Why aren't Jewish women circumcised? This improbable question, first advanced by anti-Jewish Christian polemicists, is the point of departure for this wide-ranging exploration of gender and Jewishness in Jewish thought. With a lively command of a wide range of Jewish sources—from the Bible and the Talmud to the legal and philosophical writings of the Middle Ages to Enlightenment thinkers and modern scholars—Shaye J. D. Cohen considers the varied responses to this provocative question and in the process provides the fullest cultural history of Jewish circumcision available.
Why aren't Jewish women circumcised?
Author: Shaye J. D. Cohen
Publisher: Univ of California Press
The letters of Paul are among the most commonly cited biblical texts in ongoing cultural and religious disputes about gender, sexuality, and embodiment. Appalling Bodies reframes these uses of the letters by reaching past Paul toward other, far more fascinating figures that appear before, after, and within the letters. The letters repeat ancient stereotypes about women, eunuchs, slaves, and barbarians--in their Roman imperial setting, each of these overlapping groups were cast as debased, dangerous, and complicated. Joseph Marchal presents new ways for us to think about these dangers and complications with the help of queer theory. Appalling Bodies juxtaposes these ancient figures against recent figures of gender and sexual variation, in order to defamiliarize and reorient what can be known about both. The connections between the marginalization and stigmatization of these figures troubles the history, ethics, and politics of biblical interpretation. Ultimately, Marchal assembles and reintroduces us to Appalling Bodies from then and now, and the study of Paul's letters may never be the same.
In the era shortly after Paul's, the rabbis reflected on a changing range of
concepts and practices surrounding circumcision, including the possibility of
Jewish males with foreskins. See Cohen, Why Aren't Jewish Women, 21–28.
From an ...
Author: Joseph A. Marchal
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Pioneering biblical critic, theorist of democracy, and legendary conflater of God and nature, Jewish philosopher Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) was excommunicated by the Sephardic Jews of Amsterdam in 1656 for his "horrible heresies" and "monstrous deeds." Yet, over the past three centuries, Spinoza's rupture with traditional Jewish beliefs and practices has elevated him to a prominent place in genealogies of Jewish modernity. The First Modern Jew provides a riveting look at how Spinoza went from being one of Judaism's most notorious outcasts to one of its most celebrated, if still highly controversial, cultural icons, and a powerful and protean symbol of the first modern secular Jew. Ranging from Amsterdam to Palestine and back again to Europe, the book chronicles Spinoza's posthumous odyssey from marginalized heretic to hero, the exemplar of a whole host of Jewish identities, including cosmopolitan, nationalist, reformist, and rejectionist. Daniel Schwartz shows that in fashioning Spinoza into "the first modern Jew," generations of Jewish intellectuals--German liberals, East European maskilim, secular Zionists, and Yiddishists--have projected their own dilemmas of identity onto him, reshaping the Amsterdam thinker in their own image. The many afterlives of Spinoza are a kind of looking glass into the struggles of Jewish writers over where to draw the boundaries of Jewishness and whether a secular Jewish identity is indeed possible. Cumulatively, these afterlives offer a kaleidoscopic view of modern Jewish cultureand a vivid history of an obsession with Spinoza that continues to this day.
... circumcision that has preserved the Jewish nation, and the effeminate
foundations of Jewish religion. on the link between circumcision and effeminacy
in medieval christian texts, see Shaye cohen, Why Aren't Jewish Women
Author: Daniel B. Schwartz
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Winner, 2017 National Jewish Book Award in American Jewish Studies presented by the Jewish Book Council Finalist, 2017 Sami Rohr Prize for Jewish Literature, presented by the Jewish Book Council An engaging history of how Jews forged their own religious culture on the American frontier Jews on the Frontier offers a religious history that begins in an unexpected place: on the road. Shari Rabin recounts the journey of Jewish people as they left Eastern cities and ventured into the American West and South during the nineteenth century. It brings to life the successes and obstacles of these travels, from the unprecedented economic opportunities to the anonymity and loneliness that complicated the many legal obligations of traditional Jewish life. Without government-supported communities or reliable authorities, where could one procure kosher meat? Alone in the American wilderness, how could one find nine co-religionists for a minyan (prayer quorum)? Without identity documents, how could one really know that someone was Jewish? Rabin argues that Jewish mobility during this time was pivotal to the development of American Judaism. In the absence of key institutions like synagogues or charitable organizations which had played such a pivotal role in assimilating East Coast immigrants, ordinary Jews on the frontier created religious life from scratch, expanding and transforming Jewish thought and practice. Jews on the Frontier vividly recounts the story of a neglected era in American Jewish history, offering a new interpretation of American religions, rooted not in congregations or denominations, but in the politics and experiences of being on the move. This book shows that by focusing on everyday people, we gain a more complete view of how American religion has taken shape. This book follows a group of dynamic and diverse individuals as they searched for resources for stability, certainty, and identity in a nation where there was little to be found.
Isaac Leeser, “Shall We Meet?,” Occident 7 (1849): 67–68. Isaac Leeser, “
Nashville, Tennessee,” Occident 14 (1856): 85–88. Abraham Rice to Isaac
Leeser, December 15, 1848. Shaye J. D. Cohen, Why Aren't Jewish Women
Author: Shari Rabin
Publisher: NYU Press
"According to tradition, Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible. Depicted there in suprising and contradicting ways, and both for and against his people, bringer of the tablets of law which he then breaks. By way of a series of possible portraits-including one of a female Moses-Jean-Christophe Attias follows the metamorphoses of the Hebrew liberator through ages and cultures. Drawing on rabbinical sources as well as the Bible itself, he examines the words of the texts and especially their silences. He discovers here a fragile prophet, teacher of a Judaism of the spirit, of wandering, and of incompleteness. The Judaism of Moses speaks to believers and others-to Jews, of course, but also far beyond them, inviting its hearers to have done with tribal pride, the violence of weapons, and the tyranny of a special place"--
Berlin, Adele, Brettler, Mark Zvi, Fishbane, Michael and Jewish Publication
Society, The Jewish Study Bible: Jewish ... Cohen, Shaye J. D., Why aren't
Jewish women circumcised: Gender and Covenant in Judaism, Berkeley:
University of ...
Author: Jean-Christophe Attias
Major innovations have occurred in the study of biblical law in recent decades. The legal material of the Pentateuch has received new interest with detailed studies of specific biblical passages. The comparison of biblical practice to ancient Near Eastern customs has received a new impetus with the concentration on texts from actual ancient legal transactions. The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Law provides a state of the art analysis of the major questions, principles, and texts pertinent to biblical law. The thirty-three chapters, written by an international team of experts, deal with the concepts, significant texts, institutions, and procedures of biblical law; the intersection of law with religion, socio-economic circumstances, and politics; and the reinterpretation of biblical law in the emerging Jewish and Christian communities. The volume is intended to introduce non-specialists to the field as well as to stimulate new thinking among scholars working in biblical law.
Since sexual intercourse was a way to enact a marriage, a girl would be married
to her seducer, whether or not she was partial to the arrangement. With marriage
a ... Cohen, Shaye J. D. Why Aren't Jewish Women Circumcised? Gender and ...
Author: Pamela Barmash
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Perhaps this interpretation is based on the notion that females require no
circumcision to be considered Jewish . On this see the Shaye J . D . Cohen , Why
Aren ' t Jewish Women Circumcised ? Gender and Covenant in Judaism (
Vols. 1-2 consist of proceedings of the 1st-2nd International Congress of the Jewish Law Association.
One can respond: Women are accepted [as Jews] because they watch
themselves and carefully observe the ... of the implications for women of male
circumcision in Judaism, see S.J.D. Cohen, Why Aren't Jewish Women
Circumcised? Gender ...
Author: Bernard S. Jackson
Category: Jewish law
Scholars and rabbis examine the complicated history and contemporary challenges of the Jewish rite of circumcision.
Shaye J. D. Cohen , “ Why Aren't Jewish Women Circumcised ? ” Gender da
History 9.3 ( 1997 ) : 560-78 . 2. It is ironic that a feminine sounding ending is
used to indicate a female celebration , considering that the word brit is already in
Author: Elizabeth Wyner Mark
Publisher: Brandeis Univ
Shaye J. D. Cohen: Are Women in the Covenant? - Charlotte E. Fonrobert: Gender Politics in the Rabbinic Neighborhood. Tractate Eruvin - Elizabeth S. Alexander: How Tefillin Became a Non-Timebound, Positive Commandment. The Yerushalmi and Bavli on mEruvin 10:1 - Catherine Hezser: Passover and Social Equality. Women, Slaves and Minors in Bavli Pesahim - Judtih Hauptman: From the Kitchen to the Dining-Room. Women and Ritual Activities in Tractate Pesahim - Tirzah Meacham (leBeit Yoreh): Misconstrued Mitsvot. The Case of the Menstruant Levirate Wife - Shulamit Valler: Women and Dwelling in the Sukkah in the Bavli - Cynthia M. Baker: The Queen, the Apostate, and the Women Between. (Dis)Placement of Women in Tosefta Sukkah - Tamara Or: "Why don't We Say Anything to Them?" (bBes 30a) Women in Massekhet Betsah - Dorothea M. Salzer: Women's World in Massekhet Rosh ha-Shana. Women and Creation in bRosh ha-Shana 10b-11b - Tal Ilan: Dance and Gender in Massekhet Ta'anit - Judith R. Baskin: Erotic Subversion. Undermining Female Agency in bMegillah 10b-17a - Klaus Herrmann: Massekhet Hagigah and Reform Judaism - Irina Wandrey: Mourning Rituals for Women and for Men - Adiel Schremer: For Whom is Marriage a Happiness? mMo'ed Qatan 1:7 and a Roman Parallel
Circumcision and Covenant There is one covenant , however , from which
women are definitively excluded : this is the covenant ... Your covenant that you
have sealed in our flesh ” , " an expansion of Why aren ' t Jewish Women
Author: Ṭal Ilan
Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek
The intense emotional responses of empathy and rage bracket a spectrum of feelings people confront when they consider the millions of women and girls who have undergone bolokoli, takhoundi, tukore ir gudni'in - names in local languages for a procedure that mutilates female genitalia. Contributors not content with silent acquiescence have shown the courage to oppose a harmful practice that continues to plague women of African descent sentenced to a life of suffering through a damaging tradition.
Female Genital Mutilation in African Literature Tobe Levin, Augustine H. Asaah ...
He ordered killing all Israelite boys alive and to ensure that every Israelite woman
would need a midwife when ... In Why Aren't Jewish Women Circumcised ?
Author: Tobe Levin
Publisher: Ayebia Clarke Pub Limited
Why Aren't Jewish Women Circumcised ? is a provocative and troubling title .
Cohen acknowledges this several times over the course of the book . It is not at
all to suggest that women ( Jewish or otherwise ) ought to be circumcised .
Category: Conservative Judaism
Brother Keepers: New Perspectives on Jewish Masculinity is an international collection of new essays on Jewish men by academics and activists, rabbis and secularists, men and women, on personal experience and congregational life, gendered bodies and Jewish minds, poetry and prayer, literature and film, and more. Simultaneously particular and universal, all engagingly illuminate how masculinities and Judaisms engage each other in gendered Jewishness.
SHOFAR , 16 , 63-70 . Cohen , S.J.D. ( 2005 ) . Why aren't Jewish women
circumcised ?: Gender and covenant in Judaism . Berkeley : University of
California Press . Darby , R. ( 2005 ) . A surgical temptation : The demonization of
the foreskin ...
Author: Harry Brod
Publisher: Mens Studies Press
Author: G. K. Hall and Co. Staff
Publisher: Macmillan Reference USA
Taking a historical approach, and focusing on the religious aspects of Judaism, this work introduces themes as they emerge from authentic Jewish documents. Readers will gain an understanding of how Judaism is lived by its adherents and the historical and geographic diversity of Jewish beliefs and practices.
Birth Cohen , Shaye J . D . , Why Aren ' t Jewish Women Circumcised ? Gender
and Covenant in Judaism . Berkeley , CA : University of California Press , 2005 .
Hoffman , Lawrence A . , Covenant of Blood : Circumcision and Gender in ...
Author: Eliezer Segal
Publisher: World Religions
Jews in the Hellenistic World: Josephus, Aristeas, the Sibylline Oracles,
Eupolemus. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1985. Baskin, Judith R., ed. Jewish
Women in Historical Perspective. Detroit: Wayne ... "Why Aren't Jewish Women
Category: Cultural pluralism
Jewish Book Council congratulates the winners of the 2006 National Jewish
Book Awards Everett Award: A Code of ... Tales from the Sephardic Dispersion,
by Dan Ben-Amos (JPS) Women's Studies: Why Aren't Jewish Women
95 Why aren ' t Jewish women circumcised ? : gender and covenant in Judaism /
Shaye J . D . Cohen - Berkeley : University of California Press , 2005 . ISBN
0520212509 £26 . 95 327p What we knew : terror , mass murder , and everyday
Piyyutim are Hebrew or Aramaic poems composed for use in the Jewish liturgical context, either in place of or as adornments to the statutory prayers. Laura Lieber's seminal study uses the piyyutim of a single poet, Yannai (ca. sixth century CE), to introduce readers to this important but largely unfamiliar body of writings. Yannai, the first Hebrew poet to sign his name to his works (by means of an acrostic), influenced Hebrew sacred poetry for centuries beyond his lifespan. He was the first to consistently use true end-rhyme, and he was among the first to have written for the weekly service and festivals rather than just particular holidays. As literary works of art, his poems are as dazzling as they are complex. They are rich with sound play and allusion, as their multiple units function together as poetic symphonies. Lieber demonstrates how, beyond these accomplishments, Yannai's poetic presentations in a liturgical context transformed common ideas into powerful experiences. With Yannai as creative guide and narrator, the worshippers became active participants in still-unfolding biblical events. Lieber points out that Yannai's time and place situate him at a critical moment in Jewish cultural history: despite Roman oppression, important rabbinic sources were crystallizing; the synagogue was thriving; the liturgy was taking definitive shape. His works, with their dynamic mixture of messianism, defiance, and restraint, reflect this society in flux and show him to be a poet of transformative importance in a period when Judaism and Western culture itself were both coalescing and becoming something new. The book is divided into two parts. In part 1, Lieber examines Yannai's poetic language and structures, considers broader questions of his exegetical, cultural, and societal importance, then explores intriguing motifs in Yannai's worldview—mysticism, holiness, God, the Covenant of the Land, Jewish-Christian relations, and the roles and importance of women in his piyyutim. Part 2 presents the texts of the Yannai's 31 extant piyyutim embellishing the Book of Genesis. Lieber translates, annotates, and analyzes these complex qedushta'ot, which display a representative range of Yannai's techniques, styles, themes, and motifs and highlight the poet's treatment of some of the most familiar biblical narratives. Lieber's groundbreaking study is an invitation to scholars to approach these beautiful and neglected texts using all the tools of their own disciplines. It encourages those in diverse cognate areas—such as liturgical studies, rabbinic literature and targum studies, the early synagogue and its art, Byzantine Christian culture and society, and the history of biblical interpretation—to engage with the piyyutim and include them in larger intellectual conversations.
Circumcision quite literally embodies the covenant , by means of a cut ; it is
evidence of connection between God and ... Aren't Jewish Women Circumcised (
Berkeley : U of California P , 2005 ) ; and Louis Feldman , Jew and Gentile in the
Author: Laura Suzanne Lieber
This collection of seventeen essays explores the dramatic changes in Western conceptions of the body, encompassing the cultural shifts that occurred across Empire, religion and science, from antiquity to the eighteenth century.
Author: Andrew Hopkins