Western Europe 2020 2022

These wars also ended Europe's colonial hold on much of the world, a hold which, despite some negative effects, had spread European civilization to the Western Hemisphere, Africa, the Middle East, and the Far East. Western Europe is a ...

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Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781475856248

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Page: 464

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Western Europe 2020-2022 provides students with vital information on all countries on the African continent through a thorough and expert overview of political and economic histories, current events, and emerging trends.
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Western Europe 2020 2021 39

Western Europe 2020-2022 provides students with vital information on all countries on the African continent through a thorough and expert overview of political and economic histories, current events, and emerging trends.

Author: Wayne C. THOMPSON

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ISBN: 1475856237

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Western Europe 2020

The definitive survey of the countries and territories of Western Europe, comprising expert analysis and commentary, up-to-date economic and socio-political data and extensive directory information.

Author: Europa Europa Publications

Publisher:

ISBN: 0367175347

Category: Europe, Western

Page: 890

View: 640

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The definitive survey of the countries and territories of Western Europe, comprising expert analysis and commentary, up-to-date economic and socio-political data and extensive directory information. General Survey Essays by leading experts on the area cover issues of regional importance. Country Surveys Individual chapters on each country, comprising: an introductory survey, containing essays on the geography, history and economy of each country, including a chronology and map. an extensive statistical survey of economic and demographic indicators, including area and population, health and welfare, agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, industry, finance, trade, transport, tourism, communications media and education. a comprehensive directory of names and contact details covering the most significant political and commercial institutions. Regional Information a directory of research institutes specializing in the region bibliographies of books and periodicals covering the region.
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Western Europe 2019 2020

The World Today Series: Western Europe is an annually updated presentation of each sovereign country in Western Europe, past and present.

Author:

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781475852035

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 808

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The World Today Series: Western Europe is an annually updated presentation of each sovereign country in Western Europe, past and present. It is organized by individual chapters for each country expertly covering the region’s geography, people, history, political system, constitution, parliament, parties, political leaders and elections. The combination of factual accuracy and up-to-date detail along with its informed projections make this an outstanding resource for researchers, practitioners in international development, media professionals, government officials, potential investors and students. Now in its 37th edition, the content is thorough yet perfect for a one-semester introductory course or general library reference. Available in both print and e-book formats and priced low to fit student budgets.
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Inside European Identities

This volume explores, through a series of ethnographic case studies, the construction and experience of identities in Western Europe.

Author: Sharon Macdonald

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000324945

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

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Following recent events in Eastern Europe, questions surrounding European identity seem more pressing than ever. This volume explores, through a series of ethnographic case studies, the construction and experience of identities in Western Europe. All of the case studies are based on fieldwork, and in geographical scope range from Wales to the Basque country; from Corsica to the Lake District. The peoples they look at are similarly diverse: nationalists and members of the Communist party; rural and urban populations. The essays illustrate the ways in which detailed ethnographic case studies can illuminate how identities are lived by ordinary people.
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Populism and New Patterns of Political Competition in Western Europe

2014. Populism in Western Europe. Comparing Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. London: Routledge. Peilingwijzer. 2017. https://app.nos.nl/datavisualisatie/peilingen/, last accessed 1 October 2020. Pellikaan, Huib, Sarah L. de Lange, ...

Author: Daniele Albertazzi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429771026

Category: Political Science

Page: 314

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This book analyses how party competition has adjusted to the success of populism in Western Europe, whether this is non-populists dealing with their populist competitors, or populists interacting with each other. The volume focuses on Western Europe in the period 2007–2018 and considers both right-wing and left-wing populist parties. It critically assesses the concept and rise of populism, and includes case studies on Austria, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland, the United Kingdom, Greece, and Italy. The authors apply an original typology of party strategic responses to political competitors, which allows them to map interactions between populist and non-populist parties in different countries. They also assess the links between ideology and policy, the goals of different populist parties, and how achieving power affects these parties. The volume provides important lessons for the study of political competition, particularly in the aftermath of a crisis and, as such, its framework can inform future research in the post-Covid-19 era. This wide-ranging study will appeal to students and scholars of political science interested in populism and political competition; and will appeal to policy makers and politicians from across the political spectrum.
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Integration Requirements for Immigrants in Europe

(2020) 'Policy Preferences and Ministerial Structures: Immigrant Integration Governance in Western Europe, 1997–2017' n/a Governance https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/gove.12481 accessed 26 October 2020.

Author: Tamar de Waal

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781509931668

Category: Law

Page: 224

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Based on legal-philosophical research, and informed by insights gleaned from empirical case studies, this book sets out three central claims about integration requirements as conditions for attaining increased rights (ie family migration, permanent residency and citizenship) in Europe: (1) That the recent proliferation of these (mandatory) integration requirements is rooted in a shift towards 'individualised' conceptions of integration. (2) That this shift is counterproductive as it creates barriers to participation and inclusion for newcomers (who will most likely permanently settle); and is normatively problematic insofar as it produces status hierarchies between native-born and immigrant citizens. (3) That the remedy for this situation is a firewall that disconnects integration policy from access to rights. The book draws on perspectives on immigrant integration in multiple EU Member States and includes legal and political reactions to the refugee/migrant crisis.
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Europe Continent of Conspiracies

Conspiracy Theories in and about Europe Andreas Önnerfors, André Krouwel ... Damjanovski, I., Lavrič, M. and Naterer, A. (2020) 'Predictors of Euroscepticism in Six Western Balkan Countries', Southeast European and Black Sea Studies: ...

Author: Andreas Önnerfors

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000373394

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 167

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This edited volume investigates for the first time the impact of conspiracy theories upon the understanding of Europe as a geopolitical entity as well as an imagined political and cultural space. Focusing on recent developments, the individual chapters explore a range of conspiratorial positions related to Europe. In the current climate of fear and threat, new and old imaginaries of conspiracies such as Islamophobia and anti-Semitism have been mobilised. A dystopian or even apocalyptic image of Europe in terminal decline is evoked in Eastern European and particularly by Russian pro-Kremlin media, while the EU emerges as a screen upon which several narratives of conspiracy are projected trans-nationally, ranging from the Greek debt crisis to migration, Brexit and the COVID-19 pandemic. The methodological perspectives applied in this volume range from qualitative discourse and media analysis to quantitative social-psychological approaches, and there are a number of national and transnational case studies. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers of extremism, conspiracy theories and European politics.
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Health at a Glance Europe 2020 State of Health in the EU Cycle

Figure 7.26 shows that the average length of stay for a normal delivery is generally greater in Central and Eastern European countries than in Western Europe. It ranges from less than two days in the Netherlands, Iceland and the United ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264811942

Category:

Page: 230

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The 2020 edition of Health at a Glance: Europe focuses on the impact of the COVID‐19 crisis. Chapter 1 provides an initial assessment of the resilience of European health systems to the COVID-19 pandemic and their ability to contain and respond to the worst pandemic in the past century.
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Central and East European Politics

8. “CPI 2019: Western Europe & European Union,” Transparency International, January 23, 2020, https://www.transparency.org/en/news/cpi-western-europe-and-eu. 9. “Slovakia's National Council 2020 Elections,” Inter-Parliamentary Union ...

Author: Zsuzsa Csergő

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781538142813

Category: Political Science

Page: 642

View: 913

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"Now in a fully updated edition, this essential text explores the other half of Europe, the newer and future members of the EU along with the problems and potential they bring to the region and to the world stage"--
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International Energy Outlook 98

About 237 megawatts of capacity from small hydropower facilities is expected to be added between 1995 and 2020 [8, p. 61]. Western Europe Consumption of hydroelectricity and other renewable energy sources in Western Europe climbs by ...

Author: Mary Hutzler

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788175749

Category:

Page: 205

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Europe as the Western Peninsula of Greater Eurasia

China is also constructing part of the S14 expressway in Poland (Paszak 2020). From the eastern borders of Europe, the trans-Eurasian land-bridge connects through China and Kazakhstan before going south towards Turkey or north towards ...

Author: Glenn Diesen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781538161777

Category: Asia

Page: 240

View: 173

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This book examines how the EU as a geoeconomic region will be impacted by the Russian-Chinese cooperation to construct a Greater Eurasia.
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The Department of State Bulletin

The largest contingent of 2000-05 5.9 billion ( 2000 ) 8.4 billion LDC migrants in Western Europe 2020-25 8.4 billion ( 2020 ) 11.2 billion came from north Africa ( Algeria , 2040-45 12.0 billion ( 2040 ) 15.2 billion Morocco , Tunisia ) ...

Author: United States Department of State

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951001228501H

Category: United States

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Islamic Religious Education in Europe

Pew Research Center (2017) Europe's Growing Muslim Population. Available from: https://www.pewforum.org/2017/11/29/europes-growing-muslim-population/ [Accessed 15 April 2020]. Pew Research Center (2018) Being Christian in Western Europe ...

Author: Leni Franken

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000378160

Category: Education

Page: 328

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Against the backdrop of labour migration and the ongoing refugee crisis, the ways in which Islam is taught and engaged with in educational settings has become a major topic of contention in Europe. Recognising the need for academic engagement around the challenges and benefits of effective Islamic Religious Education (IRE), this volume offers a comparative study of curricula, teaching materials, and teacher education in fourteen European countries, and in doing so, explores local, national, and international complexities of contemporary IRE. Considering the ways in which Islam is taught and represented in state schools, public Islamic schools, and non-confessional classes, Part One of this volume includes chapters which survey the varying degrees to which fourteen European States have adopted IRE into curricula, and considers the impacts of varied teaching models on Muslim populations. Moving beyond individual countries’ approaches to IRE, chapters in Part Two offer multi-disciplinary perspectives – from the hermeneutical-critical to the postcolonial – to address challenges posed by religious teachings on issues such as feminism, human rights, and citizenship, and the ways these are approached in European settings. Given its multi-faceted approach, this book will be an indispensable resource for postgraduate students, scholars, stakeholders and policymakers working at the intersections of religion, education and policy on religious education.
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Western Europe s Democratic Age

"This book provides a novel account of the decades following the Second World War in the western half of Europe through the prism of its democratisation.

Author: Martin Conway

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691203485

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 633

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"This book provides a novel account of the decades following the Second World War in the western half of Europe through the prism of its democratisation. Previous experiences of democracy in Europe had not tended to end well; but Western Europe after 1945 witnessed the establishment of a stable, durable, and remarkably uniform model of rather conservative parliamentary democracy. This was the product of much more than the defeat of fascism and the rejection of Communism. It rested on the construction of new forms of state authority, new policies of social and economic development, and the emergence of political forces - primarily Socialism and Christian democracy - which found a common interest in the new model of democracy. It also gained the support of the people. The broad cross-class alliance which developed in much of Western Europe behind democracy after 1945 was a gradual process, but one which rested on its combination of respect for established material interests and the emergence of new and more individualist notions of citizenship. Based on a wide range of primary and secondary material from throughout Western Europe, this is not a chronological account of the post-war era, or still less a country-by-country survey; instead, it analyses Western Europe's conversion to democracy through five analytical chapters which consider its construction, its intellectual ideas, its social culture, its Socialist and Christian democratic variants, and finally the arguments about democracy which developed during the 1960s. The book concludes with an epilogue which discusses the evolution of democracy in Europe since the 1960s"--
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Creating Economic Space for Social Innovation

... 83 Europe 22, 39, 63, 64n.13, 88, 110–11, 115–16, 118–19, 124, 130, 140, 142, 150–1, 157, 163, 167, 175, 177, 208, 219, 245, 268, 273–4, 280, 285,300, 307, 348, 357, 367, 435, see also Eastern Europe, Western Europe Europe 2020 268, ...

Author: Alex Nicholls

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192566256

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

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This book draws upon economic and sociological theory to provide a comprehensive discussion of economic space for social innovation, addressing especially marginalized groups and the long-term projects, programmes, and policies that have emerged and evolved within and across European states. It approaches the explanatory and normative questions raised by this topic via a novel approach: the Extended Social Grid Model (ESGM). Taking inspiration from the fields of economic sociology and ethics, this model shows that social innovation processes must be structural, and require change in power relations, if marginalization is to be effectively dealt with via social innovation. Part I of the book sets out the ESGM, including an exposition on the model along with background chapters on innovation, power and marginalization, ethics and social innovation, and empirical methods. Part II explores the model with a focus on social innovation trajectories of social housing, drinking water provision, employment, education, and food provision. It also explores the operationalization of the model with a view to agency and empowerment, as well as social innovation policy in Europe and the use of social impact bonds as a tool for financing social innovation. Part III revisits the ESGM and considers the explanatory adequacy and fruitfulness of the model for innovation research and for theorizing social innovation, addressing questions on the role and limitations of participation in social innovation for the marginalized, the role of capital for creating economic space for capabilities, and how we can approach the social impact of social innovation. This collection of essays presents a diverse range of perspectives on understanding and addressing the key issue of marginalization, and offers key recommendations for policy makers engaging with social innovation across the European Union and beyond.
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Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments

Areas with a species richness of less than 70% (red shading) can be found in central and western Europe. ... Species richness is higher than 75% in most of the European grasslands under MFR2020, implying that the loss is reduced to less ...

Author: Wim de Vries

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401795081

Category: Science

Page: 662

View: 728

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This book provides a unique overview of research methods over the past 25 years assessing critical loads and temporal effects of the deposition of air pollutants. It includes critical load methods and applications addressing acidification, eutrophication and heavy metal pollution of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Applications include examples for each air pollution threat, both at local and regional scale, including Europe, Asia, Canada and the US. The book starts with background information on the effects of the deposition of sulphur, nitrogen and heavy metals and geochemical and biological indicators for risk assessments. The use of those indicators is then illustrated in the assessment of critical loads and their exceedances and in the temporal assessment of air pollution risks. It also includes the most recent developments of assessing critical loads and current and future risks of soil and water chemistry and biodiversity under climate change, with a special focus on nitrogen. The book thus provides a complete overview of the knowledge that is currently used for the scientific support of policies in the field of air pollution control to protect ecosystem services.
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Conference Proceedings

Retrieved 2021 April, from Al Jazeera: https://www.aljazeera.com/program/thestream/2020/2/4/why-is-the-population-of-eastern-and-central-europe-in-freefall Arandarenko, M. &. (Belgrade). Labour Market and Skills in the Western Balkan.

Author: Dr Sheetal Sharma & Dr Shruti Singh

Publisher: Sankalp Publication

ISBN: 9789390720651

Category: Education

Page: 250

View: 854

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The International Conference on Emerging Socio-cultural and Political Issues: India and Europe is organised by Amity Institute of Social Sciences, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh in collaboration with Jean Monnet Module and Centre for European Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University on May 24-25, 2021.The aim of the conference is to develop an understanding of the dynamics of social change and Development taking place in European and Indian society. Both India and Europe are taking firm strides towards cooperation and development specially in the post- pandemic era. In this context the conference aims in developing on working new path for structuring and building new vision and ideas for strong partnership between the two. The main objective of the Conference is to deliver new understanding of various issues ranging from society, culture, politics and environment. It shall look into these issues from a different prism in the post pandemic era.
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