Welfare Dependence and Welfare Policy

A pioneering contribution to the literature, this book studies welfare dependence among families eligible for assistance under Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), the most controversial income-maintenance program in the nation.

Author: Vicky N. Albert

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: STANFORD:36105040941853

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

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A pioneering contribution to the literature, this book studies welfare dependence among families eligible for assistance under Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), the most controversial income-maintenance program in the nation. In contrast to most works in this area, which rely solely on household data, Vicky Albert uses aggregate data and time-series forecasting techniques to analyze the movement of low-income families to and from welfare. Through Albert's longitudinal perspective and close analysis of such factors as changing welfare policies, labor-market conditions, and demographics, a broad picture of the dynamics of welfare receipt emerges. Particular attention is given to the effects of recent welfare policy shifts brought about by the Reagan administration. Albert's study performs three major functions: descriptive, modeling, and forecasting. She thoroughly analyzes the welfare system and its policies, examines trends in AFDC need and benefit standards, and compares California's AFDC program with those of other states. Albert then develops an analytic structure for investigating determinants of change in California's welfare caseload. Finally, the model is used to predict consequences for the welfare caseload under alternative assumptions about external developments. Numerous tables and figures amplify points made in the discussion. An excellent supplemental text for courses in social welfare, public policy, and welfare ecomomics, this book adds an important new dimension to the continiuing debate on the relative merits of the AFDC program. It should be read by anyone involved in policy-making for administration of the welfare system.
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Welfare Reform

Author: United States. General Accounting Office

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112040001213

Category: Public welfare

Page: 132

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Immigration and Welfare State Cash Benefits The Danish Case

This paper summarizes the existing evidence on welfare dependence among immigrants in Denmark, focusing on immigrants from non-Western countries.

Author: Peder J. Pedersen

Publisher:

ISBN: 8790199553

Category: Social Science

Page: 38

View: 708

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This paper summarizes the existing evidence on welfare dependence among immigrants in Denmark, focusing on immigrants from non-Western countries. The paper contains an overview of the background regarding immigration in recent decades, followed by a survey of relevant benefit programs in the Danish welfare state. The evidence focuses on: macro analyses of the overall impact from immigration on the public sector budget, micro-oriented studies on specific welfare programs, the importance for welfare dependence of demographic variables, the big variation between countries of origin, and the importance of cyclical factors at the time of entry and during the first years in the new country. Evidence from the most recent years reinforce the importance of aggregate low unemployment, in contrast to fairly small effects found from policy changes intending to influence the economic incentives between welfare and a job for immigrants.
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Contested Welfare States

But over recent decades, European welfare states have undergone profound restructuring and recalibration. This book analyzes people's attitudes toward welfare policies across Europe, and offers a novel comparison with the United States.

Author: Stefan Svallfors

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804783170

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 382

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The welfare state is a trademark of the European social model. An extensive set of social and institutional actors provides protection against common risks, offering economic support in periods of hardship and ensuring access to care and services. Welfare policies define a set of social rights and address common vulnerabilities to protect citizens from market uncertainties. But over recent decades, European welfare states have undergone profound restructuring and recalibration. This book analyzes people's attitudes toward welfare policies across Europe, and offers a novel comparison with the United States. Occupied with normative orientations toward the redistribution of resources and public policies aimed at ameliorating adverse conditions, the book focuses on the interplay between individual welfare attitudes and behavior, institutional contexts, and structural variables. It provides essential input into the comparative study of welfare state attitudes and offers critical insights into the public legitimacy of welfare state reform.
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Making Social Welfare Policy in America

Written in an accessible style and using a minimum of academic jargon, this book illuminates how three of our most important social welfare programs have come into existence and how they have fared over time.

Author: Edward D. Berkowitz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226692234

Category: Political Science

Page: 353

View: 324

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American social welfare policy has produced a health system with skyrocketing costs, a disability insurance program that consigns many otherwise productive people to lives of inactivity, and a welfare program that attracts wide criticism. Making Social Welfare Policy in America explains how this happened by examining the historical development of three key programs—Social Security Disability Insurance, Medicare, and Temporary Aid to Needy Families. Edward D. Berkowitz traces the developments that led to each program’s creation. Policy makers often find it difficult to dislodge a program’s administrative structure, even as political, economic, and cultural circumstances change. Faced with this situation, they therefore solve contemporary problems with outdated programs and must improvise politically acceptable solutions. The results vary according to the political popularity of the program and the changes in the conventional wisdom. Some programs, such as Social Security Disability Insurance, remain in place over time. Policy makers have added new parts to Medicare to reflect modern developments. Congress has abolished Aid to Families of Dependent Children and replaced with a new program intended to encourage work among adult welfare recipients raising young children. Written in an accessible style and using a minimum of academic jargon, this book illuminates how three of our most important social welfare programs have come into existence and how they have fared over time.
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Welfare State Legitimacy in Times of Crisis and Austerity

Using data from the European Social Survey, this book reveals how various types of welfare attitudes evolved between 2008, when the crisis triggered economic recessions and welfare reforms across Europe, and 2016, when most countries had ...

Author: Tijs Laenen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781788976305

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 546

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Has there been change or continuity in the welfare attitudes of Europeans since the 2008 financial crisis? Using data from the European Social Survey, this book reveals how various types of welfare attitudes evolved between 2008, when the crisis triggered economic recessions and welfare reforms across Europe, and 2016, when most countries had largely recovered from that crisis.
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Social Welfare

This text offers a clear explanation of policy analysis. SOCIAL WELFARE: POLICY AND ANALYSIS, Third Edition, shows students how to apply the methods and processes of policy analysis to current American welfare programs.

Author: Andrew W. Dobelstein

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: IND:30000094813692

Category: Political Science

Page: 313

View: 667

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This text offers a clear explanation of policy analysis. SOCIAL WELFARE: POLICY AND ANALYSIS, Third Edition, shows students how to apply the methods and processes of policy analysis to current American welfare programs. The description of welfare programs provides a basic introduction to the field and the explanations of how the programs have developed make them more understandable to social welfare students.
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Immigration and the Politics of Welfare Exclusion

To achieve this goal, Edward A. Koning analyzes policy documents, public opinion surveys, data on welfare use, parliamentary debates, and interviews with politicians and key players in the three countries.

Author: Edward A. Koning

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781487530662

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 513

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Why do some governments try to limit immigrants’ access to social benefits and entitlements while others do not? Through an in-depth study of Sweden, Canada, and the Netherlands, Immigration and the Politics of Welfare Exclusion maps the politics of immigrants’ social rights in Western democracies. To achieve this goal, Edward A. Koning analyzes policy documents, public opinion surveys, data on welfare use, parliamentary debates, and interviews with politicians and key players in the three countries. Koning’s findings are three-fold. First, the politics of immigrant welfare exclusion have little to do with economic factors and are more about general opposition to immigration and multiculturalism. Second, proposals for exclusion are particularly likely to arise in a political climate that incentivizes politicians to appear "tough" on immigration. Finally, the success of anti-immigrant politicians in bringing about exclusionary reforms depends on the response of the political mainstream, and the extent to which immigrants’ rights are protected in national and international legal frameworks. A timely investigation into an increasingly pressing subject, Immigration and the Politics of Welfare Exclusion will be essential reading for scholars and students of political science, comparative politics, and immigration studies.
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Welfare Reform

Author: United States. General Accounting Office

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:609453626

Category:

Page: 132

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Regressive Taxation and the Welfare State

This book challenges the conventional wisdom that progressive taxation goes hand-in-hand with large public expenditures in mature welfare states and qualifies the partisan centred explanation that dominates the welfare state literature.

Author: Junko Kato

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139440667

Category: Political Science

Page:

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Government size has attracted much scholarly attention. Political economists have considered large public expenditures a product of leftist rule and an expression of a stronger representation of labour interest. Although the size of the government has become the most important policy difference between the left and right in post-war politics, the formation of the government's funding base is also important. Junko Kato finds that the differentiation of tax revenue structure is path dependent upon the shift to regressive taxation. Since the 1980s, the institutionalisation of effective revenue raising by regressive taxes during periods of high growth has ensured resistance to welfare state backlash during budget deficits and consolidated the diversification of state funding capacity among industrial democracies. This book challenges the conventional wisdom that progressive taxation goes hand-in-hand with large public expenditures in mature welfare states and qualifies the partisan centred explanation that dominates the welfare state literature.
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The ethics of welfare

The book explores the extent to which rights to welfare are related to human inter-dependency on the one hand and the ethics of responsibility on the other.

Author: Dean, Hartley

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781847425881

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 271

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The book explores the extent to which rights to welfare are related to human inter-dependency on the one hand and the ethics of responsibility on the other. Its intention is to kick-start a fresh debate about the moral foundations of social policy and welfare reform. The ethics of welfare: explores the concepts of dependency, responsibility and rights and their significance for social citizenship; draws together findings from a range of recent research that has investigated popular, political, welfare provider and welfare user discourses; discusses, in a UK context, the relevance of the recent Human Rights Act for social policy; presents arguments in favour of a human rights based approach to social welfare. The book is essential reading for anyone concerned about the future of welfare. It is aimed at students and academics in social policy, social work, sociology, politics and law. It will also interest policy makers and welfare professionals, particularly those concerned with welfare benefits and social care.
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Welfare Discipline

Rethinking the American understanding of poverty, welfare, and the language used to describe them.

Author: Sanford F. Schram

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 1592137784

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 205

View: 798

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Rethinking the American understanding of poverty, welfare, and the language used to describe them.
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Welfare Realities

Mary Jo Bane and David T. Ellwood examine the welfare system - its recipients, its providers and the many policy ideas surrounding it.

Author: Mary Jo Bane

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674949137

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 585

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Mary Jo Bane and David T. Ellwood examine the welfare system - its recipients, its providers and the many policy ideas surrounding it. Focusing on the AFDC Programme (Aid to Families with Dependent Children), they identify three models that have been used to explain welfare dependency and test them against an accumulating body of evidence, offering suggestions for identifying potential long-term recipients so that resources can be targeted to encourage self-sufficiency. Finally, they review policy options.
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Culture and Welfare State

. . the book focuses on a very interesting and important. . . dimension of welfare analysis. . . the book provides a very rich and interesting range of analyses of the complex links between culture and welfare state.

Author: Wim van Oorschot

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781848440234

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 455

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. . . the book focuses on a very interesting and important. . . dimension of welfare analysis. . . the book provides a very rich and interesting range of analyses of the complex links between culture and welfare state. It deserves to be read both by advanced undergraduates and academics working in this area, and perhaps should also be read by policy-makers and politicians as a useful corrective to an overly economistic approach to welfare in the straitened years ahead. Rob Sykes, Social Policy and Administration The essays in this collection advance cultural analysis of the welfare state by describing the experiences of a large array of developed nations. . . Highly recommended. D. Stoesz, Choice Culture and Welfare State provides comparative studies on the interplay between cultural factors and welfare policies. Starting with an analysis of the historical and cultural foundations of Western European welfare states, reflected in the competing ideologies of liberalism, conservatism and socialism, the book goes on to compare the Western European welfare model to those in North America, Asia and Central and Eastern Europe. Comprehensive and engaging, this volume examines not only the relationships between cultural change and welfare restructuring, taking empirical evidence from policy reforms in contemporary Europe, but also the popular legitimacy of welfare, focusing particularly on the underlying values, beliefs and attitudes of people in European countries. This book will be of great interest to sociologists and political scientists, as well as social policy experts interested in a cultural perspective on the welfare state.
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Welfare Reform in East Asia

This book provides a comprehensive overview of how social welfare in handled in leading East Asian countries, analysing current trends, explaining the social and political background driving reform, describing new programmes and assessing ...

Author: Chak Kwan Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415590266

Category: Political Science

Page: 173

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In many Western countries, social welfare payments are increasingly being made conditional on recipients doing voluntary work or attending job training courses, a system known as "welfare-to-work" or "workfare". Although social welfare in Asia is very different to the West, with much smaller social welfare budgets, a strong self-reliance and a much higher dependency on family networks to provide support, the workfare approach is also being adopted in many Asian countries. This is the first book to provide a comprehensive overview of how welfare reform around work is implemented in leading East Asian. Based on the experiences of seven East Asian economies - including China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong and Macau - this book critically analyses current trends; the social, economic and political factors which lead to the implementation of workfare; compares the similarities and differences of workfare in the different polities and assesses their effectiveness.
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Welfare Reform

WELFARE REFORM: States Are Restructuring Programs to Reduce Welfare Dependence GAO/HEHS-98-109

Author: United States Accounting Office (GAO)

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 198434840X

Category:

Page: 136

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WELFARE REFORM: States Are Restructuring Programs to Reduce Welfare Dependence GAO/HEHS-98-109
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Indicators of Welfare Dependence

Starting a family in these circumstances may lead to dependence because teens ... Appendix A gives basic data on each of the three main welfare programs and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106019748612

Category: Aid to families with dependent children programs

Page:

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