preparedness ...

Author: Alan O'Day

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: PSU:000056324273

Category: Social Science

Page: 381

View: 922

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The twenty-nine articles explore the issue of WMD and key questions raised about terrorism, its definition, objects, motivation, whether there is a different species of it emerging in the aftermath of the close of the Cold War, preparedness and the means of prevention.The conventional, low-technology terrorism of the past has exercised a social and political impact far out of proportion with the casualties it has caused. The massive, indiscriminate destruction caused by an act of WMD terrorism similarly would have disproportionate social, political, economic and strategic effects.
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Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism Response

Designed for use by front-line fire, law, EMS, public workers. The guide covers such topics as the Homeland Security System, chemical, biological, and nuclear attacks.

Author: Joseph A. Cocciardi

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763725161

Category: Political Science

Page: 121

View: 138

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Designed for use by front-line fire, law, EMS, public workers. The guide covers such topics as the Homeland Security System, chemical, biological, and nuclear attacks.
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Terrorism Asymmetric Warfare and Weapons of Mass Destruction

In this comprehensive work, Cordesman offers a range of recommendations, from reevaluating what constitutes a threat and bolstering homeland defense measures, to improving resource allocation and sharpening intelligence.

Author: Anthony H. Cordesman

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275974278

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 178

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New threats require new thinking. State attacks involving long-range missiles or conventional military forces are not the only threat to the U.S. homeland. Covert attacks by state actors, state use of proxies, independent terrorist and extremist attacks by foreign groups or individuals--and even by residents of the United States--are significant issues for future U.S. security. In this comprehensive work, Cordesman offers a range of recommendations, from reevaluating what constitutes a threat and bolstering homeland defense measures, to improving resource allocation and sharpening intelligence.
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Weapons of Mass Destruction

Until the anthrax attacks targeted at selected individuals in the Congress and the media, it was thought that the terrorists most likely to attempt attacks with weapons of mass destruction (WMD) were extremist religious groups and small ...

Author: Steven R. Bowman

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:52564992

Category: Biological weapons

Page: 7

View: 679

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Terrorism Dirty Bombs and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Discusses the construction of dirty bombs, radiation-dispersal devices, and the threat that the terrorists wanting to use them pose to the world.

Author: Jason Porterfield

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1404202919

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 919

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Discusses the construction of dirty bombs, radiation-dispersal devices, and the threat that the terrorists wanting to use them pose to the world.
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The New Face of Terrorism

This timely book examines the new style of terrorism by small groups, cults, even individuals with access to weapons of mass destruction.

Author: Nadine Gurr

Publisher: I.B. Tauris

ISBN: UOM:39015049988663

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 870

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This revised edition is a comprehensive account of the technological and political possibilities and dangers presented by weapons of mass destruction in the wake of September 11th, 2001. The technical and organizational sophistication of the attacks on September 11th heralds a new era in the age-old war against terrorism. After these attacks, attention became focused on the activities and capacities of Islamic extremist groups, such as Osama bin Laden' s al-Qa' eda organization, but the reality is that terrorist threats could come from almost any quarter.
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Superterrorism

Superterrorism - heinous and violent acts aimed at causing massive death and destruction - poses the greatest threat to life as we know it.

Author: Glenn E. Schweitzer

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0306459906

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 519

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Glenn Schweitzer sounds an alarm alerting us to the barrage of new terrorist threats targeted at Americans in the form of biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons. Superterrorism - heinous and violent acts aimed at causing massive death and destruction - poses the greatest threat to life as we know it. Schweitzer spotlights for the first time the volatile mix created when religious and other zealots join forces with mobsters, drawing on billions of dollars of laundered drug money to bankroll terrorist attacks. He warns that the tried-and-true routes for smuggling drugs and arms may become highways for contraband nuclear, chemical, and biological materials that could lead to the kind of holocaust that Americans have never known. Are we prepared for a chemical, biological, or nuclear attack? Schweitzer provides a shocking answer, but also suggests steps to prevent the worst from happening.
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Defence Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism

Examines the class of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) for terrorist use. The authors have found that their (terrorist) effects range from serious nuisance value up to catastrophic destruction of a large urban area.

Author: Osman Aytaç

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781607500155

Category: Political Science

Page: 173

View: 888

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Examines the class of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) for terrorist use. The authors have found that their (terrorist) effects range from serious nuisance value up to catastrophic destruction of a large urban area.
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Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction

This book assembles specialists in each category of WMD in order to examine the potential of expanding the three ‘classical’ arms control treaties in order to combat the threat posed by smaller terrorist groups, and draws conclusions as ...

Author: Ian Bellany

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134115266

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 217

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There is a widely held belief in the imminent probability of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons of mass destruction being used by terrorists against civilian targets. This edited volume critically assesses the suggestion that one safeguard against this possibility would be to strengthen existing international prohibitions against state- level acquisition of such weapons. A glimpse of the possible potential of terrorist use of weapons of mass destruction has been seen through the actions of the Tokyo Aum group, and through the use of chlorine by insurgents in Iraq. However, the extent of the real threat posed is as yet unclear, and safeguarding against it in developing countries will not be easy. This book assembles specialists in each category of WMD in order to examine the potential of expanding the three ‘classical’ arms control treaties in order to combat the threat posed by smaller terrorist groups, and draws conclusions as to the strengths and weaknesses of this suggestion.
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Terrorism and the growing threat of weapons of mass destruction Al Shabaab

Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: 95, , course: Master's Capstone in Intelligence Studies, language: English, abstract: From 2006 to ...

Author: Maria Kelley

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656465737

Category: Political Science

Page: 97

View: 359

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Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: 95, , course: Master's Capstone in Intelligence Studies, language: English, abstract: From 2006 to 2011, al-Shabaab has conducted over 300 attacks and has become Africa’s most feared militant group. Because this organization is highly unpredictable, it is crucial to assess the likelihood of al-Shabaab deploying weapons of mass destruction against the U.S. or U.S. interests worldwide. This qualitative case study explores the likelihood of al-Shabaab obtaining or creating weapons of mass destruction and theorizes on which type of WMD it would likely consider deploying. After analyzing the power of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) materials; al-Shabaab’s probability of attainability of these materials; and the complexity of building CBRN weapons, among other factors, it was assessed that al-Shabaab is likely to, and has the resources and support, to deploy chemical weapons of mass destruction.
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Political Manipulation and Weapons of Mass Destruction

This book provides a chronological account of al Qaeda's efforts to acquire a CBRN weapon capability, and the evolution of the al Qaeda leadership's approach to actually using CBRN weapons, set against the context of the politicisation of ...

Author: Ben Cole

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781786722645

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 405

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Concerns about CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radioactive, Nuclear) weapons have featured prominently in both political debates and media reporting about the ongoing threat from al Qaeda since 9/11. This book provides a chronological account of al Qaeda's efforts to acquire a CBRN weapon capability, and the evolution of the al Qaeda leadership's approach to actually using CBRN weapons, set against the context of the politicisation of the threat of CBRN terrorism in US security debates. Ben Cole explores how the inherently political nature of terrorist CBRN threats has helped to shape al Qaeda's approach to CBRN weapons, and shows how the heightened political sensitivities surrounding the threat have enabled some governments to manipulate it in order to generate domestic and international support for controversial policies, particularly the 2003 invasion of Iraq. He assesses the relative success of the al Qaeda leadership's political approach to CBRN weapons, together with the relative success of efforts by the US, UK and Russian governments to exploit the al Qaeda CBRN threat for their wider political purposes. Shedding new light on al Qaeda's tactics and strategy, this book will be essential reading for scholars of terrorism and extremism studies.
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Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Although the conventional wisdom previously held that terrorists were more interested in publicity than in killing, recent terrorist attacks--such as the 1995 nerve gas attack in a Tokyo subway and the bombing of a federal government office ...

Author: Bruce Hoffman

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000062283662

Category: Terrorism

Page: 66

View: 574

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Although the conventional wisdom previously held that terrorists were more interested in publicity than in killing, recent terrorist attacks--such as the 1995 nerve gas attack in a Tokyo subway and the bombing of a federal government office building in Oklahoma City--have either crossed into the domain of use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or involved the deliberate infliction of large numbers of casualties. This paper examines three reasons that may account for terrorism's increasing lethality: (1) the proliferation of religious terrorism, in which violence assumes a transcendental dimension; (2) the rise of "amateur" terrorists--loosely organized groups of individuals with particular grievances who are able to gain WMD expertise from publicly available sources; and (3) the growing sophistication and competence of professional terrorist organizations. A confluence of new motives, opportunities, and capabilities could impel any of these groups to employ a chemical, biological, or nuclear weapon or radioactive device. Given even the possibility of future terrorist use of such weapons, no nation can afford to consider terrorism to be among its least serious or complex of security issues.
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Globalization and WMD Proliferation

This edited volume explores the relationship between the accelerating process of globalization and the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, which is increasingly seen as the pre-eminent threat to international security.

Author: James A. Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134079698

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 893

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This edited volume explores the relationship between the accelerating process of globalization and the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, which is increasingly seen as the pre-eminent threat to international security. The proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction has traditionally been seen as a function of the 'security dilemma' in the state-based international system. But the advent of the nuclear supply network pieced together by the Pakistani scientist A. Q. Khan represented a departure from this model, involving a variety of organizations not directly connected to a state. This volume assembles an international group of experts in order to assess the relationship between proliferation and globalization to ascertain how contemporary communication, transportation and financial networks are facilitating or constraining trade in dangerous contraband. The book ultimately seeks to determine whether globalization is fundamentally altering the nature of the proliferation problem, particularly the threat that Weapons of Mass Destruction might fall into the hands of terrorists. This book will be of much interest to students of nuclear proliferation, international security, terrorism and IR in general.
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National Strategy for Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism

The National Strategy for Countering WMD Terrorism describes the United States Government's approach to countering non-state WMD threats, emphasizing the need for continuous pressure against WMD-capable terrorist groups, enhanced security ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1088722990

Category: Terrorism

Page: 13

View: 205

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The National Strategy for Countering WMD Terrorism describes the United States Government’s approach to countering non-state WMD threats, emphasizing the need for continuous pressure against WMD-capable terrorist groups, enhanced security for dangerous materials throughout the world, and increased burden sharing among our foreign partners.
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Hype Or Reality

Drawing on a CBACI conference, this volume addresses the issue of the use of weapons of mass destruction in terrorism.

Author: Brad Roberts

Publisher: Chemical & Biological Arms Control

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110998981

Category: True Crime

Page: 282

View: 321

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Drawing on a CBACI conference, this volume addresses the issue of the use of weapons of mass destruction in terrorism.
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Unconventional Weapons and International Terrorism

This book addresses the critical importance of understanding innovation and decision-making between terrorist groups and unconventional weapons, and the difficulty in pinpointing what factors may drive violence escalation.

Author: Magnus Ranstorp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134013692

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 825

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In recent years, senior policy officials have highlighted increased signs of convergence between terrorism and unconventional (CBRN) weapons. Terrorism now involves technologies available to anyone, anywhere, anytime, deployed through innovative solutions. This indicates a new and more complex global security environment with increasing risks of terrorists trying to acquire and deploy a CBRN (Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear) attack. This book addresses the critical importance of understanding innovation and decision-making between terrorist groups and unconventional weapons, and the difficulty in pinpointing what factors may drive violence escalation. It also underscores the necessity to understand the complex interaction between terrorist group dynamics and decision-making behaviour in relation to old and new technologies. Unconventional Weapons and International Terrorism seeks to identify a set of early warnings and critical indicators for possible future terrorist efforts to acquire and utilize unconventional CBRN weapons as a means to pursue their goals. It also discusses the challenge for intelligence analysis in handling threat convergence in the context of globalisation. The book will be of great interest to students of terrorism studies, counter-terrorism, nuclear proliferation, security studies and IR in general.
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Weapons of Mass Psychological Destruction and the People Who Use Them

A must-read for every concerned citizen, this absorbing book goes inside the mind of the psychological terrorist to look at what motivates him to act and to choose the weapon he does.

Author: Larry C. James Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440837555

Category: Political Science

Page: 231

View: 712

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A must-read for every concerned citizen, this absorbing book goes inside the mind of the psychological terrorist to look at what motivates him to act and to choose the weapon he does. • Details the science and psychology of WMPD in relation to chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive weapons, explaining why a terrorist chooses a specific type of a weapon • Examines who becomes a WMPD terrorist and why • Highlights how and why a suicide bomber is made as well as how, why, and where he will kill to do the most psychological damage • Includes case examples drawn from interviews with terrorists at Guantanamo and Abu Ghraib and from analysis of events including the Boston Marathon bombing • Lays out prevention strategies that can decrease the likelihood of an attack
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Deterring Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism

This thesis examines terrorist acts involving the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) against unsuspecting civilians by the Aum Shinrikyo and Rajneesh cults.

Author: Frank A. LeHardy

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:39305014

Category: Deterrence (Strategy)

Page: 86

View: 554

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This thesis examines terrorist acts involving the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) against unsuspecting civilians by the Aum Shinrikyo and Rajneesh cults. The proliferation of WMD (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) has created a concern that terrorists might use WMD. Despite obvious signs, these groups were not identified as terrorists until after they committed terrorist attacks. This thesis identifies common characteristics of terrorists that have used WMD in the past and generates indicators of non-state actors that might commit WMD terrorism in the future.
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