Witchcraft and the Rise of the First Confucian Empire


Author: Liang Cai
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 143844849X
Category: History
Page: 330
View: 5395
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Contests long-standing claims that Confucianism came to prominence under China’s Emperor Wu. When did Confucianism become the reigning political ideology of imperial China? A pervasive narrative holds it was during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty (141–87 BCE). In this book, Liang Cai maintains that such a date would have been too early and provides a new account of this transformation. A hidden narrative in Sima Qian’s The Grand Scribe’s Records (Shi ji) shows that Confucians were a powerless minority in the political realm of this period. Cai argues that the notorious witchcraft scandal of 91–87 BCE reshuffled the power structure of the Western Han bureaucracy and provided Confucians an opportune moment to seize power, evolve into a new elite class, and set the tenor of political discourse for centuries to come.

Varieties of Religious Invention

Founders and Their Functions in History
Author: Patrick Gray
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199359741
Category: Religion
Page: 240
View: 1597
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At the origins of the major religious traditions one typically finds a seminal figure. Names such as Jesus, Muhammad, Confucius, and Moses are well known, yet their status as "founders" has not gone uncontested. Does Paul deserve the credit for founding Christianity? Is Laozi the father of Daoism, or should that title belong to Zhuangzi? What is at stake, if anything, in debates about the historical Buddha? What assumptions are implicit in the claim that Hinduism is a religion without a founder? The essays in Varieties of Religious Invention do not attempt to settle these perennial arguments. Rather, they consider the subtexts of such debates as an exercise in comparative religion: Who engages in them? To whom do they matter, and when? To what extent are origins thought to define the essence of a religion? When is development in a religious tradition perceived as deviation from its roots? In what ways do arguments about founders serve as proxies for broader cultural, theological, political, or ideological questions? What do they reveal about the ways in which the past is remembered and authority negotiated? Surveying the landscape shaped by these questions within each tradition, the authors provide insights and novel perspectives about the individual religions, and about the study of world religions more generally.

In Pursuit of the Great Peace

Han Dynasty Classicism and the Making of Early Medieval Literati Culture
Author: Zhao Lu
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438474911
Category: History
Page: 350
View: 2430
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Examines the Great Peace (taiping), one of the first utopian visions in Chinese history, and its impact on literati lives in Han China. Through an examination of the Great Peace (taiping), one of the first utopian visions in Chinese history, Zhao Lu describes the transformation of literati culture that occurred during the Han Dynasty. Driven by anxiety over losing the mandate of Heaven, the imperial court encouraged classicism in order to establish the Great Peace and follow Heaven’s will. But instead of treating the literati as puppets of competing and imagined lineages, Zhao uses sociological methods to reconstruct their daily lives and to show how they created their own thought by adopting, modifying, and opposing the work of their contemporaries and predecessors. The literati who served as bureaucrats in the first century BCE gradually became classicists who depended on social networking as they traveled to study the classics. By the second century CE, classicism had dissolved in this traveling culture and the literati began to expand the corpus of knowledge beyond the accepted canon. Thus, far from being static, classicism in Han China was full of innovation, and ultimately gave birth to both literary writing and religious Daoism. “Zhao’s study presents a model of intellectual history. Smartly written, it excels in connecting the analysis of specific texts and concepts with broader trends in the social-political realm. His work helps demythologize Chinese thought and makes it legible to scholars around the world.” — Miranda Brown, University of Michigan

Behaving Badly in Early and Medieval China


Author: N. Harry Rothschild,Leslie V. Wallace
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824874226
Category: History
Page: 284
View: 7149
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Behaving Badly in Early and Medieval China presents a rogues’ gallery of treacherous regicides, impious monks, cutthroat underlings, ill-bred offspring, and disloyal officials. It plumbs the dark matter of the human condition, placing front and center transgressive individuals and groups traditionally demonized by Confucian annalists and largely shunned by modern scholars. The work endeavors to apprehend the actions and motivations of these men and women, whose conduct deviated from normative social, cultural, and religious expectations. Early chapters examine how core Confucian bonds such as those between parents and children, and ruler and minister, were compromised, even severed. The living did not always reverently pay homage to the dead, children did not honor their parents with due filiality, a decorous distance was not necessarily observed between sons and stepmothers, and subjects often pursued their own interests before those of the ruler or the state. The elasticity of ritual and social norms is explored: Chapters on brazen Eastern Han (25–220) mourners and deviant calligraphers, audacious falconers, volatile Tang (618–907) Buddhist monks, and drunken Song (960–1279) literati reveal social norms treated not as universal truths but as debated questions of taste wherein political and social expedience both determined and highlighted individual roles within larger social structures and defined what was and was not aberrant. A Confucian predilection to “valorize [the] civil and disparage the martial” and Buddhist proscriptions on killing led literati and monks alike to condemn the cruelty and chaos of war. The book scrutinizes cultural attitudes toward military action and warfare, including those surrounding the bloody and capricious world of the Zuozhuan (Chronicle of Zuo), the relentless violence of the Five Dynasties and Ten States periods (907–979), and the exploits of Tang warrior priests—a series of studies that complicates the rhetoric by situating it within the turbulent realities of the times. By the end of this volume, readers will come away with the understanding that behaving badly in early and medieval China was not about morality but perspective, politics, and power.

Wohlstand und Armut der Nationen

Warum die einen reich und die anderen arm sind
Author: David Landes
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641051118
Category: History
Page: 688
View: 497
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Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.

Christoph Waltz liest Ernst H. Gombrich, Eine kurze Weltgeschichte für junge Leser

Von den Anfängen bis zum Mittelalter ; MP3-CD mit Daisy-Navigation
Author: Ernst H. Gombrich
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783866106628
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4143
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Encyclopedia of World Religions


Author: Bruno Becchio,Johannes P. Schadé
Publisher: Foreign Media Group
ISBN: 9781601360007
Category: Reference
Page: 960
View: 3734
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Enhanced by more than one thousand full color illustrations, a concise guide features thousands of references to literature, art, history, famous figures, and philosophy with respect to religion, covering the beliefs, doctrines, practices, teachings, rites of passage, and specific rituals of the world's major religions.

Fables for the Patriarchs

Gender Politics in Tang Discourse
Author: Jowen R. Tung
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847695133
Category: History
Page: 255
View: 8292
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This provocative study explores issues of gender in Tang-dynasty literature and culture, and their meaning for society as a whole. Drawing on a comprehensive range of historical, literary, and social texts, Jowen R. Tung unravels the complex mechanisms of one of the world's oldest patriarchal systems. With remarkable depth and originality of analysis, the author persuasively applies contemporary feminist theory to Tang dynasty poetry, narrative, and anecdotal literature. Interpreting both well-known and obscure works in fresh ways, Tung sheds light on areas long left shadowed or ignored. In the process, she paints a far darker picture of a period traditionally known as the 'golden age.'

The Chinese


Author: sir John Francis Davis (1st bart.)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7439
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Chambers's Encyclopædia

A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People
Author: Ephraim Chambers
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Page: N.A
View: 8131
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The Tokio Times


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 822
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The World's Inhabitants, Or, Mankind, Animals,, and Plants

Being a Popular Account of the Races and Nations of Mankind, Past and Present, and the Animals and Plants Inhabiting the Great Continents and Principal Islands
Author: George Thomas Bettany
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Animals
Page: 949
View: 9320
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The Round Table

A Saturday Review of Politics Finance, Literature, Society, and Art
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: New York (N.Y.)
Page: N.A
View: 7061
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The constitution of Han-academic ideology

the archetype of Chinese ethics and academic ideology: a hermeneutico-semiotic study
Author: You-zheng Li
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 309
View: 5767
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Chinese Recorder


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: China
Page: N.A
View: 3261
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The Publishers' Trade List Annual


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 5080
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Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics


Author: James Hastings,John Alexander Selbie,Louis Herbert Gray
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Ethics
Page: N.A
View: 6392
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The New Encyclopaedia Britannica


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Page: N.A
View: 1630
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The middle kingdom; a survey of the Chinese empire and its inhabitants


Author: Samuel Wells Williams
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: China
Page: N.A
View: 9570
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